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Marcello Ferrada de Noli

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Marcello Ferrada de Noli

Marcello Ferrada de Noli (born in Chile 25 July 1943) is a Swedish professor emeritus [1] of epidemiology,[2] and medicine doktor in psychiatry (Karolinska Institute, Sweden). He was Research Fellow and lecturer at Harvard Medical School, Boston, United States, and afterwards head of the research group of Cross-Cultural Injury Epidemiology at the Karolinska Institute until 2008.[3] He is the founder of the NGO Swedish Doctors for Human Rights, SWEDHR (2015).

In his youth he was one of the founders [4][5][6] in 1965 of the Revolutionary Left Movement (Chile), MIR, a far left guerrilla organization with roots in the Socialist Party of Chile, where Ferrada de Noli participated at its leadership in Concepción.[7][8][9][10] MIR, which had about 10,000 members in 1973,[11] is described as Pinochet regime’s “number one counterinsurgency target”.[12] He was co-author of the MIR “Political-Military Thesis”,[13][14][15][16][17][18] MIR first document. A history publication from Academy of Christian Humanism University describes that Miguel Enríquez, Bautista van Schouwen, Marcello Ferrada de Noli and Luciano Cruz, constituted the “standing out” cadres among the young generation of MIR.[19]

Early political, academic endeavours[edit]

Marcello Ferrada de Noli was first arrested in 1966, charged of attacking carabineers during clashes in conjunction with the long health-workers’ strike that year.[20] Later in 1969, Ferrada de Noli was among the “13 MIR-fugitives from justice” [21] included in the national arrest warrant issued by the Chilean authorities prosecuting MIR’s subversion activities. Newspapers in Concepción report that Ferrada de Noli came near being captured on two occasions, but escaped.[22][23] Carabineers finally arrested him in a checkpoint near Concepción and kept him under interrogation during the day.[24] Later that evening they handed him over to agents of the Security Police for further interrogation at its headquarters.[25] He was days after delivered to the Prison of Concepción, to be held incommunicado.[26]

In 1970, at 26, he had become full professor of psychology, appointed at the University of Chile, Arica,[27] and by the time of the 1973 military coup he was full professor of Psychosocial Methodology at the University of Concepción.

When the 1973 Chilean coup d'état of General Augusto Pinochet put an end to the socialist government of President Salvador Allende, MIR attempted armed resistance,[28] Ferrada de Noli was captured and held prisoner in Quiriquina Island.[29][30] He then appeared in a front-page photo of newspaper La Tercera among prisoners described as “the extremists that have attacked the military forces with fire weapons”.[31]

In 1974, General Augustin Toro, in charge of the 3rd Division (Concepción), and under pressure from Ferrada de Noli's family –several of them officers and commanders at the armed forces, and also in the judiciary- ordered his release from the Quiriquina camp in exchange of expulsion from the country under military custody. He was airborned to México but escaped in a stopover in Lima, Peru, from where he made his way to Italy.[32] In Rome he testified at the Russell Tribunal on the torture and health conditions of the prisoners at the Quiriquina Island, the Navy Base in Talcahuano, and the Football stadium in Concepción, the places where he has been detained. His 12-page testimony and participation in the Russell Tribunal was found 2017 in the Archive of the Senator Lelio Basso Foundation, organizer of the event.[33]

Sweden[edit]

Marcello Ferrada de Noli continued as MIR operative in Sweden 1975-1977, ultimately as head of contra intelligence of MIR and Junta Coordinadora Revolucionaria in Scandinavia, an activity aimed to monitoring Operation Condor –a period which French Newspaper Le Figaro has described as Ferrada de Noli's "espionage assaying".[34]

After a few years holding a Geneva Convention pass in Sweden, obtained with help of Amnesty International, he received Swedish citizenship in 1979. Ensuing, he restarted academic activities and obtained his degrees of Licentiate in Medical Sciences in psychiatry and a PhD at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm.

His scholarly work thereafter –mainly published during his research time at Harvard Medical School– has been cited in over 800 scientific articles and books,[35] and his research findings are also described in the textbook of psychiatry used in medical education at Swedish universities.[36] The research journal Clinical Psychology Review (2009) wrote that Ferrada de Noli and co-workers had found a new pathway in the pathogenesis of suicidal behaviour associated with PTSD,[37] and David Lester in “Suicide and the Holocaust” referred Ferrada de Noli’s finding of significant correlations between specific methods in suicidal behavior and methods used in torture inflicted to prisoners with PTSD, as “amazing”.[38] A statement by two former department-head professors at the Karolinska Institute reads, “Professor Ferrada-Noli’s research on PTSD and suicidal behavior in a cross-cultural perspective has been internationally recognized.”[39] De Noli also was first to establish ethnicity as significant risk factor for suicidal deaths in Sweden.[40]

Between 2005-2012 he was appointed by the Swedish government alternate scientific member of the Swedish Central Ethical Review Board Etikprövningsnämnd for research, in Uppsala.[41] Also in that period. Ferrada de Noli received two honorific appointments, as Affiliated Professor at the Medical Faculty of the University of Chile,[42] respectively Invited Professor at the "Instituto Superior de Ciencias Médicas de la Habana", Cuba.[43]

Controversies[edit]

Russia[edit]

Following retirement, Marcello Ferrada de Noli also founded the online magazine The Indicter,[44] authoring reports on “human rights and geopolitical issues”,[45] which have been considered controversial by some European mainstream media. In April 2017, Swedish newspaper Dagens Nyheter (DN) reviewed his publications, and summarized, “(De Noli) means that Julian Assange is object of a conspiracy, that Ukraine is ruled by fascists, and that Swedish media –including DN– spreads Russophobic propaganda”.[46]

