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man is practices gimbarr, this element name "rompe columnas", This can practiced at any sports ground, where there is Horizontal bar, which can no meet the standards and rules of the International Gymnastics Federation. A person who is trained Gimbarr, called the barrista.

Gimbarr(spa. Gimbarr)— one of Street Gymnastics styles, the birthplace of the sport of Colombia, sport includes perform various elements(specific, characteristic only for Gimbarr)and combinations thereof on Horizontal bar, It develops flexibility, strength, perseverance, endurance, coordination. This can practiced at any sports ground, where there is Horizontal bar, which can no meet the standards and rules of the International Gymnastics Federation. A person who is trained Gimbarr, called the barrista. Widespread among youth in Colombia, Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Belarus, Poland, the Baltic countries and some other. Large number of items stored in group Gimbarr elementos[1]

Styles elements Gimbarr[edit]

The names of the elements on Colombian Spanish. Numerous elements of Gimbarr can be divided according into several styles.[2]

  • Figuras[3] — A style which is based on the consistent execution of power elements and elements of flexibility (águila, Uno, ocho, rambo Z[4])

Yoyos [5] — A style which is based on performing a variety of elements elements with go to position nivelada.For example: mágnun, calipso, yoyo alfa, saleen (rotated by 720 °), and a other.

  • Giros[6] — style based technical revolutions around the horizontal bar with different elements (eg, high turnover: soles (the sun), Lunas (the moon), avismos (sun on the feet); the other: sillas (chair), Ángeles, universales (Turnover on hamstring without hands), suicide and others).
  • Angulos[7] — exercises are performed at the edge of the bar, the bar is used as a support, stand, practice transitions from horizontal bar strip adjacent to the horizontal bar(diamante, bandera, yoyo por dentro and others).
  • Acrobacias — exercises of acrobatics, namely various flips, jump off the horizontal bar, and others. (mortal (Lach gainer, back somersault off horizontal bar), catapulta (forward somersault off horizontal bar), ginger, hoja, сaida del Japones.[8]
  • Agilidad— exercises for agility (demonios,[9] super ole, eclipse (interceptions hands by doing soles/lunas)).
  • Fuerza Extrema — perform of strength exercises for retention of body weight on the bar in unusual positions (cristo (hold on nape), anticristo (hold on his chin.[10]
  • Mixto — perform of combinations of elements of different styles.[11][12]

One or another item could be slightly modified in various ways (in that case to the name of the exercise is sometimes added words supremo, super).

Types of grips in Gimbarr[edit]

He manner in which the horizontal bar is grasped by a barrista is called the grip (not to be confused with the suede leather grips that are worn on the hands).[13][14]

  • Normal(overhand)— is the standard grip used for the horizontal bar. On the normal grip the hands circle the bar with the backs of the hands facing the athletes.
  • Seudo(underhand) — is the opposite of the normal grip.Holding normal grip, to turn forward by 180°.
  • Chalito — this occurs if the grip, to turn the seudo forward to 180° (or from the normal - at 360°).
  • Over Chalito — this occurs if the grip, to turn the chalito forward to 180° (or from the seudo - at 360°/normal 540°).
  • Cubital(inverse) — athlete's hands are turned 180° outward from a normal grip. Thumbs are turned out, but in the opposite direction of a seudo. This position requires flexible shoulders to swing comfortably.
  • Contra — this occurs if the grip, to turn the cubital back to 180° (or from the normal 360°).
  • Contra Rosa — this occurs if the grip, to turn the contra back to 180° (or from the cubital 360°/normal 540°)
  • Nemesis — this occurs if the grip, to turn the contra rosa back to 180° (or from the contra 360°/cubital 540°/normal 720°)
  • Over Nemesis[15] — this occurs if the grip, to turn the nemesis back to 360° (or from the contra rosa 360°/contra 540°/cubital 720°/normal 900°).
  • Aqua — obtained a procollar wrist (in which the wrist is put on the horizontal bar) in the seudo.
  • Ruben — this occurs if the grip, to turn the aqua back to 180°
  • Cripta — obtained a procollar wrist (in which the wrist is put on the horizontal bar) in the chalito.
  • Super Cripta — this occurs if the grip, to turn the aqua forward to 180°

  Thus grips pass each other in the following way:Over Chalito\Super Cripta → Chalito\Cripta → Seudo\Aqua → Normal\Ruben → Cubital → Contra → Contra Rosa → Nemesis → Over Nemesis.

  • Zonda — intermediate grip between the seudo and Chalito (seudo turn 90° forward)
  • Omega[16] — position M(shoulder on the bar as in the elements of Magnum and Mosh)in Contra grip.

