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Government of Bangladesh

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Bangladesh

The Cabinet of Bangladesh (Bengali: বাংলাদেশের মন্ত্রিসভাBānglādēśēr Mantri'sabhā) or Council of Ministers (Bengali: বাংলাদেশের মন্ত্রিপরিষদBānglādēśēr Mantri'pariṣad) is the chief executive body of the People's Republic of Bangladesh. The Cabinet is the collective decision-making body of the entire government under the Office of the Prime Minister, composed of the Prime Minister and some 25 Cabinet Ministers, 7 Advisers, 18 State Ministers and 3 Deputy Ministers.[1][2][3]

Responsibility[edit]

Ministers of the government, according to the Constitution of Bangladesh, are selected primarily from the elected members of House of Nation, also known as Jatiya Sangsad. Cabinet Ministers are heads of government departments, mostly with the office of the "Minister of [department, e.g. Defence]". The collective co-ordinating function of the Cabinet is reinforced by the statutory position that all the Ministers jointly hold the same office, and can exercise the same powers.

The Cabinet is the ultimate decision-making body of the executive within the parliamentary system of government in traditional constitutional theory of Bangladesh. This interpretation was originally put across in the work of the Bangladesh constitution in 1972. The political and decision-making authority of the cabinet has been gradually increased over the last few decades, with some claiming its role has been usurped by "Prime Ministerial" (i.e. more "presidential") government.

The Cabinet is the executive committee of The Prime Minister's Office, a historic body which has legislative, judicial and executive functions, and whose large membership does include member(s) of the Opposition or Coalition. Its decisions are generally implemented either under the existing powers of individual government departments, or by the Cabinet Secretary, the most senior civil servant in Bangladesh.

Council of Ministers[edit]

The most influential part of the executive of the Bangladesh government are the ministries.[5] A ministry headed by a Minister or State minister (Independent Charges) shall be responsible for conducting the business of his Ministry/Division in the Parliament unless otherwise directed by the Prime Minister's Office. The Secretary is the administrative head of a ministry or division; and is assisted by an Additional Secretary, Joint Secretary, Deputy Secretary, Senior Assistant Secretary and Assistant Secretary. A few ministries consist of more than one division.

There are four categories of ministers, in descending order of rank:

  • Minister: member of cabinet; leads a ministry
  • State Minister (Independent Charges): junior minister not reporting to a cabinet minister; leads a ministry
  • State Minister: junior minister reporting to a cabinet minister, usually tasked with a specific responsibility in that ministry
  • Deputy Minister: most junior minister reporting to a cabinet minister or Minister of State (Independent Charges)
Political party
Government Seal of Bangladesh.svg
Government Seal of Bangladesh
Minister Secretariat and Executive offices Advisers, State Minister and Deputy Minister
Sheikh Hasina Wazed Prime Minister
Cabinet Division
Ministry of Public Administration
Ministry of Defence
Armed Forces Division
Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources
Advisers (Accorded status of a Minister):[6]
Hossain Toufique Imam (Political Affairs)
Dr. Mashiur Rahman (Economic Affairs)
Dr. Gowher Rizvi (International Affairs)
Dr. Tawfiq-e-Elahi Chowdhury (Power, Energy and Mineral Resources)
Maj. Gen. (Rtd) Tarique Ahmed Siddique (Security Affairs)
Salman F Rahman (private industry and investment)[7]
Sajeeb Wazed (Information and Communication Technology)[8]

State minister:
Nasrul Hamid (Power, Energy and Mineral Resources)
Farhad Hossain (Public Administration)

