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Cary S. Cox

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Cary Stith Cox
Cary S. Cox.jpg Cary S. Cox.jpg
BornSeptember 27, 1857
Marietta, Georgia, U.S.
💀DiedJanuary 22, 1934 (aged 76)
Fresno, California, U.S.January 22, 1934 (aged 76)
🏳️ NationalityAmerican
💼 Occupation
👩 Spouse(s)Jessie Maria Helm
👶 Children4
👴 👵 Parent(s)Dr. Carey Cox, Frances Stith Haynes
🥚 TwitterTwitter=
label65 = 👍 Facebook

Cary Stith Cox (September 27, 1857 – January 22, 1934) was a merchant in Fresno, California[1] Cox also applied for and was issued patents for a raisin seeder, a cotton gin, and a pressure fruit grinder.[2] In 1897 Cox started his company The Phoenix Raisin Seeding and Packing company.[3]

Early life[edit]

Cox was born in Marietta, Georgia, on September 27, 1857,[1] the youngest child of Dr. Carey Cox Sr., a doctor, who promoted a "water cure", that attracted tourists to the area, and his wife Frances Stith Haynes, also of Georgia.[4] Cox started out as a farmer in Selma, Alabama. He was also a steamship officer early in his life.[1]

Marriage and children[edit]

Cox married Jessie Maria Helm on October 5, 1887 in Fresno, California. Jessie was the daughter of William Helm, a sheep farmer.

They had three children:

  • Frances Maud Cox (1889-1933)[1]
  • Agnes Jean Cox (1891-1976) Agnes Cox married Murray Archibald Campbell, the son of Archibald Murray Campbell[1]
  • Paul Helm Cox (1892-1970)[1]



In 1897 Cox filed Articles of Incorporation for his company The Phoenix Raisin Seeding and Packing company.[3] In 1898 the company suffered a loss when a terrible fire burned their packing house in Fresno. There was a loss of 60 train cars full of raisins and many warehouses in the Fresno warehouse district which caused many workers to be unemployed. The Phoenix Raisin Seeding and Packing company had insurance to cover the loss.[5]

Cox of Fresno, California, in the United States applied for a patent on pressure fruit grinder (1928) and was issued a patent in 1930.[6]


Raisin seeder[edit]

Raisin seeder

This invention relates to a machine or apparatus for seeding raisins. In this machine the pin cylinder co-acts with a novel composite cylinder made up of yielding and non-yielding portions arranged to provide spaces into which the pins enter and which receive the seed, the machine having the necessary complement of feeding rollers and other co-acting members.[7][8]

The raisin seeder application was filed on October 2, 1897. The Patent No. US608108A application was granted on July 7, 1898.[9][10]

Cotton gin[edit]

Cotton Gin

The cotton gin is a mechanical device that removes the seeds from cotton, a process that had previously been extremely labor-intensive. The word gin is short for engine.

Cox filed his patent on July 20, 1927 and received a patent (later numbered as US207307A) for his cotton gin on August 7, 1928. The assignor of one third was to Cary S. Cox, one third to Jessie M Cox (wife) and one third to Frances Cox (daughter).[11][12]

Pressure fruit grinder[edit]

Pressure fruit grinder

Cox filed his patent with the United States Patent Office on August 08, 1928 and received a patent, numbered as US1780067A, for his pressure fruit grinder on October 10, 1928. This invention relates to a device for grinding and crushing fruits, and for filtering the product; similiar to a Fruit press.[6]

Other patents[edit]

  • Spotteswood Pump (1893)[13]


Cox died on January 22, 1934, in Fresno, California. He is buried at the Belmont Memorial Park, Fresno, California.[14][1]

See also[edit]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 "Retired Local Merchant Dies". The Fresno Bee The Republican. 22 January 1934. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  2. "Pacific Coast Patents". San Francisco Call. 24 January 1900. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Articles of Incorporation". Sacramento Record Union. 15 December 1897. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  4. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 17, 2013. Retrieved December 29, 2012. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  5. "Sixty Cars of Raisins". Indianapolis Journal. 15 August 1898. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Cox, Cary S. (1928). "Pressure fruit grinder". IFI CLAIMS Patent Services. Retrieved 2020-05-24.
  7. "Mechanical, Raisin Seeder". Scientific American, Volume 78, Number 20. May 1898. Retrieved 2020-03-14.
  8. United States Patent Office (Vol. IV ed.). United States Court of Appeals 7th Circuit. 1964. pp. 1973–1976. Retrieved 21 July 2020. Search this book on
  9. Cox, Cary S. (1898). "Raisin-seeder". IFI CLAIMS Patent Services. Retrieved 2020-03-19.
  10. "Raisin Seeder". United States. Patent Office. 1900. Retrieved 2020-03-14.
  11. Cox, Cary S. (1927). "Cotton gin". IFI CLAIMS Patent Services. Retrieved 2020-03-19.
  12. Cox, Cary S. (June 1929). "Official Gazette of the United States Patent Office, Volume 383". United States Patent Office. Retrieved 2020-03-19.
  13. "Secretary of Agriculture". San Francisco Morning Call. 6 July 1893. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  14. "Cary Stith Cox". Find a Grave. Retrieved 20 July 2020.

External links[edit]

Other articles of the topic Biography : Icewear Vezzo, BigWalkDog, MrWolfy, Kayden James Buchanan, PewPew, Bankrol Hayden, List of Mensans
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