Career Education Corporation

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Career Education Corporation
Career Education Corporation Logo
S&P 600 Component
IndustryHigher education and training services
Founded 📆
Founder 👔
Headquarters 🏙️,
Schaumburg, Illinois
United States
Number of locations
United States; fewer than 10 campuses, including online
Area served 🗺️
Key people
Todd Nelson, president and chief executive officer
Revenue🤑 Decrease US$ 704.3 Million (2016)[1]
Operating income
Increase US$ -32.3 Million (2016)[1]
Net income
Decrease US$ -18.7 Million (2016)[1]
Total assetsDecrease US$ 559.6 Million (2016)[1]
Total equityDecrease US$ 321.5 Million (2016)[1]
Number of employees
2,591 (2016)[1]
📇 Address
📞 telephone

Career Education Corporation (CECO) was a for-profit postsecondary higher education provider with campus-based and online programs, headquartered in Schaumburg, Illinois.[2] The company's schools offer associate, bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and certificate programs in career-focused disciplines.

In January 2020, the company changed its name to Perdoceo Education Corporation.[3]


Career Education was founded in 1994 by John M. Larson[4] who served as the company's president, CEO and was a member of the board of directors until 2006. Under his leadership, Career Education grew to include over 24 U.S. campuses.

On July 1, 2003, Career Education Corporation merged with competitor Whitman Education Group, Inc., gaining control over the latter's Sanford-Brown Colleges, Ultrasound Diagnostic Schools (now known as the Sanford-Brown Institute), and Colorado Technical University. They also obtained the former Western School of Health and Business.[5] In the same year, CEC was sued for inflating financial results and issuing misleading statements, thus violating the Securities Exchange Act.

In March 2007, Gary McCullough joined the company[6] and served as CEO until November 2011, when Steven H. Lesnik assumed the role of interim president and CEO. Lesnik was the former chairman of the Illinois State Board of Education.[7]

In 2009, Career Education purchased the right to operate Le Cordon Bleu schools in the United States and Canada.[8]

In April 2013, Scott Steffey—a veteran of Strayer Education Inc. and former vice chancellor of the State University of New York (SUNY) system—was named as Lesnik's permanent replacement.[9]

Until 2015, California Regent Richard Blum (Senator Dianne Feinstein's husband) was a significant shareholder of Career Education stock despite allegations of conflict of interest.[10]

Todd S. Nelson was named CEO of Career Education Corporation in 2015.[11] Nelson was previously the CEO of Apollo Group (parent company of University of Phoenix) and Education Management Corporation (the parent company of the Art Institutes, Argosy University, Brown Mackie College, and South University).[12]

The organization closed most of its 50 campuses in the United States as the corporation downsized to two primarily online brands: American InterContinental University and Colorado Technical University.[13]

In 2016, Career Education Corporation had about 43,000 students. However, approximately 9,400 students came from schools that are shutting down. According to a 2014 US Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions report, 48% of Career Education's programs would have failed or been at risk of failing the US Department of Education's new "gainful employment" standards.[14]

In March 2017, Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos appointed Robert Eitel, a former Career Education vice president, as an advisor.[15]

In March 2019, Career Education Corporation entered into an agreement with Trident University International, an online for-profit college with approximately 4,000 students, for $35 - $44 million, and plans to merge this acquisition into American InterContinental University.[16][17] In September 2019, The Capitol Forum reported that CECO schools "enjoyed an uptick in growth but have declined in quality metrics—spending on instruction, number of dropouts and bad debt all worsened, sometimes dramatically so." [18]

In March 2020, The Capitol Forum reported that the US Department of Education allowed Perdoceo and its subsidiary AIU to defer $39 million in Title IV money to avoid violating the 90/10 rule.[19]


In the 2011 fiscal year, over 95% of Career Education Corporation's funds came from enrolling students whose tuition was paid for by programs sponsored by the US federal government, with about $67 million annually coming from the US Department of Defense and Veterans Administration.[20] This amount was in excess of the federal 90-10 rule that states for-profit colleges can get no more than 90% of their revenue from federal funds, or they risk losing the privilege of accessing federal funding.[21]

Perdoceo schools[edit]

  • American InterContinental University (AIU)
  • Colorado Technical University (CTU)
  • Trident University International (acquired by Career Education Corporation in 2019)
  • Briarcliffe College (closed 2018)
  • Harrington College of Design (closed 2018)[22]
  • Le Cordon Bleu (closed 2017)[23]
  • Missouri College (sold in 2015, closed in 2016)
  • Sanford-Brown Colleges and Institutes (closed 2017)
  • Brooks Institute (sold in 2015, closed in 2016)
  • Gibbs College School (closed 2008)
  • Collins College Art and Technical colleges (closed December 2012)

Lawsuits, investigations, and controversies[edit]

Career Education was investigated by the United States Securities and Exchange Commission[24] for issues of non-compliance in 2005. On February 15, 2005, the company announced an adjustment related to an increase in the estimate for its allowance for doubtful accounts and a restatement for a change in revenue recognition method for its culinary and healthcare externships.[25] In January 2008, CEC reported that the SEC has closed its investigation and will take no action against the company.[26][27][28] A Department of Justice investigation began in 1994[29] and was terminated in April 2007, with the DOJ declining prosecution.

