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Family tree of Ali

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The Ottomans were officially from Hanafi-Sunni branch of Islam, the names of two sons of Fatimah and Ali were inscribed inside all of their mosques. An example of this is the writings of Hasan and Husayn, two grandchildren of Muhammad by the calligrapher Kazasker Mustafa Izzet Efendi with Islamic calligraphy in Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey.

Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib (Arabic: عَلِي ابْن أَﺑِﻲ طَالِب‎, 599 – 661 ACE) was an early[lower-alpha 1] Islamic leader. Ali is revered by Sunni Muslims as the fourth Rightly Guided Caliphs, and as a foremost religious authority on the Qur'an and Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence). Shi'a Muslims consider him the First Imam appointed by the Islamic prophet Muhammad and the first rightful caliph. Ali was the cousin of Muhammad, and after marriage to Fatimah he also became Muhammad's son-in-law.

His father was Abu Talib and his mother was Fatimah bint Asad, but he was raised in the household of Muhammad, who himself was raised by Abu Talib, Muhammad's uncle. When Muhammad reported receiving a divine revelation, Ali was the first child to accept his message and first male to convert to Islam at the age of 12, dedicating his life to the cause of Islam.[4][5][6]

Ali had four children with Muhammad's daughter Fatimah: Al-Hasan, Al-Husayn, Zaynab[7] and Umm Kulthum. After Fatimah's death, he married Umamah the daughter of Zainab the elder daughter of Muhammad, and had two sons with her: Hilal (also known as "Muhammad al-Awsat or Muhammad the Middle"), and 'Awn.[8] His other well-known sons were Abbas ibn Ali, born to Umm al-Banin Fatimah bint Hizam, and Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah,[9] from Khawlah bint Ja'far, another wife from the central Arabian tribe of Banu Hanifah, whom Ali had also married after Fatimah's death.

Hasan, born in 625, was the second Shia Imam and he also assumed the role of caliph for several months after Ali's death. In the year AH 50 he died after being poisoned by a member of his own household who, according to historians, had been motivated by Mu'awiyah.[10] Husayn, born in 626, was the third Shia Imam, whom Mu'awiyah persecuted severely. On the tenth day of Muharram, of the year 680, Husayn lined up before the army of the caliph with his small band of followers and nearly all of them were killed in the Battle of Karbala. The anniversary of his death is called the Day of Ashura and it is a day of mourning and religious observance for Shia Muslims.[11] In this battle some of Ali's other sons were killed. Al-Tabari has mentioned their names in his history: Abbas ibn Ali, the holder of Husayn's standard, Ja'far, Abdullah and Uthman, the four sons born to Umm al-Banin; Abu Bakr (also known as "Muhammad al-Asghar or Muhammad the Younger"). There is, however, some doubt as to whether the last died in the battle.[12] Some historians have added the names of Ali's other sons who were killed at Karbala, including Ibrahim, Umar and Abdullah ibn Al-Asqar.[13][14] His daughter Zaynab—who was in Karbala—was captured by Yazid's army and later played a great role in revealing what happened to Husayn and his followers.[15] Ali's descendants by Fatimah are known as sharifs, sayeds or sayyids. These are honorific titles in Arabic, sharif meaning 'noble' and sayed or sayyid meaning 'lord' or 'sir'. As Muhammad's descendants, they are respected by both Sunnis and Shi'ites.[7]

Both of his sons by Umamah bint Zaynab, that is Hilal and 'Awn, died in Iran, with the latter having been martyred in a battle against Qays ibn Murrah (the governor of Khorasan), and the former dying naturally.[8]

Ali's descendants through his son Abbas are known as Awans or Alvis. Today, most of them reside in modern-day Arab world. They are descendants of Qutb Shah who is a direct descendant of Ali, and his lineage is traced as Qutb Shah (Awn) ibn Yaala ibn Hamza ibn Qasim ibn Tayyar ibn Qasim ibn Ali ibn Ja'far ibn Hamza ibn al-Hasan ibn Ubaydullah ibn Abbas ibn Ali ibn Abu Talib.[16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24]

The Isaaq clan-family in Somaliland and Ethiopia claims descendant to Ali through its forefather Sheikh Ishaaq.[25][26][27]

Family tree (graphical)[edit]

