List of hip hop albums considered to be influential

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This list provides a guide to the most important hip hop albums, as determined by their presence on compiled lists of significant albums: see the "Lists consulted" section for full details. Inclusion on a list is indicated by numbering after each release. The brief accompanying notes offer an explanation of the album's importance.

Since hip hop was a music for 12" singles rather than albums for the period of 1979–1983,[1] the absence of old school hip hop from the list has been compensated for by providing it with its own section of notable releases. Notable compilations of songs which contain important hip hop breaks (short percussive interludes used as the rhythmic basis for a hip hop song) are also included.

Breakbeats[edit]

The break, the instrumental portion of a record (of any genre, though perhaps most often funk or rock) that emphasizes the percussive pattern, has been the fundamental unit of much of hip hop music. The collections below collect the original songs that contain some of the most popular breaks in hip hop.

  • Super Disco Brakes (Winley)[2] Vol. 1 was released in 1979, making it one of the first releases connected to hip hop culture, and almost certainly the first breakbeat record.[3]
  • Ultimate Breaks and Beats Vols. 1–25 (Street Beat, 1985–1990) 5 This comprehensive and influential series began just as the sampler was taking a central role in hip hop music.[4]
  • Kurtis Blow Presents The History of Rap Vol. 1 (Rhino, 1997) 5 One of the few breakbeat collections not of dubious legality.[4]

Lists consulted[edit]

Lists 1–5 are exclusively hip hop publications by writers respected in the field. 6–10 are rock publications; 6–7 are American, 8–9, British. 10 is a British dance music magazine. Albums that appear on any four lists or more have been included.

  1. "Hip Hop's Greatest Albums By Year" in Sacha Jenkins, Elliott Wilson, Chairman Mao, Gabriel Alvarez & Brent Rollins. ego trip's Book of Rap Lists, New York: St. Martin's Press, 1999, pp. 331–337. ISBN 978-0-312-24298-5 Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png.
  2. "Top 100 Albums of All-Time", The Source, January 1998.
  3. Oliver Wang (ed.) Classic Material, Toronto: ECW, 2003. ISBN 978-1-55022-561-7 Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png.
  4. Brian Coleman, Check the Technique, New York: Villard, 2007. ISBN 978-0-8129-7775-2 Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png.
  5. Peter Shapiro, Rough Guide to Hip Hop, 2nd. ed., London: Rough Guides, 2005. ISBN 978-1-84353-263-7 Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png.
  6. "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time", Rolling Stone, May 2012.
  7. "100 Greatest Albums, 1985-2005", Spin, July 2005.
  8. "100 Best Albums Of All Time", NME, March 2003.
  9. "Top 100 Favourite Albums of All Time", Melody Maker, January 2000.
  10. "Best Albums of All Time", Mixmag, 1996.
  11. “The 40 Most Groundbreaking Albums of all Time,”Rolling Stone, n.d.
  12. "The 200 Best Albums of the 2010s", [2] Pitchfork, 2019
  13. "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time", NME, 2013

Old school hip hop[edit]

