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List of English exonyms for Italian toponyms

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This list of English exonyms for Italian toponyms is a compilation of Italian toponyms, names of cities, regions, rivers, mountains and other geographical features, in an Italian-speaking area (principally in Italy and Switzerland) which have traditional English exonyms.

The English exonyms are generally more common than the Italian names. Often these exonyms come from the local language endonym, for example Turin (Lombard), Genoa (Ligurian) and Padua (Venetian). Some lesser-known exonyms have begun to retreat in favour of the endonyms, especially as Standard Italian has pushed aside local Italic languages. These are marked below with asterisk.

A[edit]

  • Adriatic Sea — Mare Adriatico
  • Aegadian Islands — Isole Egadi
    • Battle of the Aegates (English often uses the Latin form for this ancient battle) — Battaglia delle Isole Egadi
  • Aeolian Islands — Isole Eolie
  • Alps — Alpi
    • Bergamo Alps — Alpi Orobie
    • Carnic Alps — Alpi Carniche
    • Central Eastern Alps — Alpi Centro-orientali
    • Cottian Alps — Alpi Cozie
    • Graian Alps — Alpi Graie
    • Julian Alps — Alpi Giulie
    • Lepontine Alps — Alpi Lepontine
    • Ligurian Alps — Alpi Liguri
    • Maritime Alps — Alpi Marittime
    • Ortler Alps — gruppo dell'Ortles-Cevedale
    • Pennine Alps — Alpi Pennine
    • Rhaetian Alps — Alpi Retiche
    • Southern Limestone Alps — Alpi Sud-orientali
  • Aosta Valley — Valle d'Aosta, or Val d'Aosta
  • Apennines — Appennini
  • Apulia* (the Latin name) — Puglia

B[edit]

  • Baiae (hist.) — Baia
  • Mount Barbaro — Monte Gauro or Monte Barbaro
  • Brenner Pass — Passo del Brennero, German Brennerpass
  • Brixen — Bressanone
  • Strait of Bonifacio, or Strait of Boniface — Bocche di Bonifacio

C[edit]

  • Cannae (hist.) — Canne
  • Cumae (hist.) — Cuma

D[edit]

  • Dolomites — Dolomiti

F[edit]

  • Florence — Firenze

G[edit]

  • Gampen Pass — Passo delle Palade, German Gampenjoch, Gampenpass
  • Gardena Pass — Passo Gardena
  • Genoa — Genova
    • Gulf of Genoa — Golfo di Genova
  • Gotthard Pass — Passo del San Gottardo

H[edit]

  • Herculaneum (hist.) — Ercolano

I[edit]

  • Iesi — Jesi
  • Ionian Sea — Mar Ionio
  • Italy — Italia
    • Italian Peninsula or Apennine Peninsula — Penisola italiana

L[edit]

  • Lake Albano - Lago Albano (also Lago di Albano), Lago di Castel Gandolfo
  • Lake Bolsena - Lago di Bolsena or Volsinio
  • Lake Bracciano - Lago di Bracciano, Lago di Anguillara, Lago di Trevignano or Sabazio
  • Lake Cadagno — Lago di Cadagno
  • Lake Como — Lago di Como, or Lario
  • Lake Garda — Lago di Garda, or Bènaco
  • Lake Idro — Lago d'Idro, or Eridio
  • Lake Iseo — Lago d'Iseo, or Sebino
  • Lake Lugano — Lago di Lugano, or Ceresio
  • Lake Maggiore — Lago Maggiore*, or Verbano
  • Lake Nemi - Lago di Nemi, or Nemorense
  • Lake Trasimeno - Lago Trasimeno
  • Lake Varese — Lago di Varese
  • Lake Vico - Lago di Vico
  • Latium — Lazio (for the Ancient Roman province, English uses only Latium, while for the modern region both Lazio and Latium are found)
  • Leghorn* — Livorno
  • Ligurian Sea — Mar Ligure
  • Lombardy — Lombardia
  • Lukmanier Pass — Passo del Lucomagno

M[edit]

  • Mantua — Mantova
    • Province of Mantua — Provincia di Mantova
  • The Marches — Marche
  • Mediterranean Sea — Mar Mediterraneo
  • Mendel Pass — Passo della Mendola, German Mendelpass
  • Milan — Milano
    • Province of Milan — Provincia di Milano
  • Montferrat — Monferrato
  • Monte Ceneri Pass — Passo del Monte Ceneri

N[edit]

