List of recurring Mario franchise enemies
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This is a list of common, recurring enemies in the Mario franchise. The enemies on the list are in alphabetical order, and are most commonly found in Super Mario games, in which Bowser commands his minions to block and act as obstacles to Mario, who is normally attempting to rescue Princess Peach.
Most of these enemies are identical in look and are classified as species. While only those who belong to Bowser or specific antagonists are enemies to Mario or players, other members of these species (usually individuals) have their own life in or out of Mushroom Kingdom (e.g. King Boo; Petey Piranha), similar with Toads or Yoshis. Most of them appear in the Mario role-playing games, and some may even aid Mario in his adventures.
Some Mario spin-off games present enemy species as playable characters even though they are not always actual individual characters.
- 1 Biddybud
- 2 Blooper
- 3 Bob-omb
- 4 Boo
- 5 Bullet Bill
- 6 Buzzy Beetle
- 7 Cataquack
- 8 Chain Chomp
- 9 Chargin' Chuck
- 10 Cheep-Cheep
- 11 Dry Bones
- 12 Fuzzy
- 13 Goomba
- 14 Hammer Brothers
- 15 Koopa Troopa
- 16 Lakitu
- 17 Magikoopa
- 18 Mechakoopa
- 19 Monty Mole
- 20 Peepa
- 21 Piranha Plant
- 22 Pokey
- 23 Rocky Wrench
- 24 Shy Guy
- 25 Spike
- 26 Spiny
- 27 Thwomp
- 28 Urchin
- 29 Whomp
- 30 Wiggler
- 31 References
Biddybud[edit | edit source]
Biddybuds (Tenten (テンテン) in Japanese) are small, beetle-like enemies that debuted in Super Mario 3D Land. Biddybuds usually appear in small groups, patrolling an area. They do not chase the player character, instead following a set path. A flying variant called Para-Biddybud exists, which flies with feathery wings rather than elytra. A kart called the Biddybuggy appears in Mario Kart 8 based on these enemies.
Blooper[edit | edit source]
Bob-omb[edit | edit source]
Bob-ombs (pronounced /
Super Mario 64 debuted Bob-omb Buddies (or Red Bob-ombs), Mario-allied Bob-ombs that unlock cannons, allowing Mario to launch to another part of a course, along with a boss King Bob-omb (or Big Bob-omb).
Boo[edit | edit source]
Boos, known as Teresa (テレサ) in Japan, are ghosts appearing in most Mario games, commonly in Ghost Houses. They are shy and cover their faces when Mario looks at them, but chase Mario when he looks away from them. They first appeared in Super Mario Bros. 3 and are voiced by Sanae Susaki. In said game, they were known by the name Boo Diddley to honor the singer Bo Diddley. In future installments and spin-off games, the last name was dropped and was instead known as "Boo".
After debuting in the Mario series, Boos subsequently became prominent mainstays of Luigi's Mansion and Luigi's Mansion: Dark Moon, with a larger, royal variant becoming the boss of the games, King Boo. King Boo would return as a playable character in Mario Kart: Double Dash and later Mario Kart installments.
Bullet Bill[edit | edit source]
Bullet Bills, known as Killers (キラー Kirā) in Japan, are black, missile-like enemies, commonly depicted as having angry expressions on their faces with no mouth; they first appeared in Super Mario Bros. They are usually fired by cannons known as Bill Blasters, although they are sometimes fired from other sources, such as Snifits and generic cannons. In Super Mario World they can sometimes just fly in from the edge of the screen, including the top and the bottom. Bullet Bill only appears once in the Nintendo 64 version of Super Mario 64, but appears more in the DS remake. Bullet Bills commonly appear as enemies or obstacles, attacking by either flying forward after being shot (standard behavior) or actively seeking a target (red variant, known as a Bull's-Eye Bill). The Bullet Bill is one of the usable weapons in the Mario Kart series starting with Mario Kart DS, turning any character into a Bullet Bill for a brief period, speeding them ahead and knocking away any drivers in their path. Games such as Super Mario World include a much larger variation of Bullet Bill called the Banzai Bill. An even larger variation is called the King Bill, appearing only in New Super Mario Bros. Wii and New Super Mario Bros. U. Bullet Bills also make cameo appearances in Super Smash Bros. Melee and Super Smash Bros. Brawl as enemies. In Super Mario Sunshine, Bullet Bills are shot out of a cannon by a Monty Mole. In Super Mario 3D Land and Super Mario 3D World, they can appear with tanooki tails and cat suits, respectively. The Torpedo Ted is a variant of Bullet Bill that is launched exclusively underwater, appearing in Super Mario World and New Super Mario Bros. U.
