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Air India Flight 101 (2018)

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Air India Flight 101
Air india b777-300er vt-alj arp.jpg
An Air India Boeing 777-300ER similar to the one involved
Systems Failure
Date11 September 2018
SummaryMultiple systems failure, under investigation.
SiteNew York and New Jersey, United States
Aircraft
Aircraft typeBoeing 777-337ER
OperatorAir India
RegistrationVT-ALQ
Flight originIndira Gandhi International Airport, Delhi, India
DestinationJohn F. Kennedy International Airport, New York, United States (scheduled)
Newark Liberty International Airport, New Jersey, United States (actual)
Passengers342
Crew15
Fatalities0
Survivors357

Air India Flight 101 was a daily nonstop service connecting Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi to John F. Kennedy International Airport, New York. On September 11, 2018, on approach to New York, the aircraft's instrument landing system failed, in addition to the failure of auto-land, wind shear systems, and auto speed brake.[1]

Events[edit | edit source]

On the morning of the aircraft's arrival into John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK), the New York City metropolitan area was overcast with low clouds. Following an initial unstable approach to Runway 4R, the crew initiated a go-around. Shortly after that, the flight crew reported the loss of virtually all instruments except for one radio altimeter, and thus could not conduct another ILS approach at any airport, needing a ceiling of at least 600 feet to conduct a LNAV/VNAV approach. Having already been in the air for more than 14 hours, the crew needed to decide quickly on an alternate (Newark Liberty International Airport was the filed primary alternate and Stewart International Airport was the secondary alternate). After being advised that Bradley International Airport and Logan International Airport (Boston) had better visibility, a new METAR was published showing that conditions were improving at Newark, which would prevent the crew from needing to declare a fuel emergency or minimum fuel as the aircraft was already with less than 1 hour of fuel remaining, as AI101 is one of the airline's longest routes, blocked at 14 hours and 50 minutes. AI101 then diverted to Newark where it was cleared for an ILS approach to that airport's 4R runway, although flying a visual approach. While approaching, a low altitude warning was generated, causing a warning from ATC. However, the Boeing 777-300ER was ultimately able to land safely at Newark.[2] The failures encountered by the AI101 crew have resulted in an investigation as to what caused all systems to fail, in one of the most significant systems failure in a Boeing 777 since the crash of British Airways Flight 38 in 2008.[2] There are reports that Air India operated Boeing 777-300 ER, encountered minimum equipment list systems failures during operational flights, for at least two or three times, the week before the incident.[3]

Due to the incident's nature, the plane was unable to fly from Newark to New York to unload passengers, and so passengers were bused from Newark back to New York. The aircraft was ultimately ferried back empty to India.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "With 370 On Board, Air India Flight Over US Reported A Pilot's Nightmare". ndtv.com. Retrieved 2018-09-17.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Low fuel, bad weather, system failure: Air India pilot pulls off landing under nightmare conditions in US". The Indian Express. Retrieved 2018-09-17.
  3. "Cascade of Failures on Air India Jet, Leads to Close Call at Newark". Christine Negroni. 2018-09-14. Retrieved 2018-09-27.


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