  • Live Convention '82 (Disco Wax, 1982) 1 This is a bootleg of a live event at T Connection on which one can hear various extracts and breaks, and Grand Wizzard Theodore cutting up "Do the Funky Penguin" with rap over the top.[2]
  • Wild Style (Animal, 1983) 1 3 The soundtrack to the movie Wild Style has historical weight and yet "still feels like now", in the words of Jeff Chang.[5]
  • Go-Go Crankin' (4th & B'way, 1985) 5 Go-Go Crankin' is a hard-to-find early compilation of the related genre go-go. See also Meet Me at the Go-Go (Sanctuary, 2003).[6]
  • The Best of Enjoy Records (Hot Productions, 1989) 3 5 Enjoy were responsible for some of the most essential old school recordings; some contained here are "Superrappin'", "The New Rap Language" and "Feel the Heartbeat".[7]
  • The Sugar Hill Story - Old School Rap To The Beat Y'all (Sequel, 1992) 5 This is the definitive collection pertaining to the earliest hip hop label, compiled for Sequel by David Toop.[8]
  • Street Jams: Electric Funk Vols. 1–4 (Rhino, 1992) 5 These are compilations of the subgenre electro.[9]
  • Cold Crush Brothers: All The Way Live in '82 (Tuff City, 1994) 5 The Cold Crush Brothers were a direct inspiration for the Sugarhill Gang. This live 1982 recording obviously does not contain their 1984 single "Fresh, Wild, Fly and Bold", but it is an essential old school document. See also Cold Crush Brothers Vs. The Fantastic Romantic 5 (Tuff City, 1998).[10]
  • Warp 9: It's a Beat Wave (1983), (Island Records), 1983) Contains the iconic singles, "Nunk," and "Light Years Away," described as the "perfect instance of hip hop's contemporary ramifications,"[11] and a cornerstone of early 80s beatbox afrofuturism[12]
  • Pumpkin: The Tuff City Sessions (Old School Flava, 1995) 5 Pumpkin was the musician, percussionist and band leader behind many old school tracks for the Profile, Enjoy, and Tuff City record companies. This collection does not have his own "King of the Beat" (Profile, 1983) and suffers from poor sound quality, but captures some of his performances for Grandmaster Caz, Spoonie Gee and others.[13]
  • Spoonie Gee: The Godfather of Hip Hop (Tuff City, 1997) 5 Almost all of the best releases by "perhaps the first great MC" are compiled here.[14] Not to be confused with The Godfather of Rap (BCM, 1988).
  • Afrika Bambaataa: Looking for the Perfect Beat: 1980-1985 (Tommy Boy, 2001) 3 5 Bambaataa is one of hip hop's most important figures; this collection best preserves his legacy.[15]
  • Harlem World: The Sound Of The Big Apple Rappin' (Heroes & Villains, 2001) 5 MC and producer Spyder D's disco rap "Big Apple Rappin' (National Rappin' Anthem)", released on his own Newtroit Records in 1980, gives its title to this collection of early hip hop.[16] See also Big Apple Rappin': The Early Days of Hip-Hop Culture in New York City 1979-1982 (Rhino, 2006).
  • Mantronix: That's My Beat (Soul Jazz, 2002) 5 This compilation is notable for containing "Adventures of Super Rhymes" (Dazz, 1980) by the influential early MC Jimmy Spicer. It also contains the early Bambaataa Zulu Nation party favorite "Computer Games" by Yellow Magic Orchestra, and the important T La Rock single "It's Yours".[17]
  • The Third Unheard: Connecticut Hip Hop 1979-1983 (Stones Throw, 2004) 5 Writer Peter Shapiro describes The Third Unheard as an "impeccable" collection of "irrepressible" early music.[18]

List of important albums[edit]

1984[edit]

  • Run-D.M.C.: Run-D.M.C. (Profile, 1984) 1 2 3 6 7 11 Containing the early singles that saw off the old school, this is considered a superior rap album to any that preceded it.[19]

1985[edit]

  • LL Cool J: Radio (Def Jam, 1985) 1 2 3 5 6 7 Hard, minimalist, self-assertive, and funky, this was a new school blueprint.[20]
  • Schoolly D: Schoolly D (Schoolly D, 1985) The predecessor of Gangster Rap and a major influence on the first albums of Ice-T and Public Enemy as well as an influence and sample source for The Beastie Boys and countless others.[21][22][23]

1986[edit]

  • Run-D.M.C.: Raising Hell (Profile, 1986) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Crossover hits like "Walk This Way" co-exist with the quintessential hip hop/rap rock of tracks like "Peter Piper", "Perfection", "It's Tricky" and "My Adidas".[19]
  • Beastie Boys: Licensed to Ill (Def Jam, 1986) 1 2 3 5 6 7 9 Licensed to Ill was responsible, along with Run D.M.C.'s Raising Hell, for establishing the hip hop/rap rock album as a fixture of the mainstream.[24][25]

1987[edit]

  • Boogie Down Productions: Criminal Minded (B-Boy, 1987) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Minimalist and tribalist, this album contains the material that started The Bridge Wars.[26]
  • Eric B. & Rakim: Paid in Full (4th & B'way, 1987) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Paid in Full is minimalist hip hop, with DJ tracks complementing the precise, logical and influential style of Rakim's raps.[27]

1988[edit]

