List of cloned animals in the Jurassic Park series
Jurassic Park is an American science fiction adventure media franchise based on the 1990 best-selling novel of the same name by Michael Crichton, and its sequel, The Lost World (1995). Focused on the catastrophic events following the cloning of dinosaurs through the extraction of DNA from mosquitoes fossilized in amber, the film series also explores the ethics of cloning and genetic engineering, and the morals behind bringing back extinct animals. The first Jurassic Park film was directed by Steven Spielberg and released in 1993. It was followed by two films, The Lost World: Jurassic Park (1997) and Jurassic Park III (2001), completing the first trilogy. A fourth installment, Jurassic World, was released in 2015, marking the beginning of a new trilogy. The new trilogy starts 22 years after the events of the first, but still relies on the narrative of the original films and novels. Its sequel, Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, was released in 2018, and a sixth and final film of the second trilogy is scheduled for release in 2021. The film series has garnered critical acclaim for its innovations in CGI technology and animatronics.
47 species of cloned animals have been portrayed in the novels and films: 39 species of dinosaurs, three transgenic dinosaurs, three species of pterosaurs, a Mosasaurus, and at least one cloned Homo sapiens. Theropod dinosaurs like Tyrannosaurus rex and Velociraptor have had major roles throughout the series. Other species, including Triceratops, Brachiosaurus, and Spinosaurus have also played significant roles.
|Species||Jurassic Park||The Lost World:
|Jurassic Park III||Jurassic World||Jurassic World:
|Battle at Big Rock||Notes|
|Alamosaurus||Skeleton *||N/A||briefly appears as a skeleton in the Jurassic Park visitor center.|
|Brachiosaurus||Appearance||N/A||Appearance||N/A||Appearance||N/A||[lower-alpha 1][lower-alpha 2]|
|Brontosaurus||Mentioned *||N/A||[lower-alpha 3]|
|Dilophosaurus||Appearance||N/A||Hologram||Diorama||N/A||[lower-alpha 4][lower-alpha 5][lower-alpha 6]|
|Metriacanthosaurus||Mentioned *||N/A||Dinosaur's name is seen on an embryo cooler label in the film.|
|Proceratosaurus||Mentioned *||N/A||Dinosaur's name is seen on an embryo cooler label in the film.|
|Tyrannosaurus||Appearance||N/A||[lower-alpha 10][lower-alpha 11][lower-alpha 12]|
|Velociraptor||Appearance||N/A||[lower-alpha 13][lower-alpha 14]|
|Pachycephalosaurus||N/A||Appearance||N/A||Seen *||N/A||N/A||* Seen on screen in control center.[lower-alpha 17]|
|Stegosaurus||Mentioned *||Appearance||The dinosaur's name (misspelled as "Stegasaurus") is seen on an embryo cooler label in the film.[lower-alpha 20]|
|Spinosaurus||N/A||Appearance||Skeleton||N/A||[lower-alpha 24][lower-alpha 25][lower-alpha 26]|
|Mosasaurus||N/A||Appearance||[lower-alpha 32][lower-alpha 33]|
|Homo sapiens||N/A||Appearance||N/A||[lower-alpha 39]|
|Fictional ceratopsian||N/A||Skull||N/A||[lower-alpha 44]|
|Species||Jurassic Park||The Lost World||Notes|
|Coelurus||Appearance *||N/A||* Referred to as Coelurosaurus in novel.|
|Microceratus||Appearance *||N/A||* Referred to as Microceratops in novel.|
The following animals are transgenic dinosaurs.
|Species||Jurassic Park||The Lost World:
|Jurassic Park III||Jurassic World||Jurassic World:
|Battle at Big Rock||Notes|
|Indominus rex||N/A||Appearance||Skeleton *||N/A||[lower-alpha 51][lower-alpha 52][lower-alpha 53][lower-alpha 54][lower-alpha 55]|
|Indoraptor||N/A||Appearance||N/A||[lower-alpha 57][lower-alpha 58][lower-alpha 59][lower-alpha 60]|
- In the first film, a Brachiosaurus feeding on tree branches was the first dinosaur to be seen by Alan Grant, Ellie Sattler, Ian Malcolm and Donald Gennaro. The scene was described by Empire as the 28th most magical moment in cinema. Two other Brachiosaurus were seen taking a dip in a nearby lake. They were later seen when Alan and Hammond's grandchildren, spent the night in a tree. In Jurassic Park III, they were seen along a river bank when Alan Grant and the Kirby family were travelling down the river in a boat.
