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Padmini (actress)

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Padmini Ramachandran
Padmini Ramachandran.jpg Padmini Ramachandran.jpg
Padmini (1950)
BornPadmini
(1932-06-12)12 June 1932[1]
Trivandrum, Travancore, British India
💀Died24 September 2006(2006-09-24) (aged 74)
Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India24 September 2006(2006-09-24) (aged 74)
🏳️ Nationality
Other namesNatiya Peroli, Pappima, Thiruvancore Sagotharigal
💼 Occupation

💵 Salary :
📆 Years active  1947–1994, 2002
👩 Spouse(s)Ramachandran (m.1961)
👶 ChildrenPremanandh (b.1963)
👴 👵 Parent(s)Father : Thankappan Nair
Mother : Saraswathi
👪 RelativesShobana (niece)
Ambika Sukumaran
Vineeth (nephew)
Sukumari (cousin)
FamilyLalitha (sister)
Ragini (sister)
Chandra Kumar (brother)
Naveen (grandson)
Signature
"Padmini"

Padmini (12 June 1932 – 24 September 2006)[1][2][3] was an Indian Actress and trained Bharathanatyam dancer, who acted in over 250 Indian films.[1] She acted in Tamil, Hindi, Malayalam Telugu and Russian language films. She was a popular actress of her time. Padmini, with her elder sister Lalitha and her younger sister Ragini, were called the "Travancore sisters".[4]

Early life[edit]

Padmini was born and raised in Trivandrum (present-day Thiruvananthapuram), in what was then the princely state of Travancore (now the Indian state of Kerala). She was the second daughter of Sree Thankappan Pillai and Saraswathi Amma.[1] Her sisters Lalitha and Ragini, were also well known film actresses. Together, the three were known as the Travancore sisters.[4] Padmini and her sisters learnt Bharathanatyam from Thiruvidaimarudur Mahalingam Pillai. The trio were the disciples of Indian dancer Guru Gopinath. They learnt Kathakali and Kerala Natanam styles of dancing from him. N.S. Krishnan noticed her talents while she was presenting Parijatha Pushpapaharanam in Trivandrum. After that performance, he said that in the future she would become an actress. She was thus cast as heroine in his own production Manamagal.

The Travancore Sisters grew up in a joint family tharavadu (Malaya Cottage) in Poojappura, Trivandrum. The matriarchial head of the family was Karthiyayini Amma, whose husband was P.K. Pillai (Palakunnathu Krishna Pillai of Cherthala) alias "Penang Padmanabha Pillai". P.K. Pillai had six sons, of whom Satyapalan Nair (Baby) was a leading producer of many early Malayalam films. They performed at the 1955 Filmfare Awards. Padmini was a leading actress and one of the highest-paid actresses of the 50s, 60s and 70s. She is also known as one of the charming beauty queens of the 50s and 60s. She was given the title "Natya Peroli" in Tamil Nadu because of her excellent Bharatnatyam performances in Tamil films. Her Tamil movie Thillana Mohanambal, is a cult classic of Tamil cinema and continues to be remembered even today. Her beautiful performance in Jis Desh Mein Ganga Behti Hai was outstanding and made her a national star.

Career[edit]

At the age of 14, Padmini was cast as the dancer in the Hindi film Kalpana (1948), launching her career.[5] She acted in films for nearly 30 years.[6]

Padmini starred with several of the most well-known actors in Indian film, including Sivaji Ganesan, M. G. Ramachandran, N. T. Rama Rao, Raj Kapoor, Shammi Kapoor, Sathyan, Prem Nazir, Rajkumar, Gemini Ganesan and S. S. Rajendran. She appeared with Sivaji Ganesan in 59 films.

She acted mostly in Tamil films. Ezhai Padum Padu, released in 1950, was her first film in Tamil.V A Gopalakrishnan taught Padmini sisters Tamil, He was associated with Pakshi Raja studios.[1] Her association with Sivaji Ganesan started with Panam in 1952.[5] Some of her noted Tamil films include Thanga Padhumai, Anbu, Kaattu Roja, Thillana Mohanambal, Vietnam Veedu, Edhir Paradhathu, Mangayar Thilakam and Poove Poochudava. Some of her popular Malayalam films include Prasanna, Snehaseema, Vivaahitha, Adhyaapika, Kumara Sambhavam, Nokkethadhoorathu Kannum Nattu, Vasthuhara and Dolar.[4]

In two of her popular Bollywood films — Mera Naam Joker and Jis Desh Mein Ganga Behti Hai — she was paired with Raj Kapoor. She did another film with Raj Kapoor – Aashiq (1962). Her other Bollywood films include Amar Deep (1958),Payal (1957), Afsana (1966), Vaasna (1968), Chanda Aur Bijli (1969) and Babubhai Mistry's Mahabharat (1965).[1]

Her most famous was Thillana Mohanambal, a Tamil film, where she plays a dancer competing against a musician to see whose skills are better.[4] She also acted in an Indian-Soviet film Journey Beyond Three Seas (Hindi version: Pardesi) based on the travelogues of Russian traveler Afanasy Nikitin (called A Journey Beyond the Three Seas, which is now considered a Russian literary monument), in which she plays Lakshmi, a royal dancer.

