Ahmad took a B.A. (Hons) and M.A. degree in philosophy from Karachi University, and then went to the United Kingdom for further studies in philosophy. He obtained his M.Phil. degree from the University of Reading (Berkshire) and a Ph.D. degree from the University of London. Coming back to Pakistan, Ahmad began to teach philosophy at the philosophy department of University of the Punjab Lahore. Also, he has been visiting professor at universities in Uganda, the United States and Pakistan. In addition to academic preoccupations he is honorary director of Quran Academy Lahore.
Ahmad was trained in the tradition of analytic philosophy. Despite this he is an admirer of idealistic metaphysics and believes in the ancient concept of philosophy that combines knowledge with practice. In epistemology he is inclined towards rationalism but he does not ignore the limitations of reason following al-Ghazali. He asserts the primacy of faith to gain the knowledge of something. He vindicates the placement of the foundation of modern Muslim philosophy on al-Ghazali's thought rather than on Ibn-Rushd's. Moreover, he has made great contributions in philosophy of mind, philosophy of religion, moral philosophy and Islamic philosophy.
Ahmad, an Iqbal professor, has contributed to different national and international journals of philosophy. His main publications are: The Concept of Mind in Contemporary Philosophy, Kant and Kierkegaard: A Comparative Study, Knowledge Morality Nexus and a book on moral philosophy in Urdu.
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