Buzzy Beetle[edit | edit source]
A Buzzy Beetle, known as a Met (メット Metto) (from the word "helmet") in Japan, is a black or blue beetle-like creature with a hard, fireproof shell that renders it immune to Mario's fireballs. Like Koopa Troopa, it stops moving for a while after being stomped, but will eventually flip upright and begin walking again. The shell can be carried, kicked, or thrown to knock out enemies. If it hits a wall or barrier, it will bounce back and Mario must jump to avoid being hit.
The character first appears in Super Mario Bros., and have had many variations since such as the Spike Top, which has a red shell with a spike on top, and Para-Beetles, which have wings and fly around. In addition, some Buzzy Beetles in Super Mario Bros. 3 can walk along the ceiling and drop to the floor to slide into Mario.
Cataquack[edit | edit source]
Cataquacks are duck-like creatures that first appeared in Super Mario Sunshine. When Mario is nearby, they will run at him. When they touch Mario, they use their beaks to launch him in the air. This can be both dangerous and useful. Mario can reach platforms he otherwise is not able to, but if he is unable to reach a new platform, he sustains damage. Cataquacks are also in Super Mario Galaxy, where they make an appearance in two galaxies, Gold Leaf Galaxy and the Beach Bowl Galaxy.
In Mario Kart: Double Dash, Cataquacks appear in the Peach Beach stage, where they are on the beach. If a kart runs into a Cataquack, it will launch the kart straight up in the air, causing the kart to flip and lose any items being carried. Peach Beach also appears in Mario Kart Wii.
Chain Chomp[edit | edit source]
Chain Chomps, known in Japan as Wanwan (ワンワン) (Japanese onomatopoeia for a barking sound), are metallic barking ball-and-chain-like creatures that are restrained by chains. When not held back by chains, they are sometimes referred to as just Chomps. Chain Chomps constantly strain against the chain holding them, attempting to break free and bite anything that passes close by. They first appear in Super Mario Bros. 3. Chain Chomps and different variations appear in all of the Mario RPG games. In games such as Super Mario 64, Super Mario Sunshine, New Super Mario Bros., New Super Mario Bros. Wii, and Super Mario Galaxy, Chain Chomps can be set free from their chains by ground pounding on their post. Otherwise, they are often indestructible. Chain Chomps also appear without chains, such as in Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island, where they are seen at first from afar, then lunge high into the air and drop down suddenly, creating a huge crater in the ground. There are also gigantic species called "Chomp Sharks," in which the Chomps chase the player, by "eating" the platform Yoshi is running on, until it hits a solid surface. Beginning in Super Mario Bros. 3, some games feature a version of the Chain Chomp appears that has fireballs for a chain and can fly known as Flame Chomps. In Super Mario Galaxy. Chomps are nearly-invincible monsters that roll along a predetermined path. In Super Mario Galaxy 2, Silver Chomps pursue Mario.
Chain Chomps appeared in Mario Kart: Double Dash as a special item and an obstacle on circuit courses, and reappeared as an obstacle in Mario Kart DS and Mario Kart Wii. Also in Mario Kart Wii, a Chain Chomp has its own battle arena known as Chain Chomp Wheel. Chain Chomps are also seen on Rainbow Road in Mario Kart 64, repeatedly biting their way over the course trying to hit the player. Chain Chomps make an appearance as a playable character in Mario Tennis Aces.
The inspiration for Chain Chomps comes from a childhood experience of Mario's creator, Shigeru Miyamoto, where a dog tried to attack him. The dog lunged at him but was jerked back by its leash just as it snapped at Miyamoto, inches in front of his face.
Chargin' Chuck[edit | edit source]
Chargin' Chucks are a recurring subspecies of the Koopa Troopa. They wear American Football attire, and attack the player by running directly at the player. While charging may be the most common variation, there are variations of this enemy that do a variety of other attacks, such as digging up boulders or clapping.
