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Family tree of Ali

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The Ottomans were officially from Hanafi-Sunni branch of Islam, the names of two sons of Fatimah and Ali were inscribed inside all of their mosques. An example of this is the writings of Hasan and Husayn, two grandchildren of Muhammad by the calligrapher Kazasker Mustafa Izzet Efendi with Islamic calligraphy in Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey.

Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib (Arabic: عَلِي ابْن أَﺑِﻲ طَالِب‎, 599 – 661 ACE) was an early[lower-alpha 1] Islamic leader. Ali is revered by Sunni Muslims as the fourth Rightly Guided Caliphs, and as a foremost religious authority on the Qur'an and Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence). Shi'a Muslims consider him the First Imam appointed by the Islamic prophet Muhammad and the first rightful caliph. Ali was the cousin of Muhammad, and after marriage to Fatimah he also became Muhammad's son-in-law.

His father was Abu Talib and his mother was Fatimah bint Asad, but he was raised in the household of Muhammad, who himself was raised by Abu Talib, Muhammad's uncle. When Muhammad reported receiving a divine revelation, Ali was the first child to accept his message and first male to convert to Islam at the age of 12, dedicating his life to the cause of Islam.[4][5][6]

Ali had four children with Muhammad's daughter Fatimah: Al-Hasan, Al-Husayn, Zaynab[7] and Umm Kulthum. After Fatimah's death, he married Umamah the daughter of Zainab the elder daughter of Muhammad, and had two sons with her: Hilal (also known as "Muhammad al-Awsat or Muhammad the Middle"), and 'Awn.[8] His other well-known sons were Abbas ibn Ali, born to Umm al-Banin Fatimah bint Hizam, and Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah,[9] from Khawlah bint Ja'far, another wife from the central Arabian tribe of Banu Hanifah, whom Ali had also married after Fatimah's death.

Hasan, born in 625, was the second Shia Imam and he also assumed the role of caliph for several months after Ali's death. In the year AH 50 he died after being poisoned by a member of his own household who, according to historians, had been motivated by Mu'awiyah.[10] Husayn, born in 626, was the third Shia Imam, whom Mu'awiyah persecuted severely. On the tenth day of Muharram, of the year 680, Husayn lined up before the army of the caliph with his small band of followers and nearly all of them were killed in the Battle of Karbala. The anniversary of his death is called the Day of Ashura and it is a day of mourning and religious observance for Shia Muslims.[11] In this battle some of Ali's other sons were killed. Al-Tabari has mentioned their names in his history: Abbas ibn Ali, the holder of Husayn's standard, Ja'far, Abdullah and Uthman, the four sons born to Umm al-Banin; Abu Bakr (also known as "Muhammad al-Asghar or Muhammad the Younger"). There is, however, some doubt as to whether the last died in the battle.[12] Some historians have added the names of Ali's other sons who were killed at Karbala, including Ibrahim, Umar and Abdullah ibn Al-Asqar.[13][14] His daughter Zaynab—who was in Karbala—was captured by Yazid's army and later played a great role in revealing what happened to Husayn and his followers.[15] Ali's descendants by Fatimah are known as sharifs, sayeds or sayyids. These are honorific titles in Arabic, sharif meaning 'noble' and sayed or sayyid meaning 'lord' or 'sir'. As Muhammad's descendants, they are respected by both Sunnis and Shi'ites.[7]

Both of his sons by Umamah bint Zaynab, that is Hilal and 'Awn, died in Iran, with the latter having been martyred in a battle against Qays ibn Murrah (the governor of Khorasan), and the former dying naturally.[8]

Ali's descendants through his son Abbas are known as Awans or Alvis. Today, most of them reside in modern-day Arab world. They are descendants of Qutb Shah who is a direct descendant of Ali, and his lineage is traced as Qutb Shah (Awn) ibn Yaala ibn Hamza ibn Qasim ibn Tayyar ibn Qasim ibn Ali ibn Ja'far ibn Hamza ibn al-Hasan ibn Ubaydullah ibn Abbas ibn Ali ibn Abu Talib.[16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24]