A variety of European mainstream media have also hypothesized whether Ferrada de Noli’s opinions on geopolitical issues, or those of his organization SWEDHR, would be in line with Russia’s stances. For example Le Figaro,[47] ARD/BR,[48][49] and Der Spiegel.[50] Dagens Nyheter,[51] together with other Swedish newspapers, e.g. Aftonbladet[52] Expressen,[53] Göteborgs-Posten,[54] Västerbottens-Kuriren,[55] Uppsala Nya Tidning,[56] also have addressed Ferrada de Noli's “frequent interviews in Russian media and Russian-government international propaganda channels”, and questioned the mentions to his work and to his organization SWEDHR done at press briefings of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation.[57][58][59][60][61]

However Ferrada de Noli’s contested those criticism in the journal of the Swedish Medical Association Läkartidningen.[62] Official documents of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) indicate that publications authored by Ferrada de Noli regarding the Syrian conflict have been cited and/or submitted as official documents at the UNSC by the Russian and Syrian ambassadors,[63][64][65][66] added the Russian envoys at the OPCW [67] or the ambassador to the UK.[68]

Geneva Press Clubb[edit]

Club Suisse de la Presse (Geneva Press Club) organized a conference 28 November 2017 aimed to debate the role of Syrian humanitarian organizations operating in the war zone (i.e. White Helmets). Marcello Ferrada de Noli was one of the three invited speakers in his capacity of SWEDHR chairman and chief editor of The Indicter magazine. Ensuing, Reporters Without Borders (RWB) called the cancellation of the conference arguing that the invitation to Ferrada de Noli was unacceptable, for he being “president of an organization that, according with our information, acts as a tool of Russian propaganda.” Ensuing the publication of the letter by the Swizz pres,[69] De Noli called RWB on Twitter to “publish your evidence now, or shame”.[70] In his reply to RWB, the president of the Geneva Press Club, Guy Mettan, dismissed the attacks to Ferrada de Noli and another participant [71] as “not worth of journalism”, and continued with the realization of the conference.[72][73] Earlier that year the Russian TV network Rossiya-24 have also reported on threats to Ferrada de Noli, to which he commented in the interview (April 2017), “SWEDHR is not afraid and it will continue its work”.[74]

Assange case[edit]

De Noli has also been criticized in the Swedish media for his defence of Julian Assange while a legal case operated in Sweden 2010-2017. He then wrote over 200 articles in his blog [75] and published the book “Sweden vs. Assange. Human Rights Issues”, claiming that the case was instead political.[76] In a RT (TV network) interview he said that “WikiLeaks is a lifeboat to democracy”,[77] and 2011, via Jennifer Robinson (lawyer), he submitted to the London Court deliberating the extradition of Assange, a testimony based on his investigation “Swedish Trial by Media”.[78] In 2012, Swedish Radio said in a broadcast that Ferrada de Noli have implicated “a social democratic feminist working together with ‘arms companies’ trying to get Assange”.[79] Ferrada Noli denied that and asked Swedish Radio for a retraction.

Early controversies[edit]

Earlier controversies have involved articles in Swedish medical journals and media on his public opposition to the Swedish diagnose “utbrändhet” (work-related stress ‘burnout’), which he said it didn’t have epidemiological ground.[80] When he wrote in DN that one risk factor for “utbrändhet” in women could be stress caused by a double working load, at the job and then at home –contradicting the notion of an advanced Swedish gender equality,[81] Minister Mona Sahlin commented that his thesis was “a bid insulting, to say the least”.[82] Later in 2005, Aftonbladet published a half front-page headline, “Professor in attack against the burned-out”. It referred an interview where Ferrada de Noli stated that to be displeased with a job cannot be equated with a medical diagnose,[83] and a new debate ensued in the Swedish media.[84] In 1998, at that time professor in Norway, De Noli requested the legal extradition of General Augusto Pinochet, to be judged in a European court on allegations of torture and war crimes.[85][86][87]

Ideology characterizations in Swedish media[edit]

Swedish newspaper Dagens Nyheter (2008) described Ferrada de Noli as “left-liberal”,[88] and newspaper Ystads Allehanda (2013) writes, “Left-liberal. But his conservative past continued to chase him”.[89] In newspaper Expressen (2018) Ferrada de Noli declared he participated as “social-libertarian” in the foundation of the guerrilla organization MIR in 1965, as well of been transitorely active in the Swedish Liberal Party during the 80’s – which at the time had a social-liberal profile in Swedish politics.[90]

In an op-ed in Dagens Nyheter (2015) Ferrada de Noli advocated for Sweden to return being a neutral country “as it was in Olof Palme’s times”, and “resuming an active role in the work for peace and respect for human rights in the world” [91]

Family[edit]