Cheep-Cheep[edit | edit source]
Cheep-Cheeps, known as Pukupuku (プクプク) in Japan, are fish that made their first appearance in Super Mario Bros.. They are found primarily in the water, but some can jump in an arc or fly within a limited range. There are many different species of Cheep-Cheeps, and they come in different colors, such as gray and green. In Super Mario Bros. and Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels, Cheep-Cheeps are found swimming in the underwater levels, or jumping out of the water in large arcs in levels containing bridges over water; only in the latter case can they be defeated by jumping on them. In Super Mario Bros. 3, Cheep-Cheeps act the same, although they can also jump out of lava. They are mainly seen in World 3. Also, around this time, Cheep-Cheeps' tail fin colors changed from white to yellow, and the slow-moving Cheep-Cheeps were recolored green instead of gray. The nature of the Cheep-Cheeps varies depending on their colors. The game also features a very rare type of Cheep-Cheep with spines on its back. A variation of Cheep-Cheep also appears in Mario and Luigi: Bowser's Inside Story called "Air Cheep". Also, they appear in the Mario Kart series and are important parts of certain courses.
Dry Bones[edit | edit source]
Dry Bones, known as Karon (カロン) in Japan, are skeletal undead Koopa Troopas. They collapse after being attacked, but then reassemble themselves after a short time. They are also immune to Mario's fire balls, but can be defeated by Mario using a Starman, using a spin attack while wearing a Cape/Tanooki/Raccoon Suit, or being frozen by an Ice Flower and then smashed. Dry Bones first appeared in Super Mario Bros. 3, and have since then appeared in the various forts and castles of many games, including Super Mario World, New Super Mario Bros., Super Mario Galaxy, New Super Mario Bros. Wii, Super Mario Galaxy 2, New Super Mario Bros. 2 and New Super Mario Bros. U. A skeletal version of Bowser also appeared, called Dry Bowser.
Dry Bones appear as playable characters in various spin-off Mario series such as Mario Baseball, Mario Kart, Mario Strikers Charged and Mario Party games. Dry Bones appear as a trophy and sticker in Super Smash Bros. Brawl. Dry Bones can also be a playable character in Mario Party 7, Mario Party 8 and as a boss in Mario Party 9 in "Deck Dry Bones".
Fuzzy[edit | edit source]
Fuzzies are enemies that are found on tracks and serve as a hindrance to the player's progress. They cannot move on their own, but they move very quickly if found on tracks, following the predetermined path.
Goomba[edit | edit source]
Goombas /ˈɡuːmbɑː/, known in Japan as Kuribo (クリボー Kuribō, [kɯ.ɾi.boː]), are a species of sentient mushrooms that first appeared in the NES video game Super Mario Bros. as the first enemy players encounter. They have appeared outside of video games, including in film, television, and other media. They are usually brown and are most commonly seen walking around aimlessly, often as an obstacle. They were included late in the development of Super Mario Bros. to create a simple, easy-to-defeat enemy.
Hammer Brothers[edit | edit source]
Hammer Bro., also known as Hammer Brothers or Hammer Bros. (Japanese: ハンマーブロス Hepburn: Hanmā Burosu) are a recurring sub-species of the Koopa Troopa and attack by throwing hammer projectiles at the player. Different variations of the Hammer Bro., named after the type of projectile they throw, include Boomerang Bro., Fire Bro., and Sledge Bro.. The Hammer Bro. has appeared in nearly every Super Mario game since its first appearance in Super Mario Bros., also appearing in various animated and printed adaptations of the franchise.
Koopa Troopa[edit | edit source]
Koopa Troopas, or just simply Koopas, known as Nokonoko (ノコノコ) in Japan, are a fictional race of turtle or tortoise-like creatures from the Mario series, as well as its sister Yoshi series. Although the term 'Koopa' is a blanket term for the entire species, to which creatures such as Lakitu, Dry Bones, Hammer Bros., and even Bowser belong, the term is often used to refer colloquially to this particular enemy. First appearing in the 1983 arcade game Mario Bros., in which they were known as Shellcreepers, they are among the oldest recurring enemies in the series, and have appeared in some form in all of the main games, and most of the spin-off games. When defeated, Koopas may flee from or retreat inside their shells, which can then usually be used as weapons. Koopa shells are a recurring weapon in the series, particularly popularized in the Mario Kart series, in which they can be fired as projectiles against other racers.
Lakitu[edit | edit source]
Magikoopa[edit | edit source]
Magikoopas, known as Kamek (カメック Kamekku) in Japan, are Koopas who wear blue hats, blue robes, and glasses, and use a magic rod to cast spells. Some have also been seen wearing different colors as well, like red, green, and yellow. They first appeared in Super Mario World. A member of the species, Kamek, babysat Bowser when he was a baby.
