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Sujud Tilawa

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The Prostration of recitation (Arabic: سجود التلاوة‎, sujud tilawa) is a prostration (sujud) which occurs during the ritual Tilawa of Quran in Salah or outside it.[1][2]

Presentation[edit]

۩ Āyah 58, in Surah Maryam.

Defining the prostration of recitation (tilawa) as a movement of prostration resulting from the reason that it is a duty (wajeeb [ar]) or a mustahabb when the recitation reaches one of the verses of prostration.[3][4]

This Sujud occurs during the Tilawa recitation of the Quran, including Salah prayers in Salah al jama'ah.[5]

Muslim jurists have agreed on the legitimacy of the prostration of recitation, due to the presence of the correct verses and hadiths contained in it, but they differed in the quality of its religious legitimacy whether it was a duty or a delegate.[6][7]

There are fifteen places where Muslims believe, when Muhammad recited a certain verse (ayah), he prostrated to Allah Almighty.[8]

Religious legality[edit]

Shafi'i and Hanbali jurists are of the view that the prostration of recitation is a Confirmed Sunnah [ar] after reciting a verse of the verses of prostration.[9]

And they based their opinion on Āyah: 107 of Surate Al-Isra, in which God (Allah) Almighty says:[10]

قُلْ آمِنُوا بِهِ أَوْ لَا تُؤْمِنُوا ۚ إِنَّ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْعِلْمَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِ إِذَا يُتْلَىٰ عَلَيْهِمْ يَخِرُّونَ لِلْأَذْقَانِ سُجَّدًا

English: Say, ‘Whether you believe in it, or do not believe in it, indeed those who were given knowledge before it when it is recited to them, fall down in prostration on their faces.
(Quran: 17:107)

A prophetic hadith was also narrated from the companion Abu Hurairah, may God Almighty be pleased with him, in which he said:[11]

Arabic hadith English translation

Arabic: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَهِ -صَلَّى اللَهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَمَ-: « إِذَا قَرَأَ ابْنُ آدَمَ السَّجْدَةَ فَسَجَدَ، اِعْتَزَلَ الشَّيْطَانُ يَبْكِي، يَقُولُ: يَا وَيْلِي، أُمِرَ ابْنُ آدَمَ بِالسُّجُودِ فَسَجَدَ فَلَهُ الْجَنَّةُ، وَأُمِرْتُ بِالسُّجُودِ فَأَبَيْتُ فَلِيَ النَّارُ. »

— Hadith

English: The Messenger of God, peace be upon him, said: “If the son of Adam recites the prostration and prostrates himself, Satan retires and cries, saying: O my loss, the son of Adam was commanded to prostrate, and he prostrated, so his reward is paradise; and I was ordered to prostrate, so I refused, and my penalty is the fire.“

— Hadith

Another hadith was also narrated by the companion Abdullah ibn Umar, may God Almighty be pleased with him, in which he said:[12]

Arabic hadith English translation

Arabic: كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَهِ -صَلَّى اللَهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ- يَقْرَأُ عَلَيْنَا السُّورَةَ فِيهَا السَّجْدَةُ، فَيَسْجُدُ، وَنَسْجُدُ.

— Hadith

English: “The Messenger of God, peace be upon him, used to recite to us the surah in which the verse of prostration was written, so he would prostrate while we would prostrate with him.”

— Hadith

Shafi'i and Hanbali jurists do not consider the prostration of recitation as a duty for them, relying on the fact that the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, left it when he recited Surah An-Najm which included a verse of prostration, and he did not prostrate in it.[13]

This was confirmed by the hadith that was narrated by the companion Zayd ibn Thabit, may God Almighty be pleased with him, in which he said:[14]

Arabic hadith English translation

Arabic: روى زيد بن ثابت رضي الله تعالى عنه قال: "قرأت على النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم والنجم فلم يسجد فيها"، وفي رواية: "فلم يسجد منا أحد".

— Hadith

English: “I read Surah An-Najm to the Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace, and he did not prostrate in it, and in another narration: “No one of us would prostrate.”

— Hadith

Conditions[edit]

Muslim in prostration.