  • Biz Markie: Goin' Off (Cold Chillin', 1988) 1 2 3 4 5 Biz Markie, in singular comedic style, beatboxes, holds forth on the topic of "Picking Boogers", and describes a certain kind of fair-weather friend phenomenon on "The Vapors". Production is by Marley Marl.[28]
  • Slick Rick: The Great Adventures of Slick Rick (Def Jam, 1988) 1 2 3 4 5 10 Slick Rick's roguish tales are noted early narratives in hip hop.[29]
  • EPMD: Strictly Business (Fresh, 1988) 1 2 3 4 5 6 The slow-moving funk of Strictly Business, with its loud bass and laid-back rapping, was a new sound in hip hop.[30]
  • Public Enemy: It Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold Us Back (Def Jam, 1988) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Regarded by music writers and publications as one of the greatest and most influential albums of all time.[31][32][33] It is one of their most commercially successful albums as well as one of the most influential rap albums. By August 1989, it was certified platinum in sales by the RIAA, after shipments of one million copies in the United States. Charted for 49 weeks, peaking at number 42 in the Billboard Top 200.[34] Best album of 1988 in The Village Voice's Pazz & Jop critics' poll. Full of revolutionary productions techniques. Cacophonous sample, instrument and scratch collage that goes far beyond any previously existing hip hop album, juxtaposed with socially conscious lyrics and samples. Droning feedback, occasional shards of rock guitar, and James Brown horn samples distorted into discordant shrieks back the political rhetoric of lead rapper Chuck D and the surreality of Flavor Flav.[35]
  • N.W.A: Straight Outta Compton (Ruthless, 1988) 1 2 3 5 6 7 Powerful and uncompromising, both lyrically and sonically, Straight Outta Compton's first-hand representations of Compton, California life would set the tone for much of future hip hop.[36]
  • Ultramagnetic MCs: Critical Beatdown (Next Plateau, 1988) 1 2 3 4 5 7 Critical Beatdown's abstract rhymes in strange syncopations laid on top of sampling experiments proved widely influential, from Public Enemy to gangsta rap to several generations of underground hip hop artists.[37]

1989[edit]

  • De La Soul: 3 Feet High and Rising (Tommy Boy, 1989) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 10 An eclectic yet inclusive collage of samples, a benevolent sensibility and an enormous sense of fun made this record a hip hop landmark.[38]
  • Beastie Boys: Paul's Boutique (Capitol, 1989) 1 2 3 5 6 7 9 " ... one of the high watermarks of the sampling era".[24]
  • Queen Latifah: All Hail the Queen (Tommy Boy, 1989) 1 2 3 5 Latifah's Afrocentric, charismatic, regal mien projected a new and original persona onto the world of hip hop.[39]
  • Jungle Brothers: Done by the Forces of Nature (Warner Bros., 1989) 1 2 3 5 The second album by the Jungle Brothers is an inclusive outing: "the most all-embracing hip-hop ever made".[40]

1990[edit]

  • Public Enemy: Fear of a Black Planet (Def Jam, 1990) 1 2 3 6 7 Fear of a Black Planet, containing the singles "Fight the Power" and "Welcome to the Terrordome", was the similarly incendiary follow-up to It Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold Us Back.[41]
  • A Tribe Called Quest: People's Instinctive Travels and the Paths of Rhythm (Jive, 1990) 1 2 3 10 Rich and infectious, this debut wore the worthy intent of its morality plays, allegories and explorations of ambiguity lightly.[42]
  • X-Clan: To the East, Blackwards (4th & B'Way, 1990) 1 2 4 5 X-Clan mixed a brand of Egyptology with their Islamic teachings, creating catchphrases still resonant in hip hop today in the process.[43]
  • Ice Cube: AmeriKKKa's Most Wanted (Priority, 1990) 1 2 5 7 10 The music keeps pace with the raps on Ice Cube's album of alienation and rage.[44]
  • Brand Nubian: One for All (Elektra, 1990) 1 2 3 4 This was another Five Percenter album that was an impressive work of sound.[45]

1991[edit]

  • De La Soul: De La Soul Is Dead (Tommy Boy, 1991)1 2 3 5 7 Following the success of their debut, De La Soul killed off their hippy image, producing this sometimes frustrated, sometimes uplifting album with rich grooves in both moods.[46]
  • Main Source: Breaking Atoms (Wild Pitch, 1991) 1 2 3 5 Breaking Atoms is noted for introducing both Nas and Akinyele, for its clever production (by Large Professor) and for its sophisticated storytelling in tracks like "Peace Is Not the Word to Play" and the metaphor for racism that was "Just a Friendly Game of Baseball".[47]
  • Cypress Hill: Cypress Hill (Ruffhouse/Columbia, 1991) 1 2 3 4 5 Sardonic and menacing, marijuana-toking Cypress Hill's debut had B-Real's unmistakable nasal-whine delivery and extraordinary beats on this commercially successful record.[48]
  • A Tribe Called Quest: The Low End Theory (Jive, 1991) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "The album demonstrated that hip-hop was an aesthetic every bit as deep, serious and worth cherishing as any in a century-plus of African-American music".[49]
  • Scarface: Mr. Scarface Is Back (Rap-A-Lot, 1991) 1 2 3 5 Scarface's skillful rapping about the thug and hustler lifestyles includes reflecting on their consequences.[6]

