List of cryptocurrencies

From EverybodyWiki Bios & Wiki


Major Cryptocurrencies[edit]

This is a list of major cryptocurrencies. As of December 2013, all except Ripple are based on the ideas and code of Bitcoin. By December 2013 there were more than 60 cryptocurrencies available for trade in online markets.[1]

Market Capitalization
(December 2013)
Coins Released
(December 2013)
Trading Pairs (Fiat) Difficulty
Adjustment
Currency Code Year
Est.
Founder Active Website Amount
(US$ / million)
Change
(%)
Amount
(million)
Total
(million)
Amount
(%)
USD EUR CNY RUR Hashing
Algorithm
PoW PoS Block
Gen.
Time
Block
Reward
Every
(X)
Blocks
Every
(X)
Time
Bitcoin[note_o 1] BTC 2009 Anonymous (Satoshi Nakamoto) Yes[2] bitcoin.org ~8,000[3] 8,200 8,000 −2.44%[3] ~12.1[3] 21 57.62% Yes[4] Yes[4] Yes[4] Yes[4] SHA-256 Yes No 10 min 25 BTC 2016 14 day
Ripple XRP 2013 Ripple Labs Yes ripple.com ~2,000[3] 2,000 2,000 0.00%[3] 100,000[3] 100,000 100% Yes[4] Yes[4] No[4] No[4] Other [note_ha 1] No No 3-5 sec N/A N/A N/A
Litecoin LTC 2011 Coblee Yes[5] litecoin.org ~400[3] 500 400 −20.00%[3] ~24.1[3] 84 28.69% Yes[4] Yes[4] Yes[4] Yes[4] Scrypt Yes No 2.5 min 50 LTC 2016 3.5 day
Peercoin PPC 2012 Anonymous (Sunny King) Yes[6] peercoin.net ~66.3[3] 66.4 66.3 −0.15%[3] ~20.9[3] 100% Yes[4] Yes[4] No[4] No[4] SHA-256 Yes Yes 10 min Other[note_br 1] 1 10 min
Namecoin[note_o 2] NMC 2011 Vinced Yes dot-bit.org ~30.6[3] 31.8 30.6 −3.77%[3] ~7.5[3] 21 35.71% Yes[4] Yes[4] No[4] No[4] SHA-256 Yes No 10 min N/A 2016 14 day
Quark[note_o 3] QRK 2013 Max Guevara Yes[7] qrk.cc ~22.7[3] 26.4 22.7 −14.02%[3] ~246.6[3] 100% No[4] No[4] No[4] No[4] Other[8][note_ha 2] Yes No 30 sec Other[note_br 2] 20 30 sec
Dogecoin[note_o 4] DOGE 2013 Jackson Palmer & Billy Markus[9] Yes[10] dogecoin.com ~1.4[3] 12.4 2.4 −80.65%[3] ~9,400[3] 100,000[11] 9.4% No[4] No[4] No[4] No[4] Scrypt Yes No 1 min N/A N/A 4 hour
Primecoin XPM 2013 Anonymous (Sunny King) Yes primecoin.org ~8.1[3] 9.2 8.1 −11.96%[3] ~3.6[3] 100% Yes[4] No[4] Yes[4] No[4] Other[12][note_ha 3] Yes No 1 min N/A 1 1 min
Feathercoin FTC 2013 Peter Bushnell Yes[13] feathercoin.com ~7.2[3] 8.2 7.2 −12.20%[3] ~26.8[3] 336 7.98% Yes[4] Yes[4] No[4] No[4] Scrypt Yes No 2.5 min 200 FTC 126 5.25 hour
Novacoin NVC 2013 Balthazar Yes[14] novacoin.org ~6.6[3] 7 6.6 −5.71%[3] ~0.5[3] 2,000 0.03% Yes[4] No[4] No[4] No[4] Scrypt Yes Yes 10 min Other[note_br 3] 1 10 min
Franko FRK 2012 Christopher Franko Yes[15] frankos.org ~1.2[3] 0.2 1.2 +500.00%[3] ~11.2[3] 100% Yes[4] Yes[4] No[4] No[4] Scrypt Yes No 30 sec N/A 720 6 hour
Yacoin[note_o 5] YAC 2013 Anonymous (pocopoco) Yes yacoin.org ~0.7[3] 0.9 0.7 −22.22%[3] ~13[3] 2,000 0.65% No[4] No[4] No[4] No[4] Scrypt[note_ha 4] Yes Yes 1 min Other[note_br 4] 1 1 min

Full list of Cryptocurrencies[edit]

This is a list of most cryptocurrencies [16].