The Isaaq clan-family in Somaliland and Ethiopia claims descendant to Ali through its forefather Sheikh Ishaaq.[25][26][27]

Family tree (graphical)[edit]

Kilab ibn MurrahFatimah bint Sa'd
Banu Azd
Qusai ibn KilabHubba bint Hulail
Banu Khuza'ah
Abd Manaf ibn QusaiAtikah bint Murrah
Banu Hawazin
Salma bint Amr
Banu Najjar
Hashim ibn Abd ManafQaylah bint Amr
Banu Khuza'ah
Fatimah bint Amr
Banu Makhzum
Abd al-Muttalib ibn HashimAsad ibn Hashim
Abu Talib ibn Abd al-MuttalibFatimah bint Asad
Abdullah ibn Abd al-MuttalibTalib ibn Abi TalibAqeel ibn Abi TalibFakhitah bint Abi Talib
Muhammad ibn AbdullahJa'far ibn Abi TalibJumanah bint Abi Talib
Fatimah al-Zahra bint MuhammadAli ibn Abi Talib

Family tree (textual)[edit]

Paternal grand father: Abd al-Muttalib ibn Hashim, see Family tree of Abd al-Muttalib
Paternal grand mother: Fatimah bint Amr
Father: Abu Talib ibn Abd al-Muttalib
Mother: Fatimah bint Asad
Brother: Ja'far ibn Abi Talib
Nephew: Awn ibn Ja'far — married Umm Kulthum bint Ali
Nephew: Muhammad ibn Ja'far — married Umm Kulthum bint Ali
Nephew: Abdullah ibn Ja'far — married Zaynab bint Ali and Umm Kulthum bint Ali
Grand Nephews: Aun ibn Abdullah and Muhammad ibn Abdullah — died at the Battle of Karbala
Brother: Aqeel ibn Abi Talib
Nephew: Muslim ibn Aqeel — died before the Battle of Karbala — (kufa)
Grand Nephews: Muhammad ibn Muslim and Ibraheem ibn Muslim — died before the Battle of Karbala
Brother: Talib ibn Abi Talib
Sister: Fakhitah bint Abi Talib
Sister: Jumanah bint Abi Talib
Paternal uncle: Hamza ibn Abdul-Muttalib
Paternal uncle: Abdullah ibn Abd al-Muttalib — father of Muhammad
Paternal aunt: Aminah bint Wahb — mother of Muhammad
Cousin: Muhammad
Cousin's daughters: Fatimah, Zainab , Ruqayyah , Umm Kulthum
Cousin's sons: Qasim, Abdullah, Ibrahim
Mother in law(s) : Khadija through Fatimah.
Zainab through Umamah.
Brother-in-law(s): Uthman through Ruqayyah & Umm Kulthum
Abu al-As ibn al-Rabi' through Zainab
Himself: Ali

Descendants[edit]