The Muslim jurists stated that the prostration of Quran recitation is required the same conditions as for Salah prayer, like ritual purity, ghusl and wudu or tayammum, facing the direction of qibla, covering the intimate parts in Islam, and avoiding najassa and impurity.[15][16]

Few jurists also stated that a Muslim who had lost his two purity, meaning ghusl and wudu, should not prostrate in Quran recitation.[17][18]

If the Maliki jurists had a reputation for saying that it is permissible to prostrate in recitation even if the Muslim lacked a major and minor purity on the basis of the Maliki school of thought, there are some Malikis who chose not to lack that purity, according to two jurisprudential sayings.[19][20]

In order for the prostration of recitation to be valid, the time for prostration must begin, and this happens according to the majority of jurists by reading or hearing all of the verse of the prostration; If the reciter (qari) prostrates before the end of the verse of prostration, if with one letter, he is not permitted to do that.[21][22]

The validity of the prostration of recitation requires that the entire verse of prostration be heard, it is not sufficient for the one who is prostrating to hear only the word of prostration on its own.[23][24]

The listener who wants to prostrate is also required to refrain from corrupting things such as eating, speech and actions that are outside of reverence.[25][26]

Supplication[edit]

Imam Al-Ghazali said that the one who is prostrating in recitation must make supplication (dua) in his prostration in a manner befitting the context and meaning of the verse of prostration he read, and it is also permissible for him to utter tasbih and various dua.[27][28]

Imam Abu Dawood narrated in his book Sunan Abu Dawood a hadith on the authority of the Mother of the Believers, Aisha bint Abi Bakr, may God be pleased with her, in which she said:[29][30][31]

Arabic hadith English translation

Arabic: كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَهِ -صَلَّى اللَهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ- يَقُولُ فِي سُجُودِ الْقُرْآنِ بِاللَّيْلِ: « سَجَدَ وَجْهِي لِلَّذِي خَلَقَهُ، وَشَقَّ سَمْعَهُ وَبَصَرَهُ، بِحَوْلِهِ وَقُوَّتِهِ »

— Hadith

English: The Messenger of God, peace be upon him, used to say in the prostration of the Quran at night: « My face prostrated to the One who created him and models his hearing and sight with his power and strength. »

— Hadith

Fiqh opinions on prostration verses[edit]

Sujud in Salah.

Maliki and Shafi’i jurists (fuqahā) spoke about the number of prostrations in the verses of the Noble Quran.[32]

In Maliki's fiqh, the four verses, from the surahs of Al-Hajj, An-Najm, Al-Inshiqaq and Al-Alaq, do not result in the prostration of recitation from the Qari because the number of prostrations among the Maliki is eleven (11 prostration), of which ten (10 prostrations) are in Ijma.[33]

This is because Imam Malik bin Anas stated that it is not one of the strengths of prostration, so it is not a place for prostration with the Malikis.[34]

And their argument for negating the four prostrations in the Mufassal [ar] is the saying of Malik bin Anas in a narration, and Imam Al-Shafiʽi in saying that the intentions of prostration are eleven prostration, none of which is from the Mufassal.[35]

Ibn 'Abd al-Barr said: "This is the saying of Abdullah ibn Umar, Abdullah Ibn Abbas, Said ibn al-Musayyib, Sa'id ibn Jubayr, Hasan al-Basri, Ikrimah al-Barbari, Mujahid ibn Jabr, Ata ibn Abi Rabah, Tawus ibn Kaysan, Malik ibn Anas, and a group of the people of Medina".[36]

It was reported on the authority of Abu Darda that he said: “I prostrate eleven with the Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace”, in a hadith narrated by Ibn Majah.[37]

And Ibn Abbas narrated: “The Prophet, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him, did not prostrate in any of al-Mufassal since he turned to Medina”, in a hadith narrated by Abu Dawood.[38]

Verses of prostration[edit]

Sujud in Salah.

The Āyates of Sujud Tilawa in the Quran are eleven in the Maliki fiqh, ten of which are defined by the Ijma and applied to Warsh recitation:[39][40]

1. ۩ Āyah 206, in Surah Al-A'raf.

2. ۩ Āyah 15, in Surah Ar-Ra'd.

3. ۩ Āyah 50, in Surah An-Nahl.

4. ۩ Āyah 109, in Surah Al-Isra.

5. ۩ Āyah 58, in Surah Maryam.

6. ۩ Āyah 18, in Surah Al-Hajj.

7. ۩ Āyah 60, in Surah Al-Furqan.

8. ۩ Āyah 26, in Surah An-Naml.

9. ۩ Āyah 15, in Surah As-Sajdah.

10. ۩ Āyah 38, in Surah Fussilat.

11. ۩ Āyah 24, in Surah Ṣād (outside of Ijma).

The four remaining Sajadates to close the number of fifteen are located in the Surates of the Mufassal [ar] going from Surah Qaf to Surah Al-Nas:[41][42]

12. ۩ Āyah 77, in Surah Al-Hajj.

13. ۩ Āyah 62, in Surah An-Najm.

14. ۩ Āyah 21, in Surah Al-Inshiqaq.

15. ۩ Āyah 19, in Surah Al-Alaq.