Kilab ibn MurrahFatimah bint Sa'd
Banu Azd
Qusai ibn KilabHubba bint Hulail
Banu Khuza'ah
Abd Manaf ibn QusaiAtikah bint Murrah
Banu Hawazin
Salma bint Amr
Banu Najjar
Hashim ibn Abd ManafQaylah bint Amr
Banu Khuza'ah
Fatimah bint Amr
Banu Makhzum
Abd al-Muttalib ibn HashimAsad ibn Hashim
Abu Talib ibn Abd al-MuttalibFatimah bint Asad
Abdullah ibn Abd al-MuttalibTalib ibn Abi TalibAqeel ibn Abi TalibFakhitah bint Abi Talib
Muhammad ibn AbdullahJa'far ibn Abi TalibJumanah bint Abi Talib
Fatimah al-Zahra bint MuhammadAli ibn Abi Talib

Family tree (textual)[edit]

Paternal grand father: Abd al-Muttalib ibn Hashim, see Family tree of Abd al-Muttalib
Paternal grand mother: Fatimah bint Amr
Father: Abu Talib ibn Abd al-Muttalib
Mother: Fatimah bint Asad
Brother: Ja'far ibn Abi Talib
Nephew: Awn ibn Ja'far — married Umm Kulthum bint Ali
Nephew: Muhammad ibn Ja'far — married Umm Kulthum bint Ali
Nephew: Abdullah ibn Ja'far — married Zaynab bint Ali and Umm Kulthum bint Ali
Grand Nephews: Aun ibn Abdullah and Muhammad ibn Abdullah — died at the Battle of Karbala
Brother: Aqeel ibn Abi Talib
Nephew: Muslim ibn Aqeel — died before the Battle of Karbala — (kufa)
Grand Nephews: Muhammad ibn Muslim and Ibraheem ibn Muslim — died before the Battle of Karbala
Brother: Talib ibn Abi Talib
Sister: Fakhitah bint Abi Talib
Sister: Jumanah bint Abi Talib
Paternal uncle: Hamza ibn Abdul-Muttalib
Paternal uncle: Abdullah ibn Abd al-Muttalib — father of Muhammad
Paternal aunt: Aminah bint Wahb — mother of Muhammad
Cousin: Muhammad
Cousin's daughters: Fatimah, Zainab , Ruqayyah , Umm Kulthum
Cousin's sons: Qasim, Abdullah, Ibrahim
Mother in law(s) : Khadija through Fatimah.
Zainab through Umamah.
Brother-in-law(s): Uthman through Ruqayyah & Umm Kulthum
Abu al-As ibn al-Rabi' through Zainab
Himself: Ali