  • Fatimah; daughter of Muhammad, see Family tree of Muhammad[28]
    • Zaynab bint Ali
      • Ali ibn Abdullah
      • Awn ibn Abdullah
      • Muhammad ibn Abdullah
      • Abbas ibn Abdullah
      • Umm Kulthum bint Abdullah
    • Umm Kulthum bint Ali[29][30][31][32][33][34][35][36][37][38][39]
      • Zayd ibn Umar, also known as Ibn Al-Khalīfatayn (Arabic: ابْن ٱلخَلِيْفَتَيْن‎)
      • Ruqayyah bint Umar
    • Muhsin ibn Ali
    • Hasan ibn Ali
      • Qasim ibn Hasan
      • Maytham ibn Hasan
      • Muhammad ibn Hasan
      • Abdullah ibn Hasan
      • Beshr ibn Hasan
      • Talha ibn Hasan
      • Zayd ibn Hasan
        • Hasan ibn Zayd
          • Sayyida Nafisa
      • Hasan al-Muthanna[40]
        • Abdullah al-Kamil
          • Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya
          • Ibrahim Qatil Bakhamra
          • Idris al-Akbar
          • Musa al-Jawn
          • Sulayman
          • Yahya
          • Ja'far
          • Isa
        • Ibrahim al-Ghamr
          • Isma'il
          • Ya'qub
          • Muhammad al-Akbar
          • Muhammad al-Asghar
          • Ishaq
          • Ali
        • Hasan al-Muthallath
          • Hasan
          • Ali al-Abid
          • Talhah
          • Abdullah
          • Abbas
          • Ibrahim
        • Ja'far
        • Da'wud
        • Muhammad
      • Fatimah bint Hasan
        • Muhammad al-Baqir
          • Ja'far al-Sadiq
          • Abdullah
          • Ibrahim
          • Ubaydullah
          • Ali
        • Abdullah
        • Hasan
        • Husayn al-Akbar
    • Husayn ibn Ali; see also Daughters of Husayn ibn Ali
      • Fatimah al-Kubra, "Fatimah the Elder"[41]
        • Abdullah al-Kamil
          • Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya
          • Ibrahim Qatil Bakhamra
          • Idris al-Akbar
          • Musa al-Jawn
          • Sulayman
          • Yahya
          • Ja'far
          • Isa
        • Ibrahim al-Ghamr
          • Isma'il
          • Ya'qub
          • Muhammad al-Akbar
          • Muhammad al-Asghar
          • Ishaq
          • Ali
        • Hasan al-Muthallath
          • Hasan
          • Ali al-Abid
          • Talhah
          • Abdullah
          • Abbas
          • Ibrahim
      • Fatimah as-Sughra, "Fatimah the Younger"
      • Ruqayyah
      • Ali al-Akbar
      • Ali al-Asghar
      • Ali Zayn al-Abidin
        • Muhammad al-Baqir
          • Ja'far al-Sadiq
          • Abdullah
          • Ibrahim
          • Ubaydullah
          • Ali
        • Abdullah
        • Hasan
        • Husayn al-Akbar
        • Zayd
          • Hasan
          • Yahya
          • Husayn
          • Muhammad
          • Isa
        • Umar
        • Husayn al-Asghar
          • Ubaydullah al-A'raj
          • Abdullah al-Aqeeqi
          • Sulayman
          • Ali
          • Hasan
        • Abd al-Rahman
        • Sulayman
        • Ali
        • Muhammad al-Asghar
  • Umamah, granddaughter of Muhammad and Khadija through Zainab, died 685 CE
    • Hilal or Muhammad al-Awsat ("Muhammad the Middle") ibn Ali (14 – 64 AH or 636 – 700 CE)[42][43]
      • Abu Hashim Abdullah ibn Muhammad (died 776 CE)
    • Awn ibn Ali[42]
  • Umm al-Banin, "Mother of many Sons", also known as Fatimah bint Hizam al-Qilabiyyah[44]
    • Abbas ibn Ali
      • Ubaydullah ibn Abbas
      • Al-Fadl ibn Abbas
      • Qasim ibn Abbas
      • Hasan ibn Abbas
      • Muhammad ibn Abbas
    • Abdullah ibn Ali
    • Jafar ibn Ali
    • Usman ibn Ali
    • Ruqayyah bint Ali[43]
  • Khawlah bint Ja'far
    • Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah or Muhammad al-Akbar ("Muhammad the Elder") ibn Ali
      • Abu Hashim Abdullah
      • Hasan
      • Ali
      • Husayn
      • Ibrahim
      • Awn
      • Qasim
      • Ja'far
  • Layla bint Mas'ud
    • Ubaydullah ibn Ali[45]
    • Abu Bakr or Muhammad al-Asghar ("Muhammad the Younger") ibn Ali[46]
  • Asma bint Umais
    • Yahya bin Ali[43] (? – 61 AH)
    • Awn ibn Ali
  • Sahba bint Rabi'ah
    • Umar ibn Ali
    • Ruqayyah bint Ali
  • Umm Sa'id bint Urwah
    • Umm al-Hasan
    • Ramlah al-Kubra, "Ramlah the Elder"
    • Umm Kulthum as-Sughra, "Umm Kulthum the Elder"
    • Umar ibn Ali
  • Muhayaah bint Imra al-Qais
    • Umm Ya'la
  • Other(s):[43]
    • Umm Hani
    • Maymūnah
    • Zaynab as-Sughra, "Zaynab the Younger"
    • Ruqayyah
    • Fatimah
    • Umamah
    • Khadijah
    • Umm al-Kiram
    • Umm Salamah
    • Umm Ja'far Jumanah
    • Nafeesah

