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Michael Cimino's unrealized projects

From EverybodyWiki Bios & Wiki

Cimino in 2003

The following is a list of unproduced Michael Cimino projects in roughly chronological order. During his long career, American film director Michael Cimino has worked on a number of projects which never progressed beyond the pre-production stage under his direction. Some of these productions fell in development hell or were cancelled.


Conquering Horse[edit]

The New York Times reported in 1970 that Cimino was going to direct a Native American-related drama film that summer titled Conquering Horse[1] but it never came to fruition. The film would have been based on Frederick Manfred's novel of the same name.[2] It has been said that the infamous box office failure of Heaven's Gate (1980) prevented further attempts for Cimino to adapt Conquering Horse.[2]

The Fountainhead[edit]

In the mid-1970s, Cimino attempted to make a film adaptation of Ayn Rand's novel The Fountainhead, with Clint Eastwood slated to star.[3] Eastwood was to have portrayed Howard Roark.[4] According to Cimino, he and United Artists had an agreement to adapt the film.[5]

Frank Costello biopic[edit]

Around the same time as Fountainhead, Cimino attempted to make a biopic about the life of Frank Costello.[6] He co-wrote the script of the biopic with James Toback.[5] Robert De Niro reportedly signed on for the role of Costello in the 1980s.[7] The film was to have been titled either Proud Dreamer[7] or The Life and Dreams of Frank Costello as claimed by Cimino.[5] The film was also to have been distributed by 20th Century Fox, according to Cimino.[5]


Also around the same time as Fountainhead and the Costello biopic, Cimino co-wrote a musical biopic with Bo Goldman about the life of Janis Joplin titled Pearl.[5] According to Cimino, that project was also to have been distributed by 20th Century Fox.[5]

Crime and Punishment[edit]

Between the releases of his films Thunderbolt and Lightfoot (1974) and The Deer Hunter (1978), Cimino attempted to write an adaptation of Fyodor Dostoevsky's Crime and Punishment.[8]

The Dogs of War[edit]

Also between the releases of Thunderbolt and Lightfoot and The Deer Hunter, Cimino wrote a screenplay based on the Frederick Forsyth novel The Dogs of War.[8] Cimino's screenplay was not used for the eventual film adaptation of the same name.[9]

Perfect Strangers[edit]

In 1977, Cimino was slated to direct Roy Scheider, Romy Schneider and Oskar Werner in a romantic drama film titled Perfect Strangers.[10] Cimino described the film as "an original, a love story with a political background."[5] Cimino developed the script at Paramount Pictures.[5]

The King of Comedy[edit]

After Martin Scorsese initially passed on The King of Comedy (1982), Robert De Niro arranged for Cimino to direct the film. However, Cimino's commitment with Heaven's Gate (1980) prevented him to direct The King of Comedy, thus Scorsese ultimately directed the film.[11][12]

The Godfather Part III[edit]

In the late 1970s, Cimino was among several filmmakers considered to helm The Godfather Part III for Paramount Pictures.[13][14][15][16]

Midnight Express[edit]

According to, Oliver Stone approached Cimino to direct Midnight Express (1978).[17]

The Rose[edit]

Although he was uncredited for his work,[18] Cimino did serve as one of the screenwriters of The Rose (1979).[19][20][21] Screenwriter Bill Kerby thought Cimino was hired to direct the film.[22]


The Dead Zone[edit]

According to Den of Geek, Cimino was considered to helm Stephen King's The Dead Zone (1983) prior to David Cronenberg's official involvement.[23]

Nitty Gritty/Live on Tape[edit]

The New York Times reported in 1982 that Cimino was going to direct a film titled Nitty Gritty for CBS Theatrical Films. The N.Y. Times described the project as "a black comedy about news reporting."[24] The film never came to fruition, and the Los Angeles Times reported that it was retitled Live on Tape. The L.A. Times further described it as "a comedy-drama about TV camera crews and their competition for stories."[25]

Fyodor Dostoevsky biopic[edit]

