Cold War II

From EverybodyWiki Bios & Wiki
Cold War II
Part of Arab–Iranian conflict, Iran–Israel proxy conflict, Middle Eastern Cold War, Arab Spring, and more
Iran–Saudi Arabia proxy conflict.png
     Iran     Saudi Arabia     Major proxy conflict locations
Date2003 – ongoing[47][48]
Status Ongoing
  • Qatif conflict (2017–19 Qatif unrest)
  • Saudi-led intervention in Bahrain
  • Suppression of Bahraini opposition demonstrators from 2011 until 2012, with GCC and Saudi support[50]
  • Shia insurgency in Bahrain
  • Iranian involvement in the Syrian Civil War
  • Saudi involvement in the Syrian Civil War
  • Saudi-led intervention in Yemen
  • Saudi–Yemeni border conflict
  • Iranian intervention in Iraq[51]
  • Qatar diplomatic crisis[52]
  • 2011 alleged Iran assassination plot
  • Saudi-led formation of the Islamic Military Alliance (which excludes Iran, Iraq and Syria) in 2015
  • Execution of Nimr al-Nimr and 47 others by Saudi Arabia in 2016
  • Attack on Saudi Arabian embassy in Tehran and the consulate in Mashhad
  • Bahrain and Saudi Arabia sever diplomatic relations with Iran in January 2016[53][54]
  • 2017 Lebanon–Saudi Arabia dispute – Saudi Arabia suspend military aid to Lebanon over alleged Iranian influence and the country's refusal to condemn the attack on Saudi embassy[55]
  • Ahvaz military parade attack
  • 2019 Abqaiq–Khurais attack
  • 2019–2020 Persian Gulf crisis
Main Belligerents


Support:  Iraq
 Ba'athist Iraq

 North Korea
 Libya (until 2011)
 Venezuela (since 2005)
 Bolivia (since 2006)
 Turkmenistan (limited)

 United States
 United Kingdom
 Saudi Arabia

Support  NATO
 Ba'athist Iraq(only against Iran)
 United Arab Emirates
 Iraqi Kurdistan

2020 Nagorno-Karabakh War (2020)

Republic of Artsakh Artsakh Republic

 Iran[7]  Russia[8]  FranceCite error: Closing </ref> missing for <ref> tag

Azerbaijan Azerbaijan
Syrian opposition Free Syrian Army[23]

 Northern Cyprus
 Saudi Arabia

Syrian Civil War (2011–present)


Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria People's Protection Units[6]
Syriac Military Council[25]

 North Korea[29]

 Syrian opposition

Free Syrian Army
Army of Conquest (2015–17)[30][31]

 Libya (2012–14)
 United States

Yemeni Civil War (2014–present)

Yemen Supreme Political Council
Ahrar al-Najran(allegedly)


 North Korea[33][34]

Yemen Cabinet of Yemen
Southern Transitional Council

(until 5 June 2017)
 United States[38][39]
ShababFlag.svg Al-Qaeda[40][41][42]

 United States[46]

Commanders and leaders

Ali Khamenei
(Supreme Leader of Iran)
Hassan Rouhani
(President of Iran)
Esmail Ghaani
(Quds Force commander)
Vladimir Putin
(President of Russia)
Nikol Pashinyan (Prime Minister of Armenia)
Arayik Harutyunyan (President of Artsakh)
Bashar al-Assad
(President of Syria)
Hassan Nasrallah
(Secretary-General of Hezbollah)
Xi Jinping
(President of the People's Republic of China)
Kim Jong-un
(Supreme Leader of North Korea)
Western Sahara Brahim Ghali
(President of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic)
File:Badr Organisation Military flag.svg Hadi Al-Amiri
(Leader of the Badr Organization)
Abdul-Malik Badreddin al-Houthi
(Leader of Ansar Allah)
File:Asa'ib Ahl Al-Haq flag.png Qais al-Khazali
(Secretary-General of Asa'ib Ahl al-Haq)[56]
Akram al-Kaabi
(Secretary-General of Harakat Hezbollah al-Nujaba)[57]
Iraq Nouri al-Maliki (Secretary-General of Islamic Dawa Party)[58]
Mohammad Ali Jafari (2007–19)
(Commander of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps)[59][60][61]
Qassim al-Muamen (Leader of Al-Ashtar Brigades)[62]

Abu Ala al-Walai (Secretary-General of Kata'ib Sayyid al-Shuhada)[63]
King Salman
(King of Saudi Arabia)
Mohammad bin Salman
(Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia and Minister of Defense)
Abdulaziz bin Saud
(Minister of Interior)[64]
Thamer al-Sabhan
(Minister of Gulf Affairs)[65]
Obeid Fadel Al-Shammari
(Commander of Saudi Arabia Force in Yemen)[66]
Fahd bin Turki bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
(Commander of the Joint Forces)[67]
Joe Biden
(President of the United States)
Ilham Aliyev
(President of Azerbaijan)
Hassan bin Hamza al-Shehri
(Commander of the PSF)[68]
Maryam Rajavi
(Leader of the People's Mojahedin of Iran and "President-Elect" of Iran)
Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan
(President of the United Arab Emirates)
Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan (Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi)
Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi
(President of Yemen)
King Hamad
(King of Bahrain)
Recep Tayyip Erdogan
(President of Turkey)
Units involved
  • Hezbollah
  • Syrian Armed Forces
  • Iranian Armed Forces
  • Armenia Armed Forces of Armenia
  • Republic of Artsakh Artsakh Defence Army
  • Republican Guard
  • Russian Armed Forces
  • Houthi fighters
  • Yemen Armed Forces (pro-Saleh)
  • Popular Mobilization Forces
  • Armed Forces of Saudi Arabia
  • United States Armed Forces
  • Armed forces of Azerbaijan
  • Peninsula Shield Force
  • Bahrain Defence Force
  • Free Syrian Army
  • Yemen Armed Forces (pro-Hadi)
    1. Russia and China team against GNA
    2. Daoud, David (March 2015). "Meet the Proxies: How Iran Spreads Its Empire through Terrorist Militias". The Tower Magazine (24). Retrieved 18 August 2016.
    3. Hashim, Ahmed Salah (29 January 2016), "Saudi-Iranian Rivalry and Conflict: Shia Province as Casus Belli?" (PDF), RSIS Commentary, S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (22), retrieved 18 August 2016
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    10. Gaddafi Rebels clash with Tunisian Army
    11. Algeria violates UN Resolution for sending weapons to Gaddafi
    12. Goulka, Jeremiah; Hansell, Lydia; Wilke, Elizabeth; Larson, Judith (2009). The Mujahedin-e Khalq in Iraq: a policy conundrum (PDF). RAND Corporation. ISBN 978-0-8330-4701-4. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 February 2016. Retrieved 8 October 2016. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) Search this book on Logo.png
    13. Mousavian, Seyed Hossein (21 July 2016). "From Iran to Nice, We Must Confront All Terrorism to End Terrorism". Huffington Post. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
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    22. U.S. Department of State official statment on Peru-U.S.A relations
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    25. {{cite web|url=
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