Descendants (graphical)[edit]

The Sayyid Aljabery family of southern Iraq are descendants of Ali from his son Imam Husayn. The Bukhari of Pakistan are Syed descendends of Ali, and includes 9 of the 12 Shia imams. The Idrisid and Alaouite dynasties of Morocco claim to be descended from Ali and Fatimah. The descendants of Ali include the Hashemite royal family of Jordan,[47] the Isaaq clan-family in Somaliland and Ethiopia,[25][26][27] the Husseini family of Lebanon, the Hiraki family of Syria and Egypt, the Alaouite royal family of Morocco and the Ashrafs of the city of Harar, Mashwanis and Awans (also referred as Alvis) of Pakistan. Other prominent descendants include: Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya, Abdullah al-Aftah, Ali al-Uraidhi ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq, Muhammad Ibn Qasim (al-Alawi), Muhammad ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq, Yahya ibn Umar, Muhammad ibn Ali al-Hadi and Ibn Dihya al-Kalby.

Fatimah al-Zahra bint Muhammad (Family tree)Ali al-Murtadha
ibn Abi Talib
Khawlah bint Ja'far
Hasan al-MujtabaHusayn al-SibtMuhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah
MuhammadZaydQasimHasan al-MuthannaBeshrFatimah bint HasanAli Zayn al-AbidinAliAbu HashimHasan
HasanYahyaMuhammadAbdullahTalhaHasanAbu Bakr
(Family tree)
Hasan (Alavids)MaymūnahUmm al-Husayn[48]AliMuhammad ibn Abi Bakr
Abdullah al-KamilDa'wudHasanIbrahim al-GhamrJa'farMuhammadHasanQasim ibn Muhammad
SulaymanAli al-AbidIsma'ilHasanAliMuhammad al-BaqirUmm Farwah bint al-Qasim
SulaymanidsHusayn
Sahib Fakhkh
Ibrahim
Tabataba
HasanHusayn al-AsgharUmar al-AshrafZaydJa'far al-Sadiq
MuhammadAl-Qasim al-RassiUbaydullahYahyaIdris
Imams
of Yemen
Hasan al-UtrushHasanHusayn
Musa al-JawnYahyaIbrahimIdris al-AkbarMuhammad al-Nafs al-ZakiyyaSulaymanJa'farIsa
IbrahimAliAbdullahIdrisids of
Morocco,
Hammudids
of Spain and Senussids of Libya
Alaouites of Morocco
and Saadids of Morocco
Sulaymanids
of the Maghrib
Sharifs
of Sus
Yahya ibn Umar ibn Yahya ibn Husayn ibn Zayd al-Kufi
Yusuf
al-Ukhaidhir
Husayn
al-Ukhaidhir
Isma'il ibn Ja'farAbdullah al-AftahMusa
al-Kadhim
Ishaq al-Mu'taminMuhammad al-Dibaj
Banu al-UkhaidhirMusaSalihSulaymanMuhammad ibn Isma'ilMuhammad ibn AbdullahAli
al-Ridha
AhmadAli al-Uraidhi
Muhammad ibn YusufBanu Qatadah of Mecca & Banu FulaytaBanu Salih
of Ghana
Sulaymanids
of Mecca and Jizan
Hidden Isma’ili ImāmsMuhammad
al-Jawad
Yusuf ibn MuhammadFatimid caliphsAli al-HadiMusa al-Mubarraqa
Ismāʿīl ibn YusufMuhammadMusta'liNizarHasan
al-Askari
MuhammadJa'far
Hassan ibn IsmāʿīlAl-HafizAl-AmirImams of AlamutMuhammad
al-Mahdi
Ahmad ibn HassanAl-ZafirAl-TayyibAga Khans
Abu'l-Muqallid Ja'far[49]Fatimid caliphs

