Parrot linux os

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Parrot OS
Parrot Logo.png
DeveloperParrot Project Team
OS familyPOSIX based on Debian GNU/Linux
Working stateCurrent
Source modelOpen source
Initial release10 April 2013 (2013-04-10)
Latest release4.7 / September 18, 2019; 2 years ago (2019-09-18)
Update methodRolling Release
Package managerAPT
Platformsamd64 (x86-64), ARM
Kernel typeMonolithic
Default user interfaceMATE Desktop Environment
KDE Desktop Environment
LicenseFree software, mainly the GNU GPL and Creative_Commons

Parrot OS is a GNU/Linux distribution based on Debian with a focus on security, privacy, and development.


Parrot is based on Debian's testing branch (Bullseye), with a Linux 5.2 kernel. It follows a rolling release development model.[1]

The desktop environments are MATE and KDE, and the default display manager is LightDM.[2][3]

The system is certified to run on devices which have a minimum of 256MB of RAM, and it is suitable for both 32-bit (i386) and 64-bit (amd64) processor architectures.[4] Moreover, the project is available for ARMv7 (armhf) architectures.

In June 2017, the Parrot Team announced they were considering to change from Debian to Devuan, mainly because of problems with the systemd.[5]

As of January 21st, 2019, the Parrot team has begun to phase out the development of their 32-bit (i386) ISO.[6]


Parrot has multiple editions that are based upon Debian, with various desktop environments available.

Parrot Security[edit]

Parrot is intended to provide a suite of penetration testing tools to be used for attack mitigation, security research, forensics, and vulnerability assessment.[7]

It is designed for penetration testing, vulnerability assessment and mitigation, computer forensics and anonymous web browsing.

Parrot Home[edit]

Parrot Home is the base edition of Parrot designed for daily use, and it targets regular users who need a "lightweight" system on their laptops or workstations.

Allegedly, the distribution is useful for daily work.[citation needed] Parrot Home also includes programs to chat privately with people, encrypt documents, or browse the internet anonymously. The system can also be used as a starting point to build a customized pentesting platform. Parrot Home uses Debian technology.

Parrot ARM[edit]

Parrot ARM is a lightweight Parrot release for embedded systems. It is currently available for Raspberry Pi devices.

Parrot OS Tools[edit]

There are multiple Tools in Parrot OS which are specially designed for Security Researchers and are related to penetration testing. A few of them are listed below, more can be found on the official website.


Tor, also known as The Onion Router, is a distributed network that anonymizes Internet browsing. It is designed in a way that the IP Address of the client using Tor is hidden from the server that the client is visiting. Also, the data and other details are hidden from the client’s Internet Service Provider (ISP). Tor network uses hops to encrypt the data between the client and the server. Tor network and Tor browser are pre-installed and configured in Parrot OS.

Onion Share[edit]

Onion Share is an open-source utility that can be used to share files of any size over the TOR network securely and anonymously. Onion Share then generates a long random URL that can be used by the recipient to download the file over the TOR network using TOR browser.


Anonsurf is a utility that makes the operating system communication go over TOR or other anonymizing networks. According to Parrot, AnonSurf secures your web browser and anonymizes your IP.

Release frequency[edit]

The development team has not specified any official release timeline, but based on release changelogs and the notes included in the official review of the distribution, the project will be released on a monthly basis.


Date Version Codename
2013-06-10 The project was started
2013-06-17 Parrot 0.1 Pre-alpha
2013-06-22 Parrot 0.2 Pre-alpha
2013-06-30 Parrot 0.3 Pre-alpha
2013-07-10 Parrot 0.4 Pre-alpha
2013-08-22 Parrot 0.5 Alpha
2013-10-21 Parrot 0.6 Alpha
2013-11-12 Parrot 0.6.5 Alpha
2013-12-06 Parrot 0.7 Pre-beta
2014-01-12 Parrot 0.8 Beta
2014-01-24 Parrot 0.8.1 Beta
2014-03-05 Parrot 0.8.2 Beta
2014-04-17 Parrot 0.8.4 Beta
2014-06-25 Parrot 0.9 Final beta
2014-07-21 Parrot 1.0 Hydrogen
2014-09-02 Parrot 1.1 Asphalt Dragon
2014-09-11 Parrot 1.2 Asphalt Dragon
2014-10-22 Parrot 1.4 JailBird
2014-11-06 Parrot 1.4.2 JailBird
2014-12-12 Parrot 1.6 JailBird
2015-02-05 Parrot 1.7 CyberLizard
2015-02-21 Parrot 1.8 CyberLizard
2015-04-04 Parrot 1.9 CyberLizard
2015-09-12 Parrot 2.0 Helium
2015-09-15 Parrot 2.0.1 Helium
2015-10-06 Parrot 2.0.4 Helium
2015-10-17 Parrot 2.0.5 Helium
2016-01-16 Parrot 2.1 Murdock
2016-02-25 Parrot 2.2 Glitch
2016-06-18 Parrot 3.0 Lithium
2016-07-26 Parrot 3.1 Defcon
2016-10-15 Parrot 3.2 CyberSloop
2016-12-25 Parrot 3.3 CyberBrig
2017-01-01 Parrot 3.4 CyberFrigate
2017-01-02 Parrot 3.4.1 CyberFrigate
2017-03-08 Parrot 3.5 CyberGalleon
2017-05-18 Parrot 3.6 JollyRoger
2017-07-09 Parrot 3.7 JollyRoger
2017-09-12 Parrot 3.8 JollyRoger
2017-10-15 Parrot 3.9 Intruder
2017-12-15 Parrot 3.10 Intruder
2018-01-29 Parrot 3.11 Intruder
2018-05-21 Parrot 4.0 stable
2018-06-04 Parrot 4.1 stable
2018-09-11 Parrot 4.22 stable
2018-11-03 Parrot 4.3 stable
2018-11-25 Parrot 4.4 stable
2019-01-21 Parrot 4.5 stable
2019-01-27 Parrot 4.5.1 stable
2019-04-26 Parrot 4.6 stable
2019-09-18 Parrot 4.7 stable

See also[edit]

  • BackBox
  • BlackArch
  • Debian
  • Devuan
  • Kali Linux
  • Security-focused operating system


  1. DistroWatch. " Parrot Security OS". Retrieved 2018-03-09.
  2. Prabhu, Vijay (15 October 2016). "Parrot Security 3.2 "CyberSloop" Ethical Hacking OS With Linux Kernel 4.7 Released". Retrieved 21 October 2016.
  3. Parrot, Team. "The advanced system for security experts, developers and crypto-addicted people". Parrot OS. Retrieved 2019-09-26. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  4. Adarsh Verma (30 May 2016). "Parrot Security OS 3.0 "Lithium" — Best Kali line Alternative Coming With New Features". fossBytes. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
  5. Marius Nestor (11 June 2017). "Parrot Security OS Ethical Hacking Distro Considers Ditching Debian for Devuan; systemd could be the main reason for this decision". Softpedia. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
  6. "Parrot 4.5 release notes". Parrot Project Blog. 2019-01-21. Retrieved 2019-09-26.
  7. "Parrot Security Could Be Your Next Security Tool". | The source for Linux information. Retrieved 2018-03-09.

External links[edit]