Personal life[edit]

In 1961, Padmini married Ramachandran, a U.S.-based physician.[4][1] She immediately retired from films, joined her husband in the United States, and focused on family life.[4] Padmini was strongly devoted to her husband in a very traditional way and would perform all traditional poojas and worship with her husband as the focus. The couple were blessed with one son, Prem Ramachandran, who lives in Hillsdale, New Jersey and works for Warner Brothers.[7][5] Sixteen years after her wedding, in 1977, Padmini opened a classical dance school in New Jersey, named the Padmini School of Fine Arts.[5] Today, her school is considered as one of the largest Indian classical dance institutions in America.[citation needed]

Actress Sukumari was the maternal first cousin of Padmini and her sisters (the Travancore sisters). Shobana, the famous dancer, is the niece of Padmini. Malayalam actress Ambika Sukumaran is her relative. Actors Vineeth and Krishna are among her relatives.

Padmini died of a heart attack at the Chennai Apollo Hospital on 24 September 2006. She was hospitalized on the previous day when she suffered the fatal heart attack during a meeting with the then Tamil Nadu CM M. Karunanidhi. She was survived by a son, who is settled in the United States.

Padmini and Vyjayanthimala, both trained classical dancers, vied with each other throughout their careers. They were at the height of their careers and there was professional rivalry between them. The real-life envy crept into the dance drama, which added its own effects to the impact of the sequence. Padmini was well known for her professional rivalry with actress Vyjayanthimala, the successful dancer-actress.[8] They performed a dance number in the Tamil film Vanjikottai Valiban; the well known song was "Kannum Kannum Kalanthu", which was sung by P. Leela and Jikki. In the song, they were pitted against each other. Due to their professional rivalry, the song has a cult following since the film was released; the popularity of the song surpasses the popularity of the film.[8]

Awards[edit]

Won
  • Certificate of merit for Veerapandiya Kattabomman in the Afro-Asian film festival in 1960[9]
  • Best actress award from Film Fans Association in 1954, 1959, 1961 and 1966.[10]
  • 1958 – Kalaimamani award from the Government of Madras State
  • 1957 – The "Best Classical Dancer Award" from Moscow Youth Festival
  • 1966 – Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress for Kaajal
  • 1990 - Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award – South
  • 1970 – Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Actress for Thillaanaa Mohanambal
  • 2000– Tamil Nadu State Film Honorary Award – Kalaivanar Award
Nominations
  • 1960 – Filmfare Best Actress Award for the film Jis Desh Mein Ganga Behti Hai

Filmography[edit]