Lineage of Husayn ibn Ali[edit]

This is a simplified family tree of Husayn ibn Ali. People in italics are considered by the majority of Shia and Sunni Muslims to be Ahl al-Bayt (People of the House). Twelver Shia also see the 4th to 12th Imams as Ahl al-Bayt (Ali is an imam in Mustaali but no number is assigned for this position, and Hasan ibn Ali is not an Imam in Nizari Imamah).


Muhammad
570 – 632 CE
grandfather
(family tree)
Khadijah bint Khuwaylid
555 – 619 CE
grandmother
Fatimah
615 – 632 CE
mother
Ali
601 – 666 CE
father
1st Shia Imāmah, 4th Sunni Rashidun
Muhsin ibn Ali
? – 632 CE
brother
Hasan ibn Ali
624 – 670 CE
brother
2nd Twelver/Zaidiyyah and 1st Mustaali Imāmah
Husayn ibn Ali
626 – 680 CE
3rd Twelver/Zaidiyyah and 2nd Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Umm Kulthum bint Ali
? – ? CE
sister
Zaynab bint Ali
626/627 – 682 CE
sister
Shahrbanu
? – 659/680 CE
wife
Rubab bint Imra al-Qais
? – 659/680 CE
wife
Layla bint Abi Murrah al-Thaqafi
wife
Umm Ishaq bint Talhah
594 – 656 CE
wife
Fatimah as-Sughra
669 – 680 CE
daughter
Sakinah bint Husayn
669 – 736 CE
daughter
Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayn
680 CE
son
Sukayna bint Husayn
676 – 680/681 CE
daughter
Ali al-Akbar ibn Husayn
662 – 680 CE
son
Fatimah bint Husayn
daughter
Mother of ‘UmarAli ibn Husayn
659 – 713 CE
son
4th Twelver/Zaidiyyah and 3rdMustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Fatimah bint al-Hasan
daughter-in-law
Jayda al-SindhiUmar ibn Husayn
son
‘Umar al-AshrafMuhammad al-Baqir
677 – 733 CE
grandson
5th Twelver and 4th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Zayd ibn Ali
698 – 740 CE
grandson
5th Zaidiyyah Imāmah
Abu Bakr ibn Husayn
son
‘AlīHamidah KhatunJa'far al-Sadiq
700/702 – 765 CE
great-grandson
6th Twelver and 5th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Zaynab bint Husayn
daughter
al-ḤasanMusa al-Kadhim
745 – 799 CE
great-great-grandson
7th Twelver Imāmah
Isma'il ibn Jafar
722 – 762 CE
great-great-grandson
6th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
UnknownUmm Kulthum bint Husayn
daughter
Ummul Banīn Najmah
al-Nāṣir al-Kabīr
844 – 917 CE
Ali ar-Ridha
great-great-great-grandson
8th Twelver Imāmah
Muhammad ibn Ismail
great-great-great-grandson
7th and the last Sevener Imāmah and 7th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Fatima
Muhammad al-Taqi
great-great-great-great-
grandson
9th Twelver Imāmah
UnknownAhmad al-Wafi
great-great-great-great-grandson
8th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Other issue
Ali al-Hadi
great-great-great-great-great-grandson
10th Twelver Imāmah
Other issue{{{p4}}}Unknown
Hasan al-Askari
great-great-great-great-great-great-grandson
11th Twelver Imāmah
Rabi Abdullah
great-great-great-great-great-great-grandson
10th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah

Lineage of Abbas ibn Ali[edit]

This is a simplified family tree of Abbas ibn Ali.