Currency Code Year Est. Founder Active Website Market capitalization (November 2013) Note
Bitcoin BTC 2009 Anonymous (Satoshi Nakamoto) Yes[17] bitcoin.org ~$9.3 billion USD[18][19][20] The first cryptocurrency, uses SHA-256 proof-of-work.
Litecoin LTC 2011 Coblee Yes[21] litecoin.org ~$1 billion USD[22] scrypt proof-of-work
Peercoin PPC 2012 Sunny King Yes[23] peercoin.net ~$43.3 million USD[19][20] SHA-256 proof-of-work/proof-of-stake, the proof-of-stake means that Peercoin is more energy efficient and has a small amount of inflation; however, this is mitigated by the deflationary aspect caused from destroyed transaction fees.
Namecoin NMC 2011 Vinced Yes dot-bit.org ~$4.7 million USD[20][24] SHA-256 proof-of-work. Namecoin is meant to act as a decentralized DNS, which would make internet censorship very difficult. Namecoin serves the .bit domain.
Yacoin YAC 2013 pocopoco Yes yacoin.org $3.6 million USD[20] First cryptocurrency to use scrypt-chacha for proof-of-work & proof-of-stake.
Novacoin NVC 2013 Balthazar Yes[25] novacoin.org ~$2.5 million USD[20][24] scrypt proof-of-work/proof-of-stake, the proof-of-stake means that Novacoin has a small amount of inherent inflation. Also implements balanced weighting scheme and many other improvements.
Primecoin XPM 2013 Sunny King Yes primecoin.info ~$2.2 million USD[20] Scientific use proof-of-work (Cunningham chains)[26]
Feathercoin FTC 2013 Peter Bushnell Yes[27] feathercoin.com ~$2 million USD[20][24] scrypt proof-of-work
TagCoin TAG 2013 Mark Vernon & Tagbond Yes [1] ~$1.05 million USD[20] scrypt proof-of-work/proof-of-stake. 4 minute blocks, 30 coins per block with 1% reduction every 3 months, 1.5% interest per year. Backed by Tagbond Rewards and $5m investment
Terracoin TRC 2012 Yes[28] terracoin.org ~$0.22 million USD[20][24] SHA-256 proof-of-work
CopperLark CLR 2013 Unknown Yes copperlark.com ~$1.56 million USD[29] SHA-3 (512 bit keccak) proof-of-work. 4 minute blocks.
Devcoin DVC 2011 Unthinkbit Yes devcoin.org ~$0.45 million USD[20] 80% of generated coins go to open source developers, 10% goes to administrators (those who created the currency) and 10% goes to miners (those who generate the coins).
Megacoin MEC 2013 Yes megacoin.co.nz ~$31 millionUSD[20] scrypt based[30]
DigitalCoin DGC 2013 baritus Yes digitalcoin.co ~$0.23 millionUSD[20] scrypt proof-of-work. Features a block generation target rate of 20 seconds, allowing for faster transaction confirmations. Some critics argue that this leads to an increased risk of forking the block chain.
Freicoin FRC 2012 maaku, jtimon Yes freico.in ~$0.19 million USD[20] Uses demurrage (5% per year), which is intended to prevent hoarding of money and encourage it to circulate. 80% of the currency is given to the Freicoin foundation (founders of Freicoin).
Goldcoin GLD 2013 Gldcoin & Akumaburn Yes[31] gldcoin.com ~$0.15 million USD[20] scrypt proof-of-work
Protoshares PTC 2013 Yes[32]
Extremecoin EXC 2013 CaptChadd Yes extremecoin.org N/A scrypt proof-of-work with reward drop from 200 to 1 in around 2 months.
Anoncoin ANC 2013 Meeh Yes[33] anoncoin.net ~$0.14 millionUSD[20] scrypt proof-of-work. Has implemented native I2P support and coin control, a Zerocoin implementation is also underway. Main goal to make users anonymous.
