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Avenida de Cuba
Avenida de Cuba is an avenue almost entirely in Gamboa/Chã das Areias Praia, Santiago island, Cape Verde, it is one of the major streets of the city. The street is named after Cuba, a Caribbean country who Cape Verde has relations with, its embassy is in Prainha south of the avenue and also it has Cape Verdeans that live or lived in Cuba. Its length is 550 meters long. The western portion is part of the EN2-ST05, the main traffic flow between the south of the island and the city passes the western part, since 2003, the first of two routes connecting the south and the north of the city along with the port, the airport and the highway crosses there.
About the street
The avenue starts at the roundabout intersecting Avenidas de ONU and Dr. Manuel Duarte, from that portion, the boundary with Achada Santo António and Prainha are marked in that area. The eastern portion runs on the west margin of Praia da Gamboa, the sands had enlarged up to as far as 70 meters from the shoreline in the 1950s. Beramar restaurant and Praia Clinica are west of the first roundabout. The Brazilian Embassy is located on the left side along with the Gamboa restaurant and Perola Hotel. A carpark is on the east side and the Freedom bar and grill is located. Two pedestrian crossings are in that section. A rotary intersecting Avenida Combatentes da Liberdade da Patria and Largo Eusêbio da Silva Ferreira is next, the second is entirely a walkway since 2015. On the eastbound lanes is the Shell gas station that serves Gamboa-Chã da Areias and the south of the city. Gimnodesportivo Vava Duarte, an indoor arena is on the north side, the most famous landmark by the avenue in which ADESBA and Académica da Praia's basketball teams play along with volleyball and futsal. Two other pedestrian crossings are located, one near the arena. On the south side is the eight story Banco Comercial do Atlântico's second headquarters built in 2012. It finishes at the circle intersecting avenues named Cidade de Lisboa (after Praia's twinning with that city) and China (Portuguese pronunciation: SHEE-na). A monument known as Homen de Pedra (Man of Stone) is also located in the circle, the westernmost portion is in the neighborhood of Várzea.
The western portion of the street was constructed as early as the mid to late 20th century. The lower portion was a road that first appeared in the 19th century (it formed a part of a road that is now shortened and is called Rua do Mar) that connected the Plateau with its lighthouse, Farol de D. Maria Pia (now Ponta Temerosa)
More buildings began to appear in the 1980s and in 2011, three towers one on the adjacent avenue were completed, another building not located on the avenue was built near the westernmost intersection in 2010.
In the late 20th century, a roundabout was added and the southern part was widened and featured a parking lot. In 2003, Avenida Combatente da Liberdade da Patria opened and added its first roundabout. In 2010, the southern part was repaired and reconstructed, some trees were cut down and new ones were planted in the middle of the avenue, more trees grew on the east part, parking spaces in the middle were removed and put them on the sides.
In the western portion, it offers a view of the Plateau, other parts of the center and the north of the city along with its port and Harbor, it can be seen in the southern portion but not parts of the north but Ilhéu de Santa Maria and parts of Ponta Temerosa.
A couple of transit lines passes through the avenue often or sometimes, they include:
- Ponta d’Água - Plateau - Achada Santo António
- São Filipe – Plateau - Achada Santo António
- São Filipe – Plateau - Achada Santo António - third route crossing via Avenida Cidade de Lisboa
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