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Banu Gha

From EverybodyWiki Bios & Wiki

Banu Gha
(Arabic: بنو غا‎)
LocationNigeria (majority)
Northern Nigeria
North Africa
Descended fromImam Ghali
('Alawi dynasty)
BranchesHouse of Maiduniya, Aliyawa, Muallimawa, Abdullahwa (House of Abdullah)

The Banu Gha are part of the Nigerian Chieftaincy, nobility and aristocracy, the family is a noble clergy house that belongs to the Madinawa clan of Northern Nigeria.[1]The name Gha stems from the name of the dynasty's earlier founder Imam Ghali, whose descendants are found in the Northern Region of Nigeria in Kano State. The family participates in the Islamic leadership of the Emirate.[2]


The family being part of the Nigerian Chieftaincy System has produced numerous imams, Islamic theologians, traditional titleholders, bureaucrats and politicians in the Sokoto Caliphate,[3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11]members of the family identify themselves as Fulani, Hausa, Hausa-Fulani Arabs or Hausa-Fulani depending on their cultural assimilation. The claim of descent from the Arab tribe is common in scholarly lineages throughout Northern Nigeria and the Sahara.[12][13][14]

In Kano Emirate, the Banu Gha and their relatives are known as Awliya Madinawa Malamai by some people, in reference to the city of Medina where they claimed to have originated from, situated in Western Saudi Arabia.[15]Members of the family who descended from the Jobawa clan on the maternal side are entitled to be appointed as Makaman Kano, due to the precedent established during the reign of Sarkin Kano Aliyu Babba, who appointed Sarkin Takai Umaru Dan Maisaje as Makaman Kano, even though his link with the Jobawa is through his father's mother Habiba, the sister of Malam Bakatsine. The traditional requisite of agnatic descent was not considered in the appointment, leading to the establishment of a precedent for the descendants of the Jobawa with paternal or maternal links to aspire to be appointed as Makaman Kano.[16] An Awliya Madinawa Malamai clan member Abdullahi Aliyu Sumaila, the progenitor of the Muallimawa dynasty, has a link to the Jobawa through his paternal great-grandmother, the daughter of the Village head of Sumaila, Sarkin Sumaila Akilu, a bajobe and son of Makaman Kano Iliyasu.[17]

Notable Banu Gha[edit]



  1. Hassan, Mohammed (2018). Islamic Religious Practices and Culture of the Al-Ghali Family. Tafida Printing Press. Search this book on
  2. Al-Wali, Muhammadu (1980). History of Banu Gha. Kano: Kadawa Printing Press. Search this book on
  3. Bashir, Ali (2000). Kano Malams in the Ninteenth Century. River Front Press. Search this book on
  4. Hassan, Mohammed (2018). Islamic Religious Practices and Culture of the Al-Ghali Family. Tafida Printing Press. Search this book on
  5. Abubakar, Badamasi. Trans Saharan Trade: Networks and Learning in Ninetenth Century Kano. Danjuma Press. Search this book on
  6. Aminu, Muhammad. The History of Al-Ghali Family. Gargaliya Press. Search this book on
  7. Sani, Muhammadu (1990). Arab Settlers in Kano. Sauda Voyager. Search this book on
  8. Balogun, Ismail A.B (1969). The penetration of Islam into Nigeria. Khartoum: University of Khartoum, Sudan, Research Unit. Search this book on
  9. Danlami, Yusuf (2005). Al-Ghali Family and its Religious Leaders. Danlami Printers. Search this book on
  10. Tarikh Arab Hadha al-balad el-Musamma Kano. Journal of Royal History. 1908. Search this book on
  11. Balarabe, Suleman (1987). The History of Kadawa Town. Bala Printing Press. Search this book on
  12. Norris, H.T. (1975). The Tuaregs:Their Islamic Legacy and Its Diffusion in the Sahel. England: Aris and Phillips, Ltd. Search this book on
  13. Last, Murray (1967). The Sokoto Caliphate. New York: Humanities Press. Search this book on
  14. Bello, Ahmadu (1962). My Life. Cambridge University Press. Search this book on
  15. Abdullahi, Ahmed (1999). Madinawan Kano. Danlami Printers. Search this book on
  16. Smith, M.G. (1997). Government in Kano 1350-1950. Westview Press, A Division of HarperCollins Publishers, Inc. Search this book on
  17. Abdullahi, Ahmed (1998). Tarihin Madinawa Jobawa. Kadawa Press. Search this book on

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