Left-wing insurgency in Greece

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Left-wing insurgency in Greece
Part of the Cold War, Terrorism in Greece
Date17 November 1975 – present
(46 years, 2 weeks and 1 day)
Location
Greece
Status Ongoing
Belligerents

 Greece

  • Units for the Reinstatement of Order
  • E.K.A.M.
  • Hellenic Police

Active rebel groups

  • Conspiracy of Fire Nuclei
  • Revolutionary Struggle
  • Sect of Revolutionaries
  • Popular Fighters Group
  • Revolutionary Self-Defense
  • Circle of Asymmetric Urban Warfare-FAI-FAR
  • Popular Action
  • The Fighting People's Revolutionary Powers

Former rebel groups

  • Black Star
    (1999-2002)
  • Conscientious Arsonists
    (1997-1998)
  • Revolutionary Nuclei
    (1996-2000)
  • Anti-State Struggle
    (1980-unknown)
  • Revolutionary People's Struggle
    (1975-1995)
  • Revolutionary Organization 17 November
    (1975-2002)
Casualties and losses

Greece

  • 8 Police officers
  • 1 politician

1 American politician
3 CIA agents
2 British politicians

2 Turkish politicians

Revolutionary Organization 17 November 1 killed

Anti-State Struggle 1 killed

17 civilians killed


Total deaths: 59 killed [1]

The Left-wing insurgency in Greece is a low-scale ongoing civil conflict in Greece mostly in the capital Athens between anarchist and communist groups and the Greek government and its allies. The conflict started in the year 1975 after the fall of the Regime of the Colonels.

Cold War[edit]

Two main leftist militant groups emerged in the 1970s, Revolutionary Organization 17 November (17N) and Revolutionary Popular Struggle (ELA).[2] 17N's first major attack was launched on 23 December 1975, when an 17N militant shot and killed CIA station chief Richard Welch as he returned home from a party at the American ambassador's residence.[3][4] 17N claimed responsibility for the assassination 5 days later.[5]

Post-Cold War[edit]

Despite the end of the Cold War, various left wing and anarchist militant groups continued attacks in Greece. In June 2002, a failed bombing attempt by 17N led to arrest of Savvas Xyros, the first 17N miltant to be captured by Greek authorities.[6] A search of Xyros's apartment turned up evidence that resulted in 18 other 17N militants being arrested by Greek authorities, including all of its core leadership.[7]In September 2003, the militant group Revolutionary Struggle conducted a double bombing that wounded a police officer outside of a courthouse, timed to coincide with the trial of 17N members.[8]

The Greek riots of 2008[edit]

After a 15-year-old student Alexandros Grigoropoulos was killed in a police shooting incident and the riots started. Thousands joined or cooperated with the anarchist group Revolutionary Struggle (Who was also the only rebel group back then.) against the government. Soon after the incident two other rebel groups were formed one called Conspiracy of Fire Nuclei and other one called Sect of Revolutionaries.

Timeline[edit]

References[edit]


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