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Metropolitan Throne of Malankara See

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First Marthoma[edit]

Soon after the Coonan Cross Oath (Koonan Kurishu Satyam കൂനൻ കുരിശ് സത്യം), in 1653 AD, it became necessary to appoint a bishop as the head of the Malankara Church. They elected the then leader Parambil Thomas Kathanar as their first bishop. For this consecration it is believed that they made a special throne-like chair[citation needed]. On May 22, 1653, twelve kathanars (priests) placed their hands on Thomas Kathanar and elevated him to the office of the first Metropolitan of Malankara. The Malankara Marthoma Syrian Church claims that for this consecration, the chair was used[citation needed]. They also claim that this throne used in 1653 was later used[citation needed] for the consecration of other hierarchs & primates of the Malankara Syrian Church and they all carried the title Mar Thoma.[1]

The usage of the title continued till the end of nineteenth century. In AD 1889 Malankara Syrian Church culminated in a split with the Travancore Royal court verdict . Following the Royal Court verdict of 1889 Reformist faction of the Malankara Syrian Church got separated and started functioning as an independent faction and later became known as Marthoma Syrian Church. The Metran (Reformist) faction got the possession of this chair from the old Syrian Seminary, Kottayam after the eviction of Thomas Mar Athanasius as Malankara Metropolitan with the Travancore Royal Court verdict in 1889.

Malankara Church and its leadership[edit]

Christians of St Thomas and Malankara church has a history of 2000 years. But the history was not properly documented and mostly in oral tradition. However it was widely believed that the Church affairs till the advent of Portuguese was vested in a leader who is duly selected by the community meeting under the guidance of a n metropolitan in a semi-structured manner. The following was titles of leaders of Malankara Church.

  • Moopen. (meaning Elder of Community)
  • Jathikkukarthavyan. (an ecclesiastical name used in consecration of a bishop)
  • Arkadyokon or Archdeacon.
  • Marthoma. (from Marthoma I to Marthoma IX)
  • Marthoma X with Royal proclamation as Malankara Metropolitan.

Malankara Metropolitans enthroned on this throne[edit]

Name Other name Year
Mar Thoma I[citation needed] Parampil Thomas Kathanar 1653–1670
Mar Thoma II[citation needed] -- 1670–1686
Mar Thoma III[citation needed] -- 1686–1688
Mar Thoma IV[citation needed] -- 1688–1728
Mar Thoma V[citation needed] -- 1728–1765
Mar Thoma VI[citation needed] Mar Dionysius I 1765–1808
Mar Thoma VII[citation needed] -- 1808–1809
Mar Thoma VIII[citation needed] -- 1809–1816
Mar Thoma IX[citation needed] -- 1816–1817
Punnathra Mar Dionysius / Mar Dionysious III[citation needed] 1817–1825
Cheppad Mar Dionysius / Mar Dionysious IV[citation needed] 1825–1852
Thomas Mar Athanasius MetropolitanLua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". 1877–1889

The following Metropolitans of the Malankara Syrian Church were not enthroned on this throne while their ordination as Malankara Metropolitan.

  • Pulikkottil Joseph Mar Dionysious I (Mar Dionysious II) (1815–1816) was consecrated at Pazhanji, outside Travancore or Cochin in British Malabar.
  • Mathews Mar Athanasius (1843–1877) was consecrated in Antioch.

When Thomas Mar Athanasius was legally evicted from the Throne of Metropolitan of Malankara, He was allowed to take this chair along with him .Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".

Marthoma Metropolitans enthroned on this throne[edit]

There after the Marthoma Metropolitans of Marthoma Syrian Church were enthroned on this throne.

  • (1893–1910), Titus I Mar Thoma Metropolitan
  • (1910–1944), Titus II Mar Thoma Metropolitan
  • (1944–1947), Abraham Mar Thoma Metropolitan
  • (1947–1976), Juhanon Mar Thoma Metropolitan
  • (1976–1999), Alexander Mar Thoma Metropolitan
  • (1999–2007), Philipose Mar Chrysostem Mar Thoma Metropolitan
  • (2007– ), Joseph Mar Thoma Metropolitan


  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named pvmathew

Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".

For further reading[edit]

  • (Anglican) Missionary Registers (in English) from 1816.
  • Niranam Granthavari (Record of History written during 1770–1830 in Malayalam). Editor Paul Manalil, M.O.C. Publications, Devalokam Aramana, Kottayam. 2002.Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".

See also[edit]

  • Malankara Church
  • Malabar Independent Syrian Church
  • Mar Thoma Church
  • St. Thomas Evangelical Church
  • Oriental Orthodoxy

Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".

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