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Ror dynasty

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The Ror dynasty (Sindhi: روهڙا راڄ‎) was a powerful dynasty from the Indian subcontinent that ruled modern-day Sindh and northwest India from 450 BC.[1] The Rors ruled from Rori, built by Dhaj, Ror Kumar, a Ror Kshatriya, in the 5th century BCE. Rori has been known by names such as Roruka and Rorik since antiquity. Buddhist Jataka tales talk about exchanges of gifts between King Rudrayan of Roruka and King Bimbisara of Magadha.[2] Divyavadana, the Buddhist chronicle said that Ror historically competed with Pataliputra in terms of political influence.[3] The scholar Thomas William Rhys Davids mentioned Roruka as one of the most important cities of India in the 7th century BCE.[4] Shortly after the reign of Rudrayan, in the time of his son Shikhandi, Roruka was wiped out in a major sandstorm.[5] This event is recorded in both Buddhist (Bhallatiya Jataka) and Jain annals.[6] It was then that the legendary Dhaj, Ror Kumar (Rai Diyach in Sindhi folklore) built Rori Shankar, Rohri and Sukkur in Pakistan in the year 450 BC.

Ror Dynasty

CapitalAlor or Aror
GovernmentAbsolute monarchy
Samraat (Emperor) 
• 450 BC
Dhaj, Ror Kumar
Historical eraAntiquity
Today part ofIndia

After the establishment of Rodi, Dhaj, Ror Kumar established the Ror Dynasty which ruled Sindh from 450 BC.[7] Today the Ror people are found in North Eastern parts of Haryana.[8]

List of rulers[edit]

Following the foundation of Rori Shankar is Rohri and Sukkur in Pakistan by Dhaj, Ror Kumar, and 41 kings followed him one after the other until Dadror. Listing them starting from 450 BC until 489 AD, the dynasty proceeded as follows:[9]

  • King Dhaj
  • Kunak
  • Rurak
  • Harak
  • Devanik
  • Ahinak
  • Paripat
  • Bal Shah
  • Vijay Bhan
  • Khangar
  • Raja Ror
  • Har Ansh
  • Brihad-datt
  • Ishman
  • Sridhar
  • Mohri
  • Prasann Ket
  • Amirvan
  • Mahasen
  • Brihad-dhaul
  • Harikeert
  • Som
  • Mitravan
  • Pushyapata
  • Sudaav
  • Bideerakh
  • Nahakman
  • Mangalmitra
  • Surat
  • Pushkar Ket
  • Antar Ket
  • Sutjaya
  • Brihad-dhwaj
  • Bahuk
  • Kampjayi
  • Kagnish
  • Kapish
  • Sumantra
  • Ling-laav
  • Manasjit
  • Sunder Ket
  • Dadror

The bards reported that Dadror was poisoned by his head priest, (Dewaji), in 620 AD and he was followed by five Brahmin kings before the capture of Rori or Al Ror by the Arabs. On the other hand, written records like the Chachnama report that the Brahmin usurper was Chach and not Dewaji. Considering that the bards may have made a mistake in their orally transmitted reports from generation to generation, we can place a greater faith on the date of 620 AD and that corresponds well with Chach, the usurper's lifetime. That would mean that the dynasty reported as the Rai Dynasty was a continuation of the founding Ror dynasty of Rori and Rai Sahasi II was not killed by Chach jumping onto his horse's back in an open field (as in Chachnama) but in cold blood by mixing poison in his food.


  1. "kingdoms of south asia".
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  3. K. R. Malkani from Karachi. 'Sindhu is divine', The Sindh Story. The Divyavadana (Tibetan version) reports: 'The Buddha is in Rajgriha. At this time there were two great cities in Jambudvipa: Pataliputra and Roruka. When Roruka rises, Pataliputra declines; when Pataliputra rises, Roruka declines.' Here was Roruka of Sindh competing with the capital of the Magadha empire. Sindhi Academy (1997). ISBN 81-87096-01-2. Search this book on
  4. Kailash Chand Jain (1992). Lord Mahavira and His Times. Motilal Banarsidass Publications. p. 317. ISBN 81-208-0805-3. Search this book on
  5. Pierre Herman Leonard Eggermont (1975). Alexander's campaigns in Sind and Baluchistan and the siege of the Brahmin town of Harmatelia Volume 3 of Orientalia Lovaniensia analecta. Peeters Publishers. p. 174. ISBN 978-90-6186-037-2. Search this book on
  6. Story of Udayan and the town of Vitabhaya. Search this book on
  7. Shri Ramdas (2000). Aryavarta ewam Ror vansh ka itihaas. All-round Printers. pp. 102 & 118. Search this book on
  8. Shri Ramdas (2000). Aryavarta ewam Ror vansh ka itihaas. All-round Printers. Search this book on
  9. Ror Itihaas Ki Jhalak, by Dr. Raj Pal Singh, Pal Publications, Yamunanagar (1987) pp. 89-92[self-published source]

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