A H M Mustafa Kamal Ministry of Finance
Nurul Majid Mahmud Humayun Ministry of Industries State minister: Kamal Ahmed Majumder
Tipu Munshi Ministry of Commerce
Abdur Razzaque Ministry of Agriculture
Asaduzzaman Khan Ministry of Home Affairs
Zahid Maleque Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
Md. Tajul Islam Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Co-operatives State minister: Swapan Bhattacharjee
align=center style="background-color:Template:Technocrat minister/meta/color" | Yeafesh Osman Ministry of Science and Technology
Rezaul Karim Hira Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock
Mozammel Haque Ministry of Liberation War Affairs
Golam Dastagir Gazi Ministry of Textiles and Jute
Obaidul Quader Ministry of Road Transport and Bridges
Muhammad Hasan Mahmud Ministry of Information State minister: Murad Hasan
Md. Shahab Uddin Ministry of Environment and Forest Deputy minister: Habibun Nahar
Dipu Moni Ministry of Education Deputy minister: Mohibul Hasan Chowdhury
Anisul Huq Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs
AK Abdul Momen Ministry of Foreign Affairs State minister: Shahriar Alam
Md. Nurul Islam Sujon Ministry of Railways
MA Mannan Ministry of Planning
align=center style="background-color:Template:Technocrat minister/meta/color" | Mustafa Jabbar Posts and Telecommunications Division
Saifuzzaman Chowdhury Ministry of Land
Sadhan Chandra Majumder Ministry of Food
Nuruzzaman Ahmed Ministry of Social Welfare State minister: Ashraf Ali Khan Khasru
Bir bahadur Ushwe Sing Ministry of Chittagong Hill Tracts Affairs
Imran Ahmad Ministry of Expatriates' Welfare and Overseas Employment
(State Minister in charge) Ministry of Water Resources State minister: Zahid Faruk
Deputy minister: AKM Enamul Haque Shamim
(State Minister in charge) Ministry of Housing and Public Works State minister: Sharif Ahmed
(State Minister in charge) Ministry of Civil Aviation and Tourism State minister: Md. Mahbub Ali
align=center style="background-color:Template:Technocrat minister/meta/color" | (State Minister in charge) Ministry of Religious Affairs State minister: Vacant
(State Minister in charge) Ministry of Women and Children Affairs State minister: Fazilatun Nessa Indira
(State Minister in charge) Information and Communication Technology Division State minister: Zunaid Ahmed Palak
(State Minister in charge) Ministry of Labour and Employment State minister: Monnujan Sufian
(State Minister in charge) Ministry of Youth and Sports State minister: Zahid Ahsan Russell
(State Minister in charge) Ministry of Cultural Affairs State minister: K. M. Khalid
(State Minister in charge) Ministry of Primary and Mass Education State minister: Md Zakir Hossain
(State Minister in charge) Ministry of Shipping State minister: Khalid Mahmud Chowdhury
(State Minister in charge) Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief State minister: Md. Enamur Rahman

List of cabinets[edit]

No. Cabinet Formation date Election Governing party Governing system
1 Mujib I 17 April 1971 None Bangladesh Awami League Provisional
2 Mujib II 12 January 1972 1970 Bangladesh Awami League Provisional
3 Mujib III 16 March 1973 1973 Bangladesh Awami League Parliamentary
4 Mujib IV 25 January 1975 None Bangladesh Krishak Sramik Awami League Presidential
5 Mostaq 15 August 1975 None none Military
6 Sayem 6 November 1975 None none Military
7 Zia 21 April 1977 none none Military junta
8 Sattar 30 May 1981 1981 Bangladesh Nationalist Party Presidential
9 Ershad 24 March 1982 none none Military junta
10 Shahabuddin 6 December 1990 None Impartial Interim
11 Khaleda I 20 March 1991 1991 & Feb 1996 Bangladesh Nationalist Party Parliamentary
12 Habibur 30 March 1996 None Impartial Caretaker
13 Hasina I 23 June 1996 Jun 1996 Bangladesh Awami League Parliamentary
14 Latif 15 July 2001 None Impartial Caretaker
15 Khaleda II 10 October 2001 2001 Bangladesh Nationalist Party Parliamentary
16 Iajuddin 29 October 2006 None Impartial Caretaker
17 Fakhruddin 11 January 2007 None Impartial Caretaker
18 Hasina II 6 January 2009 2008 Bangladesh Awami League Parliamentary
19 Hasina III 24 January 2014 2014 Bangladesh Awami League Parliamentary
20 Hasina IV 7 January 2019 2018 Bangladesh Awami League Parliamentary

References[edit]

  1. "Hon'ble Ministers". Retrieved 27 April 2015.
  2. "Cabinet". Retrieved 27 April 2015.
  3. https://www.thedailystar.net/country/news/technocrat-ministers-asked-step-down-1656934
  4. "Chapter 3: Chapter:3 The Federal Government". Retrieved 15 February 2018.
  5. http://www.bangladesh.gov.bd/index.php?option=com_weblinks&task=ministry&Itemid=152
  6. http://www.cabinet.gov.bd/site/page/b31ecc34-a004-4528-b787-5b8381741a8c/Hon'ble-Advisers-
  7. https://www.thedailystar.net/politics/salman-fazlur-rahman-appointed-prime-minister-adviser-1687954
  8. https://www.thedailystar.net/politics/sajeeb-wazed-joy-reappointed-it-adviser-prime-minister-sheikh-hasina-1687942

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