Ali ibn Abi TalibUmm al-Banin Fatimah bint Huzam
Lubaba bint UbaydillahAbbas ibn Ali
Ubaydullah
Al-Hasan
Hamza
Ja'far
Ali
Qasim
Tayyar
Qasim
Hamza
Yaala
Abdullah Awn (Qutb Shah)
Awans

See also[edit]


Other articles of the topic Shia Islam : [[:Muhammad al-Mahdi|Muhammad al-Mahdi Arabic: مُـحَـمَّـد ٱلْـمَـهْـدِي‎]], Ali, Ahrar al-Najran, List of Ayatollahs, Ali ibn Abi Talib, Al-Farooq (title), Mozdahir International Institute
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  • Alavi (surname)
  • Alid
  • Alaouite dynasty, current rulers of Morocco
  • Ancestry of Qusai ibn Kilab
  • Awan
  • Banu Hashim
  • Banu Kinanah
  • Descent from Adnan to Muhammad
  • Family tree of Muhammad
  • Family tree of Shaiba ibn Hashim
  • Fatimid Caliphate, rulers of Egypt
  • Genealogy of Khadijah's daughters
  • Hashemite
  • Hasanids
  • Husaynids
  • Idrisid dynasty, rulers of Morocco
  • Mudhar
  • Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr, Ali's adopted son
  • Quraysh tribe
  • Sayyid
  • Sharif

Notes[edit]

  1. Assuming that Islam started with Muhammad. Muslims believe that Islam did not start with him, but that it represents even previous Prophets, such as Jesus, David, Moses, Abraham, Noah and Adam.[1][2][3]

References[edit]