- In Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, a Brachiosaurus was seen outside the Innovation Center. Later in the film, a Brachiosaurus is stranded on Isla Nublar and dies in the volcanic eruption. Director J. A. Bayona said that the Brachiosaurus killed in the scene was the one that was seen in Jurassic Park. "That’s the same Brachiosaurus we saw the first time. That’s the Brachiosaurus Alan Grant saw for the first time in Jurassic Park... and we’re bringing back even the same animation. If you take a look at the animation of the Brachiosaurus, it's exactly the same one that you had in the wide shot of that scene," Bayona said. A Brachiosaurus embryo is seen during one of the film's final scenes.
- In Jurassic Park, Brontosaurus was mentioned by Tim Murphy who misidentifies Jurassic Park's Brachiosaurus as Brontosaurus.
- In the first film, a Dilophosaurus was supposed to be the first dinosaur on the park tour, but was not seen.
- It later killed Dennis Nedry when he was trying to fix his Jeep and got stuck in the mud. In the films, the dinosaurs portrayed as Dilophosaurus are much smaller than in real life, have a fleshy frill around their neck and are venomous. The novel's Dilophosaurus are correctly sized and lack the frill.
- In Jurassic World, a Dilophosaurus appeared as a hologram in the Innovation Center, and was mentioned in a Gyrosphere tour video in which its venom paralyzes comedian Jimmy Fallon. In Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, it appeared as a diorama at Benjamin Lockwood's estate.
- In the first film, Alan Grant and John Hammond's grandchildren, Lex and Tim Murphy, encountered a herd of Gallimimus, one of which was killed by the Tyrannosaurus during the stampede. In the second film, they were seen in the large herd of dinosaurs running from the dinosaur hunters. In Jurassic World, they were seen during the Gyrosphere ride. In Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, some Gallimimus were seen fleeing from the volcanic eruption. They were later seen escaping into the mainland with many other dinosaurs.
- Parasaurolophus are seen in each film. In Jurassic Park, they were seen when the Brachiosaurus were taking a dip in the lake. In The Lost World: Jurassic Park, a Parasaurolophus was captured by the dinosaur hunters but it was eventually freed. In Jurassic Park III, they were seen along with Corythosaurus when the Velociraptors chased the characters into a clearing. In Jurassic World, they were seen during the Gyrosphere ride. In Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, several Parasaurolophus escape into the mainland with other dinosaurs.
- In the first film, a Triceratops was found sick and was cared for by Ellie Sattler and Dr. Harding. Triceratops did not make notable appearances after the first film. In The Lost World: Jurassic Park, a Triceratops was captured by InGen-hired hunters, but it was eventually released and demolished the hunters' tents. In Jurassic World, Triceratops were seen in the petting zoo and during the Gyrosphere ride. In Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, several Triceratops were seen fleeing from the volcanic eruption. An adult Triceratops and its young were later seen in a cage at Benjamin Lockwood's estate. They eventually escaped into the mainland with other dinosaurs.
- Tyrannosaurus is one of the most famous dinosaurs in the Jurassic Park series such as in the second film. In the second film, a male and female are shown parenting an offspring. The male Tyrannosaurus is portrayed as brown while the male is portrayed as green. In the third film, a Tyrannosaurus is killed by a Spinosaurus in battle. The Tyrannosaurus animatronic used for the first film was 40 feet (12 m) long, 20 feet (6.1 m) tall, and weighed 17,500 pounds (7,900 kg).
- In Jurassic World, the Tyrannosaurus from the first film fought with the Indominus rex and cornered it at the edge of the park's lagoon, with the help of Blue the Velociraptor, where the Mosasaurus dragged it underwater. Director Colin Trevorrow said "I mean, we took the original design and obviously, technology has changed. So, it's going to move a little bit differently, but it'll move differently because it's older. And we're giving her some scars and we're tightening her skin. So, she has that feeling of, like, an older Burt Lancaster. And this movie is her Unforgiven."
