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O-Javanese spelling

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O-Javanese, O-Jawa or O-Spelling is a phenomenon that is caused by contradiction between standard Javanese spelling and standard Indonesian spelling (EYD). In standard Indonesian spelling word "a" can only pronounced /a/, while in standard Javanese spelling word "a" have two tone, i.e. /a/ and /ɔ/. in consequence, the Indonesian words that borrowed from Javanese that have syntax "a" on its writings usually pronounced /a/ although in Javanese its pronounced /ɔ/. Hence, the words "a" that pronounced /o/ become written as "o" to simplify for readers that are not from Javanese background.

For example:

  • Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono if written by standard Javanese spelling should be Susila Bambang Yudhayana, while Surabaya pronounced /Surɔbɔjɔ/
  • Hamengkubuwono/Hamengkubuwana
  • Mangkunegoro/Mangkunegara


This O-Javanese spelling is applied to most standard Javanese in several Javanese dialects such as Blora, Kedu, Madiun, Eastern Northern-coast, Pekalongan, Semarangan, Arekan, Mataram, Tenggerese and Osing. But O-Javanese spelling is not applied and the usages are very rare in the vocabulary of Banyumasan,[lower-alpha 1] Western Northern-coast, Bantenese,[lower-alpha 2] Dermayon, and Cirebonese.

Notable Javanese names written in O-spelling[edit]

  • Jaka Widada, current President of Indonesia, former Governor of Jakarta and former Mayor of Surakarta.
  • Prabawa Subiyanta, Indonesian politician.
  • Suharta, second president of Indonesia.
  • Sukarna, founder and first president of Indonesia.

See also[edit]

Others articles of the Topic Indonesia : Zukhriatul Hafizah, Vania Fitryanti Putri Herlambang, Papuan unification, Wilda Octaviana Situngkir, Intan Venlö Aletrino, Putu Ayu Saraswati, Taipei Economic and Trade Office in Surabaya
Some use of "" in your query was not closed by a matching "".Some use of "" in your query was not closed by a matching "".

  • Javanese language
  • Javanese script


  1. kecuali sebagian kecil kosa kata angka, misal 19 dituturkan songolas tidak sangalas.
  2. lebih tepatnya akhiran /a/ dibaca e, lih: sira dibunyikan sire


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