Marcello Ferrada de Noli was born in Copiapó, Chile, in family of Italian origin, lineage-descendants to the nobleman and explorer Antonio de Noli.[92] His father was an officer in the armed forces and elite equestrian, and later company owner. His mother, professor at the University of Concepción. He lives in Italy and he is the father of seven sons and one daughter.[93]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. “Title of Distinction in value of meritorious academic services”. University of Gävle, Sweden, 10 December 2007. He also received the Swedish reward medal “For Zealous and Devoted Service to the State” for 30 years in Sweden’s public service.
  2. Professorships and research areas listed in Biographical Lexicon of Public Health. Ed. Prof Izet Masic (2015). Library of Biomedical Publications. Book 49. ISBN 978-9958-720-60-4 Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png.. Page 108. [1]
  3. Karolinska Institute Registrar’s Office. Document 1217/2007-2335.
  4. Nancy Guzmán Jazmen (1998), “Un grito desde el silencio: detención, asesinato y desaparición de Bautista van Schouwen y Patricio Munita”. LOM Ediciones, Santiago. ISBN 956-282-161-7 Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png.. Page 79: Marcello Ferrada de Noli is named among four associates to Miguel Enríquez who were “participants of this foundational meeting of the Revolutionary Left Movement”.
  5. The Clinic (newspaper), Santiago, 5 October 2015. (“The story of Miguel Enríquez lost trunk”) “La historia del baúl perdido de Miguel Enríquez“. Author Daniela Yáñez, journalist, writes: “When Miguel Enríquez began at Enrique Molina High School in Concepción, he met those who would constitute in 1965 the central nucleon in the foundation of MIR: Bautista van Schouwen, Luciano Cruz y Marcello Ferrada.” In Spanish, original text: “Cuando Miguel Enríquez entra al Liceo Enrique Molina en Concepción conoce a quienes conformarían el núcleo central en la fundación MIR en 1965: Bautista van Schouwen, Luciano Cruz y Marcello Ferrada.” The Clinic, 5-10-2015. [2]
  6. Marco Álvarez (2015), (“The Revolutionary Constitution – History of the foundation of the Chilean MIR”) “La Constituyente Revolucionaria – Historia de la fundación del MIR chileno” LOM Ediciones, Santiago, 2015. ISBN 978-956-00-0617-2 Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png.. [3]. The book reproduces witnesses’ accounts on statements by Ferrada-Noli during the MIR foundation event. [4]
  7. Pedro Naranjo Sandoval (2004) “La Vida de Miguel Enríquez y el MIR” (“Life of Miguel Enríquez and the MIR”). CEME / Archivo Chile. ISBN 91-631-0558-6 Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png.. It reports that by 1961, a group of five youngsters that “had established strong personal interactions” since school years (brothers Miguel and Marco Antonio Enríquez, Bautista van Schouwen, Marcello Ferrada, and Dario Ulloa), initiated a group called “Movimiento Socialista Revolucionario, MSR”. “Most of them became members of the Socialist Youth (a formation of the Socialist Party of Chile), although in different moments” (Page 10). The same young men –except Ulloa– appear four years later in the foundation of MIR (1965), as co-authors of the first document of that organization (Page24). [5]
  8. El Sur (newspaper), Concepción, 4 December 1962, reports that Ferrada de Noli (19 years old) was Board member of the Socialist Youth, Region of Concepción. Newspaper El Sur’s text in Spanish: “Ferrada Noli is Secretario de Arte y Cultura del Regional de la Juventud del Partido Socialista en Concepción”.
  9. Marcelo Casals (2010). “El alba de una revolución. La izquierda y la construcción estratégica de la vía chilena al socialismo”. LOM Ediciones, Santiago, 2nd ed. ISBN 978-956-00-0123-8 Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png.. In Chapter 4, the author names Marcello Ferrada in the group of five members of the Socialist Youth that started the publication of Revolución in 1963. The book also refers that the group would later become a clandestine formation (“fracción”) within the Socialist Party.
  10. Julio César Jobet (1971). (“History of the Socialist Party of Chile(“Historia del Partido Socialista de Chile”. Ediciones Documenta, Santiago. Pages 283-284: “The mimeograph journal Revolución, whose N° 1 issue appeared in May 1963 with Miguel Enríquez as Chief Editor, and the editors M.A. Enríquez, B. van Schouwen, C. Sepúlveda, M. Ferrada Noli, J. Gutiérrez, P. Valdés, and R. Jara, all of them university students. Their combatant behaviour climaxed in the XX National Congress of the Socialist Party of Chile which took place in Concepción, February 1964”…”the referred student leaders, added some others from Concepción and Santiago, decided to abandon the Socialist Party and tried to give birth to a new revolutionary movement”. MIR was founded in 1965, although from that group, only the brothers Enríquez, van Schouwen and Ferrada de Noli participated in its foundation.
  11. Sean Anderson & Stephen Sloan (2009). “Historical dictionary of terrorism”. Scarecrow Press, Lanham, Maryland. ISBN 978-0-8108-5764-3 Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png.. Page 446: “Founded in 1965 by leftists students at the University of Concepción”. “Page 447: “At its height in 1973, the MIR numbered some 10,000 members”.
  12. Peter Kornbluh (2003). “The Pinochet Files”. The New Press, New York. ISBN 978-1-59558-912-5 Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png.. Page 173.
  13. Mauricio Ahumada and Pedro Naranjo (2004), “Miguel Enríquez, el proyecto revolucionario en Chile”. LOM Ediciones, Santiago. ISBN 956-282-676-7 Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png. The book states that Ferrada de Noli was one of the founders of the MIR and a co-author of MIR “Political-Military Thesis”, the first document approved in the foundation congress of August 1965 [6].