1992[edit]

  • Redman: Whut? Thee Album (Def Jam, 1992) 1 2 4 5 Zapp and P-funk form the basis of beats that are tough, raucous fun, much like Redman's raps.[50]
  • The Pharcyde: Bizarre Ride II the Pharcyde (Delicious Vinyl, 1992) 1 2 3 4 5 10 L.A.'s The Pharcyde made an album that was a carnival of fun and inventiveness that still made time for some disarmingly honest introspection.[51]
  • Dr. Dre: The Chronic (Death Row, 1992) 1 2 3 5 6 7 10 The era of wide-scale sampling would draw to a close in the wake of this hugely successful and hugely influential record, which used live band "interpolations" to create a slow, laid-back music, forming the background to raps of chilling violence.[52]

1993[edit]

  • Souls of Mischief: 93 'til Infinity (Jive, 1993) 1 2 3 5 There were hazy jazz samples, a bohemian air and a torrent of rhymes on the classic debut record from Souls of Mischief of East Oakland, California.[53]
  • Wu-Tang Clan: Enter the Wu-Tang (36 Chambers) (Loud, 1993) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 One of hip hop's true landmarks, this ferocious, startling album rescued New York hip hop in a time dominated by the relaxed sounds of the West Coast.[54]
  • Snoop Doggy Dogg: Doggystyle (Death Row, 1993) 1 2 3 5 The star of The Chronic, with his laid-back drawl, made the best-selling debut album ever.[55]
  • A Tribe Called Quest: Midnight Marauders (Jive, 1993) A culmination of their previous records, the highly regarded Midnight Marauders is generally considered among the finest examples of jazz rap. Influenced current more modern rappers such as Logic and Kid Cudi.[56]

1994[edit]

  • Nas: Illmatic (Columbia, 1994) 1 2 3 5 6 7 As writer Peter Shapiro frames it, Illmatic demonstrated a fitting of production to lyrics worthy of It Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold Us Back, an analytical evocation of street life that matched the power of N.W.A., and a command of the microphone not heard since Rakim.[57]
  • Organized Konfusion: Stress: The Extinction Agenda (Hollywood BASIC, 1994) 1 2 3 5 Challenging but occasionally joyful music that demonstrates virtuosity even at its most difficult, this is noted not least for a gruesome narrative told from the perspective of a titular "Stray Bullet".[58]
  • The Notorious B.I.G.: Ready to Die (Bad Boy, 1994) 1 2 3 5 6 This album's platinum sales, rap skills, and bleak vision mitigated by humor and funk, completed the revitalization of New York hip hop begun with the success of the Wu-Tang's debut a year before.[59]
  • Common Sense (now known as Common): Resurrection (Relativity, 1994) 1 2 3 4 5 "I Used To Love H.E.R." is an extended metaphor for hip hop that attracted much attention, while on tracks like "Resurrection" and "Watermelon" Common's style is warm and witty, the tracks full of wordplay and assured jazzy production.[60]

1995[edit]

  • Bone Thugs-N-Harmony: E. 1999 Eternal (Ruthless, 1995) " From the Midwest with fast past and melodic flows, Bone marked their place in history with this classic.[61]
  • Mobb Deep: The Infamous (Loud, 1995) 1 2 3 4 5 " ... a bone-chilling classic of Rotten Apple hardcore",[61] "widely considered one of the most important rap albums of all time".[62]
  • Raekwon: Only Built 4 Cuban Linx... (Loud, 1995) 1 2 3 7 Raekwon's grim street tales made for one of the best Wu-Tang solo records.[63]
  • Tupac Shakur: Me Against the World (Interscope, 1995) 1 2 3 5 6 7 Me Against the World was as one of 2pac's most positively reviewed albums, with many calling it the magnum opus of his career; the work is considered one of the greatest in hip-hop.[64]