Fastcoin FST 2013 Christopher Tao Yes fastcoin.ca ~$32,000 USD[20] scrypt proof-of-work. Features a block generation target rate of 12 seconds with 4 confirmations 48 sec total (currently the fastest cryptocurrency)
Phoenixcoin PXC 2013 PCS Network Yes[34] phoenixcoin.org ~$5,000USD[20] scrypt proof-of-work. Author and developers took their websites, pools and exchange offline (running with the coins) and another user forked the project into PhoenixCoin.[35]
BBQcoin BQC 2012 Cubox Yes bbqcoinfoundation.org ~$53,000 USD[20] scrypt based [36]
Ixcoin IXC 2011 Nasakioto Yes ixcoin.org ~$0.273 million USD[20]
Franko FRK Yes frankos.org ~$10,000 USD[20] scrypt proof-of-work
CHNcoin CNC 2013 Yes chncoin.org N/A [20]
MinCoin MNC 2013 SandyCohen Yes min-coin.org ~$0.35 million USD[20]
Timekoin TK 2010 KnightMB Yes timekoin.org N/A First crypto-currency to use temporal based, pooled currency production.
Quark QRC 2012 ? Yes quarkcoin.com 12,687,547.10 USD[20] Uses nine rounds of secure hashing from six different algorithms to make Quark transactions super secure.
Bitbar BTB 2013 Yes bitbar.biz ~$8,700 USD[20] Novacoin scarce clone.
Bytecoin BTE 2013 bryanmills Yes bytecoin.biz ~$12,300 USD[20] Identical copy of Bitcoin at release with the exception of the genesis block. Patch later added for merged mining with Bitcoin.
Junkcoin JKC No junkcoin.org ~$3,000 USD[20] As of 2013-08-22, website is offline.
Infinitecoin IFC 2013 fisheater Yes infinitecoin.org ~$6.6 million USD scrypt proof-of-work. Features a block generation target rate of 30 seconds, allowing for faster transaction confirmations. Some critics argue that this leads to an increased risk of forking the block chain.
Royalcoin RYC Yes royalcoin.net N/A "scrypt based" but no additional information is available on official website. No forum, no documentation. "developed by 3 guys based out of Montreal"
Betacoin BET 2013 betacoindev Yes betacoin.org N/A scheduled to produce 32 million currency units in ~ first 6 years + 0,39% annual after
Rucoin RUC 2011 Yes rucoin.org N/A Website and wiki uses Russian language, no English translation available.
Solidcoin SC 2011 CoinHunter Yes N/A
I0coin I0C 2011 Yes N/A IXCoin clone.
Geist Geld GG 2011 Lolcust No N/A Proof-of-concept project, never presented as a real cryptocurrency.
Tenebrix TBX 2011 ArtForz, Lolcust No N/A scrypt proof-of-work originator.
Fairbrix FBX 2011 coblee No N/A Tenebrix clone, has a little support but no exchanges.
Coiledcoin CLC 2012 makomk No N/A Proof-of-concept coin with OP_EVAL support, 51% attack shortly after release. Alive, but has little support and no exchanges.
Liquicoin LQC 2012 Nicksasa No N/A Proof-of-concept coin with constant difficulty.
Smallchange 2013 lightenup No N/A Proof-of-concept project, never presented as a real cryptocurrency.
MMMcoin MMM Sergei Mavrodi No N/A 10T coins premined, 0.01 block reward. Abandoned by developers and died two months later.
Xencoin XNC 2013 No N/A Scrypt Proof-of-work coin with 5% pre-mine and 20 second block target. Website never launched and the developer was last seen on August 29th, 2013.
Weeds (currency) No N/A Proof of concept and test coin for the Multicoin client. Never fully launched.[37]
StableCoin 2013 Yes http://stablecoin.net/ N/A scrypt proof-of-work, 25 coins per block, difficulty retarget every 90 block, coin mixing services [2]