In June 2005, the U.S. Department of Education prohibited CECO from expanding until it had resolved issues with financial statements and program reviews connected with its Collins College and Brooks College.[30] In January 2007, the U.S. Department of Education lifted its restrictions on the company opening new schools or acquiring existing ones.[31]

Career Education's American InterContinental University was placed on probation in December 2005 with its accrediting agency, SACS.[32] The probation status was reviewed after one year, in December 2006, and extended an additional 12 months.[33] On December 11, 2007, CEC announced that SACS has removed AIU's probation and that the university's accreditation remains in good standing.[34]

Brooks College, a Career Education owned school, was the subject of an unfavorable examination of for-profit trade schools in the CBS news magazine 60 Minutes which focused on alleged misrepresentations by admission representatives to prospective students. A CBS producer with a hidden camera visited several Career Education schools in the New York area, including the Katharine Gibbs School.[35]

In January 2007, the New York State Education Department reported deficiencies at the Katharine Gibbs School's New York campus. The problems related to faculty qualifications and remedial course offerings. Career Education has since closed Katharine Gibbs School's New York campus.[36] In June of the same year, Career Education announced its plan to close both campuses of Brooks College.[37]

California Culinary Academy, which was purchased by Career Education in 1999, was the subject of an unfavorable article in the San Francisco Weekly focusing on alleged misrepresentations and omissions made to prospective students to enroll them in the school.[38] According to the Chronicle of Higher Education, a lawsuit was filed over the matter,[39] which resulted in Career Education Corp. paying $10 million in settlement fees.

On November 1, 2011 Career Education's chief executive officer resigned as corporate profits significantly fell and allegations were made involving inflated student placement statistics at its career-oriented schools in New York.[40][41] Over the year the stock value dropped about 48%.[42] Steve Lesnik was appointed by the Board of Directors to serve as the new CEO. Lesnik was a visiting lecturer at Northwestern University and a director of the Illinois Math & Science Academy Foundation.[43] Several lawsuits were filed by investors who claimed they were defrauded. CEO Gary McCullough was paid nearly $9.8 million in 2011.[44]

In 2013, Career Education Corporation paid $10.25 million to settle the state of New York's claim that the company systematically deceived students by advertising bogus job placement rates.[45]

In 2014, Career Education Corporation was under investigation by more than a dozen states Attorneys General, although no charges have been filed by them. The company said it was cooperating fully with the request for information.[46] The New York Times also reported that if the Obama administration's "gainful employment" proposals were to go into effect, 39% of Career Education's programs would fail student loan debt-to-earnings measurements, making them ineligible for federal funds.[47]

In 2015, the US Department of Education reported that Career Education Corporation schools were under heightened cash monitoring because of concerns about their finances or compliance with federal requirements.[48]

In 2016, The Securities and Exchange Commission requested documents information regarding Career Education's fourth quarter 2014 classification of its Le Cordon Bleu campuses.[49] The New Jersey Supreme Court also ruled that Sanford-Brown students could sue Career Education Corporation despite an arbitration clause in their contracts. The students claimed that they were misled and deceived.[50]

In 2019, Career Education Corp. agreed to forgive $493 million in student debt in a settlement with attorneys general from 48 states and the District of Columbia, closing out a 5-year investigation. The company denied wrongdoing.[51]

In June of 2020, an internal employee whistleblower exposed the potentially unethical interference in their job by Diane Auer Jones, currently principal deputy undersecretary at the Education Department. Jones was “vice president of regulatory and external affairs for Career Education Corporation, where she was responsible for companywide regulatory operations, licensure and accreditation, government affairs, among others things, and oversaw the organization's political action committee.”[52]


In June 2007 Career Education announced that it would close the Brooks College campuses in Sunnyvale and Long Beach, California, and the Pittsburgh branch of the International Academy of Design and Technology. No new enrollments would be accepted, and the final graduation dates would be September 2008 at the Sunnyvale campus, December 2008 in Pittsburgh, and March 2009 in Long Beach.[53]

On February 2008 Career Education Corporation announced that it would phase out operations of nine money-losing colleges, including several Gibbs College campuses, Lehigh Valley College, and McIntosh College in New Hampshire and to seek permission to convert two Gibbs college locations to Sanford-Brown College campuses.[37]