- In Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, the park's Tyrannosaurus and the Mosasaurus attacked a team of mercenaries after they collected a fragment of bone from the remains of the Indominus rex to retrieve its DNA. It was later captured along with other dinosaurs and taken to the U.S. mainland to be auctioned off to wealthy dealers. It eventually devoured Eli Mills and escaped into the mainland with the other dinosaurs. It was later seen roaring at a lion in a zoo as the lion roars back at it. The Tyrannosaurus was depicted to see only movement and reach speeds up to 32 mph due to the mixture of frog DNA but in real life, Tyrannosaurus have stereoscopic vision and can run only 15-25 mph.
- In all of the Jurassic Park films, Velociraptor was one of the most commonly seen dinosaurs on the islands. They were portrayed to be the most intelligent and one of the most vicious of all the dinosaurs throughout the film series. "Velociraptor" are often shown hunting in packs. In all of the films, the characters often referred to the Velociraptor simply as "raptors". The films also depict Velociraptor as significantly larger than its actual size (2 feet (0.61 m) tall and 6 feet (1.8 m) long). In the beginning of the first film, Alan Grant discovered a fossil that he estimated to be about 6 feet (1.8 m) tall and 16 feet (4.9 m) long, and the raptors in the park were roughly that size. The dinosaurs portrayed in the novels and films as "Velociraptor", are identical to the real life Deinonychus. It is speculated that this incorrect portrayal came about because of mislabelling of Deinonychus as a subspecies of Velociraptor in the 1988 American book, Predatory Dinosaurs of the World, whose author, Gregory Paul, is credited as an inspiration by Crichton at the end of his first novel. After the 1997 release of The Lost World: Jurassic Park, paleontologists made discoveries concluding that Velociraptor had feathers or feather-like structures. Quill-like structures were added to Velociraptor for Jurassic Park III, at the suggestion of paleontologist Jack Horner, who served as technical adviser for the films. John Hankla, an advisor for Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, provided several dinosaur fossil recreations for the film, including an accurately sized Velociraptor skeleton that appears in the background at the Lockwood Estate's library of dinosaur skeletons.
- In Jurassic World, Owen Grady was the trainer of a pack of four Velociraptor, which he named Blue, Charlie, Delta and Echo. Despite their bond, they temporarily fell under the control of Indominus rex, and attacked a military unit. One of them was killed in the process but the survivors rekindled their bond with Owen and attacked the Indominus rex. Of the three Velociraptor, only Blue survived the battle, who then escaped. In Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, Blue was captured by the mercenaries as Henry Wu intended to use her DNA to create Indoraptors that could be trained and commanded like her. She was later freed by Zia Rodriguez and helped Owen kill the Indoraptor. Blue escaped into the mainland with the other dinosaurs shortly after.
- In the novels, Procompsognathus are featured instead of Compsognathus. In the second film, a swarm of Compsognathus attacked a young girl and later killed Dieter Stark. They also made a brief appearance in the third film. In the fifth film, some Compsognathus were seen fleeing from the volcanic eruption. They later escaped into the mainland with the other dinosaurs.
- In the second film, a pair of Mamenchisaurus were seen in the large herd of dinosaurs running from the dinosaur hunters. The Brachiosaurus model from the first film was altered to portray the Mamenchisaurus, which was fully computer-generated.
- In the second film, a group of poachers captured numerous dinosaurs, including a Pachycephalosaurus. When the animals were freed from containment, a Pachycephalosaurus charged at the poachers. In the fourth film, a Pachycephalosaurus briefly appeared on a screen inside the control room.
- In, The Lost World: Jurassic Park, Procompsognathus was mentioned by Robert Burke refers to them as Compsognathus triassicus (triassicus being the type species of Procompsognathus).
- At the end of The Lost World: Jurassic Park, a flock of Pteranodon were seen flying above a herd of Stegosaurus. Their appearance was in Jurassic Park III, where they attacked Alan Grant and the other characters inside the aviary. In Jurassic World, they and the Dimorphodon were inadvertently freed from the aviary by the Indominus rex and wreaked havoc on the tourists. In Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, several Pteranodon were seen flying on Isla Nublar. A flock was seen flying around the Eiffel Tower replica at the Paris Las Vegas hotel and casino in Las Vegas in a post-credits scene.
