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Philip N. Gumbs

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Philip N. Gumbs (April 29, 1923 – October 18, 2005)[1] was an American lawyer, Democratic Party politician, and judge from New Jersey. He was the first African American to serve on the Board of Chosen Freeholders for Monmouth County, New Jersey and be appointed judge in the county.

Background[edit]

Gumbs was a first generation American. He served in U.S. Army Air Corps during World War II. He earned his undergraduate degree from Rutgers University and his law degree from Lincoln University in Missouri. He worked as a probation officer and practice law.[2]

Career[edit]

Political office[edit]

Gumbs entered public service by joining of the Matawan Board of Education.[2]

Gumbs was a member the Aberdeen Township council, which he did from 1972 to 1975, and the first to serve as Mayor of Aberdeen, New Jersey (from 1974 to 1975).[3][4]

He was the first African American to serve the Monmouth County Board of Chosen Freeholders.[5] He was elected in 1973 and served from January 1974 until April 1976. Gumbs was chosen as Director of the Board for the years 1975 and 1976.[6]

Judgeship[edit]

In 1976 Gumbs was appointed judge to Worker's Compensation Court Judge by Governor of New Jersey Brendan Byrne,[7] a position he kept until January 1, 2002. He sat on court in four counties.[8][9]

See also[edit]

  • List of Monmouth County Freeholder Directors

Notes and references[edit]

  1. "Judge Philip N Gumbs (1923-2005) - Find A Grave..." www.findagrave.com.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "IN HONOR OF JUDGE PHILIP N. GUMBS HON. FRANK PALLONE, JR. OF NEW JERSEY IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Tuesday, November 1, 2005" (PDF).
  3. Staff. "Philip N. Gumbs, 82; Groundbreaking Judge" Archived 2012-07-18 at Archive.today, The Record (Bergen County), October 21, 2005. Accessed August 13, 2012. "Philip N. Gumbs, the first black judge and freeholder in Monmouth County and a former mayor of Aberdeen, has died. He was 82."
  4. Joint Center for Political Studies (1977), Profiles of Black Mayors in America, University of Michigan, ISBN 9780874850741
  5. Pike, Helen-Chantal (February 22, 2007). Asbury Park's Glory Days: The Story of an American Resort. Rutgers University Press. ISBN 9780813540870 – via Google Books. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  6. Minutes, Monmouth County Board of Chosen Freeholders
  7. Conohan, Sherry (February 6, 1976). "Gumbs to quit county post to become judge" (PDF). The Daily Register. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
  8. "Aberdeen's 1st black mayor reflects on township Former freeholder director steps down after 25 years on the bench – Central Jersey Archives".
  9. "Workers' Compensation News - November 10, 2005, Volume 3 Issue 313 > Jon Gelman, LLC - Attorney at Law > Reading Room". www.gelmans.com.
Political offices
Preceded by
Joseph C. Irwin
Monmouth County Freeholder Director
1975-1976
Succeeded by
Ray Kramer



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