On February 18, 2008 CECO's American InterContinental University announced plans to gradually close down its Los Angeles campus. Current students would have the opportunity to complete their programs, but no new students would be enrolled. Dr. George Miller, CEO of American InterContinental University, said "the impact of a two-year probation, coupled with the current market for AIU's programs in Los Angeles, is such that the student population at the campus has decreased significantly, and likely will not reach the sustainable level necessary to support the addition of new programs and necessary resources."[54]

In January 2011, the company announced it would be laying off 600 people.[55] Due to continued declining enrollment, additional plans to lay off as much as 7% of CEC's workforce (900 jobs) and close 23 schools were announced on November 8, 2012.[56] The corporation made the announcement as it reported a $33.1 million net loss for the third quarter of 2012, as well a 23 percent decline in enrollment from a year ago. The Chicago Sun Times explained that "a U.S. Senate committee report last summer criticized for-profit schools for focusing on their own profits above their students’ job-readiness and for burdening students with loan debt at taxpayers’ expense. The scrutiny has hurt for-profit college enrollment."[57] 25% of the current faculty at the California Culinary Academy were notified of their termination in mid November, effective December 31, 2012.

Year over year, student enrollment dropped 16% from 2012 to 2013.[58]

In 2015, Harrington College of Design in Chicago announced a planned closure. Purchased by Career Education Corporation in 1999, the school experienced declining enrollment and closed permanently in August 2018.[59] On May 7, 2015 CECO announced the closure of its 14 remaining Sanford-Brown Colleges. Teach-outs of the remaining students were expected to take at least 18 months, depending on their programs.[60] On December 16, 2015 CECO announced that it would close all 16 Le Cordon Bleu campuses in the United States.[61] CECO had previously placed the brand up for sale.[62]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 "CECO Income Statement - Career Education Corporation Stock - Yahoo Finance". Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  2. "Legal Terms and Conditions." (Archive) Career Education Corporation. Retrieved on May 8, 2012. "Career Education Corporation, 2895 Greenspoint Parkway, Suite 600 Hoffman Estates, IL 60196"
  3. "Career Education Corporation Becomes Perdoceo Education Corporation". Businesswire. Business Wire. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  4. "Some Things You Just Can't Teach" (PDF). The New York Times. 2005-05-15.
  5. "Mr. John M. Larson, Executive Chairman". 2012-09-14.
  6. "Career Education CEO Gary McCullough resigns". 2011-11-01.
  7. "Career Education chief resigns". 2011-11-02.
  8. "Career Education Corporation Announces Purchase of Le Cordon Bleu Brand Rights for Culinary Education Programs". 2009-08-05.
  9. "Subscription Center". 2013-04-08. Retrieved 2015-02-18.
  10. "Billion Dollar Baby: The University of California invests $53 million in two diploma mills owned by a regent. Category: Page One from". The Berkeley Daily Planet. Retrieved 2015-02-18.
  11. "Career Education Names Experienced Education Industry Executive Todd Nelson as President & CEO | Business Wire". Retrieved on 15 January 2017.
  12. Attorney, David Halperin; advocate, ;, writer at (1 November 2012). "Controversial For-Profit College Industry Using Your Tax Dollars to Support Romney Victory". Retrieved on 15 January 2017.
  13. "Career Education Corporation Reports Results for First Quarter 2016" Archived 2017-01-18 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 15 January 2017.
  14. United States Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions (HELP). For-Profit Education: The Failure to Safeguard the Federal Investment and Ensure Student Success (July 30, 2012). Summary. (PDF document)
  15. Cohen, Patricia (17 March 2017). "Betsy DeVos's Hiring of For-Profit College Official Raises Impartiality Issues". The New York Times. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  16. "Career Education Corporation SEC Form 8-K". 2019-03-08. Retrieved 2020-02-03.
  17. Lederman, Doug (14 March 2019). "Career Education Corp. Buys Online University". Inside Higher Ed. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  18. "Career Education Corporation: As CEO, Todd Nelson Brings Growth in Enrollments and Drop in Quality Metrics; Closer Look at FTC Settlement" (PDF). The Capitol Forum. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
  19. "In March 2020, Capitol Forum reported that the US Department of Education allowed AIU to defer $39 million in Title IV money to avoid violating the 90/10 rule". The Capitol Forum. The Capitol Forum. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  20. "133 for-profit colleges get more than 90 percent of their revenue from taxpayers". Retrieved on 15 January 2017.
  21. Kelchen, Robert (11 January 2017). "How much do for-profit colleges rely on federal funds?". Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  22. "Harrington College of Design to close". Retrieved on 15 January 2017.