Tamil[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1933 Marthanda Varma Parukutty
1947 Kannika Mohini
1948 Vedhala Ulagam Dancer
1948 Mohini
1948 Bhojan A dancer
1948 Bhaktha Jana Krishna
1948 Adhithan Kanavu Mohini
1948 Mahabali
1948 Gnana Soundari
1948 Gokuladasi Krishna
1948 Geetha Gandhi
1949 Peralena Iranama Dancer
1949 Vazhkai Dancer
1949 Naattiya Rani Dancer
1949 Maayaavathi Dancer
1949 Mangayarkarasi Dancer
1949 Kanniyin Kathali Dancer
1949 Kanniyin Kaadhali Dancer
1949 Pavalakkodi
1949 Velaikaari
1949 Vinothini
1949 Deva Manohari
1950 Manthiri Kumari Dancer 2
1950 Digambara Samiyar
1950 Vijayakumari dancer
1950 Parijatham
1950 Marudhanaattu Ilavarasi
1950 Ponmudi
1950 Ithaya Geetham
1950 Krishna Vijayam Gopika / Dancer
1950 Ezhai Padum Padu Lakshmi
1951 Vanasundari Dancer
1951 Singari
1951 Or Iravu A dancer
1951 Manamagal Kumari
1951 Devaki
1952 Velaikaran
1952 Panam Jeeva
1952 Kanchana
1952 Dharma Devathai Narthaki
1952 Andhaman Kaidhi dancer
1952 Amarakavi
1953 Anbu Malathi
1953 Ponni Kanmani
1953 Marumagal Shantha
1953 Asai Magan Jayanthi
1953 Ulagam Bharathanatyam Dancer
1954 Thookku Thookki Princess Madhavi
1954 Sorgavasal Queen Kumara Devi
1954 Kalyanam Panniyum Brammachari Padmini
1954 Illara Jothi Chithra Lekha
1954 Edhir Paradhathu Sumathi
1954 Vaira Malai
1955 Kaveri Kavery
1955 Kathanayaki
1955 Mangaiyar Thilakam Sulochana
1955 Gotteswaran Neela
1955 Ellam Inba Mayam Guest artist
1955 Rajakumari
1956 Raja Rani Rani
1956 Madurai Veeran Velaiammai
1956 Aasai Sundari
1956 Amara Deepam Roopa
1956 Kannin Manigal
1956 Verum Pechu Alla
1957 Puthaiyal Parimalam
1957 Baagyavathi Meenakshi
1957 Raja Rajan Princess Rama
1957 Mallika Kamala
1958 Uthama Puthiran Amudhavalli
1958 Sampoorna Ramayanam Seethadevi
1958 Mangalya Bhagyam
1958 Vanjikottai Valiban Princess Padma
1959 Veerapandiya Kattabomman Vellaiyammal
1959 Thangapathumai Selvi
1959 Ponnu Vilayum Bhoomi Muthamma
1959 Maragatham Maragatham / Alamu
1959 Daivame Thunai
1960 Raja Desingu Ayisha
1960 Raja Bakthi Princess Sarojini
1960 Petra Manam
1960 Meenda Sorgam Nirmala
1960 Mannadhi Mannan Chithra
1960 Deivapiravi Thangam
1960 Rickshaw Rangan
1960 Baghdad Thirudan Dancer
1961 Sri Valli Valli
1961 Punar Jenmam Parvathi
1961 Arasilangkumari Anbukarasi
1962 Senthamarai Senthamarai
1962 Raani Samyuktha Samyuktha
1962 Meri Bahen
1962 Vikramaadhithan Princess Ratnamalai
1963 Naan Vanangum Daivam Rukmani
1963 Veera Dalapathi Veluthambi
1963 Kattu Roja Ponni
1964 Veeranganai
1965 Nartaki Chitra
1966 Thaaye Unakkaga Devi
1966 Saraswathi Sabatham Devi Maha Parvathi 'Shakti'
1966 Chitthi Meenakshi
1967 Thiruvarutselvar Dancer
1967 Pesum Daivam Laxmi
1967 Paladai Janaki
1967 Iru Malargal Uma
1967 Engaluckum Kalam Varum
1967 1967 Nil N S Krishnan
1967 Kan Kanda Deivam
1968 Thillana Mohanambal Mohanambal
1968 Thirumal Perumai Deva Devi
1968 Kuzhanthaikkaga Gowri Remade in Hindi as Nanhin Farishta
1969 Gurudhatchanai Devaki
1970 Ethirkalam
1970 Vilaiyattu Pillai Maragatham
1970 Vietnam Veedu Savitri
1970 Raman Ethanai Ramanadi Guest appearance
1970 Penn Deivam Ponnamma
1970 Kumara Sambhavam Parvathi / Sathi
1971 Rickshawkaran Parvathi
1971 Annai Velankanni Swarnam
1971 Thirumagal Kalyani
1971 Therottam
1971 Thenum Paalum Janaki
1971 Kulama Gunama Seetha
1971 Iru Thuruvam Thangam
1971 Aathi Parasakthi Lord Parasakthi
1972 Rani Yaar Kuzhanthai
1972 Appa Tata
1973 Dheiva Kuzhandhaigal
1974 Thayi
1974 Devi Shri Kaumariamman
1974 Appa Amma
1975 Baaghi Lutera
1975 Oru Kudumbathin Kadhai
1976 Uzhaikum Karangal
1977 Dheepam Raja dubbed in Hindi as "Jai Jagat Janani"
Sivaji Ganesan's mother role
1977 Navarathnam
1979 Ore Vaanam Ore Bhoomi
1985 Poove Poochudava Pungavanathama
1986 Thaikku Oru Thalattu Dhanam
1986 Lakshmi Vanthachu Rajeswari
1986 Aayiram Kannudayaal Abhirami
1986 Cinema Cinema Herself