1996[edit]

  • The Fugees: The Score (Ruffhouse/Columbia, 1996) 1 2 3 4 6 Massive singles aside, this was a dark, downtempo album; it is one of the best-selling albums of all time worldwide and was widely respected.[65]
  • Jay-Z: Reasonable Doubt (Roc-A-Fella, 1996) 1 2 3 5 6 Jay-Z combined elements of the New York City underground with a mainstream sensibility on his debut, proving himself a strong presence on the mic in the process.[66]
  • Nas: It Was Written (Columbia, 1996) 1 2 3 5 6 Despite the mixed reception and backlash it received upon its release, it has since received more acclaim retrospectively in the hip hop circles and it has been widely regarded as one of the most important mafioso rap albums of all time. Several rappers, most notably Lupe Fiasco, have cited it as their favorite album.[67][68][69]
  • Makaveli: The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory (Death Row, 1996) The album is frequently recognized as one of the most influential posthumous albums of all time.[70][71][72]

1997[edit]

  • The Notorious B.I.G.: Life After Death (Bad Boy, 1997) 6

1998[edit]

  • Lauryn Hill: The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill (Ruffhouse/Columbia, 1998) 1 3 5 7 Soaring music and Hill's voice, rapping or singing, made this among the most successful crossover albums of the hip hop era.[73]
  • Outkast: Aquemini (LaFace, 1998) Critical, analytical and emotionally intelligent, Aquemini was ambitious and successful both musically and lyrically.[74]
  • DMX: It's Dark and Hell Is Hot (Def Jam Records, 1998) 1 3 5 7 Emotional, gritty, and a change of pace from what was mainstream at the time, making new leaps into DMX's style.

1999[edit]

2000[edit]

  • Eminem: The Marshall Mathers LP (Aftermath/Interscope/Shady, 2000) This album is considered Eminem's magnum opus, it is the best selling hip-hop album of all time and ranks as one of the best-selling albums of all time.[75]
  • Outkast: Stankonia (LaFace, 2000) 6

2001[edit]

  • Jay-Z: The Blueprint (Roc-A-Fella, 2001) 3 5 6 7 8
  • Cannibal Ox - The Cold Vein (Def Jux, 2001)

2003[edit]

  • Jay Z: The Black Album (Roc-A-Fella, Def Jam, 2003) 6
  • 50 Cent: Get Rich Or Die Tryin' (Shady Records, Aftermath Entertainment, 2003) 6

2004[edit]

  • Kanye West: The College Dropout (Roc-A-Fella, 2004) 6
  • Madvillain: Madvillainy (Stones Throw, 2004) 13

2008[edit]

  • Lil Wayne: Tha Carter III (Cash Money, Universal Motown, 2008) 6
  • Kanye West: 808s & Heartbreak (Roc-A-Fella, 2008)11 Kanye’s Auto-Tune-heavy fourth studio album is an album from the 21st century. The album has shaped contemporary hip-hop and R&B, and has influenced artists ranging from Young Thug and Future, to Drake, who latter of which has famously cited West as a heavy influence.[76]

2010[edit]

  • Kanye West: My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy (Def Jam, Roc-A-Fella, 2010) The album has been cited as one of the best albums of the 2010s decade.[77][78]

2015[edit]

  • Kendrick Lamar: To Pimp A Butterfly (TDE, Interscope, Aftermath, 2015)

See also[edit]

  • Album era

Notes[edit]