  14. Inés Nercesian (2013). “La política en armas y las armas en la política” (“Politics by weapons and the weapons of politics”). CLACSO, Buenos Aires. ISBN 978-987-1891-75-7 Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png.. Page 221: In the MIR Foundational Congress “the political-military thesis developed by Miguel Enríquez, Marco Antonio Enríquez and Marcello Ferrada-Molli, was also approved. The thesis, named “The conquering of power via insurrection”, resumed several perspectives, ranging from the national liberation wars in Africa to those in Cuba and China. At the same time, it suggested its focus of action even beyond the traditional-left’s strongholds in the city of Santiago. But on the other hand, it should not be constricted solely to the rural-guerrilla model, neither to the (mass) insurrectional model only, or the (China) protracted-war model. Instead (MIR insurrectional strategy) should have a great tactical flexibility.” Translated from Spanish: “También se aprobó la tesis político-militar elaborada por Miguel Enríquez, Marco Antonio Enríquez y Marcello Ferrada-Molli. La tesis, “La conquista del poder por la vía insurreccional”, reunía distintos lineamientos, que iban desde las experiencias de liberación nacional de África y Asia, hasta Cuba y China; a la vez, suponía que debía concentrarse el trabajo en los grandes bastiones de la izquierda, extendiéndose más allá de Santiago. No debía ajustarse al modelo de la guerrilla foquista ni al insurreccional, tampoco a la guerra popular prolongada, sino tener una gran flexibilidad programática.” [7]
  15. Daniel Avendaño; Mauricio Palma (2001). El rebelde de la burguesía : la historia de Miguel Enríquez (2001 ed.). Santiago [de Chile]: Ed. CESOC. ISBN 9789562110952 Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png.. The book refers Ferrada de Noli as to a founder of MIR and co-author of the “Political-Military Thesis” together with Miguel Enriquez and Marco Antonio Enríquez.
  16. Patricio Lagos (2014). Pueblo, Conciencia, Guerra Revolucionaria. VIII Jornadas de Sociología, National University of La Plata. Excerpts: “The Insurrectional Thesis of MIR called ‘La Conquista del Poder por la Vía Insurreccional’ was written by Miguel Enríquez (aka Viriato), Marco Antonio Enríquez (aka Bravo) and Marcelo Ferrada Noli (aka Atacama)”. The quote in original Spanish: “En este Primer Congreso, según el historiador y cofundador del MIR, Luis Vitale, fueron aprobados (...) una Tesis Insurreccional...” Esta última tesis se llamó: ‘La Conquista del Poder por la Vía Insurreccional’, fue redactada por Miguel Enríquez (Viriato), Marco Antonio Enríquez (Bravo) y Marcelo Ferrada Noli (Atacama)”. [8]
  17. Pedro Alfonso Valdés Navarro (2008) "Elementos teóricos en la formación y desarrollo del MIR durante el período 1965-1970". University of Valparaíso, Chile. Tesis de grado. [9]
  18. Jose Leonel Calderon Lopez. “La politica del Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria (MIR) durante los dos primeros años de la Dictadura Militar. University of Santiago, Chile, Departamento de Historia. Tesis de Grado. Pagina 21 [10]
  19. Matías Ortiz Figueroa (2013). Academy of Christian Humanism University. TIEMPO HISTÓRICO. N°6 /91-110/ Santiago-Chile. 2013. “El Tercer Congreso Del MIR: Giro generacional, re-estructuración orgánica y cambios en la militancia, 1967-1969”. “In the MIR converge two political generations ... in the latter (the young generation), stand out subjects like Miguel Enríquez, Bautista van Schouwen, Marcello Ferrada-Noli or Luciano Cruz, who joined the organic structure at its foundation, and reached towards the year 1967 posts in the National Secretariat." In Spanish: “En el MIR convergen dos generaciones políticas…en esta última (la joven generación), destacan sujetos como Miguel Enríquez, Bautista van Schouwen, Marcello Ferrada-Noli o Luciano Cruz, los que se incorporaron a la estructura orgánica en su fundación y alcanzaron, hacia el año 1967, puestos en el Secretariado Nacional.” [11]
  20. Noticias de la Tarde (newspaper) Talcahuano, 5 August 1969. (Carabineers handed him over to the Security Police”). “Carabineros lo entregó a Investigaciones”. It reads: “On December 20, 1966 (Ferrada) was detained on the cause of outrageous confrontations against police officers, which he was protagonist of during the strike of the National Health Service workers”. Spanish original: “El 20 de Diciembre de 1966 estuvo detenido a raíz de los bochornosos incidentes que protagonizó contra funcionarios policiales, durante una huelga del Servicio Nacional de Salud”.
  21. El Mercurio (Newspaper). (“Across the terrorist-history of the Left Revolutionary Movement”) "A Través de la Historia Terrorista del Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria (MIR)", Santiago, 25 August 1973. El Mercurio’s retrospective article reports on the arresting near Concepción, 4 August 1969, of Marcello Ferrada Noli, “one of the 13 MIR fugitives of justice against whom an arrest warrant did exist, in connection with the process on subversion activities of the MIR”. Full text, original: “Agosto 2 (1969). Cerca de Concepción fue detenido el profesor de filosofía y Miembro del Consejo Superior de la Universidad penquista Marcello Ferrada Noli. Se trata de uno de los 13 miristas prófugos de la justicia contra los que existía orden de detención en el proceso por actividades subversivas del MIR". Others MIR leaders in the list were Miguel Enríquez, Bautista van Schouwen, Andrés Pascal Allende and Luciano Cruz.
  22. Crónica (newspaper), Concepción, 9 July 1969, “Allanado fundo de Los Angeles” (“Search carried out in country state”), reports the failed operation by “a police task force from Santiago de Chile” in a country stated referred as “property of MIR leader Ferrada de Noli’s parents”. There were hidden Ferrada de Noli, Patula Saavedra and Luciano Cruz. “The operative did not give results, but it served to establish a new route of the fugitives”.