In September 1982, Cimino approached Raymond Carver and Tess Gallagher to re-write a screenplay based on the life of Fyodor Dostoevsky.[26] According to Carver, Cimino presented him an existing screenplay with no author credit, commissioned by the veteran Italian film producer, Carlo Ponti. The first draft had been written by a Russian writer, and then translated to English by two Italian writers. Carver and Gallagher opted to re-write the entire script, delivering a 220-page draft to Cimino in November 1982. The director was impressed with the results, but the producer returned to Europe shortly thereafter, halting further script development. [27]

The Bounty[edit]

According to Cimino's Variety obituary, he was considered to direct The Bounty (1984).[28]

Reel to Reel[edit]

In 1983, Cimino was going to direct a film for Columbia Pictures titled Reel to Reel, which was co-written by Cimino, Steven Spielberg and Gary David Goldberg.[25]


Also in 1983, Cimino was signed by Paramount Pictures to direct Footloose (1984).[29] However, Cimino requested $250,000 for a rewrite of the script.[30] As a result, Daniel Melnick fired Cimino from the production.[31] According to Melnick, "It might have been a good film (if Cimino had directed), but it wasn’t the film we wanted to make. It wasn’t the film we came to the party with--do you know what I mean?".[25] Craig Zadan, one of the film's producers, also stated, "Cimino wanted to make a darker film. We wanted to make entertainment."[32] Cimino was ultimately replaced by Herbert Ross.[33]

The Pope of Greenwich Village[edit]

Also according to the Variety obituary, Cimino was to have helmed The Pope of Greenwich Village (1984).[28]

Purple Lake[edit]

In 1984, Cimino reportedly completed an unproduced screenplay with Raymond Carver titled Purple Lake.[26]

The Yellow Jersey[edit]

Also in 1984, Cimino was going to direct Dustin Hoffman in a film adaptation of Ralph Hurne's novel The Yellow Jersey for Columbia Pictures.[25][34] The story takes place in the Tour de France and Cimino began to work on the adaptation in 1975 when he saw the 62nd edition that year.[35] The film was never made.[36] It has been said that Hoffman fired Cimino from the production.[37]


According to Oliver Stone, Cimino attempted to produce the film Platoon (1986) in 1984 with Emilio Estevez attached to play Staff Sergeant Bob Barnes.[38][39]


In the mid-1980s, Cimino was slated to direct an unmade biopic about the life of gangster Legs Diamond for Embassy Pictures. The film would have starred Mickey Rourke as Diamond and Leonard Termo as Diamond's bodyguard.[40] The film was to have been titled Legs and be based on William Kennedy's novel of the same name.[41]

Atlas Shrugged[edit]

The Los Angeles Times reported in 1985 that Cimino was interested in adapting Atlas Shrugged, another of Ayn Rand's works.[42]

Porgy and Bess[edit]

It was reported in November 1985[43] that Cimino attempted to adapt Porgy and Bess.[44]

Handcarved Coffins[edit]

After being impressed with his work in Year of the Dragon (1985), Dino De Laurentiis hired Cimino to direct a film adaptation of Truman Capote's short story Handcarved Coffins.[45] De Laurentiis had planned to release the film in 1986 following his purchase of Embassy Pictures.[46] The film never came to fruition.[25]

Santa Ana Wind[edit]

Cimino was also going to direct a romantic thriller film for Nelson Entertainment titled Santa Ana Wind. The film was to have been set in the San Fernando Valley and star a cast of unknown actors.[25] The film was to have been distributed by Columbia Pictures, but in 1988, Nelson officially cancelled the production.[47]

Born on the Fourth of July[edit]

The Variety obituary also states that Cimino was considered to direct Born on the Fourth of July (1989).[28][48]


Michael Collins biopic[edit]

In the early 1990s, Cimino was slated to direct a biopic about the life of Irish revolutionary Michael Collins with Gabriel Byrne attached to star.[49] The film was to have been distributed by Columbia Pictures and David Puttnam reportedly gave Cimino the greenlight to direct the film.[50] Nelson Entertainment was also involved in the project.[25][47] According to Cimino, he co-wrote the script with Robert Bolt.[51]

Paradise Junction[edit]

It was reported in 1993 that Cimino and Clint Eastwood were adapting Philip Finch's book Paradise Junction for Warner Bros.[52]

Full Circle[edit]