Often elements are performed with different graps of the right and left hand. If the element is performed with the same two grips, in its name can be present a combination of «en doble» and the name of the grip, if execution is carried out with crossed arms - «en X», on the one hand - «a uno mano», one hand on the wrist of the other - «uni», on Carpal bones - «muñeca», with one finger - «un dedo», different grips - «mix», on the elbow - «en Codo», in the armpit – «Z».

Interceptions in the performance of elements from seudo to normal marks words «insidioso», from cubital to normal - «supra»(in yoyos «light»), from normal to cubital - «anti supra», from  cubital to contra rosa - «hard»,from chalito to normal - yoyos-«bong»/figuras - «gorrion», from normal to Unic/RC - «anti insidioso», from contra to normal - «gato», cripta to normal - «victoria», from normal to aqua - «dark», from aqua to normal - «rompe aqua», from elbow to normal – «H», jump from grip the same grip - «fly», jump from escuadra to nivelada - «trump», Hold body above the horizontal bar with arm bent at the elbow is called the flag . Flags also are divided by type of grip hands (eg, anclado - in normal, en contra - in cubital, en contra rosa - in contra, en únic - in seudo,in normal elbow - paleta, lying elbow - espacio). Interceptions in the performance of elements from flag to escuadra(hand along the belly) noting: from contra to normal - «white», from únic to normal - «Red», from anclado to seudo - «black»,, from contra rosa to normal - «green», from contra muňeca to normal - «purple», from eblow aqua to normal - «rompe aquador».[17]
Hold hand side column of a horizontal bar - «  diosa », the interception through stand - «  Por dentro » «  Gran » - indicates a "the flight" phase in the presence of the element.

Also, elements are performed in different positions body and legs.

Principles of performance elements and their some complications[edit]

Some exercises are performed slowly gimbarre statically ( estatico ), some other way around, quickly, by inertia ( impulso ), or with swing ( aleman ). Element by something opposite, may in the title include word «  anti »; in reverse order (including reverse grips) - «  inverso » (in some cases, the exercise in reverse order easily and can be used in the learning basic element).Other complications: performance of any element with folded legs, as in Lotus position - 'en loto' ; with legs bent at the corner - " en L »; with folded crossed legs - " en gusano »; with straight legs and body - 'con Postura' ' »; with straight arms - " Tarzan '.[18]

Most simple elements gimbarr from which it is recommended to start training are.

  • 'Yoyos'

Technique: Medio Yoyo, Acuario Yoyo, Silla Yoyo, Escala Nivelada, Crabo Yoyo, Scrable, Inframundo en cubital, Frenesi, Yoyo.[19]

Strength: Cobra en yoyo, Super Acuario Yoyo, Acuario a fuerza, Medio a fuerza, Yoyo Asensor.

  • 'Figuras'

500 Sandado, Kit, Sobra, Nivelada, 11, 2100, Navajas, Escaleras, Payaso, Iglesia, Omega, Escuadra, Kid [20]

  • 'Giros'

Sillas, Sapo, Lunas, Soles, Universales.

Gimbarr History[edit]


Originated as already mentioned, in Colombia about the 50s of XX-th century in areas of Fontibon and Kennedy in the west of Bogota, where several people were trained in the street horizontal bar, they practiced elements in gymnastics and trying to come up with new ones.During the period from 1998 to 2002 received intensive development, was recognized as national sport, has been actively supported by local authorities, for it began to organize competitions and performances - shows on television. The most famous barrista Columbia: David Diaz, William Santana,[21] Armando Garcia, brothers Fabio and Oscar Cepeda and others; One of the most famous teams in gimbarr - «La Vieja Guardia».[22] In style of FBX (figuras de barra extreme) famous team «Guerreros de Guerreros».[23]


In Russia Gimbarr started to develop since 2010, among the first to perform such exercises were the guys from Novorossiysk Artem Tsyganov and Vasily Karakezidi.They also have created the first Russian team to gimbarr, dubbed «Gimbarr Rusia Guardia». In 2011, it had already consisted of four people (Artem Tsyganov, Vasily Karakezidi Timur Vikharev and Raul Minulaev). Later, in January 2011 in cooperation with magazine Men's Health Michael Baratov from Voronezh produced training video tutorial on horizontal bar at number 9, dedicated to one of the typical elements Gimbarr - ocho, which Michael mistakenly called the Spanish.[24] 8 and 9 December 2012 in Moscow in the sports complex "Luzhniki" hosted the first Nations Cup in Gimbarr style. Currently, Russia's official sports organizations have began to show interest gimbarr in Russia.


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