In most Mus'hafs of the Noble Quran these are indicated by the symbol ۩ , with an over-line on the word/s that invoked the Sujud.[43]

Muslims must prostrate once in order to follow the Sunnah (example) of Muhammad and recite any one or more of the following along with Takbir before and after the Sujud.[44]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]


Other articles of the topic Islam : Fazail-e-Amaal (Ibn Shaheen), Family tree of Omar, Rūḥ, Islamic philosophy, Religion of peace, Masjid-an-Noor, Newfoundland, Al-Baqara
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  • Sujud
  • Sujud Sahwi
  • Sujud Shukr
  • Salah
  • Salah al jama'ah
  • Qira'at
  • Tilawa
  • Warsh recitation
  • Malikism
  • Shafiʽism
  • Āyah
  • Surah
  • List of chapters in the Quran
  • Juz'
  • Rub el Hizb
  • Hizb [ar]
  • Mufassal [ar]
  • Wajeeb [ar]
  • Confirmed Sunnah [ar]
  • Khouchouâa [ar]

References[edit]

  1. Islamkotob. "الموسوعة الفقهية - ج 24 - زلزلة - سرية".
  2. Hussain, Musharraf (10 October 2012). The Five Pillars of Islam: Laying the Foundations of Divine Love and Service to Humanity. ISBN 9781847740540. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  3. "تيسير الوصول إلى جامع الأصول من حديث الرسول (ص) 1-4 ج3". January 2012.
  4. اللباب في شرح الكتاب وهو (شرح مختصر القدوري في الفقه الحنفي). January 2016. ISBN 9782745184962. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  5. جبرين, عبد الله بن. "فتاوي في سجود التلاوة".
  6. حواشي على ملتقى الأبحر في الفقه على المذهب الحنفي 1-3 ج1. January 2018. ISBN 9782745187550. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  7. عيون المجالس في اختصار كتاب عيون الأدلة لان القصار 1-2 في مجلد واحد. January 2020. ISBN 9782745180957. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  8. تعريف الأقران بأحكام سجود القرآن. January 2002. ISBN 9782745135933. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  9. إخلاص الناوي في إرشاد الغاوي إلى مسالك الحاوي 1-3 ج1. January 2004. ISBN 9782745139757. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  10. https://al-quran.info/#17:107
  11. "تأويلات أهل السنة - تفسير الماتريدي 1-10 ج5". January 2005.
  12. https://books.google.dz/books?id=cU0vDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT247#v=onepage&q&f=false
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  14. "جامع المتون العلمية".
  15. السبكي, محمود خطاب (January 2007). "الدين الخالص أو إرشاد الخلق إلى دين الحق 1-4 ج3".
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  18. "الصيام في الاسلام في ضوء الكتاب و السنة".
  19. "الخشوع في الصلاة في ضوء الكتاب والسنة".
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  21. الديباج في توضيح المنهاج 1-2 ج1. January 2009. ISBN 9782745154835. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  22. الإفصاح عن معاني الصحاح في الفقه على المذاهب الأربعة 1-2 ج1. January 1996. ISBN 9782745103567. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  23. https://books.google.dz/books?id=-n2DDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT268#v=onepage&q&f=false
  24. https://books.google.dz/books?id=yAV7DwAAQBAJ&pg=PT54#v=onepage&q&f=false
  25. https://books.google.dz/books?id=cDtqDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT52#v=onepage&q&f=false
  26. https://books.google.dz/books?id=Cyd7DwAAQBAJ&pg=PT294#v=onepage&q&f=false
  27. https://books.google.dz/books?id=MfduDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT189#v=onepage&q&f=false
  28. https://books.google.dz/books?id=q6x7DwAAQBAJ&pg=PT186#v=onepage&q&f=false
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  32. https://books.google.dz/books?id=3RlxDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT199#v=onepage&q&f=false
  33. https://books.google.dz/books?id=Xvt7DwAAQBAJ&pg=PT441#v=onepage&q&f=false
  34. https://books.google.dz/books?id=WRrUDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT158#v=onepage&q&f=false
  35. https://books.google.dz/books?id=4JVLDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT4570#v=onepage&q&f=false
  36. https://books.google.dz/books?id=TphLDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT95#v=onepage&q&f=false
  37. https://books.google.dz/books?id=Y7aoDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT244#v=onepage&q&f=false
  38. https://books.google.dz/books?id=ib9KDwAAQBAJ&pg=PA111#v=onepage&q&f=false
  39. https://books.google.dz/books?id=ib9KDwAAQBAJ&pg=PA110#v=onepage&q&f=false
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Category:Salah Category:Salah terminology Category:Warsh recitation Category:Sujud Category:Typography Category:Gestures of respect Category:Bowing Category:Kneeling


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