Education for sustainable development in Brazil
Education for Sustainable Development in Brazil
Education for sustainable development has been present for several years in Brazil, it is one of the few countries with an Environmental Education (EE) Law. However, an analysis of the national environmental education strategy found serious failings in efforts to address issues of climate change education (CCE) and disaster risk reduction (DRR). This was due largely to the fact that teachers lacked the requisite knowledge and necessary tools to effectively teach CCE and DRR in the classroom.
Brazil was selected as a pilot country for UNESCO’s Climate Change Education for Sustainable Development (CCESD) country programme. UNESCO Brazil, in collaboration with the Environmental Education Department of the Ministry of Education and the Education Department of the Itajaí Municipality, embarked on a pilot teacher training and capacity-building programme. This programme collected and adapted teaching methodologies and materials that the teachers themselves were actively involved in developing. The training included not only classroom work, but also field trips organized to sites where natural and man-made flood-related disasters had occurred. Following the training sessions, teachers were able to implement the course in their classrooms using the materials. The work done in Itajai serves as an example to other localities in Brazil, which may have different contexts. Plans were made to pilot the project in three to four other municipalities in 2016, after which the Ministry of Education would be encouraged to adopt the teaching materials and scale-up the effort across the country. Additionally, implementation of the education for sustainable development (ESD) projects on climate change and disaster risk reduction education resulted in the formation of constructive alliances with ministries and other relevant entities. The partnership with policy-makers in the host country was key to the success of the project.
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