  23. La Patria (newspaper), Concepción, 3 August 1969. (MIR’s Marcello Ferrada downed in Chaimávida”). “Cayó el Mirista Marcello Ferrada en Chaimávida”. The article reports on a ‘get away’ by Ferrada de Noli a week before being finally captured 4 August 1969. Ferrada de Noli is reported to have escaped from the police after they spotted him driving away from the university campus, “but the police could not keep him in sight” (“pero los policías le perdieron la vista”)
  24. La Patria (newspaper), “Cayó el Mirista Marcello Ferrada en Chaimávida” (MIR’s Marcello Ferrada downed in Chaimávida”), Concepción, 3 August 1969, printed: “Ferrada Noli, one of the most prominent brains of the MIR at the university, who had a detention warrant issued by Minister Broghamer since past July, but had managed to evade the actions of the police”. Original Spanish: "Ferrada Noli, uno de los más destacados cerebros del MIR universitario, tenía orden de detención cursada por el ministro Broghamer desde Julio pasado, pero se las había ingeniado para eludir la acción de la policía"
  25. La Patria (newspaper), Concepción, 3 August 1969. (MIR’s Marcello Ferrada downed in Chaimávida”). “Cayó el Mirista Marcello Ferrada en Chaimávida”. From the article: “Aproximately 19.00 PM Ferrada de Noli was made available to the Security Police headquarters (then called “Policía Política”, within Investigations Police of Chile), where he is being interrogated since last night, in connection to the subversion activities of MIR denounced by the government”. (Original: “Cerca de las 19 horas Marcello Ferrada Noli fue puesto a disposición de la prefectura de Investigaciones, donde está siendo interrogado desde anoche en relación con las actividades subversivas del MIR denunciadas por el Gobierno…”).
  26. Crónica (newspaper, since 1984 La Estrella de Concepción), Concepción, 9 August 1969: “The Appeals Court Judge in charge of the investigation on infringements of the Domestic Security Act, declared the university professor Marcello Ferrada Noli free ‘for the time being’, before completing five days incommunicado”. Original Spanish text: “Antes de que cumpliera cinco días de incomunicación, el Ministro a cargo del sumario que se instruye por infracción a la Ley de Seguridad Interior, dejó en libertad al profesor universitario Marcello Ferrada Noli… libre, por ahora”.
  27. Newspaper La Defensa, Arica, Chile”, 25 April 1970. (Academic event at the University of Chile will have special significance”). “Especial significado tendrá acto académico de Universidad de Chile”. Excerpt: “Marcello Ferrada Noli shall address the inauguration lecture, The Tomb of Don Quixote. Professor Marcello Ferrada is 26 years old. He has been Lecturer at the University of Concepción, member of its University Board. He is also member of the Sociedad de Escritores de Chile (Chilean Writers Society). Currently, he is Professor of Psychology at the University of Chile in Arica.” Original text (Spanish): “…Marcello Ferrada dictará una clase magistral, El Sepulcro de Don Quijote. El Profesor Marcello Ferrada Noli tiene 26 años…ha sido profesor en la Universidad de Concepción, miembro de su Consejo Superior. También es miembro de la Sociedad de Escritores de Chile. Actualmente se desempeña como Profesor de Psicología de la Universidad de Chile en Arica.” He received the appointment in December 1969.
  28. Oscar Guardiola-Rivera (2013). “Story of a Death Foretold: The Coup against Salvador Allende, 11 September 1973.” Bloomsbury, London. ISBN 978-140-883-989-8 Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png.. Pages 330-331: It reports that Marcello Ferrada and other members of the MIR “launched resistance operations on the night of 11 September” in the town of Concepción”. Excerpt: “In the town of Concepción, Marcello Ferrada and other members of the MIR moved to their safe houses awaiting orders from the movement’s headquarters in Santiago. The orders were contradictory. Although they launched resistance operations on the night 11 September (1973), Ferrada and his compañeros were obliged to rush from one safe house to another, constantly on the move…” A review of Oscar Guardiola-Rivera’s book in The Guardian, 23 September 2013: [12]
  29. Alejandro Witkers (1975). (“Prison in Chile”). “Prisión en Chile”. Editorial Fondo de Cultura Económica, México. Chapter 3, Item 7, “Long-time confinement…” mentions Marcello Ferrada among the university professors confined in Quiriquina Island. [13]
  30. El Diario Color (newspaper). Concepción, 5 October 1973. It published in page 3 a picture spotlighting Marcello Ferrada de Noli in a detaining place surrounded with barbed-wired fence. The photo caption reads: “In the first row, Marcello Ferrada, ex-professor at the University of Concepción, with a military haircut and very thoughtful. He refused to approach the journalists.”
  31. La Tercera. (“The prisoners in Quiriquina”) “Los presos en La Quiriquina”. Santiago de Chile, 6 Octobre 1973. The full text of the photo caption reads: “The extremists and the local bosses of the past Marxist regime have been concentrated in Quiriquina Island. The first ones are there because they have attacked the military forces with fire weapons. The second ones, as the case of former governor Fernando Alvarez, for being the intellectual authors of the plan aimed to exterminate officers (of the armed forces) and most prominent members of the opposition”. Fernando Alvarez was killed in Quiriquina Island days after the publication of the photo in La Tercera.” In Spanish, as printed: “En la Isla Quiriquina se ha concentrado a los extremistas y a los jerarcas locales de Concepción del pasado régimen marxista. Los primeros están allí por haber atacado con armas de fuego a las fuerzas militares. Los segundos, como es el caso del ex intendente Fernando Álvarez…por ser los autores intelectuales del plan destinado a exterminar a los oficiales y hombres más destacados de la oposición”.
  32. "Ferrada de Noli VS. Pinochet. PART III My Life as Pinochet's Prisoner in Quiriquina Island". [14]