  • Fatimah; daughter of Muhammad, see Family tree of Muhammad[28]
    • Zaynab bint Ali
      • Ali ibn Abdullah
      • Awn ibn Abdullah
      • Muhammad ibn Abdullah
      • Abbas ibn Abdullah
      • Umm Kulthum bint Abdullah
    • Umm Kulthum bint Ali[29][30][31][32][33][34][35][36][37][38][39]
      • Zayd ibn Umar, also known as Ibn Al-Khalīfatayn (Arabic: ابْن ٱلخَلِيْفَتَيْن‎)
      • Ruqayyah bint Umar
    • Muhsin ibn Ali
    • Hasan ibn Ali
      • Qasim ibn Hasan
      • Maytham ibn Hasan
      • Muhammad ibn Hasan
      • Abdullah ibn Hasan
      • Beshr ibn Hasan
      • Talha ibn Hasan
      • Zayd ibn Hasan
        • Hasan ibn Zayd
          • Sayyida Nafisa
      • Hasan al-Muthanna[40]
        • Abdullah al-Kamil
          • Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya
          • Ibrahim Qatil Bakhamra
          • Idris al-Akbar
          • Musa al-Jawn
          • Sulayman
          • Yahya
          • Ja'far
          • Isa
        • Ibrahim al-Ghamr
          • Isma'il
          • Ya'qub
          • Muhammad al-Akbar
          • Muhammad al-Asghar
          • Ishaq
          • Ali
        • Hasan al-Muthallath
          • Hasan
          • Ali al-Abid
          • Talhah
          • Abdullah
          • Abbas
          • Ibrahim
        • Ja'far
        • Da'wud
        • Muhammad
      • Fatimah bint Hasan
        • Muhammad al-Baqir
          • Ja'far al-Sadiq
          • Abdullah
          • Ibrahim
          • Ubaydullah
          • Ali
        • Abdullah
        • Hasan
        • Husayn al-Akbar
    • Husayn ibn Ali; see also Daughters of Husayn ibn Ali
      • Fatimah al-Kubra, "Fatimah the Elder"[41]
        • Abdullah al-Kamil
          • Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya
          • Ibrahim Qatil Bakhamra
          • Idris al-Akbar
          • Musa al-Jawn
          • Sulayman
          • Yahya
          • Ja'far
          • Isa
        • Ibrahim al-Ghamr
          • Isma'il
          • Ya'qub
          • Muhammad al-Akbar
          • Muhammad al-Asghar
          • Ishaq
          • Ali
        • Hasan al-Muthallath
          • Hasan
          • Ali al-Abid
          • Talhah
          • Abdullah
          • Abbas
          • Ibrahim
      • Fatimah as-Sughra, "Fatimah the Younger"
      • Ruqayyah
      • Ali al-Akbar
      • Ali al-Asghar
      • Ali Zayn al-Abidin
        • Muhammad al-Baqir
          • Ja'far al-Sadiq
          • Abdullah
          • Ibrahim
          • Ubaydullah
          • Ali
        • Abdullah
        • Hasan
        • Husayn al-Akbar
        • Zayd
          • Hasan
          • Yahya
          • Husayn
          • Muhammad
          • Isa
        • Umar
        • Husayn al-Asghar
          • Ubaydullah al-A'raj
          • Abdullah al-Aqeeqi
          • Sulayman
          • Ali
          • Hasan
        • Abd al-Rahman
        • Sulayman
        • Ali
        • Muhammad al-Asghar
  • Umamah, granddaughter of Muhammad and Khadija through Zainab, died 685 CE
    • Hilal or Muhammad al-Awsat ("Muhammad the Middle") ibn Ali (14 – 64 AH or 636 – 700 CE)[42][43]
      • Abu Hashim Abdullah ibn Muhammad (died 776 CE)
    • Awn ibn Ali[42]
  • Umm al-Banin, "Mother of many Sons", also known as Fatimah bint Hizam al-Qilabiyyah[44]
    • Abbas ibn Ali
      • Ubaydullah ibn Abbas
      • Al-Fadl ibn Abbas
      • Qasim ibn Abbas
      • Hasan ibn Abbas
      • Muhammad ibn Abbas
    • Abdullah ibn Ali
    • Jafar ibn Ali
    • Usman ibn Ali
    • Ruqayyah bint Ali[43]
  • Khawlah bint Ja'far
    • Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah or Muhammad al-Akbar ("Muhammad the Elder") ibn Ali
      • Abu Hashim Abdullah
      • Hasan
      • Ali
      • Husayn
      • Ibrahim
      • Awn
      • Qasim
      • Ja'far
  • Layla bint Mas'ud
    • Ubaydullah ibn Ali[45]
    • Abu Bakr or Muhammad al-Asghar ("Muhammad the Younger") ibn Ali[46]
  • Asma bint Umais
    • Yahya bin Ali[43] (? – 61 AH)
    • Awn ibn Ali
  • Sahba bint Rabi'ah
    • Umar ibn Ali
    • Ruqayyah bint Ali
  • Umm Sa'id bint Urwah
    • Umm al-Hasan
    • Ramlah al-Kubra, "Ramlah the Elder"
    • Umm Kulthum as-Sughra, "Umm Kulthum the Elder"
    • Umar ibn Ali
  • Muhayaah bint Imra al-Qais
    • Umm Ya'la
  • Other(s):[43]
    • Umm Hani
    • Maymūnah
    • Zaynab as-Sughra, "Zaynab the Younger"
    • Ruqayyah
    • Fatimah
    • Umamah
    • Khadijah
    • Umm al-Kiram
    • Umm Salamah
    • Umm Ja'far Jumanah
    • Nafeesah

Descendants (graphical)[edit]