Mechakoopa[edit | edit source]
Mechakoopas are an automated, recurring subspecies of the Koopa Troopa that are not killed by being crushed once, and instead become immobilized. They can be picked up and tossed from this state.
Monty Mole[edit | edit source]
Monty Moles, known as Choropoo (チョロプー Choropū) in Japan, are moles that have appeared in several Mario games including Super Mario World. They later reappeared in Super Mario 64 and Paper Mario. In these games, Monty Moles throw rocks at Mario and then burrow underground before he can counter-attack. Monty Moles are minibosses in Super Mario Sunshine, and New Super Mario Bros.. Monty Moles appear as the engineers in a variant called "Mawful Mole" on the Fawful express, and as guards on Yikk's Tower in Mario & Luigi: Bowser's Inside Story. Monty Moles also make an appearance in Super Mario Kart, Mario Kart 64, Mario Kart DS, Mario Kart Wii, and Mario Kart 8 as enemies that pop out of the ground and cause players to spin out. Monty also appeared in Mario Superstar Baseball and Mario Super Sluggers as a playable character. Monty Mole also appears in various Mario Party minigames. In Super Mario Party, Monty Mole made the jump to playable character. Monty Mole's special dice block is almost the same as the standard 1-6 dice block, but with 1 replaced with +1 coin.
Peepa[edit | edit source]
Peepas (Teren (テレン) in Japanese) are enemies resembling bedsheet ghosts. Peepas travel in small groups in predetermined paths, damaging the player character on contact. They debuted in Super Mario 3D Land.
Piranha Plant[edit | edit source]
A Piranha Plant, known as Packun Flower (パックンフラワー Pakkun Furawā) in Japan, is an enemy portrayed as a leafy, green stalk topped Venus Flytrap with a white-spotted red or green globe and sharp teeth reminiscent of piranhas. Another type of Piranha Plant that appears in Super Mario Bros. 3 is the Ptooie, a walking Piranha Plant that exhales air to lift a spiked ball into the air to hinder Mario's progress in the game. Piranha Plants usually come up from pipes, but sometimes they may also simply stick up from the ground and in rare cases even walk freely on its own roots. In Super Mario World, there is a variant of Piranha Plant that jumps out of pipes before retreating into them again. Super Mario Sunshine introduces a large Piranha Plant character: Petey Piranha. In Super Mario Galaxy, two stronger versions of a Piranha Plant, Dino Piranha and Fiery Dino Piranha, appear. Another Piranha Plant boss, Peewee Piranha, appears in Super Mario Galaxy 2. Some Piranha Plants spit fireballs and are known as Fire Piranha Plant (previously known as Venus Firetrap).
Piranha Plants also appear in the Mario Kart series as hazards on the track (as well as a power-up in 8), and in various Mario Party minigames. Piranha Plants appear in the television series. They have made cameos in Tetris Attack and The Legend of Zelda: Link's Awakening. Piranha Plant also appeared as a playable fighter in Super Smash Bros. Ultimate via downloadable content.
Pokey[edit | edit source]
Pokey, known as Sanbo (サンボ) in Japan, are cactus enemies that first appeared in Super Mario Bros. 2. Pokey consists of multiple green or yellow segments that may be detached from him, usually by getting Yoshi to eat them. Pokey has appeared in the Paper Mario series and has most recently appeared in Super Mario Run.
Rocky Wrench[edit | edit source]
Rocky Wrench (Pū (プー) in Japanese) are moles, originally mole-like turtles that debuted in Super Mario Bros. 3. They primarily appear on airship levels, popping up from underneath to throw wrenches at the player character. They appear on the Airship Fortress course in Mario Kart DS and Mario Kart 7 as well, while a similar species called Monty appears in Super Mario Galaxy.
Shy Guy[edit | edit source]
A Shy Guy, known as Hey-Ho (ヘイホー Heihō) in Japan, is a masked enemy wearing a robe, which is typically red; variant Shy Guys are often denoted by a different colored robe. Shy Guys are one of the few fictional species in the series that debuted in a non-Mario game, Yume Kōjō: Doki Doki Panic, which was rebranded as the North American and European version of Super Mario Bros. 2. They also appear in the Mario Party series, the Mario vs. Donkey Kong series, and several sports games in the Mario series, among other games, though they play a large role as the standard enemies in many Yoshi games. In the Mario Kart series, Shy Guys appeared on various courses and as a playable driver. A Shy Guy appears in Super Mario Maker as an unlockable Mystery Mushroom costume, with its appearance based on Super Mario Bros. 2.