  33. Fondazione Lelio e Lisli Basso – ISSOCO. Fondo: Tribunale Russell II per la repressione in Brasile, Cile e America Latina. Serie 3: Documentazione delle Sessioni: Prima Sessione (Roma, 30 mar. - 5 apr. 1974), sotto serie 2: “Testimonianza di Marcello Ferrada, relativa alla repressione culturale”, 3 aprile 1974. Excerpted remarks from pages 11-12: "Along with the atrocious demonstrations of what human cruelty is capable of, I have seen proof of extraordinary heroism and revolutionary strength in the vast majority, if not totality of the prisoners. They have not spoken; not given a house, nor an address, no name. For that they have been tortured even to death. The best tribute to them is to continue fighting, to find among all the revolutionaries a tactical unit that finally allows us to destroy this political model based on torture…In other words, the fight against repression, the denunciation of the violation of human rights, of democratic rights, etc. that have been raised in this Tribunal, must be accompanied by the firm will to find the way ... for the replacement of that power structure. In other words: to consider the question of the conquest of power. Only that will guarantee the end of the torture issue that is very incensing to you all, and that of course we are very honoured to contribute to its denunciation." [15] In the Foundation‘s archive also were found two other documents containing Ferrada Noli’s correspondence with Linda Bimbi, secretary of the scientific working committee established after the Tribunal session on Chile, Abril 1974.
  34. Le Figaro article (“In Russia, a curious thesis puts forward to exculpate Damascus”) “En Russie, une curieuse thèse reprise pour exonérer Damas”, authored by the newspaper’s correspondent in Moscow and using a Swedish journalist source, affirms that Ferrada de Noli “sought refuge in Sweden, where, in addition to have assayed espionage, he would have pursued a scientific career, notably at Harvard and at Nobel’s Karolinska Institute of Sweden”. In French, original text: «il s’est réfugié en Suède, où, en plus de avoir gôuté à l’espionnage, il aurait poursuivi une carrière scientifique, notamment à Harvard et à l’institut suédois Karolinska des Nobel.» [16] rolinska des Nobel."amente a Harvard et using Swedish sources
  35. The sum of citations in Google Scholar referred solely to original articles by “Ferrada-Noli” (Marcello Ferrada de Noli) was n= 752. The sum of citations in Google Books of publications by “Ferrada-Noli” and “Ferrada de Noli”, n= 62. Total N= 813. Retrieved 14 December 2017. [17] [18]
  36. Jan-Otto Ottosson (2015), (“Psychiatry in Sweden”) (“Psykiatrin i Sverige”), Natur & Kultur, Stockholm, 2005, 2015. ISBN 9789127095953 Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png.- In chapter “Suicide – the main death cause in psychiatry” (Självmord –Psykiatrins stora dödsorsak] Professor Ottosson explains six originals findings made by Ferrada de Noli –two psychiatric and four epidemiological–regarding suicidal behavior.
  37. Panagioti M, Gooding P, Tarrier N (2009). "Post-traumatic stress disorder and suicidal behavior: A narrative review". Clinical Psychology Review. 29 (6): 471–82. doi:10.1016/j.cpr.2009.05.001. PMID 19539412.]. The review concluded that Ferrada de Noli and his co-workers "demonstrated that among refugees with PTSD, major depression was not substantially associated with heightened levels of suicidal behaviour". Meaning that the path to severe suicide attempts in PTSD victims was not mediated by depression - as it was thought before - but linked directly to PTSD. The discovery indicated modifications in prevention and treatment of suicidal behaviour.
  38. David Lester (psychologist) (2005), “Suicide and the Holocaust”. Nova Science Publishers, New York. ISMN 1-59454-427-1. Section “Suicidal Behaviour in Refugees and After Torture”, page 57: “Amazingly, Ferrada-Noli found that the method of suicide used or planned was similar to the method of torture with which the victim has been brutalized. For example those subjected to water torture thought of using drowning” [19]
  39. Karolinska Institute Registra’s Office. Document 1217/2007-2335. Statement on Prof Marcello Ferrada de Noli signed by Karolinska Institute professors Leif Svanström and Danuta Wasserman, 12 February 2007. The full quote in Swedish, original: “Professor Ferrada-Noli’s forskning om PTSD och suicidalitet i ett transkulturellt perspektiv har varit internationellt erkänt och fick av den anledning en akademisk utmärkelse av Instituto Superior de Ciencias Médicas de La Habana, en av Latinamerikas äldsta och mest prestigefyllda medicinska fakulteter.” Both signatories were in different periods heads of the Department of Public Health Sciences. Prof Danuta Wasserman was President of the European Psychiatric Association (EPA) 2014, and Prof Emeritus Leif Svanström nominated to the Nobel Peace Prize in 2015.
  40. According to PubMed searching on earliest international publications on the research subject “Suicide among immigrants in Sweden” (categories immigrant, suicide, Sweden). Retrieved 8 December 2017. [20]
  41. The Swedish Ethical Review Board sections (Etikprövningsnämnderna, EPS) for research vetting, are composed by ten scientific members, one judge, and five representatives of the community. From EPS official site: “All members and their substitutes are to be appointed by the government. It is important that every (research) application should be processed by members who have sufficient expert knowledge. The scientific members are therefore highly qualified. “ [21] Retrieved 23 November 2017
  42. ""In merit to the collaboration that you have given to educational programs at the medical school". In certificate issued by the Dean of the Medical Faculty, University of Chile, 14 March 2006
  43. "For his pioneer contribution to epidemiological research". Diploma, 30 June 2005 [22]
  44. The magazine online has received 381,239 views in the year period November 2016 - November 2017, according to the magazine's published statistics. See banner at [TheIndicter.com]