The Sayyid Aljabery family of southern Iraq are descendants of Ali from his son Imam Husayn. The Bukhari of Pakistan are Syed descendends of Ali, and includes 9 of the 12 Shia imams. The Idrisid and Alaouite dynasties of Morocco claim to be descended from Ali and Fatimah. The descendants of Ali include the Hashemite royal family of Jordan,[47] the Isaaq clan-family in Somaliland and Ethiopia,[25][26][27] the Husseini family of Lebanon, the Hiraki family of Syria and Egypt, the Alaouite royal family of Morocco and the Ashrafs of the city of Harar, Mashwanis and Awans (also referred as Alvis) of Pakistan. Other prominent descendants include: Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya, Abdullah al-Aftah, Ali al-Uraidhi ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq, Muhammad Ibn Qasim (al-Alawi), Muhammad ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq, Yahya ibn Umar, Muhammad ibn Ali al-Hadi and Ibn Dihya al-Kalby.

Fatimah al-Zahra bint Muhammad (Family tree)Ali al-Murtadha
ibn Abi Talib
Khawlah bint Ja'far
Hasan al-MujtabaHusayn al-SibtMuhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah
MuhammadZaydQasimHasan al-MuthannaBeshrFatimah bint HasanAli Zayn al-AbidinAliAbu HashimHasan
HasanYahyaMuhammadAbdullahTalhaHasanAbu Bakr
(Family tree)
Hasan (Alavids)MaymūnahUmm al-Husayn[48]AliMuhammad ibn Abi Bakr
Abdullah al-KamilDa'wudHasanIbrahim al-GhamrJa'farMuhammadHasanQasim ibn Muhammad
SulaymanAli al-AbidIsma'ilHasanAliMuhammad al-BaqirUmm Farwah bint al-Qasim
Sahib Fakhkh
HasanHusayn al-AsgharUmar al-AshrafZaydJa'far al-Sadiq
MuhammadAl-Qasim al-RassiUbaydullahYahyaIdris
of Yemen
Hasan al-UtrushHasanHusayn
Musa al-JawnYahyaIbrahimIdris al-AkbarMuhammad al-Nafs al-ZakiyyaSulaymanJa'farIsa
IbrahimAliAbdullahIdrisids of
of Spain and Senussids of Libya
Alaouites of Morocco
and Saadids of Morocco
of the Maghrib
of Sus
Yahya ibn Umar ibn Yahya ibn Husayn ibn Zayd al-Kufi
Isma'il ibn Ja'farAbdullah al-AftahMusa
Ishaq al-Mu'taminMuhammad al-Dibaj
Banu al-UkhaidhirMusaSalihSulaymanMuhammad ibn Isma'ilMuhammad ibn AbdullahAli
AhmadAli al-Uraidhi
Muhammad ibn YusufBanu Qatadah of Mecca & Banu FulaytaBanu Salih
of Ghana
of Mecca and Jizan
Hidden Isma’ili ImāmsMuhammad
Yusuf ibn MuhammadFatimid caliphsAli al-HadiMusa al-Mubarraqa
Ismāʿīl ibn YusufMuhammadMusta'liNizarHasan
Hassan ibn IsmāʿīlAl-HafizAl-AmirImams of AlamutMuhammad
Ahmad ibn HassanAl-ZafirAl-TayyibAga Khans
Abu'l-Muqallid Ja'far[49]Fatimid caliphs

Lineage of Husayn ibn Ali[edit]

This is a simplified family tree of Husayn ibn Ali. People in italics are considered by the majority of Shia and Sunni Muslims to be Ahl al-Bayt (People of the House). Twelver Shia also see the 4th to 12th Imams as Ahl al-Bayt (Ali is an imam in Mustaali but no number is assigned for this position, and Hasan ibn Ali is not an Imam in Nizari Imamah).

