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Ali Dorani

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Ali Dorani
Ali Dorani EatenFish.jpg
EatenFish
Born (1991-07-14) July 14, 1991 (age 29)
Tehran, Iran
NationalityIran
Area(s)Cartoonist, IT technician
Pseudonym(s)EatenFish
Notable works
EatenFish Cartoons
https://eatenfish.com

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Ali Dorani(Persian: علی درانی‎, born 1991), also known as Eaten Fish is an Iranian cartoonist,political activist and blogger, currently living in Stavanger, Norway. He gained global recognition for the cartoons he created while being detained in an Australian-run immigration center on Manus Island for four years. Dorani adopted the pen-name ‘Eaten Fish’ after his boat sank in the Indian Ocean during an attempt to seek asylum in Australia. After the sinking Dorani was saved, but taken into custody as a refugee - first to Christmas Island, then to Manus Island Detention Center, a detention center for asylum seekers.

Dorani's drawings focused on conditions on Manus Island, recording life in the refugee camp, and promoting his case through his work. Thanks to the efforts of the International Cities of Refugees Network (ICORN), almost overnight popularity from numerous awards and a worldwide campaign of tribute drawings, Dorani was eventually granted asylum in Norway where he has been living since 2017.

EatenFish cartoons from prison[edit]

During his detention on Manus Island, Dorani was a frequent target of guards and other internees. Located in Papua New Guinea, the prison was notorious for rampant human rights violations. The detention center of Manus Island has been condemned by the United Nations and various other human rights groups for highly unsafe conditions, including routine beatings, unsanitary facilities and untimely deaths of refugees in violation of the UN Convention Against Torture, to which Australia is a signatory.

Following the passing of Dorani's fellow inmate and personal friend Faysal Ishak Ahmed in 2016, Manus refugees staged a non-violent protest, which, according to The Guardian, resulted in a temporary take-over of two camp compounds before guards regained control. The event called into question the ethics of Manus Island staff, and by association, Australian policy towards refugees. During his time in detention and since his release, Dorani has been very vocal about his criticisms of the regulations that controlled life in the detention center. His highly politicized cartoons condemned the Australian government and highlighted the pervasive corruption, sexual harassment, and mistreatment of inmates on Manus.

Dorani is a Norwegian residence.[1]

The detention center experience, as Dorani described, was excruciating. Branded with the booking number “RUF115”, and afflicted with severe obsessive compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and panic attacks, Dorani's mental health quickly deteriorated. Drawing was his only solace during this dark time, and he worked on his cartoons whenever pen and paper were available. Armed with these tools and his artistic skills, Dorani began his cartoon chronicle, drawing cartoons whenever he could. This attracted the notice of guards and outsiders alike. Dorani's art, usually depicting a cartoon version of himself living his experiences while at Manus, juxtaposes his prison life with the political circumstances behind the detention camps Australia created. Dorani has made cartoons speaking about the horrid living conditions, his dreams, and of illustrations asking for assistance. One of the outsiders that took notice of Dorani's plight was cartoonist and The Guardian columnist Andrew Marlton, otherwise known as First Dog on The Moon. The two began communicating as regularly as they could.

Marlton and Dorani became close friends in the years that followed. Through long and deeply personal conversations over text and Facebook Messenger, Marlton came to empathize profoundly with Dorani's situation. In July 2016, Marlton published a multi-panel cartoon depicting their correspondence and other details, including Dorani's health concerns. This communication proved essential when Dorani underwent a 19-day hunger strike from January 31st through February 18th, 2017 in protest against his captors' failure to address his claims of sexual assault. Marlton spoke with Dorani daily during the ordeal.

A statement from Eaten Fish while he was in detention:

“My name is Eaten Fish. I am an exiled cartoonist who has been detained in detention centres run by Papua New Guinea and Australian governments on Christmas Island and an island in the Pacific Ocean called Manus since July 2013. My cartoons are my diaries. I’ve been suffering so much from different illnesses such as OCD, panic attacks, seizures, muscle spasms, depression, anxiety and self harming. I have been under too much pressure from the immigration department and also sexual assault and ongoing sexual harassment for a long time and been beaten by the PNG Royal Police. After suffering so much, to protect myself, I’m living in an isolated compound for more than a year and do not feel safe to live in this country any more, where you get beaten if you complaint about sexual harassment. Everything about my situation has been documented. I need nothing but peace and safety. My rights have been taken away from me. I need to be in a safe place where no-one insults me because of the way I look.”