There are many different variations of Shy Guys: Snifits, which have a cannon for a mouth, Fly Guys, which have spinning propellers on their heads, and Sky Guys, which have balloons attached to their robes, are such examples.
During Nintendo Direct in September 2018, a Shy Guy was announced to join the playable cast in Mario Tennis Aces. Shy Guy is listed as having a technical play type. Shy Guys are among the reccurring enemies in the Nintendo Switch game, Yoshi's Crafted World. In the game by eating the large variant of Shy Guys, Yoshi will receive six eggs.
Shy Guy is voiced by Nate Bihldorff, localization manager at Nintendo of America.
Spike[edit | edit source]
Spikes, also known as Gabon (ガボン) in Japan, are green, humanoid creatures with the ability to eject spiked balls from their mouths and throw them in the direction of the player. Spikes first appeared in Super Mario Bros. 3, but the spikes were unaffected by gravity, and were launched at a consistent vertical position. In later games, the spiked balls fall to the ground and roll along the contours of the level. Variations of the Spike that appear in later games include the Snow Spike, which spits out snowballs that grow in size as they roll over snow, and the Stone Spike, which spits stone balls that fall directly beneath its position. Spike is also a playable character in Mario Party 10 and Mario Tennis Aces.
Spiny[edit | edit source]
Spinies, known as Togezō (トゲゾー) in Japan, are quadruped Koopas, first appearing in Super Mario Bros. They are often thrown by Lakitus in unlimited supplies, but can also be naturally occurring. Spinies appear in many Mario games like Super Mario Bros., Super Mario 64, New Super Mario Bros., New Super Mario Bros. Wii, Super Mario Galaxy, Super Mario Galaxy 2, Super Mario 3D Land, New Super Mario Bros. 2, New Super Mario Bros. U and Super Mario 3D World. Their spines make them lethal if jumped on; however, they can be jumped on if Mario wields certain power-ups, such as Goomba's Shoe.
Spinies are represented in the Mario Strikers series as an item: a huge, spinning, spiked shell. This shell will bounce off walls until it eventually hits a player. When it impacts a character, it will explode, and possibly hit other players as well. If any players are hit, they will be stunned for a few seconds.
Thwomp[edit | edit source]
Thwomps, known as Dossun (ドッスン) in Japan, are large stone blocks, depicted as having angry-looking faces and clenched teeth. First appearing in Super Mario Bros. 3, they drop onto the characters as they walk under them. Thwomps have also appeared in other games, including the Mario Kart series as hazards. Thwomps make yet another appearance in Super Mario Galaxy. A smaller version called Thwimp appears in some games. They look exactly like Thwomps except for jumping from left to right. In Super Mario 3D Land, there are two kinds of Thwomps: regular Thwomps and the Tailed Thwomp. Thwomps also appeared in various Mario Party minigames. New Super Mario Bros. U introduces a new species of Thwomp called Grrrol that looks like a Thwomp, except it is round and has rolling red eyes and a grin with one tooth missing. Super Mario 64 introduced some new species of Thwomp called the Grindel, which is a mummified Thwomp with bandages and a grin and the Spindel, a rolling, circular Thwomp that has an angry smile on its face. Super Mario 64, Super Mario Galaxy and Super Mario Galaxy 2 feature new species of Thwomp - the Bomp, a species of Thwomp that acts like a wall that shoves Mario when he approaches, making him fall to his death and the Flomp, a platform that flips Mario and Luigi into the air if they stand on it for too long.
Urchin[edit | edit source]
Urchins are enemies that appear primarily in water levels. They float in one position, serving as a hazard to players.
Whomp[edit | edit source]
Whomps, inspired by the Japanese folklore of Nurikabe (ぬりかべ) debuted in Super Mario 64 and have appeared in New Super Mario Bros. and various Mario Party games. As minions of Bowser, their purpose is usually to block Mario's path or attempt to crush him by simply falling on top of him. Whomps have a bandage on their backs which hides a crack, their weak point. In Super Mario 64, Whomps reside in the stage called Whomp's Fortress and are led by the Whomp King, a large Whomp with a crown. They also appear in Super Mario Galaxy 2, where they have more humanoid hands and feet. The Whomp King returns in this game as the boss of the Throwback Galaxy, which is a remake of whomp's fortress and during the two phases of the fight, the monarch creates tiny versions of Whomp called Whimps to assist in his brawl with Mario/Luigi. Super Mario 3D Land introduces a new species of Whomp called the Wallop, which is a smaller version of the Whomp that blocks Mario's way by taking the same steps he goes, and stopping him from going past it, but when the player makes Mario jump, the Wallop will slam the ground and be stunned. Super Mario 3D World introduced a new species of Whomp called Walleye that has the same purpose as the Wallop; to stop Mario and its friends from getting past it.