Hindi[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1948 Kalpana Dancer
1951 Jeevan Tara
1952 Mr. Sampat Malini Devi
1955 Shiv Bhakta Rani
1957 Pardesi Lakshmi An Indian-Soviet film. Released in Russian as Journey Beyond Three Seas
1957 Qaidi
1957 Payal Kamla
1958 Sitamgar
1958 Ragini Sitara Devi
1958 Mujrim Dancer dressed as man in song "Heeriye, Soniye"
1958 Amar Deep Roopa
1959 Raj Tilak Princess Bathma
1959 Amar Shaheed
1960 Singapore Lata
1960 Kalpana Kalpana
1960 Jis Desh Men Ganga Behti Hai Kammo
1960 Bindiya Bindya 'Bindu'
1960 Aai Phirse Bahar
1960 Maya Machhindra
1961 Apsara
1962 Aashiq Priti
1965 Shahir
1965 Mahabharat Draupadi / Sairantri
1965 Kaajal Bhanu Saxena
1965 Saptarshi
1966 Afsana Renu
1967 Aurat Parvati
1968 Vaasna Lakshmi K. Chander
1969 Madhavi Rajkumari Mangala V Singh
1969 Nannha Farishta Gauri
1969 Chanda Aur Bijli Bijli
1969 Bhai Bahen Rani / Tara
1970 Mastana Gauri
1970 Mera Naam Joker Meena / Meena Banu Bochali / Master Meenu
1970 Aansoo Aur Muskan Mary
1982 Dard Ka Rishta Anuradha's mother

Malayalam[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1950 Prasanna Madanika, bahen of Radhakrishna and Radha Menon
1950 Chandrika Dancer
1951 Rakthabandham Lalitha
1952 Kanchana Bhanumathi
1952 Amma Dancer
1953 Aashadeepam Jayanthi
1954 Snehaseema Omana
1957 Sakunthala
1959 Minnalpadayali
1959 Chathurangam
1961 Ummini Thanka Thanka
1962 Sabarimala Sree Ayyappan Mohini / Mahavishnu
1964 Devalayam
1964 Kanakachilanga
1968 Aparadhini
1968 Adhyapika Saramma
1969 Kumara Sambhavam Sathi / Parvathi
1969 Sandhya
1970 Vivahitha Meena
1970 Sabarimala Sree Dharma Sastha
1971 Rathrivandi
1979 Ezham Kadalinakkare Doctor
1984 Sabarimala Darshanam
1984 Nokkethadhoorathu Kannum Nattu Kunjoonjamma Thomas
1989 Gurudevan Parvathy
1991 Vasthuhara Bhavani
1994 Paamaram
1994 Dollar Ammachi

Telugu[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1949 Laila Majnu
1950 Jeevitham Dancer
1950 Beedala Patlu Lakshmi
1950 Tirugubatu
1951 Chandravanka
1951 Navvithe Navarathnaalu
1952 Kanchana
1952 Dharma Devatha Narthaki
1953 Ammalakkalu Usha
1953 Oka Talli Pillalu
1954 Amara Sandhesam Raja Narthaki
1955 Vijaya Gauri
1967 Mohini Bhasmasura Mohini
1967 Vasantha Sena Anaga Sena

Sinhala[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1948 Kapati Arakshakaya Choreography only
1957 Surasena

Russian[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1957 Khozhdenie Za Tri Morya Lakshmi

French[edit]

Year Film Role Notes
1969 Things Seen in Madras 1969 - L' Inde Fantôme -
Phantom India
Film actress/Herself Documentary

TV series[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1980's Unknown serial by Manobala Actress
2002 American Dreams Parvathyamma Asianet Channel, (final appearance)

Dramas[edit]

  • Ramayana
  • Kalpana
  • Valli
  • Kannaki
  • Dashavatharam
  • Sri Krishna Leela

Endorsements[edit]

  • Lux
  • Filmfare Magazines
  • Star & Style
  • Remy Talcum Powder

See also[edit]

  • List of Indian film actresses

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 "Front Page : Queen of Tamil cinema no more". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 26 September 2006. Archived from the original on 3 January 2013. Retrieved 7 June 2011. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  2. Padmini Ramachandran – Indian Actress and Dancer – Obituary
  3. "Actress Padmini dead". Archived from the original on 6 July 2016. Retrieved 4 March 2017. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 "Friday Review Chennai : Beauty, charm, charisma". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 2006-09-29. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Entertainment / Interview : The tillana glitter is intact". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 2004-09-24. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. "Beauty, charm, charisma". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 29 September 2006.
  7. Padmini to relocate
  8. 8.0 8.1 Randor Guy (2011-03-26). "Vanjikottai Vaaliban 1958". The Hindu. Retrieved 2012-01-22.
  9. "Miscellaneous / This Day That Age: dated March 17, 2010: Afro-Asian film festival". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 2010-03-17. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  10. Sulochana Pattabhiraman (2001-02-04). "A role model". Chennai, India: The Hindu. Archived from the original on 2013-01-25. Retrieved 2011-04-13. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)

External links[edit]


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