  • Naples — Napoli
    • Gulf of Naples — Golfo di Napoli
    • Province of Naples — Provincia di Napoli
  • Nufenen Pass — Passo della Novena
  • Nursia* — Norcia

P[edit]

  • Padua — Padova
    • Province of Padua — Provincia di Padova
  • Gulf of Piran — Vallone di Pirano, or Golfo di Pirano
  • Piedmont — Piemonte
  • Plaisance* — Piacenza
  • Pompeii (hist.) — Pompei
  • Portus (hist.) — Porto
  • Po Valley — Pianura Padana

R[edit]

  • Rienz* — Rienza
  • Rome — Roma
    • Aventine Hill, Rome — colle Aventino
    • Caelian Hill, Rome — colle Celio
    • Capitoline Hill, Rome — il Campidoglio, or Monte Capitolino
    • Esquiline Hill, Rome — colle Esquilino
    • Janiculum, Rome — Gianicolo
    • Palatine Hill, Rome — colle Palatino
    • Quirinal Hill, Rome — colle Quirinale
    • Viminal Hill, Rome — colle Viminale
    • Roman Campagna — Campagna, or campagna romana
    • Province of Rome — Provincia di Roma
  • Rubicon — Rubicone

S[edit]

  • Sardinia — Sardegna
    • Gulf of Oristano — Golfo di Oristano
  • Savoy (hist.) — Savoia
  • Sicily — Sicilia
    • Strait of Sicily — Canale di Sicilia, or stretto di Sicilia
    • Strait of Messina — Stretto di Messina
  • Sienna* — Siena
  • Simplon Pass — Passo del Sempione
    • Simplon Tunnel — Traforo del Sempione
  • South Tyrol — Alto Adige, or Sudtirolo
  • Stabiae (hist.) — Stabia
  • Syracuse — Siracusa

T[edit]

  • River Tiber — Tevere
  • Trent* — Trento
  • Gulf of Trieste — Golfo di Trieste
  • Turin — Torino (although the local Piedmontese endonym is Turin)
  • Tuscany — Toscana
  • Tyrrhenian Sea — Mar Tirreno

V[edit]

  • Vatican City — Città del Vaticano
    • St Peter's Basilica — Basilica di San Pietro in Vaticano
  • Venice — Venezia
    • Venetian Lagoon — Laguna di Venezia or Laguna Veneta
    • The Lido — Lido di Venezia
  • Venetia — Veneto (English always uses Venetia for the possessions of the historical Republic of Venice and for the region of the former Austrian Empire, while for the modern region of Italy both Venetia and Veneto are found)
  • Mount Vesuvius — Monte Vesuvio

Historic states[edit]

  • Catepanate of Italy — Catepanato d'Italia
  • Cisalpine Republic — Repubblica Cisalpina
  • Duchy of Mantua — Ducato di Mantova
  • Duchy of Milan — Ducato di Milano
  • Duchy of Savoy — Ducato di Savoia
  • Exarchate of Ravenna — Esarcato d'Italia, or Esarcato di Ravenna
  • Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia — Regno Lombardo-Veneto
  • Kingdom of Naples — Regno di Napoli
  • Kingdom of Sardinia — Regno di Sardegna
  • Kingdom of Sicily — Regno di Sicilia
  • Kingdom of the Two Sicilies — Regno delle Due Sicilie
  • March of Montferrat — Marchesato del Monferrato
  • March of Turin — Marca di Torino
  • Papal States — Stato Pontificio, Stato Ecclesiastico or Stato della Chiesa
  • Principality of Capua — Principato di Capua
  • Republic of Genoa — Serenissima Repubblica di Genova
  • Roman Kingdom — Età regia di Roma
  • Roman Republic — Repubblica romana
  • Roman Empire — Impero romano
  • United Provinces of Central Italy — Province Unite del Centroitalia
  • Venetian Republic — Serenissima Repubblica di Venezia
  • Venetia — regione di Venezia

See also[edit]

  • Exonym and endonym
  • Italian exonyms
  • English exonyms
  • List of French exonyms for Italian toponyms
  • List of German exonyms for places in Italy
  • List of English exonyms for German toponyms
  • List of French exonyms for German toponyms
  • List of French exonyms for Dutch toponyms
  • List of European exonyms
  • Toponomy


This article "List of English exonyms for Italian toponyms" is from Wikipedia. The list of its authors can be seen in its historical and/or the page Edithistory:List of English exonyms for Italian toponyms. Articles copied from Draft Namespace on Wikipedia could be seen on the Draft Namespace of Wikipedia and not main one.


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