Filmmaker John Woo reported in 1994 that Cimino was writing a script based on a story by Woo titled Full Circle.[53]

The Dreaming Place[edit]

Variety reported in 1997 that Cimino was attached to direct a film titled The Dreaming Place for Trimark Pictures.[54]


Man's Fate[edit]

It was reported in 2001 that Cimino was planning to make a film adaptation of André Malraux's novel Man's Fate.[55] Cimino claimed in 2010 that he had half of the budget needed to make the film.[56] Cimino confirmed in a 2015 interview with The Hollywood Reporter that he worked on the adapted script for one year and still hoped to make the film some day.[51]


Cream Rises[edit]

According to Wild Bunch CCO Vincent Maraval, Cimino attempted to direct Taylor Swift in a film titled Cream Rises.[57] Christopher Walken was also attached to the project.[58]


  1. Weiler, A.H. (22 February 1970). "A‐Jive in Denmark". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 August 2019. “Conquering Horse,” an Indian drama to be directed this summer by 27‐year‐old Mike Cimino
  2. 2.0 2.1 Whitney, Stu (12 December 2015). "Whitney: How 'Revenant' left Frederick Manfred behind". Argus Leader. There was talk of "Deer Hunter" director Michael Cimino bringing "Conquering Horse" to the big screen, but the epic failure of Cimino's "Heaven's Gate," one of the biggest flops of all time, rendered that project implausible.
  3. Mueller, Matt (11 August 2015). "Michael Cimino tells Locarno audience "I'll never stop"". Screen Daily. Retrieved 26 July 2019. There were several question about an adaptation of The Fountainhead, which Cimino had planned to make in the mid-1970s starring Clint Eastwood, which never came to fruition, and the director was only too happy to address them – as he did most questions – with long, rambling answers.
  4. McWeeny, Drew (3 July 2016). "Michael Cimino, best remembered for 'Heaven's Gate,' is gone". Uproxx. Retrieved 31 July 2019. ...The Fountainhead with Clint Eastwood playing Howard Roark...
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 Gallagher, John A. (1989). Film Directors on Directing. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9780275932725. Search this book on page 40
  6. Sobczynski, Peter (2 July 2016). "WHAT ONE LOVES ABOUT LIFE ARE THE THINGS THAT FADE: MICHAEL CIMINO 1939-2016". Retrieved 31 July 2019. ...including unproduced biopics on Frank Costello and Legs Diamond...
  7. 7.0 7.1 Levy, Shawn (2015). De Niro: A Life. Crown/Archetype. ISBN 9780307716798. Search this book on page 347
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Michael Cimino – obituary". The Daily Telegraph. 3 July 2016. Retrieved 31 July 2019. He wrote an adaptation of Frederick Forsyth’s The Dogs of War, attempted to adapt Crime and Punishment and began his long tussle with The Fountainhead, but nothing reached the screen under his direction.
  9. Scott B. (26 August 2002). "Featured Filmmaker: Michael Cimino". IGN. Retrieved 31 July 2019. ...among them an adaptation of Frederick Forsyth¿s mercenaries-in-Africa novel The Dogs of War (the film was eventually made in 1981, but not using Cimino¿s screenplay)...
  10. Kachmar, Diane C. (2015). Roy Scheider: A Film Biography. McFarland. ISBN 9781476609034. Search this book on page 209
  11. Grist, Leighton (2013). The Films of Martin Scorsese, 1978-99: Authorship and Context II. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 9781403920355. Search this book on page 69
  12. LoBrutto, Vincent (2008). Martin Scorsese: A Biography. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 9780275987053. Search this book on page 255
  13. Dalton, Stephen (2 July 2016). "Critic's Notebook: Michael Cimino, a Comet that Blazed Brightly, Briefly". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 26 July 2019. Cimino was briefly attached to direct both The Godfather III and Footloose, but both fell through.
  14. Davis, Ivor (23 December 1990). "SINS OF THE 'FATHER'". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 26 July 2019. The name "Godfather" was a household word, something Paramount could bank on. And if the studio couldn't persuade Coppola to do Part III, there were plenty of other directors. Back in the late '70s Paramount approached many of them -- Sylvester Stallone, Martin Scorsese, Michael Cimino, Warren Beatty.
