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O-Javanese spelling

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O-Javanese, O-Jawa or O-Spelling is a phenomenon that is caused by contradiction between standard Javanese spelling and standard Indonesian spelling (EYD). In standard Indonesian spelling word "a" can only pronounced /a/, while in standard Javanese spelling word "a" have two tone, i.e. /a/ and /ɔ/. in consequence, the Indonesian words that borrowed from Javanese that have syntax "a" on its writings usually pronounced /a/ although in Javanese its pronounced /ɔ/. Hence, the words "a" that pronounced /o/ become written as "o" to simplify for readers that are not from Javanese background.

For example:

  • Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono if written by standard Javanese spelling should be Susila Bambang Yudhayana, while Surabaya pronounced /Surɔbɔjɔ/
  • Hamengkubuwono/Hamengkubuwana
  • Mangkunegoro/Mangkunegara


This O-Javanese spelling is applied to most standard Javanese in several Javanese dialects such as Blora, Kedu, Madiun, Eastern Northern-coast, Pekalongan, Semarangan, Arekan, Mataram, Tenggerese and Osing. But O-Javanese spelling is not applied and the usages are very rare in the vocabulary of Banyumasan,[lower-alpha 1] Western Northern-coast, Bantenese,[lower-alpha 2] Dermayon, and Cirebonese.

Notable Javanese names written in O-spelling[edit]

See also[edit]

Others articles of the Topic Indonesia : Taipei Economic and Trade Office in Surabaya, Prime Plaza Hotels and Resorts, Sentul City, Indonesia, Indonesia at major male beauty pageants
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  1. kecuali sebagian kecil kosa kata angka, misal 19 dituturkan songolas tidak sangalas.
  2. lebih tepatnya akhiran /a/ dibaca e, lih: sira dibunyikan sire


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