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Outline of law

From EverybodyWiki Bios & Wiki
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to law:

Law (article link) is the set of rules and principles (laws) by which a society is governed, through enforcement by governmental authorities. Law is also the field which concerns the creation and administration of laws, and includes any and all legal systems.

Nature of law[edit]

Law can be described as all of the following:

  • Academic discipline – body of knowledge given to - or received by - a disciple (student); a branch or sphere of knowledge, or field of study, that an individual has chosen to specialise in.
    • one of the humanities – academic discipline that study the human condition, using methods that are primarily analytical, critical, or speculative, as distinguished from the mainly empirical approaches of the natural sciences.
  • Field of science – widely recognized category of specialized expertise within science, and typically embodies its own terminology and nomenclature. Such a field will usually be represented by one or more scientific journals, where peer reviewed research is published. There are many sociology-related scientific journals.
    • Social science – field of academic scholarship that explores aspects of human society.
  • System – set of elements (often called 'components' instead) and relationships which are different from relationships of the set or its elements to other elements or sets.
    • part of the legal system – legal scholarship and practice shapes how law is interpreted and applied in societies

Legal systems[edit]

  • List of national legal systems
  • Common law
  • Civil law (legal system)
  • Religious law
    • Bahá'í laws
    • Biblical law, in Judaism and Christianity
    • Canon law, in Christianity
      • Canons of the Apostles
      • Canon law of the Anglican Communion
      • Canon law of the Catholic Church
        • Canon (canon law) - a certain rule or norm of conduct or belief prescribed by the Catholic Church. The word "canon" comes from the Greek kanon, which in its original usage denoted a straight rod that was later the instrument used by architects and artificers as a measuring stick for making straight lines.
        • Custom (canon law) - the repeated and constant performance of certain acts for a defined period of time, which, with the approval of the competent legislator, thereby acquire the force of law. A custom is an unwritten law introduced by the continuous acts of the faithful with the consent of the legitimate legislator.
        • Decree (canon law) - an order or law made by a superior authority for the direction of others.
        • Dispensation (canon law) - the exemption from the immediate obligation of law in certain cases. Its object is to modify the hardship often arising from the rigorous application of general laws to particular cases, and its essence is to preserve the law by suspending its operation in such cases.
        • Interpretation (canon law) - canonists provide and obey rules for the interpretation and acceptation of words, in order that legislation is correctly understood and the extent of its obligation is determined.
        • Obrogation - the enacting of a contrary law that is a revocation of a previous law. It may also be the partial cancellation or amendment of a law, decree, or legal regulation by the imposition of a newer one.
        • Promulgation (canon law) - the publication of a law by which it is made known publicly, and is required by canon law for the law to obtain legal effect.
    • Halakha, in Judaism
    • Hindu law
    • Jain law
    • Patimokkha, in Theravada Buddhism
    • Sharia, in Islam

Law by source[edit]

  • Sources of law
    • Custom (customary law)
      • Custom (canon law)
    • Precedent of past judicial decisions (stare decisis)
    • Statutory law
      • Statute
      • Black letter law
    • Constitutional law
      • Constitution
      • Constitutional court
    • Sources of international law
      • Customary international law
      • Treaty
      • Juristic writings (such as legal treatises)

Branches of law[edit]

Public law[edit]

Public law

  • Constitutional law
  • Tax law

Administrative law[edit]

  • Administrative law
  • Code of Federal Regulations

Criminal law[edit]

  • Criminal law (penal law)
  • Criminal procedure

Substantive law and adjectival law[edit]

  • Substantive law
  • Procedural law

Law of persons[edit]

  • Person (canon law)

Civil law[edit]

  • Civil law (common law)
  • Civil procedure
  • Civil rights
  • Common law
  • Environmental law
  • Family law

Laws by jurisdictional scope[edit]

  • International law
    • Public international law
    • Conflict of laws (Private international law)
      • Dualism (law)
      • Legal pluralism
    • Supranational law
    • Law of the European Union
      • Treaties of the European Union
      • Regulation (European Union)
      • Directive (European Union)
      • European Union decision
      • European Union legislative procedure
  • Municipal law
    • Federal law (National law)
    • State law
    • Local ordinance

History[edit]

History of law

  • Cuneiform law
  • Babylonian law
  • Ancient Greek law
  • Roman law
  • Early Germanic law
  • Legal history of the Catholic Church

Basic legal concepts[edit]

  • Ignorantia juris non excusat
  • Presumption of innocence
  • Treason
  • Rights (Outline)
  • Rule of law

People who have influenced law[edit]

Canon law[edit]

  • Aquinas, St. Thomas (wrote influential Treatise on Law)
  • Benedict XIV, Pope
  • Gratian ("Father of Canon Law", founder of canon law jurisprudence; canon law as legal system)
  • Gregory IX, Pope (promulgated the Decretales Gregorii IX)
  • Gasparri, Pietro (codified the 1917 Code of Canon Law)
  • John Paul II, Pope St. (promulgated the 1983 Code of Canon Law and the 1990 Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches)
  • Penyafort, Raymond of (patron of canon lawyers, codified Decretales Gregorii IX)
  • Photios I of Constantinople (father of Oriental canon law)

Civil law[edit]

  • Napoleon
  • Justinian

Common law[edit]

  • Blackstone, Sir William
  • Holmes, Oliver Wendell, Jr.

Other legal systems[edit]

  • Hammurabi
  • Moses
  • Mohammed

Lists[edit]

Sources of law

  • Lists of legislation
  • Lists of case law
  • List of treaties

Legislatures

  • List of legislatures by country

Courts

  • List of constitutional courts
  • List of special tribunals and courts
  • List of courts in England and Wales
  • List of High Courts of India

Prisons

  • List of prisons
    • List of United Kingdom prisons
    • United States
      • List of U.S. federal prisons
      • List of U.S. state prisons
      • List of U.S. military prisons
Other
  • List of business law topics
  • Outline of criminal justice
  • List of topics in logic
  • List of international public law topics
  • List of international trade topics
  • Arms control treaties and conventions
  • List of copyright case law
  • Environmental agreements
  • List of environmental law journals
  • Historic list of members of the Privy Council
  • List of current members of the Privy Council
  • List of Judicial Committee of the Privy Council cases
  • List of legal abbreviations
  • List of Ayatollahs
  • List of individuals executed by the federal government of the United States
  • List of international declarations
  • List of law journals
  • List of jurists
  • List of Judges of the High Court of Australia
  • List of Chief Justices of the Supreme Court of Canada
  • List of Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States
    • List of Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States by court composition
    • List of Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States by seat
  • List of Latin phrases
  • List of Latin legal terms
  • List of 100 largest law firms globally
  • Lists of law schools
  • List of members of the Privy Council of Northern Ireland
  • List of members of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada
  • List of national legal systems
  • List of protective service agencies
  • List of United Kingdom House of Lords cases
    • List of notable United Kingdom House of Lords cases
  • List of Lords of Appeal in Ordinary
  • List of real estate topics
  • List of riots
  • List of Senators of the College of Justice
  • List of software patents
  • List of Supreme Court of Canada cases
  • List of top United States patent recipients
  • List of Uniform Acts (United States)
  • List of United States federal legislation
  • List of United States Supreme Court cases

External links[edit]