  45. Text read in The Indicter banner, as reproduced by newspaper Dagens Nyheter (DN), in an image embedded in a reportage on SWEDHR and interview with Marcello Ferrada de Noli, 21 April 2017. [23]
  46. Dagens Nyheter, 21 April 2017, “Gasattacker förnekas med hjälp från svensk läkargrupp” (“Gas attacks denied with help of a group of Swedish doctors”). The quote in Swedish: “Gruppens företrädare [Ferrada de Noli] anser bland annat att Wikileaksgrundaren Julian Assange är utsatt för en konspiration, att Ukraina styrs av fascister och att svenska medier, däribland DN, sprider ‘russofob’ propaganda [24]
  47. Le Figaro. (“In Russia, a curious thesis arises to exculpate Damascus”). “En Russie, une curieuse thèse reprise pour exonérer Damas”. Paris, 13 April 2017. [25]
  48. Telepolis. (“Serious allegations against ARD and manipulation of the media “). “Schwere Vorwürfe gegen ARD und Manipulation der Medien”. 14 April 2017 [26]
  49. RT Deutsch. “Wie die ARD vergeblich versuchte, RT Deutsch der Fake News zu überführen”. 11 April 2017. [27]
  50. Der Spiegel, "Russlands perfider Feldzug gegen die Wahrheit", 21 December 2017. [28]
  51. “Gasattacker förnekas med hjälp från svensk läkargrupp” (“Gas attacks denied with help of a group of Swedish doctors”) Full quote in Swedish, original: ““dess företrädare på kort tid intervjuats upprepade gånger i ryska medier, och i den ryska regeringens internationella propagandakanaler RT och Sputnik.” Stockholm, 21 April 2017, DN
  52. “Svensk läkargrupp: Syrien oskyldigt till angrepp”, 21 April 2017, Aftonbladet,
  53. Gasattack förnekas med hjälp av svenska läkare, 22 April 2017, Expressen,
  54. Svensk läkargrupp: Syrien oskyldigt till angrepp, 21 April 2017, Göteborgs-Posten
  55. ,Svensk läkargrupp: Syrien oskyldigt till angrepp, 21 April 2017, Västerbottens-Kuriren
  56. Svensk läkargrupp: Syrien oskyldigt till angrepp (“Swedish doctors group: Syria not responsible for attack”), 21 April 2017, Uppsala Nya Tidning
  57. ”Conférence de presse de Maria Zakharova, porte-parole du Ministère russe des Affaires étrangères, Moscou, 6 juillet 2017. (“Briefing by Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Maria Zakharova, Moscow, July 6, 2017”). Excerpt: “As example, I can cite the publications by Professor Theodore A. Postol of Massachusetts Institute of Technology, from Professor Marcello Ferrada de Noli, who chairs the organization Swedish Doctors for Human Rights (SWEDHR), and also Pulitzer Prize-winner Seymour Hersh and independent US disarmament expert Scott Ritter.” Text in French in the cited publication: “A titre d’exemple je peux citer la publication du professeur Theodore Postol de l’université du Massachussetts, du professeur Marcello Ferrada de Noli qui dirige l’Organisation des médecins suédois pour les droits de l’homme, ou encore celui du lauréat du prix Pulitzer Seymour Hersh et de l’expert américain indépendant du désarmement Scott Ritter.” [29]
  58. The official twitter-account of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation posted 16 March 2017 the facsimile of an article by Ferrada de Noli published in The Indicter, adding a quote by Maria Zakharova, Director of Information Dept, “We would like the public to take note of conclusions about the White Helmets made by independent Swedish human rights advocates”. [30]
  59. Briefing by Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Maria Zakharova, Moscow, April 27, 2017”. Excerpts: “We have taken note of the criticism and open pressure put on the NGO, Swedish Doctors for Human Rights, after it questioned the allegation by the United States and several other countries that it was the Syrian Army that was responsible for the April 4 chemical attack in Idlib.” “The situation with Swedish Doctors for Human Rights is fresh evidence of the Western practice of double standards regarding freedom of speech: it appears that the only information that can be made public is that which strictly corresponds to the policies of Washington and Brussels.”[31]
  60. Atkontakt.de VideoTube. “M. Zakharova on SWEDHR's analysis of White-Helmets videos in The Indicter”, 22 March 2017. [32]
  61. Briefing by Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Maria Zakharova, Moscow, April 12, 2017. [33]
  62. Läkartidningen Journal of the Swedish Medical Association. (SWEDHR is an independent organization”) “SWEDHR är en oberoende organization”. [34]
  63. United Nations Security Council, official document A/72/626 S/2017/848, “Letter dated 6 October 2017 from the Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General, 10 October 2017. Annex”. It mentions: “mismatches, as mentioned in particular by the non-governmental organization Swedish Doctors for Human Rights. [35]
  64. United Nations Security Council, official document S/2017/1010. “Letter from the Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the President of the United Nations Security Council.” 30 November 2017. It attaches analysis authored by Prof Marcello Ferrada de Noli on the UN Joint Investigative Mechanism, published in The Indicter 8 November 2017.
  65. United Nations, General Assembly – Security Council, official document A/71/910–S/2017/415. “Letter Dated 10 May 2017 From The Charge D' Affaires A.I. of The Permanent Mission Of The Russian Federation To The United Nations Addressed To The Secretary-General. Document annexed to letter, subheading “Slide 5, SWEDHR”. It transcribes the findings summarized by Marcello Ferrada de Noli in two articles published in The Indicter Magazine, March 2017. A/71/910-S/2017/415
  66. United Nations Security Council, 7922nd meeting, 12 April 2017. Doc. S/ P V.7 9 2 2. The Syrian Ambassador Bashar Jaafari cites “the report on the White Helmets issued by Swedish Doctors for Human Rights, exposing the duplicity of the so-called White Helmets”. It refers to the report series authored by Ferrada de Noli in The Indicter, March 2017. [36]
  67. OPCW Executive Council, 19 April 2017. “Statement by Director of the Department for Non-Proliferation and Arms Control of The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation at the Fifty-Fourth Meeting of The Executive Council”. It refers analysis by SWEDHR. [37]
