List of female chefs with Michelin stars
Women chefs were among some of the earliest to be awarded Michelin stars. Within the Michelin Guide, stars were first introduced in 1926 with the present three star system added in 1931. When three stars were first awarded in 1933, two female chefs, Eugénie Brazier and Marie Bourgeois, were among them. Several female chefs have been awarded three stars since, including Marguerite Bise, Sophie Bise, Nadia Santini, Elena Arzak, Clare Smyth, Anne-Sophie Pic and Carme Ruscalleda.
In recent years, the number of male chefs awarded stars has greatly outnumbered those given to women. However, there has been an increase in the number of women from different nations awarded, due to the expansion of the areas covered by the guide. The lack of women holding stars has repeatedly led to criticism of the Michelin Guide, who have in turn pointed to the lack of female chefs overall in the industry.
History[edit | edit source]
The Michelin Guide was first published in 1900 in France, to promote driving. In 1926, it began to specialise in fine dining reviews, introducing a single star system. The current three star system began in 1931, although three stars were not awarded until the 1933 edition.
The first women chefs to hold three Michelin stars came in that 1933 edition to Eugénie Brazier and Marie Bourgeois, although Brazier won three stars at both of her La Mère Brazier restaurants in Lyon and at Col de la Luère. She held all six for 20 years, and her record for holding the most stars stood until beaten by Alain Ducasse in 1998. It then stood as the record for a female chef, until Carme Ruscalleda won her seventh star across several restaurants.
Recent awards[edit | edit source]
Following the Second World War, Marguerite Bise became the third woman to win three Michelin stars, at her restaurant Auberge du Père Bise in 1950. It is then often reported that there was a 50-year gap before Anne-Sophie Pic became the fourth woman to win a set of three stars, despite Bise's granddaughter Sophie regaining the family restaurant's three stars in 1985, and similar awards made by Michelin to female chefs such as Nadia Santini, Elena Arzak and Clare Smyth in the interim.
While the number of women chefs with Michelin stars have been increasing in recent years, they are still relatively few in number. This is due in part to the percentage of female chefs; 4.7% of chefs in the United States are women, while the figure is 20% in the United Kingdom. The low number of female chefs with stars has led to criticism of the Michelin Guide, alongside other issues such as the pay gap between male and female chefs.
The problem was raised with Michelin director Michael Ellis following the publication of the 2018 New York City edition, who said that the company "can't do anything" to resolve it. Subsequently, a spokesperson said "Increasingly, more women are entering the profession in this country and around the world. Michelin is not involved in culinary education or recruitment. We deeply value diversity of all kinds and are pleased to see the trend toward greater diversity in the culinary field."
List of female chefs with Michelin stars[edit | edit source]
- This symbol denotes chefs who won a Michelin star as an executive chef under a Chef Patron, who is also considered to have won the star.
- This symbol denotes chefs who won a Michelin star as a co-executive chef alongside another chef.
- This symbol denotes chefs who initially held stars under a Chef Patron or as a co-executive chef, but then later retained or earned those stars on their own.
See also[edit | edit source]
Others articles of the Topics Food AND Business and economics : Hungry Hub
Others articles of the Topic Food : Welf pudding, List of kosher restaurants, Georgian cheese, Chocolate-covered cookie dough, Honey garlic sauce, Papa's butter, Fruit pudding
Others articles of the Topic Business and economics : Bitcoin, Business, Gridcoin, Economics, Swiss sovereign money referendum, 2018, Currency, Criticism of debt
Some use of "" in your query was not closed by a matching "".
Notes[edit | edit source]
- The restaurant and location listed reference the location where the highest number of stars was awarded to the chef. Where there are multiple restaurants, the earliest one is displayed.
- Bengtsson was promoted from pastry chef to head chef of Restaurant Aquavit in April 2014 while it held one Michelin star, it was promoted to two star status later that year.
References[edit | edit source]
- Feloni, Richard (20 October 2014). "How the Michelin Guide made a tire company the world's fine dining authority". Business Insider. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
- "History of the MICHELIN guide". Michelin Guide. 21 April 2016. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
- Reid, Deborah (12 August 2016). "A Name You Should Know: Eugénie Brazier". Eater. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
- Boxell, James (15 July 2011). "Star-crossed". Financial Times. Retrieved 9 December 2017.
- Bansal, Geeta (29 June 2017). "Q&A With Seven-Michelin-Starred Catalan Chef Carme Ruscalleda". The Daily Meal. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
- Lane, Christel (2014). The Cultivation of Taste: Chefs and the Organisation of Fine Dining. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. p. 108. ISBN 978-0-198758-358.
- "Grande dame: Anne-Sophie Pic comes to London". The Week. 21 March 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017.
