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Khoon Ka Khoon

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Khoon Ka Khoon
Khoon Ka Khoon.jpg
Directed bySohrab Modi
Produced byStage Film Company
Written byMehdi Hassan Ahsan
StarringSohrab Modi
Naseem Banu
Shamshadbai
Ghulam Hussain
Music byKanhaiya Pawar
Production
company
Minerva Movietone, Stage Film Company, Bombay
Release date
1935
Running time
122 min
CountryIndia
LanguageHindi

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Khoon Ka Khoon (

  1. REDIRECT Template:Translation sidebar) also called Hamlet is the first Hindi/Urdu 1935 sound film adaptation of the Shakespearen play Hamlet.[1] Directed by Sohrab Modi under his Stage Film Company banner, it is cited as one of the earliest talkie versions of this play.[2] Credited as "the man who brought Shakespeare to the Indian screen", it was Modi's debut feature film as a director.[3][4] The story and script were by Mehdi Hassan Ahsan from his Urdu adaptation of Shakespeare's "Hamlet". Starring Sohrab Modi, Khoon Ka Khoon was also the debut in films of Naseem Banu who played Ophelia.[5] The other star cast included Shamshadbai, Ghulam Hussain, Obali Mai, Fazal Karim and Eruch Tarapore.[6]

Khoon Ka Khoon was a "filmed version of a stage performance of the play" with Sohrab Modi as Hamlet and Naseem Banu as Ophelia.[7] The film has been cited by National Film Archive of India founder P K. Nair, as one of "21 most wanted missing Indian cinema treasures".[8]

Plot[edit]

The film stays close to the play, with Hamlet's dead father wanting Hamlet to punish the people responsible for his death. Hamlet, unwilling to believe his mother's involvement is in a quandary and pretends to be insane. He has a play staged denouncing his mother and uncle. Gertrude drinks the poison intended for Hamlet, Hamlet kills his step-father and succumbs to the wounds received.

Cast[edit]

  • Sohrab Modi as Hamlet
  • Naseem Banu as Ophelia
  • Shamshadbai as Gertrude
  • Ghulam Hussain
  • Obali Mai
  • Fazal Karim
  • Eruch Tarapore
  • Ghulam Mohiyuddin
  • Shamshad
  • Rampiary
  • Gauhar
  • B. Pawar

Production[edit]

As reported by Peter Morris, Khoon Ka Khoon was a "recording of a stage production",[9] Modi filmed it using two cameras as the play was being staged.[10] The play was a mix of Elizabethan costumes for the main leads, with a mixture of Western stage and Indian costumes for other characters in the play. Modi decided to film the play shot by shot as in the staging of the play.[11] Mehdi Ahsan, a known writer of the Parsi theatre had earlier adapted the play for the silent film Khoon-e-Nahak (1928), before staging it for Modi. He apparently stated that he had to alter the Shakesperean plays to suit the Indian audience's "way of thinking".[11][12]

Director Modi asked Shamshadbai, Naseem Banu's mother, to play to play the role of Gertrude (Hamlet's mother), in order to take the pressure off the young Naseem during shooting.[13]

Box office and reception[edit]

Khoon Ka Khoon, which was the first sound version of a Shakespeare play was not a success at the box office.[14] However, Modi's film was appreciated mainly for the Urdu dialogues, the "quality of the play" and his acting. Modi's acting was noted as a performance dominating the film.[3]

Soundtrack[edit]

The music was provided by Kanhaiya Parwar with lyrics by Mehndi Hassan Ahmed.[15]

Song list[edit]

# Title
1 "Aaja Tora Saiyan Mandarwa Mein Aayo"
2 "Baise Betaabiye Dil Hai"
3 "Tore Mann Ki Kachhu Na Puri Ho Aas"
4 "Mohana Pyari Sanam Se Milao"
5 "Sakhi Kaise Yeh Dukh Sah Jaaye"
6 "Mohe Naare Jeeshan Tu Bana Bana Ae"
7 "Hain Yeh Sab Saamne Raahat Neend Aane Ke Liye"
8 "Kaahe Chhod Pyar Dilbar AAhe More Yaar"
9 "Maano Maano Ri Pyaari Batiyan"
10 "Ja Ja Mujhi Dekhi Teri Dilari Ki Shaan"
11 "Dar Gulistan Gulrakhan Naazani Neera"
12 "Gul Aur Sambul Soman Nargis Gulshan Mein"
13 "Dar Dar Dilbar Dekhti Dukh Dariya Doobi Naari"
14 "Darwaja Pe Maara Nisaan"
15 "Darkhansha Nazmein Muqaddar Aasman Mein"
16 "Daawar Daadar Kaadir Sataar Daatar Lakh Baar"

References[edit]

  1. "Khoon Ka Khoon The Great Indian Film Hunt". Mahal Movies. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
  2. Rothwell, Kenneth. "Shakespeare in Performance: Film". internetshakespeare.uvic.ca. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Ashish Rajadhyaksha; Paul Willemen (10 July 2014). Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema. Taylor & Francis. pp. 1994–. ISBN 978-1-135-94325-7. Retrieved 14 December 2014. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  4. Rajadhyaksha, Willemen, Ashish, Paul (2002). Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema. Routledge. p. 150. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  5. Tilak Rishi (2012). "Sohrab Modi". Bless You Bollywood!: A Tribute to Hindi Cinema on Completing 100 Years. Trafford Publishing. pp. 12–. ISBN 978-1-4669-3963-9. Retrieved 7 December 2014. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  6. "Khoon Ka Khoon". Alan Goble. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
  7. "Khoon Ka Khoon-Hamlet". Film Heritage Foundation. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
  8. "Khoon Ka Khoon Images". Flickr. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
  9. Kenneth S. Rothwell (28 October 2004). "Other Shakespeares: translations and expropriations". A History of Shakespeare on Screen: A Century of Film and Television. Cambridge University Press. pp. 319–. ISBN 978-0-521-54311-8. Retrieved 7 December 2014. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  10. "The Bard in Bollywood". The Telegraph. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Manju Jain (2009). Narratives of Indian Cinema. Primus Books. pp. 230–. ISBN 978-81-908918-4-4. Retrieved 7 December 2014. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  12. Poonam Trivedi; Dennis Bartholomeusz (2005). India's Shakespeare: Translation, Interpretation, and Performance. University of Delaware Press. pp. 270–. ISBN 978-0-87413-881-8. Retrieved 13 December 2014. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  13. "Sohrab Modi-The lion of Minerva". Film Ka Ilm. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  14. "Khoon Ka Khoon". BUFVC Shakespeare. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
  15. "Hamlet". Muvyz, Inc. Retrieved 13 December 2014.

External links[edit]


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