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Dubiyeh Castle 2

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Dubiyeh Castle
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General information
LocationSouth Lebanon

Dubiyeh Castle[1] is a Crusader castle located near the town of Shaqra in Amel mountain, (South Lebanon). It is based on the ruins of a Roman building and is 125 meters long and 80 meters wide.


There is an opinion that the name goes back to (de Bouillon) from (François de Bouillon), who was one of the leaders of the Crusaders.

Castle description[edit]

It is an old castle with a large moat and siege equipment surrounded by a valley on its three sides except for the south.  It has a rib from its west, known as Al-Zinar.

It is about seventy meters long and about forty wide. It has three floors, and the third was demolished by the Israeli attacks in 1972.

It contains about thirty rooms and a basement. From the outside, there is a large tank dug in the hard rock.

Castle History[edit]

Dubeyeh was classified in the book “The Plans of Jabal Amel” by Sayyid Muhsin Al-Amin, in the chapter on Castles and Forts. He wrote about it “Dubeyeh is an old castle with a hill to its west called Al-Zinar. There is a piece called Marj Al-Si near Hula. It is 125 meters long and 80 meters wide. It has three floors, the third is demolished. The other two floors have 32 rooms and a basement. There are many tanks both inside and outside. The castle of Dubeyeh was used in the history of contemporary Lebanon, as it was the refuge of Prince Yunis al-Ma’ani and his two sons Melhem and Hamdan. The governor of Sidon, when he marched with his soldiers to fight his brother Fakhr al-Din, who fled to the castle of Shaqif Tyron.[2] Adequate archaeological research has not been conducted on this castle to determine its exact history.  However, there are several indications that it is Roman and was rebuilt during the Crusader era in the eleventh century. The Arab traveler and historian Ibn Jubayr did not mention it in his book, although he passed by it, as he says: “...we passed on our way between Hunin and Tibnin in a valley surrounded by trees. Most of which were rend trees, far in depth, as if it were the deep trench of a shaft, its edges meet and relate to the sky above, known as the stable if you entered it. The soldiers would be lost in it, and there is no room or refuge for its travelers. We were amazed at the matter of that place. We ended up at a large fortress of the Franks known as Tibnin. An indication that Ibn Jubair's journey extended from the year 1182 to the year 1185 AD.

His failure to mention the castle despite its large size and importance raises doubts about the possibility of its existence at that time, and the possibility that he did not see it is unlikely. Since the castle is only two hundred meters away from the Valley of the Stable, through which the Arab traveler passed.

The Ali al-Saghir family renovated it during the era of Nassif bin Nassar and lived there, and their building is visible and separate from their original building, and from their land is a piece called Marj al-Sit to this day that was cultivated by one of their women.

Among those who renewed its construction was Sheikh Dhaher bin Nassar Al-Nassar, the nephew of Nassif Al-Nassar from the Ali Al-Saghir family. When he completed building it and climbed to its top to supervise its views. He fell to the ground and died in 1163 AH. It was said that it was the seat of Murad al-Nassar during the reign of his brother Nassif al-Nassar, and afterwards was the seat of his son Qasim al-Murad.

Prince Yunus, who was concerned with his two sons, Melhem and Hamdan, hid from Al-Kajk Ahmed Pasha, the governor of Sidon, when he marched with his troops to fight his brother Fakhr al-Din. Just as his brother Fakhr Al-Din fled to the castle of Shaqif Tyron in 1044 AH.  This indicates that it was deliberately demolished, as they used to do with castles and forts when leaving them. As there was a fear of the enemy taking control of them.

See also[edit]


  1. الصراف, علي (2022-08-06). "Pioneers of the Mashgari Scientific Center in Jabal Amel, a historical study in the roots of the global scientific movement and scientific connections" [Pioneers of the Mashgari Scientific Center in Jabal Amel, a historical study in the roots of the global scientific movement and scientific connections]. Journal of Kufa Studies Center (in العربية). 1 (65): 337–380. doi:10.36322/jksc.v1i65.9744. ISSN 2708-728X. Unknown parameter |s2cid= ignored (help)
  2. للسيد محسن الأمين. The book «Jabal Amel plans [The book “The Plans of Jabal Amel]. Search this book on

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