  23. "Career Ed Closing Down Le Cordon Bleu Operations | Inside Higher Ed". Retrieved on 15 January 2017.
  24. "Subscription Center". Retrieved 2015-02-18.
  25. "Career Education Corporation Reports Results for 2004 Fourth Quarter and Year-End". 2005-02-15. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
  26. "Career Education says SEC ends investigation without action". Reuters. 2008-01-23. Retrieved 2015-02-18.
  27. "Securities and Exchange Commission Ends Probe of Career Education Corp. - Graduate Students - The Chronicle of Higher Education". The Chronicle of Higher Education. 2008-01-23. Retrieved 2015-02-18.
  28. "Career Education Corp. FORM 10-Q". United States Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved August 28, 2019.
  29. "Company News - Justice Department Is Investigating Career Education - Nytimes.Com". New York Times. 2004-09-03. Retrieved 2015-02-18.
  30. "Career Education Corp - '8-K' for 5/23/06". SEC Info. Retrieved 2015-02-18.
  31. "Career Education announces the U.S. Department of Education lifts growth restrictions". Reuters. 2007-01-22. Retrieved 2015-02-18.
  32. [1] Archived December 26, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  33. [2] Archived August 8, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  34. "American InterContinental University Announces Positive Result in Accreditation Review". 2007-12-11. Retrieved 2015-02-18.
  35. Rebecca Leung (2005-01-31). "For-Profit College: Costly Lesson". CBS News. Retrieved 2015-02-18.
  36. "Doors are closing at Katharine Gibbs". New York: 2008-02-15.
  37. 37.0 37.1 "Career Education Corp. Will Close 3 Colleges It Has Tried to Sell - News - The Chronicle of Higher Education". The Chronicle of Higher Education. 2007-06-29. Retrieved 2015-02-18.
  38. [3] Archived September 11, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  39. "Career Education Corp. to Pay $10-Million in Settlement With N.Y. State Over Job Data". Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved August 28, 2019.
  40. "Attorney General of the State of New York v Career Education Corporation" (PDF). Retrieved 18 February 2015.
  41. "Career Education Corp. Reaches $10 Million Settlement In Investigation Of Bogus Job Placements". 2013-08-19. Retrieved 2015-02-18.
  42. "CECO Historical Prices". 2012-09-25.
  43. "Career Education Corporation Appoints Steven H. Lesnik to Board of Directors". 2006-02-16.
  44. "Career Education: Ex-CEO took home $9.8 million in 2011 - Chicago Tribune". 2012-04-02. Retrieved 2015-02-18.
  45. Kirkham, Chris (19 August 2013). "For-Profit Colleges Pay Eye-Popping Settlement In Probe Of Bogus Job Placements". Retrieved on 15 January 2017.
  46. "Senator Durbin Takes For-Profit Fight to Illinois Classrooms". 2014-04-29. Archived from the original on 2015-03-03. Retrieved 2015-02-18. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  47. Carey, Kevin (2014-07-02). "Corinthian Colleges Is Closing. Its Students May Be Better Off as a Result". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
  48. "Education Department names most of the colleges facing heightened scrutiny from federal officials". Retrieved on 15 January 2017.
  49. "Career Education Corporation 8-K Jun 23 2016". Retrieved on 15 January 2017.
  50. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-10-13. Retrieved 2016-06-16. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  52. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  53. [4] Archived April 16, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  54. "American InterContinental University Announces Plan to Teach-Out Programs at Los Angeles Campus". Career Education Corporation. Atlanta, Georgia: Press Release. February 19, 2008.
  55. "Career Ed to cut 600 jobs in latest cost reduction | Chicago Breaking Business". Retrieved 2015-02-18.
  56. "Career Ed to cut 900 jobs, close 23 campuses - Chicago Business Journal". 2012-11-09. Retrieved 2015-02-18.
  57. "Chicago | Chicago : News : Politics : Things To Do : Sports". Retrieved 2015-02-18.
  58. Archived from the original on February 27, 2014. Retrieved February 27, 2014. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  59. Sweeney, Brigid (1 April 2015). "Harrington College of Design to close". Crain’s Chicago Business. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  60. Career Education Corporation Announces Strategy to Focus Resources on Its University Group
  61. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-12-19. Retrieved 2015-12-18. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) |Retrieved December 17, 2015
  62. "Career Education Announces Intent to Divest Le Cordon Bleu Colleges of Culinary Arts". Retrieved 18 February 2015.

Further reading[edit]

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  • Abkowitz, Alyssa (July 11, 2007). "The Student Trap". Creative Loafing Atlanta. Archived from the original on August 19, 2009. Retrieved October 30, 2012. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  • Morgenson, Gretchen (July 24, 2005). "The School That Skipped Ethics Class". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 2, 2012. Retrieved October 30, 2012. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)

External links[edit]