570 – 632 CE
(family tree)
Khadijah bint Khuwaylid
555 – 619 CE
615 – 632 CE
601 – 666 CE
1st Shia Imāmah, 4th Sunni Rashidun
Muhsin ibn Ali
? – 632 CE
Hasan ibn Ali
624 – 670 CE
2nd Twelver/Zaidiyyah and 1st Mustaali Imāmah
Husayn ibn Ali
626 – 680 CE
3rd Twelver/Zaidiyyah and 2nd Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Umm Kulthum bint Ali
? – ? CE
Zaynab bint Ali
626/627 – 682 CE
? – 659/680 CE
Rubab bint Imra al-Qais
? – 659/680 CE
Layla bint Abi Murrah al-Thaqafi
Umm Ishaq bint Talhah
594 – 656 CE
Fatimah as-Sughra
669 – 680 CE
Sakinah bint Husayn
669 – 736 CE
Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayn
680 CE
Sukayna bint Husayn
676 – 680/681 CE
Ali al-Akbar ibn Husayn
662 – 680 CE
Fatimah bint Husayn
Mother of ‘UmarAli ibn Husayn
659 – 713 CE
4th Twelver/Zaidiyyah and 3rdMustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Fatimah bint al-Hasan
Jayda al-SindhiUmar ibn Husayn
‘Umar al-AshrafMuhammad al-Baqir
677 – 733 CE
5th Twelver and 4th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Zayd ibn Ali
698 – 740 CE
5th Zaidiyyah Imāmah
Abu Bakr ibn Husayn
‘AlīHamidah KhatunJa'far al-Sadiq
700/702 – 765 CE
6th Twelver and 5th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Zaynab bint Husayn
al-ḤasanMusa al-Kadhim
745 – 799 CE
7th Twelver Imāmah
Isma'il ibn Jafar
722 – 762 CE
6th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
UnknownUmm Kulthum bint Husayn
Ummul Banīn Najmah
al-Nāṣir al-Kabīr
844 – 917 CE
Ali ar-Ridha
8th Twelver Imāmah
Muhammad ibn Ismail
7th and the last Sevener Imāmah and 7th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Muhammad al-Taqi
9th Twelver Imāmah
UnknownAhmad al-Wafi
8th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Other issue
Ali al-Hadi
10th Twelver Imāmah
Other issue{{{p4}}}Unknown
Hasan al-Askari
11th Twelver Imāmah
Rabi Abdullah
10th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah

Lineage of Abbas ibn Ali[edit]

This is a simplified family tree of Abbas ibn Ali.

Ali ibn Abi TalibUmm al-Banin Fatimah bint Huzam
Lubaba bint UbaydillahAbbas ibn Ali
Abdullah Awn (Qutb Shah)

See also[edit]

Other articles of the topic Shia Islam : [[:Muhammad al-Mahdi|Muhammad al-Mahdi Arabic: مُـحَـمَّـد ٱلْـمَـهْـدِي‎]], Ali, Ahrar al-Najran, List of Ayatollahs, Ali ibn Abi Talib, Al-Farooq (title), Mozdahir International Institute
Some use of "" in your query was not closed by a matching "".Some use of "" in your query was not closed by a matching "".

  • Alavi (surname)
  • Alid
  • Alaouite dynasty, current rulers of Morocco
  • Ancestry of Qusai ibn Kilab
  • Awan
  • Banu Hashim
  • Banu Kinanah
  • Descent from Adnan to Muhammad
  • Family tree of Muhammad
  • Family tree of Shaiba ibn Hashim
  • Fatimid Caliphate, rulers of Egypt
  • Genealogy of Khadijah's daughters
  • Hashemite
  • Hasanids
  • Husaynids
  • Idrisid dynasty, rulers of Morocco
  • Mudhar
  • Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr, Ali's adopted son
  • Quraysh tribe
  • Sayyid
  • Sharif


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  43. 43.0 43.1 43.2 43.3 Harouf.com [harouf.com/SiratAhlelbeit/EmamAli1.htm harouf.com/SiratAhlelbeit/EmamAli1.htm] Check |url= value (help). Missing or empty |title= (help)
  44. Hazrat Ummol Banin shia-news.com Retrieved 14 Oct 2018
  45. 1-ابوبكربن علي(شهادت او مشكوك است). 2-جعفربن علي. 3-عباس بن علي(ابولفضل) 4-عبدالله بن علي. 5-عبدالله بن علي العباس بن علي. 6-عبدالله بن الاصغر. 7-عثمان بن علي. 8-عمر بن علي. 9-محمد الاصغر بن علي. 10-محمدبن العباس بن علي."
  46. Masʿūdī, al-Tanbīh wa al-ishrāf, p. 275; Mufīd, al-Irshād, vol. 2, p. 254.
  47. Family tree of King Abdullah of Jordan
  48. Al-Yasin, Shaykh Radi. "1". Sulh al-Hasan. Jasim al-Rasheed. Qum: Ansariyan Publications. p. 4. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  49. Madelung, "Al-Ukhaydir," p. 792