  68. The Telegraph, 11 May 2017. “Russian Ambassador to the UK: We need a full investigation of chemical weapons allegations in Syria”. It mentions “the analysis of the social media content on the Khan Sheikhoun incident provided by the NGO Swedish Doctors for Human Rights” The referred analysis was compiled by Ferrada de Noli. [38]
  69. Tribune de Genève (Newspaper), Geneva, 23 November 2017. (“Guy Mettan requested to cancel conference”). “Guy Mettan sommé d’annuler une conference”. The reportage transcribes the full text of letter sent RWB to the Geneva Press Club. Full quote in, in French: “De plus, il est pour le moins inacceptable d’inviter Monsieur Marcello Ferranda De Noli, président de Swedish Doctors for Human Rights, une association qui, selon nos informations, agit comme un outil de propagande russe.” [39]
  70. Prof Ferrada de Noli‏ [@ProfessorsBlogg] (24 Nov 2017). "'FREE-SPEECH' org. @RSF demand @genevapressclub that @SWEDHR not be invited speaker at Nov 28 Conf. on WhiteHelmets. Reason: RSF would have "links" showing SWEDHR "a tool of Russian propaganda". I challenge RSF: PUBLISH YOUR EVIDENCE, now! Or shame members5.boardhost.com/xxxxx/thread/1511540138.html … #Syria" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  71. In its protest to the Geneva Press Club, RWB also disputed the presentation of invited speaker Vanessa Beeley as “independent journalist”.
  72. Club Suisse de la presse. Événéments. 28 November 2017. The event took place under police protection due to reported threats. [40]
  73. [41]
  74. Spútnik Mundo (News agency in Spanish). “La sueca SWEDHR recibe amenazas tras informe sobre los polémicos Cascos Blancos”. 12 April 2017. The quote in original Spanish: “De Noli apuntó que SWEDHR no teme y seguirá su labor.” [42]
  75. Professorsblogg.com
  76. Libertarian Books Sweden (publisher), Stockhom, 2016 (2nd edition). 340 pages. ISBN ISBN 978-91-981615-1-9 Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png.. [43]
  77. RT (TV network). 'MSM blacks Assange as US seeks Manning link'. 27 March 2012. (Video-interview). Ferrada de Noli said: “The disclosures made by Wikileaks aim to reveal the secrets that actually belong to the people which have elected those authorities which are abusing power by not telling the truth. In my opinion, Wikileaks is actually sending a lifeboat to democracy and democratic societies should instead be thankful for that effort, and not punish Wikileaks.” [44]
  78. However the testimony was received off court, the issue was referred in “Findings of facts and reasons” delivered by Chief Magistrate Howard Riddle. See “City of Westminster Magistrates’ Court (Sitting at Belmarsh Magistrates’ Court). Excerpts; “There has been considerable adverse publicity in Sweden for Mr Assange, in the popular press, the television and in parliament” (Judge Riddle); and, “There is significant prejudice because of trial by media” (Lawyer Hurtig). [45]
  79. Radio Sweden (Sweden's official international broadcasting station). “Whistleblower in row with newspaper –Wikileaks vs. Swedish tabloid Expressen”. Stockholm, 8 March 2012. Transcription of the broadcast program, segment 03:54 – 04:16 (original English): “We can talk about feminism again, because certain WikiLeaks supporters seems to say that what is going on is a feminist plot to get Julian Assange. We got for example WikiLeaks supporter Ferrada de Noli, a former professor, who says there is a social democratic feminist working together, even all the way with arms companies, to try to get Julian Assange. This is part of the media image around WikiLeaks right now.” [46]
  80. Torbjörn Friberg. “Burnout: From Popular Culture to Psychiatric Diagnosis in Sweden”. Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry (2009) 33: 538. [47]
  81. Dagens Nyheter, DN-debatt, 20 October 2000. "Utbrändheten mest en modetrend".
  82. Expressen. (“It is insulting”). “Det är förelämpande”. Stockholm, 21 October 2000. Mona Sahlin (later the leader of the Swedish Social Democrat Party), meant that the problem was not rooted in whether men help women at home, but instead in poor organized environments in working places. The debate on his theses continued 2000-2002 in the journal of the Swedish Medical Association Läkartidningen. [48]
  83. Aftonbladet. (“Stress-burnout is an invention”). ”Utbrändhet är ett påhitt”. Stockholm, 14 April 2005. [49]
  84. Svenska Dagbladet. “Professor condemns sick leaves“. “Professor dömer ut sjukskrivningar”. 19 September 2002. [50]
  85. Associated Press (AP). "Chilean in Norway files against Pinochet". Oslo, Norway. 1 November 1998.
  86. NTB/Dagbladet. (“Pinochet accused in Norge”). "Pinochet politianmeldt i Norge", Oslo, 1 Nov 1998. [51]
  87. Svenska Dagbladet. Brännpunkt. (“Pinochet has to be taken to court”). “Pinochet måste ställas inför rätta”. 6 November 1998.
  88. Dagens Nyheter. (“The professors has sailed in dangerous waters”). “Professorn har seglat i farliga farvatten. 23 July 2008. [52]
  89. Ystads Allehanda. (“Prisoners camp to nice hall”). “Fångläger till finsal”. 25 July 2013.
  90. Expressen, 3 January 2018. [53]
  91. Dagens Nyheter. (“Sweden risks to be a first target”) “Sverige riskerar bli förstahandsmål”. 2 September 2015. [54]. Excerpt “Defence Minister Peter Hultqvist has not proven that an increasing “Vi tycker att den neutralitetspolitik som fanns på Olof Palmes tid…är bättre garanti för Sveriges säkerhet. Detta skulle även medföra att Sverige kan återta en aktiv roll för arbetet med fred och för respekt för de mänskliga rättigheterna i världen.
  92. Astengo C, Balla M., Brigati I., et al, (1013) "Da Noli a Capo Verde. Antonio de Noli e l’inizio delle scoperte del Nuovo Mondo." Editor Prof. Alberto Peluffo. Marco Sabatelli Editore. Savona, 2013. ISBN 9788888449821 Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png. [22]
  93. Marcello Ferrada de Noli – "L'Esistenza"

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