Wiggler[edit | edit source]
Wigglers, known as Hana-chan (ハナチャン) in Japan, are caterpillar-like creatures with segmented bodies and large noses, each with a flower on its head. They are typically yellow, but turn red when angered. Wigglers are depicted as normally being calm and happy, but when angered, become dangerous and run frantically. They first appear in Super Mario World, and have appeared in several other games, including the sports games in the Mario series. In Super Mario 64 and Super Mario 64 DS, Wiggler is the boss of Tiny-Huge Island. In Yoshi's Story, large, fluffy versions of Wigglers appear often. In Mario and Luigi: Bowser's Inside Story, a family of Wigglers lives inside Dimble Woods. In Paper Mario: Sticker Star, Mario must help save a Wiggler by the name of Wiggler (who always speaks in third person) by reuniting all four of his body segments which were scattered all over a forest. Wigglers have also made appearances in all four New Super Mario Bros. titles. In Super Mario Sunshine, one is a boss on Gelato Beach. In New Super Mario Bros. Wii and New Super Mario Bros. U, there are bigger versions of Wigglers called Mega Wigglers that Mario cannot defeat. If Mario attempts to defeat them, they might damage him. They also reappear in Mario Kart Wii and Mario Kart 7 on the course Maple Treeway, Super Mario Galaxy and Super Mario Galaxy 2, and in various Mario Party minigames.
Wigglers were first playable in Mario Power Tennis for GameCube. Wiggler is also a playable character in Mario Super Sluggers as a baseball player and in Mario Kart 7 as a Cruiser-type driver. A Wiggler-inspired ATV appears in Mario Kart 8, called the Wild Wiggler. Wiggler appears as the level 7 boss in Mario Kart DS.
In the Super Mario World animated series, they are referred to as "Caterpillars" and they appear in various episodes.
References[edit | edit source]
- Nintendo (1985-10-18). Super Mario Bros. Nintendo Entertainment System. Nintendo.
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- Whitehead, Dan (26 November 2007). "Super Mario Galaxy Star Guide Article". Eurogamer. p. 1. Retrieved 11 February 2018.
- Sheff, David (1993). Game Over. Random House. ISBN 0-679-40469-4.
- "MARIO KART - Double Dash!! The strongest character lineup of history". Nintendo. Retrieved 2008-07-06.
- Eric Caoili (Jun 22, 2007). "The plant has his time". Joystiq. Retrieved 2011-02-04.
- Buckley, Sean; Jackson, Ryan. "Super Smash Bros Ultimate: Piranha Plant DLC is available now". CNET. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
- von Esmarch, Nick. Super Mario 3D Land: PRIMA Official Game Guide. p. 15.
These crafty moles show themselves just long enough to throw a wrench at you before dropping back out of sight.
- "Rocky is a turtle who kind of looks like a mole. He will suddenly appear and start to throw wrenches from his fingers at Mario or Luigi." - Super Mario Bros. 3 English instruction booklet, Page 37.
- Black, Fletcher. Super Mario Galaxy: PRIMA Official Game Guide. p. 110.
Mario begins his journey on the outer rim of Battlerock Galaxy, standing on a trio of discs. The second and third discs in the collection are dominated by two pesky Montys, molelike creatures that pop above and belowground to hassle the hero. To defeat a Monty, ground pound right next to its hole just as the baddie shows its head. The Monty is flipped upside down, its little feet wiggling in the air. Spin next to the Monty to knock it out of its hole and earn some Star Bits.
- "Play on Wii Mario Tennis GC: Characters". Nintendo.co.jp.
- Higham, Michael (2018-09-14). "Nintendo Direct: Mario Tennis Aces Switch Update Adds Shy Guy, Birdo, Co-op Modes". GameSpot. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
- "Interview with Nate Bihldorff". Shinesparkers. February 23, 2011. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved June 11, 2014.
- Martha Moran (writer) (1991-09-28). "Send in the Clown". Super Mario World. Season 1. Episode 3. NBC.
- Template:Cite film
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