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Bhojpore is a geographic region of northern India, which comprises the eastern end of Uttar Pradesh and western end of Bihar, where Hindi-Urdu and its dialects Bhojpuri are the predominant language.


The Bhojpuri speaking region is bound by the Awadhi speaking region to the west, Nepali speaking region to the north, Magahi and Maithili speaking regions to the east, and Magahi and Bagheli speaking regions to the south.

Modern definition[edit]

Bhojpore consists primarily of 4 divisions: the eastern Awadhi region in the west, the western Bhojpuri region in the east, the Baghelkhand region in the south, and the Nepal region in the north.


Bhojpore includes the following 32 districts from Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand.

  1. Azamgarh district
  2. Ballia District
  3. Basti
  4. Bhadohi
  5. Chandauli
  6. Deoria
  7. Ghazipur
  8. Gorakhpur
  9. Jaunpur
  10. Kushinagar
  11. Maharajganj
  12. Mau
  13. Mirzapur
  14. Sant Kabir Nagar
  15. Siddharth Nagar
  16. Sonbhadra
  17. Varanasi

Administrative divisions[edit]

International airport[edit]

  1. Varanasi Airport
  2. Gorakhpur Airport

Local airport[edit]

  1. Akbarpur Airstrip
  2. Azamgarh Airstrip
  3. Sultanpur Airstrip
  4. Ayodhya Airstrip
  5. Amethi Airstrip
  6. Ballia Airstrip
  7. Maharajganj Airstrip
  8. Bahraich Airstrip
  9. Balrampur Airstrip
  10. Sarasvati Airstrip
  11. Kushinagar Airstrip
  12. Ranukote Airstrip
  13. Mirzapur Airstrip


It lies on the Indo-Gangetic plain, and together with western Bihar is the most densely populated area in the world. The rich quality of its soil and the high earthworm density in the soil as opposed to adjoining districts of Uttar Pradesh makes the region favourable for agriculture. Most of the countryside is given to intensive agriculture. Bhojpuri is the predominant language or dialect in the region, in addition to Hindi, although Awadhi and Baghelkhandi are also spoken in the western and southern areas. Like Bihar state to the east, a large population, slow economic growth, agricultural mechanisation, and the closure of sugar mills have led to increased unemployment, social and political discontent, and some unrest in the region.


The ancient excavated Buddha image inside the Parinirvana Stupa, Kushinagar

Bhojpore is one of the most ancient regions of India and enjoys a rich heritage and culture, particularly because of its association with cities like Varanasi, Gorakhpur etc.

A major religious hub in India, it is one of the seven sacred cities (Sapta Puri) in Hinduism and Jainism, and played an important role in the development of Buddhism. Muslim population is 14.73% of total population.


Banaras Hindu University is a Central University in Purvanchal. It evolved out of the Central Hindu College of Varanasi, set up by Annie Besant — a colorful British woman of Irish descent — who joined hands with Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya in April 1911 for a common Hindu university at Varanasi.

Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), Varanasi is an Institute of National Importance in Purvanchal. It is one of the 16 prestigious Indian Institutes of Technology. It was established in 1919 by the visionary Mahamana Pandit Mohan Malviya and has been constantly ranked among the top 10 technical institutes of India.

A Government Degree College was set up by the Government of Uttar Pradesh, for providing higher education to scholars who are interested in course work and programs of higher studies. At present, 137 Government Degree Colleges have been established by the state government to fulfill above criteria. The UP government administers, manages and controls these colleges through Department of Higher Education, Uttar Pradesh and follows the norms and regulations of University Grants Commission, New Delhi.

Nov 6, 2006 - PATNA: Hundreds of Bhojpuri-speaking people gathered in Bihar's Sasaram town to demand creation of a separate state for those who speak the regional dialect. Meeting under the aegis of the 21st All India Bhojpuri Sahitya Sammelan they demanded on Sunday the creation of a separate state and protection of the interests of the people speaking Bhojpuri. "A resolution to demand for creation of a separate Bhojpuri state was passed unopposed in the meet," a member of the Bhojpuri meet said. They said they would launch a campaign to mobilise support and build a strong lobby to put pressure on the government for a separate state.

According to the agenda paper, the proposed separate Bhojpuri state would consist of 32 districts spread over Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand. "We have come out with a proposed map of a separate Bhojpuri state," a member said. Two central ministers Raghuvansh Prasad Singh and Meira Kumar attended the inaugural ceremony of the meet on Saturday. Singh promised that the issue would be raised in parliament. The meet was attended by retired professors, bureaucrats, journalists and artists. Over 270 million people are estimated to speak and understand Bhojpuri. There is a large Bhojpuri diaspora based in countries like Mauritius, Ghana, West Indies, Fiji, Nepal, Dubai, Indonesia, and the Netherlands.

External links[edit]

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