Notes[edit]

  • Overall
  1. The first cryptocurrency.
  2. A cryptocurrency that also acts as an alternative, decentralized DNS.
  3. The cryptocurrency with maximum number of Proof of Work algorithms (6). CPU Mining is possible.
  4. The first cryptocurrency to be based on an internet meme.
  5. The first cryptocurrency to use scrypt-chacha.
  • Hashing Algorithm
  1. ECDSA.
  2. BLAKE/Blue Midnight Wish/Grøstl/JH/Keccak or SHA-3/Skein.
  3. 1CC/2CC/TWN.
  4. scrypt-cacha.
  • Block Reward
  1. Adjusts based on difficultly.
  2. Exponential Decay. Min. 1 QRK.
  3. Adjusts based on difficultly.
  4. Adjusts based on difficultly.

See also[edit]

  • Comparison of anonymous cryptocurrencies
  • Comparison of anonymous digital currency exchangers
  • Cryptocurrency
  • Digital currency
  • Alternative currency
  • Digital currency exchanger
  • Cryptographic protocol
  • Protocol of Bitcoin

References[edit]

  1. Samuel Gibbs (28 November 2013). "Nine Bitcoin alternatives for future currency investments: Bitcoin's rapid rise in value and profile has spawned over 60 different 'altcoin' digital peer-to-peer currencies". theguardian.com. Retrieved 2013-12-12.
  2. "Bitcoin Exchange Rate in USD". Retrieved 5 May 2013.
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 3.19 3.20 3.21 3.22 3.23 3.24 3.25 3.26 3.27 3.28 3.29 3.30 3.31 3.32 3.33 3.34 3.35 "Crypto-Currency Market Capitalizations". Retrieved 19 December 2013.
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 4.19 4.20 4.21 4.22 4.23 4.24 4.25 4.26 4.27 4.28 4.29 4.30 4.31 4.32 4.33 4.34 4.35 4.36 4.37 4.38 4.39 4.40 4.41 4.42 4.43 4.44 4.45 4.46 4.47 "Cryptocoin Charts". Retrieved 15 December 2013.
  5. "Betacoin Exchange Rate in USD". BTC-E. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
  6. "PPCoin Exchange Rate in BTC". BTC-E.
  7. "Market: QRK/BTC". Cryptsy. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
  8. "Blue Midnight Wish". Retrieved 19 December 2013.
  9. "Why DogeCoin is the Future of Cryptos". Retrieved 14 December 2013.
  10. "Dogecoin". Retrieved 13 Dec 2013.
  11. "Intro - Dogecoin # Technical specifications". Retrieved 14 December 2013.
  12. Primecoin: Cryptocurrency with Prime Number Proof-of-Work, Sunny King, 2013-10-22
  13. "Feathercoin Exchange Rate in BTC". BTC-E. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
  14. "NovaCoin Exchange Rate in BTC". BTC-E. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
  15. "Franko Exchange Rate in BTC". Cryptsy.
  16. "Crypto Currency Exchange Rate in USD". Retrieved 22 December 2013.
  17. "Bitcoin Exchange Rate in USD". Retrieved 5 May 2013.
  18. "Market Capitalization". Blockchain.info. Retrieved 24 Nov 2013.
  19. 19.0 19.1 Simonite, Tom. "Bitcoin Isn't the Only Cryptocurrency in Town". MIT Technology Review. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
  20. 20.00 20.01 20.02 20.03 20.04 20.05 20.06 20.07 20.08 20.09 20.10 20.11 20.12 20.13 20.14 20.15 20.16 20.17 20.18 20.19 20.20 20.21 20.22 20.23 20.24 20.25 "Crypto-Currency Market Capitalizations". Retrieved 26 June 2013.
  21. "Litecoin Exchange Rate in USD". BTC-E. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
  22. http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/articles/525867/20131128/litcoin-value-leaps-100-percent-market-cap.htm
  23. "PPCoin Exchange Rate in BTC". BTC-E.
  24. 24.0 24.1 24.2 24.3 "Cryptocoin Mining Information". dustcoin.com. Retrieved 2013-05-18.
  25. "NovaCoin Exchange Rate in BTC". BTC-E. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
  26. Primecoin: Cryptocurrency with Prime Number Proof-of-Work, Sunny King, 2013-10-22
  27. "Feathercoin Exchange Rate in BTC". BTC-E. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
  28. "Terracoin Exchange Rate in BTC". BTC-E. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
  29. "Crypto-Currency Market Capitalizations". Retrieved 30 Nov 2013.
  30. "Megacoin MΣC Information". CryptoCoinTalk. Retrieved 2013-10-08.
  31. "Goldcoin Exchange Rate in BTC". Cryptsy. Retrieved 24 May 2013.
  32. "PTC Exchange Rate in BTC". bter. Retrieved 01 december 2013. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  33. "AnonCoin Exchange Rate in BTC". Vircurex. Retrieved 6 June 2013.
  34. "Phoenixcoin Exchange Rate in BTC". Cryptsy. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
  35. "[ANN] [PXC] Development Takeover publisher=Bitcointalk". Retrieved 2013-10-08.
  36. "BBQCoin". Devtome. Retrieved 2013-10-08.
  37. "New release of MultiCoin client a branch of the BitCoin client publisher=Bitcointalk". Retrieved 2013-06-27.


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