Second impeachment of Donald Trump

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Second impeachment of Donald Trump
J6 2021 1851.jpg
Trump supporters gather in Washington, D.C. on January 6, 2021
AccusedDonald Trump, 45th President of the United States
  • Nancy Pelosi
    (Speaker of the House of Representatives)
DateJanuary 11, 2021 –
  • Incitement of insurrection
CauseAllegations that Trump pressured Georgia Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger to interfere in the 2020 presidential election on his behalf and incited a deadly riot that led to the storming of the United States Capitol.

On January 11, 2021, Democratic members of the United States House of Representatives formally introduced a resolution to impeach Donald Trump, the 45th president of the United States, charging him with "incitement of insurrection".[1] If adopted, Trump will become the first U.S. president to be impeached twice.[2]

Trump’s impeachment proceedings come following his alleged interference in the 2020 presidential election in Georgia and incitement of a deadly riot that involved the storming of the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C. by his supporters.[3]


Impeachment and conviction[edit]

If impeachment and conviction were to occur before Trump's term ends, it would make Mike Pence the 46th president with immediate effect, and Trump the first president in United States history to be convicted in an impeachment trial. If Trump were impeached (regardless of the outcome of the subsequent trial in the Senate), it would also make him the first president in United States history to be impeached twice. Because the Senate is not scheduled to reconvene until January 19, 2021[4], discussions have been made about possibly convicting Trump in the Senate after he leaves office, leaving open the possibility of permanently restricting a convicted former president from ever holding public office. However, this has never been constitutionally tested, except for the 1876 trader post scandal, which saw Secretary of War William W. Belknap impeached by the House even after he had already resigned, although he was acquitted by the Senate.[5] As with a resignation, Pence would serve as the shortest-tenured president in American history if Trump were convicted before his term ends before handing power to Biden as the 47th president on January 20.

First impeachment and acquittal[edit]

Trump was first impeached by the House of Representatives on December 18, 2019 on charges of abuse of power and obstruction of Congress but was acquitted on both counts by the U.S. Senate on February 5, 2020.[6] The charges alleged that Trump unlawfully sought to illegally coerce Ukraine and other foreign countries into providing damaging narratives about then-2020 Democratic Party presidential primary candidate Joe Biden, as well as information relating to Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections.[7][8]

Georgia election interference scandal[edit]

Trump made an unprecedented effort to overturn the results of the 2020 presidential election in Georgia and several other states. On January 2, 2021, during an hour-long conference call, Trump pressured Georgia Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger to overturn the state's election results in which Biden was the victor, citing unfounded fraud claims.[9]

Storming of the United States Capitol[edit]

On January 6, 2021, when the United States Congress convened to certify the electoral votes of the presidential election, supporters of Trump stormed the United States Capitol in an attempt to prevent the tabulation of votes and protest Biden's win. Demonstrators unlawfully entered the U.S. Capitol Building and gathered on both its eastern and western fronts, including on the inaugural platform constructed for Biden's inauguration.[10] Five people, including a United States Capitol Police officer, died as a result of the riots, while several IEDs were found on and near the Capitol grounds.[11][12] Another Capitol police officer who was on duty during the riots died by suicide days later.[13] Hours later, Congress reconvened and ultimately certified the electoral votes in the early morning hours of January 7. Trump then released a statement asserting that there will be an "orderly transition" of power on Inauguration Day, amounting to a concession exactly two months after Biden’s win.[14]


Article of impeachment[edit]

On January 11, 2021, Cicilline, along with Raskin and Lieu, introduced to the House their article of impeachment against Trump for "incitement of insurrection" in urging his supporters to march on the Capitol building. The House is set to vote on the impeachment article on January 13.[15][16] If successful, Trump will have been impeached for a second time, and would mark the first time in American history that a sitting President had been impeached on two separate occasions.[17]


Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell has argued that the Senate is in pro forma sessions until January 19 and that it cannot take on any business without the unanimous consent of the Senate. According to the Senate rules for impeachment, once articles of impeachment are presented to the Senate, the Senate trial must begin the next day. If these rules are followed, then Trump's trial cannot begin until after Biden's inauguration.[18]


  1. CNN, Jeremy Herb, Manu Raju, Lauren Fox and Phil Mattingly. "House Democrats introduce impeachment resolution, charging Trump with 'incitement of insurrection'". CNN. Retrieved 2021-01-11.
  2. Fandos, Nicholas (January 8, 2021). "How to Impeach a President in 12 Days: Here's What It Would Take". New York Times.
  3. Barrett, Ted; Raju, Manu; Nickeas, Peter. "Pro-Trump mob storms US Capitol as armed standoff takes place outside House chamber". CNN. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved January 6, 2021. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  4. "McConnell: Senate can't take up impeachment until Jan. 19". UPI.
  5. Pete Williams (January 8, 2021). "Can Trump be tried in the Senate on impeachment charges even after he leaves office? Some experts say yes". NBC News. Retrieved January 9, 2021.
  6. Ewing, Philip (February 5, 2020). "'Not Guilty': Trump Acquitted On 2 Articles Of Impeachment As Historic Trial Closes". NPR. Archived from the original on February 6, 2020.
  7. Miller, Greg; Jaffe, Greg; Parker, Ashley (October 2, 2019). "Trump involved Pence in efforts to pressure Ukraine's leader, though aides say vice president was unaware of pursuit of dirt on Bidens". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on October 3, 2019. Retrieved October 2, 2019. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  8. Mazzetti, Mark; Benner, Katie (September 30, 2019). "Trump Pressed Australian Leader to Help Barr Investigate Mueller Inquiry's Origins". The New York Times. Archived from the original on October 3, 2019. Retrieved October 4, 2019. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  9. Amy, Jeff; Superville, Darlene; Brumback, Kate (January 4, 2021). "Trump, on tape, presses Ga. official to 'find' him votes". AP News. Retrieved January 4, 2021.
  10. Peñaloza, Marisa (January 6, 2021). "Trump Supporters Clash With Capitol Police At Protest". National Public Radio. Retrieved January 6, 2021. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  11. Levenso, Eric; Vera, Amir; Kallingal, Mallika (January 7, 2021). "What we know about the 5 deaths in the pro-Trump mob that stormed the Capitol". CNN.
  12. Coleman, Justine (January 7, 2021). "DC police confirm explosives found near Capitol". The Hill.
  13. Diamond, Jeremy; LeBlanc, Paul (January 7, 2021). "White House orders flags lowered to honor late police officers who responded to US Capitol breach". The Hill.
  14. Malloy, Ally (January 7, 2020). "Trump pledges orderly transition after Congress affirms Biden's win and Capitol riot". CNN. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
  15. Moe, Alex; Shabad, Rebecca (January 11, 2021). "'He threatened the integrity of the democratic system': House introduces one article of impeachment against Trump". NBC News. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
  16. "Read the House article of impeachment against President Trump". Los Angeles Times. January 11, 2021. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
  17. "House Moves to Force Trump Out, Vowing Impeachment if Pence Won't Act". New York Times. January 11, 2021. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
  18. Conley-Kendzior, Lisa (2021-01-08). "McConnell circulates procedures for second Senate impeachment trial of Trump". The Hill. Retrieved 2021-01-09.

External links[edit]

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This is the "Second impeachment of Donald Trump" page, which is separate from "Second impeachment process of Trump" page which redirects to the "2021 efforts to remove Trump from office"[edit]

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