Cartooning campaign[edit]

in 2016 hidreds of different Cartoonists around the world ​draw tributes in campaign for freedom of refugee artist Ali Dorani held on Manus and published all the cartoons on campaign called #eatenfish and #addaeatenfish on twitter which brought international attention on Ali Dorani's case and also #eatenfish campaign is also known as one of the largest cartooning campaigns in history.[2][3][4]

Life in Norway[edit]

In December 2017, Dorani was finally granted refuge in Stavanger, Norway through the work of ARC partner ICORN.[5] Since then, Dorani has been looking into more ‘peaceful’ drawing strategies. Or, in his words, "to draw political cartoons freely without criticizing the government"; reflecting his transition into a free life following years of forced internment. Dorani now chooses to focus less on the politically-oriented side of the drawing process, and more on capturing the human aspects of everyday life. Speaking of his current experiences in Stavanger, Dorani stated: “So most of the time, I feel I meet some people, and I see some funny things, and I try to make cartoons and make funny stories out of them.”

Ali Dorani: “What inspires me to continue working is the potential to help even only one person, by talking about my stories, by talking about my experience, by talking about my background. I’ll do it, if I see I can help only one person.”

Dorani's tale is a testament to his perseverance in the face of captivity and dedication to continue his work as an artist despite the risks. In the future, Dorani plans to begin work on filmmaking, as well as continuing to travel across Norway to tell his story.

Awards[edit]

Dorani won the 2016 international "Courage for Editorial Cartooning" award from Cartoonists Rights Network International. By mid-2016, Dorani had already amassed a huge following advocating for his release. Marlton and Janet Galbraith, a poet and refugee advocate based in Victoria, Australia, created a petition that year for Dorani's urgent release to mainland Australia for medical treatment. Dorani's international popularity continued to rise when he received the 2016 Award for Editorial Cartooning by ARC partner Cartoonists Rights Network International (CRNI). Despite winning first place, he was unable to accept the prize in person due to his imprisonment. The urgency was magnified by a series of other freedom of expression organizations based in Australia and worldwide calling for his release, including The International Federation of Journalists (Asia-Pacific), IFEX and Australia's Media, Entertainment & Arts Alliance (MEAA).

“CRNI believes that [Dorani’s] body of work will be recognised as some of the most important in documenting and communicating the human rights abuses and excruciating agony of daily life in this notorious and illegal prison camp. His work pushes through the veil of secrecy and silence and layers of fences in a way that only a talented artist speaking from the inside can.”

— Joel Pett, President of CRNI's Board of Directors and Editorial Cartoonist[6]

Ali Dorani aka Eaten Fish also has received the Voltaire Empty Chair Award at Liberty Victoria's annual event celebrating free speech advocates in 2017.[7] [8] [9]

Recent works[edit]

in 2019 award-winning jazz vocalist Elly Hoyt is a finalist in the Freedom Jazz Fellowship in Australia, with her 18-minute suite composed on the story of cartoonist Ali Dorani, aka Mr. Eaten Fish. Jazz singer Elly Hoyt and bassist and composer Geoff Gascoyne have written an 18-minute suite of music based on the story of cartoonist Ali Dorani, known as Mr. Eaten Fish. He spent more than four years in the Australian run detention centre for refugees on Manus Island, Papa New Guinea. His cartoons are well known internationally and have become the image of life on Manus Island. The suite will be presented with Eaten Fish's artwork on 8th of September on ABC Channels and live at the Sydney Opera House on Sunday September 8th, 2019 for the Freedman Jazz Fellowship Finals. Exhibition in October 2019 an art Exhibition by cartoonist, Ali Dorani aka Mr. EatenFish, Opened 1st of October and took part at the FrankFurt Bookfair 2019 one of the biggest literature festivals in the world in Frankfurt, Germany. The exhibition features over 38 pictures and been on for 30 days in October.

See also[edit]

  • political cartoonists

References[edit]

External links[edit]



Category:1991 births Category:Iranian immigrants to Norway Category:Iranian caricaturists Category:Iranian cartoonists Category:Iranian journalists Category:Norwegian cartoonists Category:Iranian bloggers Category:Iranian comics artists Category:Living people


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