Modern Whig Party

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Modern Whig Party
AbbreviationMWP
Founded2008 (2008)
Dissolved2019 (2019)
Succeeded byAlliance Party
HeadquartersBuffalo, New York
IdeologyConservative liberalism[1]
Jeffersonian democracy[2]
Political positionCenter
Colors     Orange

The Modern Whig Party (MWP) was a political party in the United States intended to be a revival of the Whigs that existed from 1833 to 1856. In 2019, it ceased activities as a party.

Background[edit]

The original Whig Party was founded by Henry Clay,[3] William Henry Harrison,[4][5] Daniel Webster,[6] and Horace Greeley. According to Encyclopædia Britannica,[7] the "Whig Party, in U.S. history, [was a] major political party active in the period 1834–54 that espoused a program of national development but foundered on the rising tide of sectional antagonism".[8] It was the first party for Abraham Lincoln arising because "Jackson had shattered the National Republican Party."[8][9][10] It became a major force in American politics,[10] controlling the Congress at times and placing several Whigs in the presidency like Harrison,[11] Zachary Taylor, and Millard Fillmore.

History[edit]

The MWP was founded in 2008 by veterans as a mainstream, middle-of-the-road grassroots[12] movement representing voters who do not strictly accept Republican[13] and Democratic positions.[14][15][16] The party's general platform supported fiscal responsibility,[17] strong national defense and integrity and pragmatism in government. According to the Wall Street Journal, the party was "the brainchild of soldiers tired of the bickering that filled chow-hall TV screens on bases in Iraq and Afghanistan."[18]

Members of the party initially won a handful of local elections while running on major party tickets; the first being Ken Belcher of Alabama, who claimed victory on behalf of the MWP for Constable.[19] In spring 2010, Time rated the MWP as among the "top 10 most popular alternative political movements worldwide".[20] In 2013, Robert Bucholz, a software engineer running on the MWP ticket in Philadelphia, defeated a Democrat to win the post of judge of elections, becoming the first Whig to win an election in the city in 159 years.[21]

In January 2019, in the wake of the formation of the Alliance Party (United States), the MWP ceased activities as a party, opting to become a think tank for moderates known as the Modern Whig Institute and transferring the party’s remaining assets to the Institute.[22]

Ideology[edit]

According to the MWP website, Whigs have traditionally stood for representative government, individual liberty, social and economic progress, modernization, public education, a vibrant legislative branch and ongoing cooperation between the private and public sectors.[23] The News & Observer reports that the party was founded by United States troops while they were in "the deserts of Iraq and the mountains of Afghanistan."[24] The MWP was organized as a grassroots movement reflecting an ideology of centrism,[25] multiculturalism[26] and individualism[27] and aimed to serve the needs of the community by identifying the most basic human rights guaranteed by the Constitution of the United States.[28][25][29]

References[edit]

  1. "Values". Modernwhig.org. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
  2. Buel, Richard (2015). America on the Brink: How the Political Struggle Over the War of 1812 Almost Destroyed the Young Republic. St. Martin's Publishing Group. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  3. "Henry Clay: The American Statesman".
  4. "William H Harrison".
  5. "William Henry Harrison".
  6. "Daniel Webster".
  7. "Whig Party (1834–1856)", Student's Guide to Elections, CQ Press, 2008, doi:10.4135/9781452240206.n153, ISBN 9780872895522.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Whig Party (1834–1856)", Student's Guide to Elections, CQ Press, 2008, doi:10.4135/9781452240206.n153, ISBN 9780872895522
  9. Howe, Daniel Walker (Winter 1995). "Why Abraham Lincoln Was a Whig". Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association. 16 (1). hdl:2027/spo.2629860.0016.105. ISSN 1945-7987.
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Whig Party | History, Beliefs, Significance, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2019-02-01.
  11. "Political Parties of the Presidents". www.presidentsusa.net. Retrieved 2019-02-01.
  12. "Major American Political Parties".
  13. "Richard Cavendesh". hystorytoday.com.
  14. "Wall Street Journal".
  15. "The Modern Whig Party". Modernwhig.info. Retrieved 2009-11-04.
  16. "Whigs Revived". Albuquerque Journal. July 29, 2009. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
  17. "The Republican Party Becomes the Whig Party".
  18. "Wall Street Journal".
  19. "Slate".
  20. "Top 10 Alternative Political Movements". Time. 2010-03-29. Archived from the original on April 1, 2010. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  21. "Philadelphia Inquirer".
  22. September 12, The Modern Whigs of America ·; reactions, 2018 8:15 PM · 3. "The Modern Whig Institute". The Modern Whig Institute.
  23. "The Modern Whig Institute". The Modern Whig Institute. Retrieved 2019-02-01.
  24. Christensen, Rob (2009-04-26). "Whigs rise again". Politics. The News & Observer. Raleigh, NC: The McClatchy Company. Archived from the original on 2009-04-29. Retrieved 2013-12-09. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  25. 25.0 25.1 "Blog". The Modern Whig Institute. Retrieved 2019-02-01.
  26. Wallach, Philip A. (2017-03-06). "Prospects for partisan realignment: Lessons from the demise of the Whigs". Brookings. Retrieved 2019-02-01.
  27. Fox, Dixon Ryan (1918–2012). "The Economic Status of the New York Whigs". Political Science Quarterly. 33 (4): 501–518. doi:10.2307/2141604. ISSN 0032-3195. JSTOR 2141604.
  28. "Major American Political Parties of the 19th Century". Norwich University Online. Retrieved 2019-02-01.
  29. "On this day, the Whig Party becomes a national force - National Constitution Center". National Constitution Center – constitutioncenter.org. Retrieved 2019-02-01.

External links[edit]


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