- Angelique, Chrisafis (22 February 2007). "A woman's place: France rocked by Michelin's latest three-star chef". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 December 2017.
- "Michelin gives three-star accolade to first woman chef in more than 50 years". Irish Times. 22 February 2007. Retrieved 9 December 2017.
- Wansley, Joyce (27 May 1985). "Having Earned Back Their Third Star Makes the Ladies of Père Bise Tops in France". People. Retrieved 9 December 2017.
- "Dal Pescatore". The Worlds 50 Best Restaurants. Archived from the original on 20 September 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2012. Unknown parameter
- "Chef Elena Arzak of Restaurante Arzak – Biography". StarChefs. August 2016. Retrieved 9 December 2017.
- Gardham, Duncan; Peterkin, Tom (27 November 2007). "Revealed: First three Michelin star female chef". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
- "The Rise of the Female Michelin Star Chef". Elite Traveller. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
- Bahler, Kristen (16 November 2016). "None of New York's New Michelin Stars Went to Female Chefs". Time. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
- Tuder, Stephanie (31 October 2017). "Michelin 'Can't Do Anything' to Change Lack of Female Representation, Director Says". Eater. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
- "The future is female: Industry leaders and rising stars". The Caterer. 30 August 2007. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
- McNamee, Joe (2 December 2013). "Myrtle Allen's recipe for success". Irish Examiner. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
- Thompson, Hannah (25 October 2016). "Former Joël Robuchon chef to open Bōkan at Novotel Canary Wharf". Big Hospitality. Retrieved 26 May 2018.
- Hodge, Shannon (16 November 2018). "Chef Arora: India's first woman with a Michelin star". CNN. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
- "After putting the Yorke Arms up for sale, what Frances Atkins did next". The Yorkshire Post. 10 July 2017. Retrieved 4 November 2017.
- "Nieves Barragán Mohacho". Four. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
- Lee, Jenni (10 October 2016). "Danni Barry, Ireland's only female Michelin-starred chef". Irish News. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
- Fauvel, Sarah (5 September 2016). "Interview With Chef Virginie Basselot, the 2nd Woman Awarded the "MOF" Title". Bonjour Paris. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
- Dixler Canavan, Hillary (7 November 2013). "Michelin Announces 2014 Stars for Germany". Eater. Retrieved 9 December 2017.
- Tishgart, Sierra (9 October 2014). "Aquavit Chef Emma Bengtsson on Reluctantly Taking Over the Kitchen and Winning 2 Michelin Stars". Grub Street. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
- "Emma Bengtsson". Four. 4 March 2017. Retrieved 15 November 2017.
- "Svenskkrogen Aquavit får ytterligare en Michelinstjärna". Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). 1 October 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2017.CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)
- Lane, Christel (2016). The Cultivation of Taste: Chefs and the Organization of Fine Dining. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 109. ISBN 978-0-19875-835-8.
- Nikel, David. "Two Michelin Stars for Norway's Unlikely Food Capital". Forbes. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
- Sutton, Ryan (11 November 2016). "Bib Gourmand Shocker: The Spotted Pig Loses Its Michelin Star". Eater. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
- Weinlein, Jill. "Meet Michelin-Star Chef Cristina Bowerman". Luxe Beat. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
- Murphy, Sean (18 December 2017). "10 of the best Scottish restaurants". Scotsman. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
- "Braidwoods Restaurant". Taste of Scotland. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
- "Eugenie Brazier Dies in France; Chef Put Emphasis on Simplicity". New York Times. 4 March 1977. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- Montagne, Sophie (21 February 2007). "New Michelin guide sees first three-star woman chef for 50 years". Decanter. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
- "People on the move at Wilusz and Associates, Terra Firma Global Partners and more ..." The Press Democrat. 4 October 2015. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
- "10 Female Chefs Behind New One-Michelin-Starred Restaurants In France". MICHELIN Guide. Retrieved 2019-07-10.
- Pape, Allie (21 October 2014). "The San Francisco Bay Area Michelin Guide 2015, Mapped!". Eater. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
- Kühn, Kerstin (18 January 2011). "Michelin awards two stars to Hélène Darroze". Caterer and Hotelkeeper. Retrieved 10 August 2012.[permanent dead link]
- Afiya, Amanda (26 March 2008). "Hélène Darroze is named as the new chef at London's Connaught". Caterer and Hotelkeeper. Retrieved 10 August 2012.[permanent dead link]
- "Guide MICHELIN 2015 : les femmes chefs étoilées de France" (in French). Michelin. 17 January 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017.CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)
- "THIS 70-YEAR-OLD STREET FOOD CHEF WAS JUST AWARDED A MICHELIN STAR". Fine Dining Lovers. 6 December 2017. Retrieved 6 December 2017.