  1. David Toop, Rap Attack, 3rd. ed., London: Serpent's Tail, 2000. (p. 213) ISBN 978-1-85242-627-9 Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Toop, p. 67
  3. Shapiro, p. 384
  4. 4.0 4.1 Shapiro, p. 378
  5. Oliver Wang (ed.), p. 163
  6. 6.0 6.1 Shapiro, p. 157
  7. Shapiro, p. 124
  8. Shapiro, p. 352
  9. Shapiro, p. 121
  10. Shapiro, p. 64
  11. Toop, David (2000). Rap Attack 3: African Rap to Global Hip Hop. (Expanded Third Edition) London: Serpent's Tail, pp. 150-151 ISBN 1-85242-627-6 Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png..
  12. Fitzpatrick, Rob, "The 101 strangest records on Spotify: Warp 9 - It's A Beat Wave," May 14, 2014 [1]
  13. Shapiro, p. 369
  14. Shapiro, p. 345
  15. Shapiro, p. 5
  16. Shapiro, p. 346
  17. Shapiro, p. 344
  18. Shapiro, p. 351
  19. 19.0 19.1 Shapiro, p. 327
  20. Shapiro, p. 228
  21. "Hip-Hop Gem: Ice-T's "6 in the Mornin'" Was Inspired By Schoolly D's "P.S.K. What Does It Mean?" – Stop The Breaks - Independent Music Grind". www.stopthebreaks.com. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  22. "It Takes A Nation of Millions to Hold Us Back–Public Enemy (1988) Vibe". www.vibe.com. 6 May 2011. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  23. "The Punk History Behind the Beastie Boys' First Album, 'Licensed to Ill'". 11 November 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  24. 24.0 24.1 Shapiro, p. 26
  25. Stephen Holden, "Bon Jovi and Bonbons", Pop Life, New York Times, December 30, 1987.
  26. Shapiro, pp. 41–42
  27. Shapiro, p. 126
  28. Shapiro, pp. 32–33
  29. Shapiro, p. 337
  30. Shapiro, pp. 124, 126
  31. "~~~~ www.rocklist.net ~~~~". www.rocklist.net. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  32. "Acclaimed Music - It Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold Us Back". www.acclaimedmusic.net. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  33. "~~~~ www.rocklist.net ~~~~". www.rocklist.net. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  34. "Public Enemy". Discogs. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  35. Shapiro, pp. 304–306
  36. Shapiro, pp. 282–285
  37. Shapiro, pp. 374–376
  38. Shapiro, pp. 84–86
  39. Shapiro, pp. 309–310
  40. Shapiro, p. 200
  41. Shapiro, p. 304
  42. Shapiro, p. 363
  43. Shapiro, p. 389
  44. Shapiro, pp. 175, 177
  45. Shapiro, p. 42
  46. Shapiro, p. 85
  47. Shapiro, p. 245
  48. Shapiro, p. 73
  49. Shapiro, p. 365
  50. Shapiro, p. 320
  51. Shapiro, p. 299
  52. Shapiro, pp. 108–109
  53. Shapiro, p. 170
  54. Shapiro, pp. 387–388
  55. Shapiro, p. 339
  56. "Best hip hop albums of all time". Shortlist.com. 24 June 2021.
  57. Shapiro, p. 270
  58. Shapiro, p. 290
  59. Shapiro, pp. 281–282
  60. Shapiro, pp. 64–65
  61. 61.0 61.1 Shapiro, p. 259
  62. "How rap revolutionary Prodigy, dead at 42, overcame the pain of sickle cell anemia". Washington Post. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
  63. Shapiro, p. 387
  64. "What Critics Said About Tupac's 'Me Against the World' 20 Years Ago". Billboard. 2015-04-01. Retrieved 2020-03-30.
  65. Shapiro, p. 146
  66. Shapiro, p. 187
  67. NobodySmiling interview; Nas Archived 2006-11-25 at the Wayback Machine NobodySmiling.com. Retrieved on 2008-08-01.
  68. AllHipHop.com. "Interview: Lupe Fiasco - Revenge of the Hip Hop Nerd". AllHipHop. February 12, 2006.
  69. "'Reasonable Doubt' and 'It Was Written' Made 1996 Hip-Hop's Best Year". BET. Retrieved 2021-02-16.
  70. "The Greatest 50 Albums Since '93". Vibe. 18 April 2013.
  71. David Drake (24 October 2012). "Kendrick Lamar's 25 Favorite Albums". Complex.
  72. "Acclaimed Music - Vibe list". Archived from the original on 2013-10-05. Retrieved 2016-01-29. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  73. Shapiro, p. 147
  74. Shapiro, p. 294
  75. Ahmed, Insanul (November 12, 2013). "Eminem, The Marshall Mathers LP (2000)". Complex. Retrieved February 14, 2014.
  76. "The Coldest Story Ever Told: The Influence of Kanye West's 808s & Heartbreak". Pitchfork. Retrieved 2019-09-22.
  77. "The 100 Best Albums of the Decade So Far (2010-2014)". Pitchfork. Retrieved 10 October 2019.
  78. "Acclaimed Music". Acclaimed Music. Acclaimed Music. Retrieved 10 October 2019.


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