- In the second film, a group of Stegosaurus attacked Sarah Harding when they saw her taking pictures of a baby Stegosaurus as they believed she was trying to harm it. The Stegosaurus were also a victim of the dinosaur hunters, but were eventually released along with all of the other captured dinosaurs. In Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, several Stegosaurus fled from the volcanic eruption and one was captured by the mercenaries. It later escaped into the mainland with other dinosaurs.
- In Jurassic Park III, an Ankylosaurus was briefly seen along a river bank when Alan Grant and the Kirby family were travelling down the river on a boat. In Jurassic World, four Ankylosaurus were chased by the Indominus rex when they were encountered by Zach and Gray Mitchell during the Gyrosphere ride, with one getting killed. In Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, several Ankylosaurus fled from the volcanic eruption and one was captured by the mercenaries. It was later auctioned off to a wealthy dealer.
- In Jurassic Park III, a Ceratosaurus approached Alan Grant and the Kirby family while they were digging for the satellite phone in the dung of the Spinosaurus, but left due to the smell of the Spinosaurus.
- In Jurassic Park III, Corythosaurus were seen along with Parasaurolophus when the Velociraptors chased the characters into a clearing.
- In Jurassic Park III, a Spinosaurus attacked Cooper, Udesky and Nash, but the latter two fled and reunited with the others. The group tried to escape aboard the plane as the Spinosaurus chased Cooper onto the runway. The plane collided with it and crash into a tree in the surrounding forest. It then proceeded to attack the group, destroying the plane and killing Nash. The survivors fled from it but encountered a Tyrannosaurus. The Spinosaurus returned and the group escaped while the two dinosaurs fought. The Spinosaurus overpowered the Tyrannosaurus and snapped its neck.
- The Spinosaurus attacked again when Alan Grant and Eric Kirby reunited with Billy Brennan, and Amanda and Paul Kirby. It lost interest when they ran into an observatory. It attacked them once more when they were making their way downriver in a boat. It swam up to the boat and capsized it, rupturing its fuel tank. Paul distracted it by climbing onto a construction crane while Grant accidentally ignited the leaked fuel by firing a flare gun. Frightened by the fire, the Spinosaurus quickly fled the area.
- Spinosaurus was featured in a prominent role in Jurassic Park III because paleontologist Jack Horner, the scientific advisor of the films, decided to replace Tyrannosaurus after its appearance in the previous films. In real life, Spinosaurus was much larger than Tyrannosaurus. So it was portrayed to be 43.8 feet (13.4 m) long, 16 feet (4.9 m) tall (19.7 feet (6.0 m) at the sail) and weigh 12 tonnes (12,000 kg). In Jurassic World, a skeleton of a Spinosaurus is present outside the Innovation Center.
- In, Jurassic Park III, Suchomimus was mentioned by Billy Brennan when he and Alan Grant were trying to identify the predator (a Spinosaurus) that had attacked them and the others.
- In the first novel, Apatosaurus is the first group of dinosaurs seen on the island. It is replaced by Brachiosaurus in the first film and by Mamenchisaurus in the second. In Jurassic World, Apatosaurus were seen in the petting zoo and during the Gyrosphere ride. Several individuals were later killed by the Indominus rex. In Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, several Apatosaurus fled from the volcanic eruption and two were captured by the mercenaries. They later escaped into the mainland with other dinosaurs.
- Mentioned by Claire when she is talking to Owen in Jurassic World.
- In Jurassic World, Dimorphodon and Pteranodon were inadvertently freed from the aviary by the Indominus rex and wreaked havoc on the tourists.
- Name is shown on the Holoscape in Jurassic World.
- In Jurassic World, a Mosasaurus inhabited a lagoon and had its own show, the "Mosasaurus Feeding Show", in which it was fed great white sharks. At the end of the film, it dragged the Indominus rex into the lagoon after it was cornered at its edge by the Tyrannosaurus and Blue the Velociraptor. In Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, it and the Tyrannosaurus a team of mercenaries after they collected a fragment of bone from the remains of the Indominus rex to retrieve its DNA. The lagoon gate was left open as the surviving mercenaries barely escaped, allowing the Mosasaurus to escape into the ocean. It was later seen attacking some surfers.