  15. Friendly, David T. (24 November 1985). "'GODFATHER III' SUREFIRE HIT -- IF IT'S MADE". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 26 July 2019. Several years ago, when Paramount was trying to mount this sequel, a list of possible directors was drawn up. On it were names like Martin Scorsese, Michael Mann, Michael Cimino and even Warren Beatty.
  16. Friendly, David T. (24 November 1985). "'GODFATHER III': THE MOVIE WAITING TO HAPPEN". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 30 July 2019. Several years ago, when Paramount was trying to mount this sequel, a list of possible directors was drawn up. On it were names like Martin Scorsese, Michael Mann, Michael Cimino and even Warren Beatty.
  17. Shirey, Paul (25 April 2014). "THE BEST MOVIE YOU NEVER SAW: YEAR OF THE DRAGON". Retrieved 31 July 2019. ...while handing over co-scripting chores to Oliver Stone, who had once approached Cimino to direct MIDNIGHT EXPRESS.
  18. Erickson, Hal (2017). Any Resemblance to Actual Persons: The Real People Behind 400+ Fictional Movie Characters. McFarland. ISBN 9781476666051. Search this book on page 235
  19. "Alan Bates, Bette Midler To Co‐Star in 'The Rose'". The New York Times. 24 March 1978. Retrieved 26 July 2019. Mark Rydell will direct from a script by Bo Goldman and Michael Cimino and an earlier draft by William Kerby from a story by Mr. Worth and Mr. Cimino.
  20. Bego, Mark (2002). Bette Midler: Still Divine. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 9780815412328. Search this book on page 138
  21. Goldsmith, Melissa U. D.; Willson, Paige A.; Fonseca, Anthony J. (2016). The Encyclopedia of Musicians and Bands on Film. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 9781442269873. Search this book on page 249
  22. Stempel, Tom (2000). Framework: A History of Screenwriting in the American Film, Third Edition. Syracuse University Press. ISBN 9780815606543. Search this book on pages 228-229
  23. Lambie, Ryan (21 February 2015). "Why The Dead Zone Is One of the Best Stephen King Films". Den of Geek. Retrieved 26 July 2019. The Dead Zone was optioned shortly after its publication in 1979, and several screenwriters and directors were involved in its production before Cronenberg took over the project in 1982. Stanley Donen (Hollywood’s "King of Musicals," whose CV includes Singin’ in the Rain), John Badham, and Michael Cimino were once attached to direct, while Stephen King attempted to write a draft of the screenplay himself.
  24. "40 FILM PROJECTS AT CBS". The New York Times. 16 January 1982. Retrieved 1 August 2019. CBS Theatrical Films has announced that it will be going into the movie business in a big way this year, with 40 films in various stages of development. Two of the movies will star Jon Voight and one will be directed by Michael Cimino, who won an Academy Award for The Deer Hunter in 1978 and then directed the $40 million failure Heaven's Gate....Mr. Cimino's Nitty Gritty, a black comedy about news reporting...
  25. 25.0 25.1 25.2 25.3 25.4 25.5 25.6 Broeske, Pat H. (7 October 1990). "Look Who's Back With a New Movie : 'The Deer Hunter' made Michael Cimino a winner, but his next film was the legendary failure 'Heaven's Gate.' With 'Desperate Hours,' the stakes have never been higher". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
  26. 26.0 26.1 Carver, Raymond; Gentry, Marshall Bruce; Stull, William L. (1990). Conversations with Raymond Carver. Univ. Press of Mississippi. ISBN 9780878054497. michael cimino purple lake. Search this book on page xxvi
  27. Carver, Raymond; Gallagher, Tess (1984). "Dostoevsky: A Screenplay". New England Review and Bread Loaf Quarterly. New England Review and Bread Loaf Quarterly Vol. 6, No. 3 (Spring, 1984). 6 (3): 355–393. JSTOR 40374689.pp.355-393
  28. 28.0 28.1 28.2 Gray, Tim (2 July 2016). "Michael Cimino, 'Deer Hunter' and 'Heaven's Gate' Director, Dies at 77". Variety. Retrieved 29 July 2019. He also circled many projects eventually directed by others, including “The Bounty,” “Footloose,” “The Pope of Greenwich Village” and “Born on the Fourth of July.”