  1. Esposito, John (1998). Islam: The Straight Path (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. pp. 9, 12. ISBN 978-0-19-511234-4. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  2. Esposito (2002b), pp. 4–5.
  3. Peters, F.E. (2003). Islam: A Guide for Jews and Christians. Princeton University Press. p. 9. ISBN 0-691-11553-2. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  4. Tabatabaei 1979, p. 191
  5. Ashraf 2005, p. 14
  6. Diana, Steigerwald (2004). "Alī ibn Abu Talib". Encyclopaedia of Islam and the Muslim world. 1. MacMillan. ISBN 978-0-02-865604-5.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Nasr, Seyyed Hossein. "Ali". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Archived from the original on 18 October 2007. Retrieved 12 October 2007. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Mohammad Hilal Ibn Ali". www.helal.ir. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011.
  9. Stearns & Langer 2001, p. 1178
  10. Tabatabaei 1979, p. 194
  11. Tabatabaei 1979, pp. 196–201
  12. Al-Tabari 1990, pp. vol.XIX pp. 178–179
  13. "Karbala's Martyrs". Archived from the original on 4 January 2009. Retrieved 17 September 2007. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  14. List of Martyrs of Karbala Archived 29 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine by Khansari "فرزندان اميراالمؤمنين(ع): 1-ابوبكربن علي(شهادت او مشكوك است). 2-جعفربن علي. 3-عباس بن علي(ابولفضل) 4-عبدالله بن علي. 5-عبدالله بن علي العباس بن علي. 6-عبدالله بن الاصغر. 7-عثمان بن علي. 8-عمر بن علي. 9-محمد الاصغر بن علي. 10-محمدبن العباس بن علي."
  15. "Zaynab Bint ʿAlĪ". Encyclopedia of Religion. Gale Group. 2004. Archived from the original on 24 December 2008. Retrieved 10 April 2008. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  16. Al Hilli, Allamah. Kihalastah al-Nisab. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  17. Arthur Rose, Horace (1911). A Glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province. 1st ed. was printed by Government Printing Press Lahore. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  18. Jaffrelot, Christophe (2004). A History of Pakistan and Its Origins (Reprinted ed.). Anthem Press. p. 205. ISBN 978-1-84331-149-2. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  19. Researched By Dr Muhammad Iqbal Awan and Jalhari Moazzam Shah
  20. Manzoor Hussain Naqvi, Maulana Syed. "Naik Wiladat-e-Ghazi Abbas (A.S) [Different page no. in different editions]". Tohfat Al Awam. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  21. "History of Awan Lecture by Naseeruddin Naseer Gilani".
  22. Molana Abdul Tahyi Ansari Lakhnavi. Kitab Ul Bayah. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  23. Gul Muhammad Madhwal of Khabeki. Shajra-e-Awan. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  24. Sultan Hamid bin Sultan Bahu (Jan 2007). Munaqab-e-Sultani. Shabeer Brothers (Lahore). Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  25. 25.0 25.1 Rima Berns McGown, Muslims in the diaspora, (University of Toronto Press: 1999), pp. 27–28
  26. 26.0 26.1 I.M. Lewis, A Modern History of the Somali, fourth edition (Oxford: James Currey, 2002), p. 22
  27. 27.0 27.1 I.M. Lewis, A Modern History of the Somali, fourth edition (Oxford: James Currey, 2002), pp. 31 & 42
  28. Books, Happy. "Family Tree of Ali ibn Abi Taalib". Happy Books. Retrieved 2 July 2011.
  29. Shustari, Qazi Nurullah. Majalis ul-Mo'mineen. pp. 85–89. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  30. al-Murtaza, Sharif. Al-Shaafi. p. 116. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  31. Al-Hadid, Hibatullah. Sharh Nahj ul-Balagha. 3. p. 124. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  32. Majlisi, Muhammad Baqir. Bihar al-Anwar. p. 621. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  33. Ardabili, Muqaddas. Hadiqat al-Shi'a. p. 277. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  34. Shustari, Qazi Nurullah. Masa'ib un-Nawasib. p. 170. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  35. Al-Amili, Zayn al-Din al-Juna'i. "Lawahiq-al-'Aqd". Masalik al-Ifham fi Sharh Shara-il-Islam. 1. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  36. Qumi, Abbas. Muntahi al-Aamal. 1. p. 186. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  37. Shahidi, Sayyed Ja'far. Life of Fatemeh Zahra(SA). pp. 263–265. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  38. Baqir, Muhammad. Mir'at ul-Uqool. 21. p. 199. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  39. Al-Tusi, Nasir Al-Din. Al-Mabsoot. 4. p. 272. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  40. "Al-Hasan al-Muthanna".
  41. The Sunshine Book, By Dr. S. Manzoor Rizvi; p323;
  42. 42.0 42.1 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2011-03-10. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  43. 43.0 43.1 43.2 43.3 Harouf.com [harouf.com/SiratAhlelbeit/EmamAli1.htm harouf.com/SiratAhlelbeit/EmamAli1.htm] Check |url= value (help). Missing or empty |title= (help)
  44. Hazrat Ummol Banin shia-news.com Retrieved 14 Oct 2018
  45. 1-ابوبكربن علي(شهادت او مشكوك است). 2-جعفربن علي. 3-عباس بن علي(ابولفضل) 4-عبدالله بن علي. 5-عبدالله بن علي العباس بن علي. 6-عبدالله بن الاصغر. 7-عثمان بن علي. 8-عمر بن علي. 9-محمد الاصغر بن علي. 10-محمدبن العباس بن علي."
  46. Masʿūdī, al-Tanbīh wa al-ishrāf, p. 275; Mufīd, al-Irshād, vol. 2, p. 254.
  47. Family tree of King Abdullah of Jordan
  48. Al-Yasin, Shaykh Radi. "1". Sulh al-Hasan. Jasim al-Rasheed. Qum: Ansariyan Publications. p. 4. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  49. Madelung, "Al-Ukhaydir," p. 792