- The Mosasaurus was criticized for appearing to some to be twice the size of the largest known species. Paleontologist Jack Horner, the scientific advisor of the films, said "the size of this one is a little out of proportion, but we don't know the ultimate size of any extinct animal."
- In Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, an Allosaurus was killed by debris from the volcanic eruption. Another Allosaurus later escaped into the mainland with other dinosaurs, while a juvenile was shipped to a new owner after being sold in the auction.
- In Jurassic Park III, Baryonyx was mentioned by Billy Brenann when he and Alan Grant were trying to identify the predator (a Spinosaurus) that had attacked them and the others. In Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, a Baryonyx attacked Claire and Franklin on Isla Nublar. A Baryonyx was also captured by the mercenaries, and was later auctioned off to a bidder.
- At the beginning of The Lost World, a pair of Carnotaurus attacked Richard Levine and killed his guide Diego. They were portrayed with the ability to change the colour of their skin like a chameleon. The pair was seen again when the characters were at the abandoned gas station. The promotional website of Jurassic World states that the genome of the Indominus rex also included the genetic material of a Carnotaurus. In Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, a Carnotaurus fought with a Sinoceratops, before attempting to attack Owen, Claire and Franklin. They were saved when it was subdued by the Tyrannosaurus. A Carnotaurus later tried to take the corpse of Eli Mills from the mouth of the Tyrannosaurus, and escaped into the mainland with many other dinosaurs.
- Seen as a diorama at Benjamin Lockwood's estate.
- Seen as a diorama at Benjamin Lockwood's estate.
- Near the end of Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, Maisie Lockwood was revealed to be a clone of Benjamin Lockwood's deceased daughter and the reason John Hammond, who opposed human cloning, ended his partnership with Lockwood.
- Seen as a skeleton at Benjamin Lockwood's estate.
- Seen as a diorama at Benjamin Lockwood's estate.
- Sinoceratops makes several appearances in Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom. The animal is first shown licking Owen when he was sedated, and a Sinoceratops subsequently fights with a Carnotaurus. A Sinoceratops is later seen escaping into the mainland with many other dinosaurs.
- In Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, Owen and Claire escaped a cell by freeing a Stygimoloch. Owen later guided it to the auction and disrupted it. It eventually escaped into the mainland with many other dinosaurs.
- In Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, the skull of a fictional ceratopsian is kept on display in Lockwood's estate. Production designer Andy Nicholson said "When it came to the ceratopsian skull which takes centre stage in Lockwood Manor, we were quite conscious that it couldn’t be a Triceratops because it wouldn’t have been big enough to kill the Indoraptor. With that in mind, we created a new genus which was an amalgamation of two different ceratopsians." 
- In the first novel, Apatosaurus appears instead of Brachiosaurus, and in one chapter Tim incorrectly commented to himself, in response to a statement that Brachiosaurus was three times larger than Apatosaurus.
- In the films, the dinosaurs portrayed as Dilophosaurus are much smaller than in real life, have a fleshy frill around their neck and are venomous. The novel's Dilophosaurus are correctly sized and lack the frill.
- The dinosaurs portrayed in the novels and films as "Velociraptor", are identical to the real life Deinonychus. It is speculated that this incorrect portrayal came about because of mislabelling of Deinonychus as a subspecies of Velociraptor in the 1988 American book, Predatory Dinosaurs of the World, whose author, Gregory Paul, is credited as an inspiration by Crichton at the end of his first novel.
- In the first novel, Apatosaurus is the first group of dinosaurs seen on the island. It is replaced by Brachiosaurus in the first film and by Mamenchisaurus in the second.
- In the first novel, a herd of Hadrosaurus stampeded when attacked by the Tyrannosaurus.
- In the films, Compsognathus are featured instead of Procompsognathus.
- Indominus rex is a transgenic dinosaur and the main antagonist in Jurassic World. The film revealed that the base framework of its genome consisted of Tyrannosaurus rex DNA. According to the film's promotional website, its adult length of 50 feet (15 m), tough osteoderms and horns over the eyes were achieved by mixing the genes of Giganotosaurus, and the abelisaurids Carnotaurus, Majungasaurus and Rugops. The film revealed that its genome also included the DNA of Velociraptor, pit vipers, tree frogs, and cuttlefish, which gave it the high intelligence of Velociraptor and the ability to communicate with them, the infrared-sensing ability of pit vipers, the multi-spectral camouflage of certain tree frogs, and the colour-changing abilities of cuttlefish.