- Schira, Robert (23 December 2014). "Annie Féolde: French Soul, Italian Style". Fine Dining Lovers. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
- Gramesbacher, Daniel (23 November 2012). "Zweiter Stern für Tanja Grandits". Badische Zeitung (in German). Retrieved 9 December 2017.CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)
- Franklin, Marcy (22 October 2014). "Meet the Third 2-Starred Female Chef In The Country, Suzette Gresham". Mediaite. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
- "Katell Guillou: Gérante, Guillou Campagne". Paperjam. 27 April 2016. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
- Kühn, Kerstin (20 January 2011). "Michelin 2011: Where have all the stars gone?". Caterer and Hotelkeeper. Retrieved 29 July 2012.
- "Chef Elizabeth Haigh to open Shibui in London". The Caterer. 15 June 2017. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
- Frewin, Angela (2 May 2008). "Angela Hartnett". The Caterer. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
- "The delicious dozen: Ireland now has a record 12 Michelin Star restaurants". TravelExtra. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
- "Michelin Guide Funky Gourmet". Michelin Guide. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
- "Athens Fine Dining: The Michelin-Starred Restaurants To Try". The Culture Trip. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
- Thomas, Daniel (6 June 2008). "Rachel Humphrey promoted to head chef at Le Gavroche". The Caterer. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
- Jiménez, Marta (1 February 2015). "Celia Jiménez: "El sabor de Córdoba es el del sofrito"". Cordopolis. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
- Deschact, Tom (20 November 2012). "69-jarige chef haalt voor derde keer ster". Het Nieuwsblad (in Dutch). Retrieved 10 November 2017.CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)
- Cheung, Ariel (October 29, 2015). "Parachute's First Michelin Star Was 'Extremely Mind-Blowing". DNAinfo. Archived from the original on 7 May 2019. Retrieved 8 May 2019. Unknown parameter
- Thorsen, Nils (14 March 2012). "Danmark får sin første kvindelige michelinrestauratør". Politiken (in Danish). Retrieved 22 November 2017.CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)
- Meckert, Phillip J. (4 December 2016). "Guide Michelin Julia aus Kerpen: Hier kocht die jüngste Sterne-Köchin Deutschlands!". Express (in German). Retrieved 9 December 2017.CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)
- Hiufu Wong, Maggie (12 May 2015). "Zen on a plate: How to meditate through food". CNN. Retrieved 7 November 2015.
- Mondesert, Anne-Laure; Brown, Paloma Soria (8 February 2018). "Why do women chefs keep missing out on Michelin stars?". Jakarta Post. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
- Lucchesi, Paolo (26 October 2011). "The story of Terrapin Creek, Bodega Bay's new darling". SFGate. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
- "Linster". Bocuse d'Or. Retrieved 9 December 2017.
- Greenwald, Kitty (February 12, 2011). "Anita Lo's Roasted Kabocha Squash". Wall Street Journal.
- Chang, Andrea (June 3, 2019). "Michelin Guide awards stars to 24 L.A. restaurants; city shut out of three-stars". Los Angeles Times.
- "Sjömagasinet öppnar igen – Basement fortsätter" (in Swedish). myNewsdesk. 31 March 2011. Retrieved 7 December 2017.CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)
- Norum, Ben (15 June 2017). "Pierre Koffmann on chef wages and Brexit ahead of dinner serving his famous pig's trotters". Evening Standard. Retrieved 26 May 2018.
- "Hon fick unik stjärna som första kvinna". Kvällsposten. 4 August 2016. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
- Baker, Abbe (March 20, 2018). "The First Day I Got My Michelin Stars: Iliana Regan of Elizabeth Restaurant". Michelin Guide.
- Jenkins, Tom (9 February 2017). "Michelin Guide France 2017 – The Full List". Fine Dining Lovers. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
- "Missy Robbins". Bravo TV. Archived from the original on 27 August 2012. Retrieved 28 August 2012. Unknown parameter
- Wang, Andy (June 4, 2019). "Los Angeles to Michelin: Delete Your Account". Food & Wine.
- "Douce Steiner". Four. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
- Tan Pin Yen (February 19, 2019). "Chef Spotlight: Pim Techamuanvivit Of Nahm And Kin Khao". Michelin Guide.
- Majoube, Ulla (5 February 2018). "Guide Michelin: Veyrat, Bacquié, Etchebest... Les nouvelles étoiles dévoilées". L'Express. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
This article "List of female chefs with Michelin stars" is from Wikipedia. The list of its authors can be seen in its historical and/or the page Edithistory:List of female chefs with Michelin stars. Articles copied from Draft Namespace on Wikipedia could be seen on the Draft Namespace of Wikipedia and not main one.