It has been suggested that this article be merged into Genius. (Discuss) Proposed since August 2017.
Geniusology, offered by Dr. Andrei Aleinikov in 2003, is a science of genius. It is a relatively new science that studies genius (geniusness) as a phenomenon of huge theoretical and practical importance for the society.
Thousands of biographies on lives of famous philosophers like Socrates, Aristotle, and others; scientists like Einstein, Newton, Kepler, and more, composers like Mozart and Beethoven; writers like Tolstoy and poets like Shakespeare; artists and sculptors like Michelangelo and Rodin as well as extraordinary inventors like Edison and Tesla written during the known humanity history, in the 19th-20th centuries boiled down to hundreds of research works attempting to generalize this vast data and to make some scientific sense of it.
This research effort led scientific circles to understanding that a phenomenon as complex as genius just cannot be explained by biology/physiology (brain structure), by genetics (heredity in living organisms) or psychology (rearing/upbringing/life events) alone. Genius is broader than that. Genius that exists on the cross section of creativity research (that only recently became a science itself) and intellect research (cognitive sciences) has also a social aspect because genius does not exist without society (existential dependence). That’s why, a modern science that would generalize the available data, build mathematical models, test some hypotheses, and finally explain the essence of the genius phenomenon to public – was needed. Moreover, this should be a separate science – the science specifically dedicated to genius (not creativity, not intellect, etc.) because the phenomenon of genius is so complex. Just as there is, for instance, criminology as the study of crime and criminals for understanding the lowest layers of the society, there should be the science of Geniusology as the study of extraordinary achievements and geniuses for understanding the highest layers of the society, actually, the layers of eminence.
The science of genius, Geniusology, was offered by Dr. Andrei Aleinikov, Founding President, International Academy of Genius. As the author states in his article “Genius,” published in the Springer Encyclopedia of Creativity, Invention, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship in 2013 and now the second edition in 2017 (Aleinikov 2013, 2017), he mentioned the new science Geniusology for the first time during his speech at the Teachers' Conference in Singapore (2003) and then officially published a paper on it in the USA in 2003-2005. Some main concepts of Geniusology, according to the author, such as the new scientific definition of genius, the genius methods of thinking, like megacreativity, the new classifications of geniuses—were published much earlier, particularly in his book MegaCreativity: Five Steps to Thinking Like a Genius, which was republished by John Whiley and Sons, became a bestseller in Asia in 2003, and has been translated to many languages since.
The word geniusology stems from the Latin [ˈɡɛ.nɪ.ʊs] «household guardian spirit» now often understood as some outstanding achievement person and ancient Greek λόγος (logos) «word, articulation, reason» now understood and used as “the science of” in -logy.
As opposed to numerous pre-scientific definitions (emotional, colorful, as they should be in the fiction literature — the article offers a list of them – see Aleinikov, 2013, 2017), Geniusology defines the concept of genius purely as a combination of characteristics, each of which is necessary and all of them combined are sufficient for the essence of the notion (not traits of human character). This definition includes four absolutely necessary and altogether sufficient for the existence of the concept elements.
A genius, according to Geniusology, is a person (A) top-valued by the society (B) for the uniquely expressed highly innovative vision (C) of the world (D). A graphic vision showing how genius expands the culture of the society (which explains why some of geniuses are recognized only in 50–100 years) and a matrix for testing the definition on the most famous geniuses of the past are offered [see Graph].
A genius, according to Geniusology, is more societal than psychological and biological phenomenon. If stated sharply – to the level of paradoxical simplicity—genius is nothing more but the highest verbal reward of the grateful society to the individual for extraordinary input into the culture (that’s why so many self-nominating candidates call themselves geniuses – they want this reward!).
Application and future directions
The science of genius is created with the purpose of understanding what genius is. Its mission is to research genius lives, genius learning, genius thinking, genius solutions, genius ideas, genius imagination, genius character, genius feelings, genius habits, genius skills, genius upbringing, genius environment, genius growth, and decline, etc. Now that the scientific model is created, the raw data can be meticulously placed into the cells of the new concept.
In October 2017, the biographical authority, Marquis Who’s Who named Dr. Andrei Aleinikov, an award-winning scientist and educator who was earlier officially nominated for top American awards both in science and education (the President’s National Medal of Science, NSF, 2003-2006, and U.S. Professor of the Year Award, 2003, by Troy University for his founding of several new sciences, including Geniusology) – a winner of the prestigious Life Achievement Award.
Some other attempts to mention or to name the science of genius can be found in the works of Lev Gelimson, who studied Tsiolkovskiy, and offered two versions in Russian which would be transliterated into English like this: Unigenielogy and Unigeniusology. Uni- obviously comes from universal, universe, but the name is pretty close.
- For the discussion whether the concept of genius is psychological, or is connected to IQ, or maybe has no meaning at all – see the article “Genius” in this Encyclopedia. Genius
- See, for example, The Journal of Genius and Eminence by Mark Runco, the editor. http://www.markrunco.com/
- Who is who. Russian edition. Biographical innovation guide. Editor-composer Nikerov, V. Moscow. (2005). pp 480.
- Aleinikov, Andrei G. (2013). Encyclopedia of Creativity, Invention, Innovation and Entrepreneurship. Springer New York. pp. 790–805. 
- Aleinikov. A. G. (2001) MegaCreativity: Five Steps to Thinking Like a Genius. Walking Stick Press: Cincinnati, Ohio. Republished as MegaCreativity: 5 Steps to Thinking Like a Genius. John Wiley and Sons: Singapore – a bestseller in Asia in 2003.
- Aleinikov, A.G. & Shepard, D. R. (2005). Genius Learning: Application of Geniusology to the Course “Psychology of Creativity” at Troy University Montgomery (Case study). In Proceedings of the Academy of Creativity and Innovation, Allied Academies, Vol. 2, Number 1, p. 12 (Memphis).
- Aleinikov, A.G. (2005). “How GIGA Supercharges Learning.” In Teaching for Success. Vol. 19, No 4, pp 1-2.
- Creative Education Foundation. Creative Problem Solving.http://www.creativeeducationfoundation.org/our-members/
- Arich, E. "Creative Education." All About Education Magazine. http://www.greateducation.ru/creative-pedagogy-28th-anniversary/
- For details on the Marquis Who’s Who news release sent to all major news agencies and online services about Life Achievement Award, please see www.AndreiAleinikov.com
- Unigeniusology (Uniscience of Genius) Unigenielogie (Unigenialitätswissenschaft, Uniwissenschaft der Genialität) by Ph. D. & Dr. Sc. Lev Gelimson http://fusc.is-great.org/UGeniuso.htm
This article "Geniusology" is from Wikipedia. The list of its authors can be seen in its historical. Articles copied from Draft Namespace on Wikipedia could be seen on the Draft Namespace of Wikipedia and not main one.