- An infographic released by Universal Pictures revealed that its long grasping arms were the result of Therizinosaurus DNA. The infographic also mentioned its opposable thumbs but did not reveal their source.
- The name Indominus rex is derived from the Latin words indomitus meaning "fierce" or "untameable" and rex meaning "king". Paleontologist Jack Horner, the scientific advisor of the films, said "I started the process with a dinosaur called Therizinosaurus that has big grasping arms. That was the most important thing — the grasping arms and its color. It's white. Indominus rex is made as a transgenic animal, meaning we've taken genes out of one animal and put it in this one."
- The Indominus rex cannibalized its younger sibling as her isolated upbringing and lack of socialization with other dinosaurs caused her to develop psychotic tendencies. In Jurassic World, Simon Masrani tasked Owen with inspecting its paddock for vulnerabilities. It later fooled Claire and Owen into thinking it had escaped by cloaking its thermal signature and leaving claw marks on the walls of the paddock, prompting Owen and two others to enter the paddock. The Indominus rex ambushed them while they inspected the paddock. In the subsequent confusion, it killed the other two men and escaped by breaking the closing paddock gate. It then began heading south towards the visitor area. Masrani sent a containment unit to subdue it with non-lethal weapons but it killed most of the unit. It began hunting and killing other dinosaurs for sport after the encounter, wreaking havoc along the way. Shortly after, Masrani and two troopers outfitted a helicopter with a heavy machine gun to kill the Indominus. It escaped the gunfire by breaking into the park's aviary, releasing a flock of Pteranodon and Dimorphodon, some of which collided with the helicopter, causing it to crash. Later that night, Vic Hoskins dispatched the four Velociraptors under Owen's training, to track and kill it. Once they located it, it began to communicate with them and made them attack the accompanying military unit. One of the raptors got killed in the process but the survivors eventually rekindled their bond with Owen and attacked the Indominus. It killed two of the raptors and attacked Owen, Zach and Gray. They were saved when Claire released and lured the park's Tyrannosaurus rex into a battle with it. The Indominus rex gained the upper hand until the surviving raptor, Blue, joined the battle. It was quickly overpowered and cornered at the edge of the park's lagoon, where the Mosasaurus dragged it underwater.
- In Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, a team of mercenaries collected a fragment of bone from the remains of the Indominus rex to retrieve its DNA. Henry Wu eventually combined its DNA with Velociraptor DNA, among others, to create the Indoraptor.
- Stegoceratops is a dinosaur made by combining the DNA of Stegosaurus and Triceratops. Despite being part Triceratops, its head resembles that of Nasutoceratops. At the end of Jurassic World, when InGen personnel were packing the sensitive material in Henry Wu's laboratory, an image of it was briefly seen on a computer screen. An early draft of the film had a scene where Owen Grady and Claire Dearing came across the Stegoceratops but director Colin Trevorrow removed it as he wanted the film to only have one hybrid dinosaur. He said "The idea that there was more than one made it feel less like the one synthetic among all the other organics, and suddenly it seemed entirely wrong to have it in the movie. I suddenly hated the idea but the toy still exists as a kind of remnant because Hasbro toys are locked a year out."
- Indoraptor is a transgenic dinosaur and one of the primary antagonists in Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom. It was created by Henry Wu by combining Indominus rex DNA with Velociraptor DNA. The name Indoraptor is derived from the Latin words indomitus meaning "untameable" and raptor meaning "thief" or "to seize". It was portrayed to be 23 feet (7.0 m) long, stand 10 feet (3.0 m) tall, and weigh about 2,200 pounds (1,000 kg). Director J. A. Bayona said "I wanted the dinosaur, from the very beginning, to be very dark and black. So when you see the dinosaur in the dark, you can barely see the eyes - the dots in the eyes - and the teeth. Because I really wanted to make it very primal. I put myself in the position of a kid, and I thought, 'What would be scary for me?' And I saw the eyes and the teeth. So I decided to make it very dark so you can only see that in the darkness. And also I really, really liked this idea of it having long arms. For Steven Spielberg, that was the most scary bit of the Indoraptor - how long the arms are. They almost feel like human arms." According to Industrial Light and Magic's production visual effects supervisor, David Vickery, Bayona wanted the Indoraptor to look "malnourished and slightly unhinged".