  29. Rodriguez, Rene (14 October 2011). "'Footloose:' a remake that makes sense". The Blade (Toledo). Retrieved 1 August 2019. In 1983, in one of the biggest "What were they thinking?" moves of all time, Paramount Pictures signed Michael Cimino to direct Footloose.
  30. Cormier, Roger (9 January 2016). "18 Catchy Facts About Footloose". Mental Floss. Retrieved 1 August 2019. Michael Cimino, the Oscar-winning director of The Deer Hunter and Heaven’s Gate, kept asking for grandiose set-ups and making more and more demands—like requesting $250,000 to rewrite the script, and to make the film darker. Paramount Pictures feared Cimino was going to lose them a ton of money after Heaven’s Gate bankrupted United Artists, and so they let him go. Herbert Ross (director of The Goodbye Girl and Steel Magnolias) took over.
  31. Harmetz, Aljean (2 September 1987). "INDEPENDENT PRODUCER AND YOUNG STUDIO UNITE". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 August 2019. He is a tough producer who fired Michael Cimino from Footloose when the director insisted on rewriting the script.
  32. Jordan, Chris (2003). Movies and the Reagan Presidency: Success and Ethics. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 9780275979676. Search this book on page 110
  33. Prince, Stephen (2002). A New Pot of Gold: Hollywood Under the Electronic Rainbow, 1980 1989. University of California Press. p. 134. ISBN 9780520232662. michael cimino footloose. Search this book on page 134
  34. Mathews, Jack (19 September 1986). "THE 12-YEAR CYCLE TO GREEN-LIGHT 'THE YELLOW JERSEY'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 1 August 2019. In 1984, Hoffman and director Michael Cimino accompanied Mehlman to France for the Tour, after which Hoffman told a French television interviewer that next to attending the birth of his child, watching the race was the most moving experience of his life. Mehlman figured that was it. But the deal fell through with Cimino, and Hoffman wasn’t satisfied with any of the directors that Mehlman or the studio suggested. The directors Hoffman said he would work with weren’t available.
  35. "DUSTIN HOFFMAN'S TOUR DE FRANCE". The New York Times. 14 July 1984. Retrieved 1 August 2019. Mr. Cimino, who directed Deer Hunter and Heaven's Gate, said he first began working on the movie in 1975, traveling with the Tour de France that year.
  36. Verswijver, Leo (2003). "Movies Were Always Magical": Interviews with 19 Actors, Directors, and Producers from the Hollywood of the 1930s through the 1950s. McFarland. ISBN 9780786411290. Search this book on page 89
  37. Bennett, Bruce (2019). Cycling and Cinema. MIT Press. ISBN 9781906897994. Search this book on pages 97-98
  38. Nashawaty, Chris (24 May 2011). "Oliver Stone Platoon Charlie Sheen". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 29 July 2019. Then there was a period in ’84 when Michael Cimino was going to produce it and Emilio Estevez was going to play the role, actually.
  39. Jagernauth, Kevin (25 May 2011). "Oliver Stone Reveals Sidney Lumet & Al Pacino Nearly Made 'Platoon'". IndieWire. Retrieved 29 July 2019. Then there was a period in ’84 when Michael Cimino was going to produce it and Emilio Estevez was going to play the role, actually.
  40. Barnes, Mike (2 November 2012). "Character Actor Leonard Termo Dies at 77". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 30 July 2019. The pair also were set to appear in a Cimino biopic at Embassy Pictures about "Legs" Diamond that never got made, with Rourke as the legendary 1930s gangster and Termo playing his bodyguard.
  41. Hackett, Pat (16 August 1985). "VERSATILE YOUNG ACTOR MICKEY ROURKE GETS HIS CANDOR UP ABOUT HIS". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 30 July 2019. What about “Legs,” the movie based on William Kennedy’s novel about Legs Diamond?
  42. Champlin, Charles (31 August 1985). "Michael Cimino and the movie he made after 'Heaven's Gate'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 31 July 2019. Cimino has long wanted to film Ayn Rand’s “Atlas Shrugged,” and his films can possibly be read as endorsing her philosophies.
