Dash is an open source cryptocurrency and is a form of decentralized autonomous organization (DAO) run by a subset of users, called "masternodes". It is an altcoin that was forked from the Bitcoin protocol. The currency permits fast transactions that can be untraceable. 45% of mined coins go to miners, 45% to masternodes, and 10% into a fund that the DAO invests.
History[edit | edit source]
The currency was launched in January 2014 as "Xcoin" by Evan Duffield. It is an altcoin and in its early days it was subject to pump and dump speculation. It was rebranded as Darkcoin and then Dash in March 2015. The name 'Dash' is a portmanteau of 'digital cash'. It is a fork of the Bitcoin protocol.
In early 2017 Duffield, who lived in the Phoenix area, and some other people working on Dash took space in a business incubator at Arizona State University. The Dash DAO later funded a blockchain research lab at ASU.
Design and governance[edit | edit source]
Governance[edit | edit source]
Governance is handled through a form of decentralized autonomous organization in which decisions are made on a blockchain by "masternodes". Masternodes perform standard node functions like hosting a copy of the blockchain, relaying messages, and validating transactions on the network, and in addition act as shareholders, voting on proposals for improving Dash's ecosystem. Along with masternodes, the system includes standard nodes and miners.
Running a masternode requires ownership of 1000 Dash. Masternodes are also required to have a static IP address and meet minimum requirements for CPU, RAM, disk space and network bandwidth. To incentivize their operation, masternodes receive 45% of all newly created Dash (with 45% going to miners and 10% to the organization's treasury).
Because of this two-tiered system in which miners have no vote, it is uncertain if Dash is truly decentralized. The system has been criticized due to the power that early adopters acquired; around two million Dash were mined on the first day the system operated, while the 1,000 coin buy-in price for a masternode cost around $1 million in December 2017.
Consensus[edit | edit source]
Transactions[edit | edit source]
Masternodes provide two additional kinds of transactions. "InstantSend" bypasses mining and instead requires a consensus of masternodes to validate a transaction, speeding transactions. "PrivateSend" is intended to make transactions untraceable; it mixes participating users' unspent Dash before executing a transaction.
There are several prepaid debit cards that can be loaded with Dash and spent in local currencies. In 2018 the e-commerce payment system company Alt Thirty Six (Alternative36, Inc.) began offering electronic payments in Dash for companies in the legal cannabis industry in the United States.
Dash-funded organizations[edit | edit source]
The Dash DAO uses the 10% it receives from mining to invest as the DAO chooses. The Dash DAO funds and owns the Dash Core Group, which provides services to the network and represents it; as of 2018 its CEO was Ryan Taylor.
References[edit | edit source]
- "Bitcoin may be king, but Ripple dark horse in crypto race". Reuters. January 3, 2018.
- Kauflin, Jeff (22 Dec 2017). "Dash Is Up 8,000% In 2017. Is This 'Darkcoin' A Better Version Of Bitcoin?". Forbes.
- Eha, Brian (26 June 2017). "Can Bitcoin's First Felon Help Make Cryptocurrency a Trillion-Dollar Market?". Fortune.
- Lee, David; Low, Linda (21 Jun 2018). Inclusive Fintech: Blockchain, Cryptocurrency And ICO. Singapore: World Scientific. p. 219. ISBN 9789813238657.
- "Dash Open House". Arizona State University. March 30, 2017. Archived from the original on August 20, 2017.
- Moore, Heather (24 Aug 2018). "Cryptocurrency Dash aims to give mainstream money a run". 3TV/CBS5.
- Orcutt, Mike (April 25, 2018). "The top 12 cryptocurrencies and what they are—and aren't—good for". MIT Technology Review.
- Prusty, Narayan (27 Apr 2017). Building Blockchain Projects. Birmingham, UK: Packt. pp. 19–21. ISBN 9781787125339.
- Chester, Jonathan (August 20, 2018). "A New Signal Of Maturing Cryptocurrency Markets: Corporate And Foundation Investment Arms". Forbes Blog.
[edit | edit source]
- Official website
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Further reading[edit | edit source]
- Malandrino, Jill (May 22, 2018). "Interview with Ryan Taylor at Consensus2018". Nasdaq via Periscope.
- Katz, Lily (February 8, 2018). "Criminals May Ditch Bitcoin for Litecoin, Dash, Study Says". Bloomberg news.
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