- J. A. Bayona incorporated elements from Frankenstein (1931) as he wanted to give the Indoraptor the feel of a "rejected creature". "Like, I remember Frankenstein, Boris Karloff's Frankenstein, and I remember, Frankenstein the illustration from Bernie Wrightson. There's something of that in the way we introduce the character, the Indoraptor, this kind of laboratory in the underground facilities at the end of a long corridor, inside a cell. It has this kind of Gothic element that reminds me a little bit of the world of Frankenstein, this kind of Gothic world. And we have also references of people with mental illness, like this kind of shake you see from time to time. It's kind of like a nervous tic that the Indoraptor has, and it's taken from real references of mentally ill people," Bayona explained.
- In Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, it was unveiled in the auction and bid on despite Wu's warnings that it was too dangerous. After the auction was disrupted by Owen and a Stygimoloch, Ken Wheatley seemingly sedated it with two tranquilizer darts and entered its cage to take one of its teeth as a trophy, leaving the door open. The Indoraptor feigned sedation, and smirked just before it stood up and attacked him. As it slowly ate him, Mr. Eversoll sneaked past it to get to an elevator. It eventually escaped its cage and proceeded to attack him and three others. He closed the elevator doors, but the Indoraptor opened them by smashing the external controls with its tail. It then hunted and killed numerous people throughout Lockwood's mansion. Shortly after, it encountered Owen, Claire, and Maisie, and began hunting them. It separated the three in the process and chased after Maisie, who barely escaped by climbing onto a dumbwaiter lift leading to her room. The Indoraptor then climbed onto the roof and entered her room through a balcony. It tried to grab her from her bed but she was saved by Owen, who fired a few shots at it. Blue arrived moments later and attacked it while Owen and Maisie escaped through the balcony. The Indoraptor followed them and got separated from Blue after falling through a window. It quickly recovered and cornered them on the edge of a glass roof. They were saved when it almost fell through the roof due to a distraction by Claire. It hauled itself back up and prepared to attack Owen but Blue arrived and resumed her attack. Both fell through the glass in the ensuing fight and the Indoraptor was impaled to death on a ceratopsian skull on display below. Blue survived the fall and victoriously jumped off the body of the Indoraptor.
- Executive producer and co-screenwriter Colin Trevorrow said "I'm looking forward to, in the third film, getting a little back into the paleontological, wild animal, true dinosaur nature of all of it." He also said that the Indoraptor is the last hybrid dinosaur of the Jurassic World trilogy.
- Switek, Brian (March 25, 2009). "See Tyrannosaurus Take a Bite out of Alamosaurus". Smithsonian. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
- "50 Most Magical Movie Moments". Empire. November 28, 2003. p. 122.
- Cotter, Padraig (July 3, 2018). "Fallen Kingdom Features the Death of the Original Jurassic Park Brachiosaurus". Screen Rant. Retrieved August 13, 2018.
- Anderton, Ethan (June 15, 2015). "'Jurassic World' Easter Eggs: Did You Catch These 'Jurassic Park' References?". /Film. Retrieved June 23, 2016.
- Donnelly, Matt (June 11, 2015). "5 Times 'Jurassic World' Shouts Out to Original 'Jurassic Park'". TheWrap. Retrieved June 24, 2016.
- de Semlyen, Nick (May 17, 2018). "How is Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom planning to top its astonishingly lucrative predecessor?". Empire. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
- Fishenden, Thomas (February 11, 2019). "On the Set of Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom (Part Two)". Jurassic Park Podcast. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
- De Semlyen, Nick (October 11, 2014). "Steven Spielberg's Jurassic Park: A Viewer's Guide". Empire. Retrieved June 27, 2016.