  43. Chevrie, Marc; Narboni, Jean; Ostria, Vincent (November 1985). "The Right Place" (in French). Cahiers du cinéma (n377).
  44. "Zum Tod des Hollywood-Schrecks Michael Cimino: Visionär und Egomane". Stuttgarter Nachrichten. 3 July 2016. Retrieved 14 August 2019.Article in German
  45. Pond, Steve (1 August 1985). "Dateline Hollywood". The Washington Post. Retrieved 1 August 2019. And with "Year of the Dragon" just beginning to make the preview-screening rounds, producer Dino is so happy with the movie that he's reportedly already asked Cimino to direct a film version of Truman Capote's book "Handcarved Coffins" . . .
  46. Harmetz, Aljean (4 October 1985). "DE LAURENTIIS TO MARKET OWN FILMS". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 August 2019. His first movies for Embassy, in 1986, will be Triple Identity, an urban police thriller starring Arnold Schwarzenegger; Trick or Treat, a horror movie to be released for Halloween; Hand Carved Coffins, the Truman Capote novella to be directed by Michael Cimino; Blue Velvet, a film written and directed by David Lynch; and a sequel to King Kong.
  47. 47.0 47.1 Cieply, Michael (26 January 1988). "Firm Cancels New Cimino Film Project". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
  48. Southwood, Lynnette (3 July 2016). "'Deer Hunter' Director's Death: The 'Final Cut' On Michael Cimino's Abrupt Career". Inquisitr. Retrieved 29 July 2019. Michael Cimino directed eight films in his career, his last being Sunchaser in 1996, although Variety notes that he circled many projects; adaptations of Crime and Punishment, and Ayn Rand’s The Fountainhead that never came to fruition, or projects that were eventually directed by someone else such as Footloose and Born on the Fourth of July.
  49. Clarke, Donald (3 July 2016). "Michael Cimino: the man who once ruled Hollywood". The Irish Times. Retrieved 27 July 2019. In the early 1990s, he circled a proposed Michael Collins biopic with Gabriel Byrne in the lead.
  50. Pramaggiore, Maria (2008). Neil Jordan. University of Illinois Press. ISBN 9780252075308. Search this book on page 51
  51. 51.0 51.1 Abramovitch, Sam (2 March 2015). "Michael Cimino: The Full, Uncensored Hollywood Reporter Interview". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 27 July 2019.
  52. Moerk, Christian (8 July 1993). "Oscared pair on Rich slate". Variety. Retrieved 14 August 2019.
  53. Sandell, Jillian (1 January 2001). "Interview with John Woo". Bright Lights Film Journal. Retrieved 14 August 2019. We are also planning a project based on a story by me called Full Circle. The director Michael Cimino will be writing the script.
  54. "Trimark's 'Dream' helmer: Cimino". Variety. 2 July 1997. Retrieved 30 July 2019. Michael Cimino, Oscar-winning director of “The Deer Hunter,” is attached to direct Trimark Pictures’ “The Dreaming Place.”
  55. "Michael Cimino: war stories". The Guardian. 6 December 2001. Retrieved 1 August 2019. His latest plan is to make a movie of André Malraux's La Condition Humaine (Man's Fate). He has the same publisher as Malraux, and earlier this year was awarded a Chevalier des Arts and des Lettres in Paris, a prize previously won by the French novelist. If it comes off, this exploration of a communist uprising in Shanghai will be on a gigantic scale, and Cimino, now in his late 50s, plans to shoot on location in China.
  56. Garbarino, Steve (15 April 2010). "Michael Cimino's Final Cut". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 1 August 2019. Cimino has written an adaptation of André Malraux’s 1933 novel about the early days of the Chinese Revolution, Man’s Fate. “The screenplay, I think, is the best one I’ve ever done,” he says, adding that he has “half the money; [we’re] trying to raise the other half.”
  57. de Guilhermier, Marine (4 October 2016). "Michael Cimino : son projet avorté avec Taylor Swift" (in français). Orange S.A. Retrieved 16 August 2019.
  58. Pallaruelo, Olivier (3 October 2016). "Quand Michael Cimino voulait faire un film avec Taylor Swift" (in français). AlloCiné. Retrieved 16 August 2019.

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