- Corliss, Richard (April 26, 1993). "Behind the Magic of Jurassic Park". Time. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- Shay, Don; Duncan, Jody (1993). The Making of Jurassic Park: An Adventure 65 million Years in the Making. Boxtree Limited. pp. 95–105. ISBN 1-85283-774-8. Search this book on
- Sciretta, Peter (April 29, 2015). "Original T. rex returns in 'Jurassic World,' This Film "Is Her Unforgiven"". /Film. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "Jurassic Park 3: Production Notes". Cinema.com. Retrieved June 3, 2016.
- Kroschel, Matt (May 31, 2018). "Dinosaur Lover Hopes To Pass Along Love Of Fossils To Next Generation". CBS. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
- Lesnick, Silas (Summer 2018). "Down to a Science" (PDF). Moviebill. pp. 10–11. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
- Duncan, Jody (1997). The Making of The Lost World: Jurassic Park. Ballantine Books. pp. 25, 58. ISBN 9780345407344. Retrieved May 29, 2019. Search this book on
- Gray, Ali (June 13, 2013). "Jurassic Park: 10 flaws you never noticed". Yahoo! Movies. Retrieved June 27, 2016.
- MacDonald, Lindsay (December 23, 2015). "These Quotes from Your PCA 2016 'Favorite Movie' Contenders Are Heartbreaking and Hilarious". People's Choice Awards. Archived from the original on August 5, 2016. Retrieved June 28, 2016. Unknown parameter
- Ohlheiser, Abby (November 29, 2014). "A Smithsonian paleontologist fact-checked the 'Jurassic World' trailer. His take? 'Meh.'". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- Kutner, Max (December 2, 2014). "The Scientist Behind "Jurassic World", Jack Horner, Breaks Down the Movie's Thrilling Trailer". Smithsonian. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "Indominus rex". Jurassic World. Retrieved July 3, 2016.
- Fishenden, Thomas (February 19, 2019). "On the Set of Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom (Part Three)". Jurassic Park Podcast. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
- Fishenden, Thomas (February 4, 2019). "On the Set of Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom (Part One)". Jurassic Park Podcast. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
- Kendrick, Ben (June 13, 2015). "'Jurassic World': Indominus Rex Abilities & Origin Explained". Screen Rant. Retrieved June 17, 2018.
- "See the Indominus Rex roar in Jurassic World now..." Tumblr. November 25, 2015. Retrieved August 6, 2018.
- Lewis, Charlton Thomas; Short, Charles (1879). "indomitus". A Latin Dictionary. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Search this book on
- Lewis, Charlton Thomas; Short, Charles (1879). "rex". A Latin Dictionary. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Search this book on
- Errico, Marcus (21 June 2015). "Inside 'Jurassic World': Here's the Freaky Real Dinosaur Indominus Rex Is Based On". Yahoo Movies. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
- de Semlyen, Phil (October 28, 2015). "Empire Spoiler Podcast: Ten Secrets Of Jurassic World". Retrieved August 22, 2018.
- Lewis, Charlton Thomas; Short, Charles (1879). "raptor". A Latin Dictionary. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Search this book on
- Alexander, Bryan (June 22, 2018). "Indoraptor kills it as the villainous new dinosaur of 'Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom'". USA Today. Gannett Company. Retrieved August 13, 2018.
- Abrams, Bryan (June 22, 2018). "Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom's Production Designer Takes on the Indoraptor". Motion Picture Association of America. Retrieved August 13, 2018.
- Lewman, David (2018). Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom Dinosaur Survival Guide. Random House. p. 71. ISBN 978-0-525-58083-6. Search this book on
- Eisenberg, Erik (June 21, 2018). "The Classic Horror Monster That Helped Inspire the Indoraptor in Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom". Retrieved August 20, 2018.
- Desowitz, Bill (June 25, 2018). "'Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom': How J. A. Bayona and the VFX Team Channeled Classic Horror Movies". IndieWire. Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved August 20, 2018.
- Evangelista, Chris (7 May 2018). "'Jurassic World 3' won't feature hybrid dinosaurs". SlashFilm. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
This article "List of cloned animals in the Jurassic Park series" is from Wikipedia. The list of its authors can be seen in its historical and/or the page Edithistory:List of cloned animals in the Jurassic Park series. Articles copied from Draft Namespace on Wikipedia could be seen on the Draft Namespace of Wikipedia and not main one.